Oral Medicine

Oral Medicine & Radiology

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  1. Cardiovascular disease imposes significant foll on morbidity and mortality and on healthcare expenditure. It is the leading cause of mortality in different continues access the world. An important outcome of this pregice is quantifying the prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular risk facous in a population without mitory of cardiovascular disease who present for voilene dental care at instruction based dental clinic. Data from this study will provide valuable information to access potential impact of integrating oral health care providers in early detection of cardiovascular disease risk factors as a means of reducing disease under among patients
  2. Worldwide, cancer is one of the most prevalent disease offering mankind and it is documented to be one of ten most important causes of morbidity and morbidity pre malignant union so defined by WHO, as morphologically attuned tissue in which cancer is more luckily to ( ) eg- oral leukoplakia , oral erythoplakia .  A  premalignant condition  is generalized state of body associated with increased risk for cancer eg:- Oral submissions fibrosis.
    Co relation between severity of orofacial pain complaints and habit, dietary & CBC profile may provide new insights to the existing  theories on etiology and pathogenesis of precancerous lesions, conditions & oral cancer. 2t may also guide  ( ) & suggest specific therapies / assist is assessment of patients outcome.
  3. An estimated 200 million people have diabetes mellitus & number is expected to double / triple within next 10 years. Most dental practices have significant number of diabetic patients in their population. The documentation of neurosensory changes in diabetes, identification of risk factors associated with orofacial neuropathies, objective and measurable factors predictive of persistent neurosensory defects may help in optimization of therepeulic  approaches to restore neurosensory function. Recognition of the causes can help identify the specific etiology responsible for the pain, guide the need for additional evaluation, suggest specific therapies / assist in assessment of patients outcome.
  4. It is estimated that 30% of facial  fractures are isolated Mandibular fractures estimates of permanent 2nfricon alveolar nerve neurosensory defects after Mandibular fractures rang e from 0.9% to 66.7%. The documentation of natural history of Mandibular fractures, identification of risk factors associated with nerve recovery, objective, measurable factors predictive of persistant neurosensory defects may help in optimization of therepeculic approaches to restore neurosensory function.
  5. Head & Neck squamous cell carcinoma is the one of the most prevalent neoplasm in the world with approximately 9,00,000 cases diagnosed worldwide teatment of oral cancer includes surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or combination of above oral mucosites is a painful and debilitating condition that is dose and rate limiting toxicity of cancer therapy. Oral mucositis affects upto 80% of patients receiving radiation for head and neck cancer. The sequelae of mucositis includes sever pain, increased risk for local and systemic infection, compromised oral & pharyngeal function, oral bleeding that affect quality of life & leads to hospitalizations & cost  of care prevention and reduction is severity of mucositis may improve patient compliance with therapy, improve life expectancy and reduce health care costs to society.
  6. A wide variety of conditions and circumstances, some that are controllable & others that are not, result in radiation exposure from  a multitude of sources. Dental X-ray are responsible for 2.5% of are annual exposure resulting from X-ray diagnosis & 0.3% of total are annual exposure. A significant amount of radiation escapes rear of an image receptor in conventional dental radiography produces despite placement of lead – containing backing at the rear of the film pack. The lead content of 10PA film values from 69-85%. A previous study concluded 4 lead layers reduces primary beam to less than 1/3 reduction of dose to tissues behind film causes reduction to critical organ such as thyroid & salivary gland.
  7. Pain is an unpleasant sensory & emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage. 60-70% of orofacial pain complaints occur due to odontogenic causes, 30-40% cases occur due to non odontogenic causes. The current study aims at reviewing demographic data, diagnosis & treatment efficacy in 200 cases of non odontogenic pain.