Medical Gastroenterology


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Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine whereby the digestive system and its disorders are studied. The word is a combination of three Ancient Greek words gastros (stomach), enteron (intestine), and logos (reason).

Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which includes the organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this specialty. Physicians practicing in this field of medicine are called gastroenterologists.

The department of gastroenterology at Vydehi hospital provides a complete range of diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases and Liver disease through the expertise team of specialists in endoscopy and gastroenterology who uses most advanced diagnostic and treatment techniques. The examination on the gastrointestinal tract is largely carried out with video endoscopes. Video endoscopes produce high quality picture of the internal lining of the gastrointestinal tract. The two common video endoscopy performed are oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD for short; it is often also called as gastroscopy) and colonoscopy.

Physicians in Gastroenterology see patients with diseases or disorders of the pancreas, liver, gallbladder, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and colon. Specialty clinics and areas of expertise include:

Diseases of the Esophagus
  • Barrett's esophagus
  • Cancer of the esophagus
  • Esophageal spasm, non-cardiac chest pain
  • Gastro esophageal reflux disease

Diseases of the Stomach
  • Ulcers
  • Cancer of the stomach
  • Chronic indigestion (dyspepsia)
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Stomach services, including endoscopy, endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and transit studies

Diseases of the Small Intestine, Nutrition
  • Celiac disease
  • Short bowel syndrome
  • Ulcers and bleeding
  • Small bowel and nutrition services
  • Malabsorption of nutrients

Diseases of the Pancreas
  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Adult cystic fibrosis
  • Ampullary carcinoma
  • Cancer of the pancreas
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Cysts of the pancreas

Diseases of the Liver and Bile Ducts
  • Bile duct stones
  • Cancer of the liver
  • Cirrhosis
  • Hepatitis (A, B and C hepatitis)
  • Liver Disease
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease