Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences

Ophthalmology Curriculum

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The broad goal of the teaching of students in  ophthalmology is  to  provide such knowledge and skills to  the  students  that shall  enable him to practice as a clinical and as a primary  eye care  physician and also to function effectively as a  community health  leader  to  assist  in  the  implementation  of  National Programme  for the prevention of blindness and rehabilitation  of the visually 

At the end of the course, the student should have  knowledge of:  1.   Common problems affecting the eye 
2.   Principles of management of major ophthalmic emergencies 
3.   Main systemic diseases affecting the eye 
4.   Effects of local and systemic diseases on patient's  vision and  the  necessary action required to minimise the  sequalae  of such diseases
5.   Adverse drug reactions with special reference to  ophthalmic manifestations
6.   Magnitude of blindness in India and its main causes
7.   National  programme  of  control  of  blindness  and   its implementation at various levels 
8.   Eye care education for prevention of eye problems 
9.   Role of primary health centre in organization of eye camps 
10. Organization of primary health care and the functioning  of the ophthalmic assistant. 
11. Integration  of  the  national  programme  for  control  of blindness with the other national health programmes
12. Eye bank organization 

At the end of the course, the student should be able to: 

1. Elicit  a history pertinent to general  health  and  ocular status
2. Assist  in  diagnostic procedures  such  as  visual  acuity testing,  examination  of eye,  Schiotz  tonometry,  Staining  for Corneal pathology, confrontation perimetry, Subjective refraction including   correction   of  presbyopia   and   aphakia,   direct ophthalmoscopy  and  conjunctival smear  examination  and  Cover test. 
3. Diagnose and treat common problems affecting the eye
4. Interpret ophthalmic signs in relation to  common  systemic disorders
5. Assist/observe    therapeutic    procedures    such    as subconjunctival  injection,  Corneal/Conjunctival  foreign   body removal,  Carbolic cautery for corneal ulcers, Nasolacrimal  duct syringing and tarsorraphy
6. Provide first aid in major ophthalmic emergencies
7. Assist to organise community surveys for visual check up
8. Assist to organise primary eye care service through  primary health  centres
9. Use  effective means of communication with the  public  and individual  to  motivate  for surgery in  cataract  and  for  eye donation
10. Establish  rapport  with  his  seniors,  colleagues   and paramedical workers, so as to effectively function as a member of the eye care team. 

The undergraduate training in Ophthalmology will provide  an integrated approach   towards  other   disciplines   especially neurosciences, Otorhino-laryngology, General   Surgery and Medicine