What Causes Typhoid? Enteric Fever Symptoms, Treatment and Food Habits.

Share Button

Typhoid fever is a condition occurring because of bacterial infection. The bacteria spread through contaminated food and water. Medical science has grown to be able to treat the disorder without complications.

What causes typhoid?

What causes typhoid

Salmonella Enterica serotype Typhi bacteria cause typhoid. We also know it as enteric fever after the bacteria. Salmonella Paratyphi bacteria, but the repercussions are comparatively less.
Typhoid causing bacteria survives in water or food. The primary means of transmission is through the consumption of contaminated food and water.

Other causes of typhoid are:

  • Coming in direct contact with the infected person
  • Coming in contact with “carriers”, carriers are people who have recovered from typhoid but still carry the Salmonella Typhi bacteria in them.

Signs and symptoms of typhoid

Signs and symptoms of typhoid From the time coming into contact with the bacteria, the typhoid fever symptoms might take one or two weeks to appear.

The symptoms of typhoid fever include:

  • High fever reading 104 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Weakness
  • Stomach pain
  • Mild or intense headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Blemish
  • exhaustion
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Generalized body aches
  • Lethargy

Chest congestion, abdominal discomfort, and vomiting are other indications of enteric fever. Patients with advanced stages of typhoid show intestinal bleeding and intestinal perforations.

Other traits of typhoid complications are:

  • Pneumonia
  • Kidney or bladder infection
  • Pancreatitis
  • Myocarditis
  • Endocarditis
  • Meningitis
  • Paranoid psychosis

Diagnosis of Enteric fever

Once the S Typhi bacteria enter the body, it enters the bloodstream via the intestine. The bacteria invade the liver, spleen, and bone marrow and multiply, causing weakness. The subject might also develop a high fever as the immune system fights back the infection.

The presence of the bacteria is confirmed by blood tests that look for S. Typhi bacteria. If the results are inconclusive, they do culture tests to assess the presence of the bacteria in the body.

For generating the cultures, stool, urine, or bone marrow sample are collected from the patient. The samples are then placed in a medium that encourages the growth of the bacteria. After this, the cultivation is then placed under the microscope to check the presence of the S. Typhi Bacteria to confirm Typhoid fever.

Enteric fever treatment

Typhoid can be treated if detected early. The chief cure for typhoid fever is antibiotics. Antibiotic therapy kills the Salmonella Typhi bacteria.
With typhoid fever treatment and proper food intake, most people show improvements in 2-3 days. One can expect full recovery with a continuation of the treatment.
The most commonly prescribed antibiotics are:

  • Azithromycin (Zithromax). One of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics is effective against Salmonella Typhi as well.
  • Ceftriaxone. Ceftriaxone is commonly prescribed to children suffering from typhoid.
  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro). For people showing mild symptoms and women who are not pregnant, doctors prescribe this antibiotic. This medicine is not adequate for bacteria strains found in South Africa.

Long-term use of these drugs is harmful to the body. It should be taken under the supervision of doctors. Unsupervised consumption might lead to making the bacteria resistant to antibiotics, causing severe implications. Not just this, one should not consume medication without a doctor’s advice.

Along with the antibiotics, other treatments include:

  • Having plenty of fluids prevents dehydration resulting from fever. If the patient is severely dehydrated, a doctor might prescribe taking IV fluids.
  • In extreme cases, if the intestine is damaged, it might need surgery.

Prevention of Typhoid

It is easy to prevent typhoid – watch what you eat and drink.

  • Don’t drink tap water or well-water directly.
  • Always drink pasteurized milk.
  • Avoid consuming ice cubes and popsicles made outside.
  • Do not consume raw meats and vegetables.
  • Avoid fresh produce salads if not cleaned well.
  • Avoid direct contact with infected people
  • Frequently wash your hands, especially before eating.

One way to boost up your immune system is through vaccination. Having vaccinations can avoid infection by 50%-80%. So make sure to take your vaccinations on time.

Typhoid is currently one of the treatable diseases. In case you suspect an infection, contact us immediately and get the best treatment at Vydehi. Do not self-medicate but reach out to professionals for a complete cure.

Disclaimer: The information included here is only for knowledge sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.

21 thoughts on “What Causes Typhoid? Enteric Fever Symptoms, Treatment and Food Habits.

  1. Anonymous

    Hey! Would you mind if I share your blog with my myspace group?
    There are a lot of folks that I think would really enjoy your
    content. Please let me know. Cheers

    Reply
  2. Janda

    It’s actually a cool and helpful piece of info.
    I am happy that you just shared this helpful info with us.
    Please stay us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

    Reply
  3. symboler på mobilen

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though
    you relied on the video to make your point. You definitely know what youre
    talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos
    to your site when you could be giving us something
    informative to read?

    Reply
  4. https://www.reddit.com/r/Ruberoidas/

    I wanted to thank you for this great read!! I absolutely loved every little bit of
    it. I have got you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post…

    Reply
  5. קנגרו

    I really like what you guys are usually up too.
    This type of clever work and coverage! Keep up the excellent works guys I’ve added you guys to blogroll.

    Reply
  6. Anonymous

    You should take part in a contest for one of the finest sites on the net.
    I most certainly will highly recommend this web site!

    Reply
  7. satta

    Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering .Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new
    updates.

    Reply
  8. corne

    I’ve read a few excellent stuff here. Definitely price bookmarking for revisiting.
    I surprise how so much effort you put to make any such fantastic informative web site.

    Reply
  9. Anonymous

    You can definitely see your enthusiasm within the
    article you write. The sector hopes for more passionate writers like you who
    are not afraid to say how they believe. Always go after your heart.

    Reply
  10. situs judi slot online deposit pulsa

    I was extremely pleased to uncover this web site. I need to thank
    you for ones time just for this wonderful read!! I definitely
    savored every little bit of it and i aso have you saved as a favorite to see new
    stuff iin your web site.

    Reply
  11. tracker

    I’m impressed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s both educative and amusing, and
    without a doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The issue is something
    which not enough people are speaking intelligently about.
    I’m very happy I stumbled across this in my hunt for something regarding this.

    Reply
  12. Anonymous

    Hi, I think that I saw you visited my blog thus
    I came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting
    I suppose it’s ok to use some of your ideas!!

    Reply
  13. situ

    It’s a remarkable article in support of all the internet
    visitors; they will obtain benefit from it I am sure.

    Reply

Leave a Reply to symboler på mobilen Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

CAPTCHA *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>