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All You Need To Know About Hair Loss

Also known as Alopecia, hair loss obviously affects the scalp, which is what we are already aware of. What many of us aren’t aware of is that it also affects the entire body. Let us find out how. We have a hair across the body and this condition leads to excessive loss of hair not only from the scalp but also from the entire body.

It is known that around 5% of people suffer from alopecia while the rest do get new growth once their hair falls off. Hair loss is also a result of many other health conditions like for example cancer. Hair loss is a daily process and a human loses 80-100 strands of the 10-15 lakh strands of hair on their head. Though it is a natural process if it’s excessive, you need to look into it.

Here’s a run-down of the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment around hair loss condition

Know About Hair Loss

Causes – Though all of us experience hair loss and it’s an everyday affair and it is up to 100 strands of hair on a daily basis. There are a lot of factors that affect hair loss like genetic reasons, due to the use of certain medications like blood pressure, depression, and more. Besides, even hormonal changes like during childbirth, menopause, or thyroid can also cause hair loss, eating a diet that is deficient of proteins as well as Vitamin B and fungal or ringworm infection on Scalp can also cause hair loss.

Symptoms – Symptoms of hair loss include lumps of hair falling suddenly during washing or combing. Swelling on the scalp, hair thinning and breakage, and baldness in a circular motion, itching, and loss of hair from the eyebrows or beard.

Diagnosis – The diagnosis is based on physical examination and if required some tests would also be done. The additional tests include Scalp biopsy, light microcopy, blood test or pull test, in-case the doctor suspects some other condition or physical examination is not conclusive.

Treatment – There are a lot of treatments available for hair loss issues and depending upon the diagnosis the doctor suggests them. These include Immunotherapy, Steroid injections, laser and UV light treatment or hair transplantation.

Well, hair loss is a common condition and can be prevented also by taking care of your hair and providing them with the necessary nutrients on a regular basis.

First Strokes – Now Earlier Than Before

A recent study in USA has found that there has been a significant rise in the first stroke rates at younger ages. The startling figures indicate a growth in strokes rates for age groups of people under 55. The matter of concern lies in the fact that people who suffer from strokes at such earlier age and survive tend to have adverse effects on their health leading to disabilities of different types for a longer period post the stroke compared to the ones suffering from strokes at an old age of 65 plus.

Study also revealed that average age for stroke had decreased by two years and the common type of stroke occuring in these age groups is generally the ischemic stroke. The risk factors included type 2 diabetes with high blood pressure and atrial fibrillation.

First Strokes - Now Earlier Than Before

This above stays true for USA but coming to India, the figures are rather alarming. India tops the list of heart attacks in young age. The figures state that 78% of males between the age group of 30 and 35 are under the risk of heart attack. Further, because the arteries of Indians are narrow as compared to the caucasians, the risk is much more because of the genetical vulnerability.

The reason is early aging of the heart. Your calendar age may be in your 30’s but biologically your heart may be older by 8 -10 years, majorly due to unhealthy lifestyle and to some extent genes. The world is also coming to terms with the concept of heart age which is calculated on the basis of age, gender, total and HDL, blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, BMI and more. As per doctors, youth does not mean protection to the heart against stroke. With a rather unhealthy lifestyle that includes fats, excessive caffeine, alcohol and salts, it is only going to come sooner than later.

Generally speaking, Indians consume very less fruits, not even a single fruit every day rather. Moreover, the food is loaded with refined carbohyrdates and saturated fats and prolonged cooking destroys most of the nutrients from the food. Hence, it is but natural for heart diseases to occur at early ages.

The only benefit today as compared to earlier times is that with the advancement in technology heart attacks can be predicted accurately as much as 90%. Tests like CT coronary Angiogram, measure cartid IMT, high sensitivity CRP in blood, stress testing, lipid profile, blood sugar, BMI and more can help indicate the risk factors. Therefore, a 64-slice CT scan every few years post the age of 30 is advisable to Indians to check for blockages in the artery.

Well, for Indians, its time to change the lifestyle and adopt a healthy one loaded with fruits and exercises included to ensure that the biological age is much younger than the calendar and not vice versa.

Vydehi Hospital is one of the best hospitals in bangalore for cardio

Source: https://www.livescience.com/56911-age-stroke-declining.html