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Go Green Spaces And Live Longer – A Study

It’s not news that living green and going green definitely help humankind with good health. Of course, there have been a lot of studies that reveal the role of greens in reducing stress and anxiety amongst people. A study around living in green spaces and how they help you live longer has been recently published in The Lancet Planetary Health and the meta-analysis does show reliable evidence on how green urban spaces can help people live longer.

Go Green Spaces And Live Longer

The study was organized by the Barcelona Institute of Global Health (IS Global) based out of Spain and in association with Colorado State University in Fort Collins. As per the director of urban planning, Environment and Health initiative at IS Global, the study does show that green spaces are responsible for the reduction in premature immortality.

He also added that green spaces can help climate mitigation by reducing health island as well as air pollution effects in cities. But there was a lack of green spaces in cities mostly. Dr. Mark added ‘ Green space is also good for carbon sequestration. So there are multiple beneficial effects. And increasing green space can, therefore, reduce a significant number of premature deaths in cities.

The study was required by WHO as they wanted to develop a health impact assessment tool for green interventions in and around urban places. Particularly, WHO wanted to find out the connection between green spaces and premature deaths so that they could design tools needed for green interventions.

Dr. Nieuwenhuijsen further said “ We systematically searched for and included all the cohort studies we could find on NDVI, an easily obtainable green space measure, and premature mortality and conducted a meta-analysis.

The study involved 8 million people from countries like the USA, China, Spain, Italy, Australia, Switzerland, and Canada. The study was startling and revealed that for an increase in 0.1 vegetative scores around 500 meters of a home, there was a decrease in the mortality rate by 4%. These startling revelations are an eye-opener about the importance of green spaces on earth.

Exercise After 60 Years Could Help Longevity

Exercise has been always of use when it comes to physical health and fitness and there are umpteen studies to around importance of exercise and fitness as well as physical health. Here’s one more study but around exercise after 60 years of age and how it could help you reduce cardiovascular disease threat. As per the World health organization over 900 million people were above 60 years of age across the world by 2015. Well, age does affect the fitness levels of humans because the body deteriorates as it ages but maintaining activity or increasing activity level could help reducing the heart condition risks like strokes and heart attacks.

Exercise After 60 Years Could Help Longevity

Comparatively, people who did less exercise as they aged had over 25% more risk of getting heart conditions besides blood vessel issues. People who increased their activity levels reduced the risk of heart disease by around 11%.

The study was carried out by a team of researchers at the Department of bio-medical Sciences of South Korea’s Seoul National University. Lead by author Kyuwoong Kim, with team did an analysis of around 1, 119, 935 men and women of the age group 60 years and above. The data used for the study was taken from the National Health Insurance Service (NIHS). This organization possesses the healthcare data of over 97% Koreans. The data in use included participants of an average age group of 67 years including 47% of males across years 2009-2010 and 2011-2012 besides the data of the aforementioned participants uptil 2016.

The study involved asking questions to the participants about their lifestyle as well as physical activity levels. Most of them had a moderate activity level of half an hour per day that included activities like gardening, brisk- walking as well as dancing. Rigorous activity mean doing 20 minutes of fast cycling, running or aerobic exercise.

The second round of health checkup had the participants make variations in their activity levels. While only 22% of the participants did increase their activity levels, over 54% actually reduced them by the time of the second screening. The researchers also analyzed the data from hospital records claiming stroke and heart diseases for the period of January 2013 – December 2016.

The study revealed that the people who increased their activity levels from inactivity to moderate or high levels of activity atleast three to four times a week did reduce the risk of heart attack by 11%.

Are You A New Dentist? Here’s What You Need To Know

In The olden days, the demand for dentists was high while the supply was less as a result, flourishing as a dentist was no big deal or say was rather a cakewalk. Even though there is still a scarcity of dentists in rural areas more so, urban areas have dentists in abundance. So, being successful as a practicing dentist is now a challenge because one needs to rise above the clutter.

Are You A New Dentist

Do Ground Work – Before you set up your practice do your home-work? Check for the surrounding areas and the competition. Try to choose an area where there is less competition. Do your business analysis well by considering the attrition rate as well as the present state as well as future trends.

Build Relationships – Do not see your patients as clients but try to focus on building relationships with them, making them comfortable so that you build a base of loyal clients. Even if they are to be told what they have missed on by not take treatment on time, or what needs to be done.

Save Early On – Start saving money for retirement early on even when your income is less. So, by the time you retire you have funds accumulated. The idea is to earn financial independence needed much earlier.

Think ahead – Always think about what you want to achieve at the end of five years and plan according. Even if it is working somewhere as a dentist or opening up your own set up have a target and work around it. This needs to be taken into account at the very beginning of taking a career because it will help you carve your path to success.

Well, at the end of the day it’s your passion and attitude that works above all and affects your success.

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Obesity in Adults – Connect to Childhood

We all know that obesity is the result of high sugar intake as well and particularly artificially sweetened beverages as well as processed foods. Today millions of people across the world are suffering from obesity and its going only northwards. One of the reasons are the hectic and sedentary lifestyle of people.

A recent study based on the sugar consumption of adults in USA was carried out to look for answers around the growing cases of obesity there even when USA saw a decline in consumption of Sugar.

Obesity in Adults – Connect to Childhood

The research involved Alex Bentley, the head of Anthropology department at the Tennessee University of Knoxville and his colleagues. This study took a new approach and did not involve the current diet of the participants but their diet habits before 30-40 years back as in during childhood days. The reason behind doing the same as per the co-author of the study Damian Ruck, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Anthropology Department was that no other earlier research did particularly study around the temporal delay between high sugar consumption and increase in obesity rates.

So, Bentley and his team created a mathematical adult obesity model for obesity rise after 1990’s, a result of increase in consumption of sugar in 1970’s and 1980’s.

For the model testing they made use of data on sugar consumptions from the US Agriculture department and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) during the period of 1990-2004.

The model used the stochastic process for showing the rise in obesity rates due to high sugar consumptions legion. The model further goes on to explain the delay of so many years from consumption to obesity rise.

It also made important observations around high increase in fructose corn syrup and mainly the rise before 2000 was a result of use of artificial sweeteners in processed foods as well as soft drinks. The study also highlighted that poverty was one of the main reasons behind high sugar consumption as it is an inexpensive source of calories. Also, sweetened beverages are an integral part of low income households in US due to that reason.

The team finally concluded that after the Special Supplemental Nutrition program for Women, Infants and Children was introduced in 2009, there was a drop in the obesity rates and if the model is accurate, the effect will been seen through the adulthood of the children.

Stress Eating – An Overview

It’s a known fact that many of you when stressed tend to eat a lot and the food that is usually consumed is fried sweet or buttery, viz. comfort food. So, why do people tend to eat comfort food when they are in their blues like for example there is a breakup. The reason is there is a connection between emotions and eating rich food. Many of us would agree of having a whole bowl of ice-cream or a bar of chocolate after a bitter breakup just to soothe ourselves or calm ourselves down.

Stress Eating

When we are stressed, the release of hormones from the body does affect our behavior as well as food choices. In a short period of stress like before an exam or a public performance, the adrenaline levels go high because the adrenal glands release it thus killing our appetite. The adrenal gland is positioned just above the kidney and is responsible for stimulating hunger. Now when the stress levels are spread over a longer period of time like board examinations lasting for a month or so, the same gland releases cortisol, hunger and craving stimulating hormone. That is why this hormone by itself is called the stress hormone.

Researchers also believe that Ghrelin, another stress hormone has a role to play when it comes to stress eating. And when it comes to food, under stress rarely people want to have healthy food. It’s either high fat or high sugar or both together. Though even as the research is on to find out the reason behind the same, researchers believe that the sugar and fat-rich foods send signals to the brain thus leading to a drop in emotional and stress burden. No wonder, these foods are called comfort foods.

Well, so if you are one of those who fit under the category of binge eating when under stress a little control could help maybe…

Exercise Coupled With Less Calorie Intake Effects Bone Fragility

Recent research on mice has revealed that if exercise is coupled with a reduction in calorie intake it tends to make the bones more small, weak, and fragile. Researchers also that if exercise was teamed with an adequate calorie diet then it could help in improving bone health in contrast.

The study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral research paper. As per Dr Maya Styner, Associate professor of the University of North Caroline at Chapel Hill, it came as a surprise to them because the earlier studies carried out on mice revealed that exercise coupled with a normal or high-calorie diet did help improve bone health. So, the report only helps them know that a low-calorie diet is not good for bone health if couple with exercise.

Couple jogging outdoors in nature

Dr. Styner also alerted that reduced calorie intake can increase the risk of fracture as well as negatively affect bone strength. The study was concentrated upon bone marrow fat. Though still scientists are not been able to understand how fat works, but they do think that it does affect health in mammals and humans.

Earlier studies as per Dr. Styner had revealed that bone marrow fat and bone health were related to each other in a way that when the high-calorie intake leads to obesity and further increased the levels of bone marrow fat. Also, when obese as well as mice with normal weight exercised, it leads to an increase in bone density due to the decrease in bone marrow fat.

The objective of the study was to find out how a decrease in calorie intake can affect the bone marrow fat as well as bone health. The research involved two groups of mice. One of the groups was fed 30% fewer calories as compared to the other group. The other group was offered a regular calorie diet.

The mice that were on restricted calories also received mineral and vitamin supplements in order to keep the nutrient intake at par with the other normal calorie intake ones. The groups were further split in 6 groups, the sedentary ones, and the exercising ones. The results showed that the mice that were kept on a calorie-restricted diet seem to not only lost weight but also showed a reduction in bone density and an increase in bone marrow fat as well.

The researchers were surprised to see that bones became fragile due to the restriction of calories. Though the investigations are not complete yet and further research needs to be done in order to understand the bone marrow functioning, the team did find that reduction in calories leads to a decrease in bone marrow fat at the same time affecting the quantity and quality of bone.

The More Happy You Be The More You Live – Read On For The Proof

A recent study has revealed that people who are highly optimistic tend to live a long life of over 85 years and more. The PNAS paper has details which include how the researchers tried to find out the relation between higher positivity and longer life while focusing more on exceptional longevity.

Usually, all the research around longevity is focused on the role of biomedical factors and hence the study was more about the psychological factors that help with longevity. As Lewina O Lee, Ph.D., and associate professor of psychiatry at the school of medicine of Boston University and the corresponding author brought up that there was very less study around the psychosocial effects role in promoting healthy aging.

The More Happy You Be The More You Live

According to her and team, optimism was “general expectation that good things will happen or the belief that the future will be favorable because one can control important outcomes.”

The data used for the research included 69744 females from the Nurses Health Study (NHS) and 1429 miles from the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study (NAS) across the 30 years (1986-2016). The routine also included regular health surveys about diet, smoking, alcohol, and other health-related behaviors and questions on optimism. While 71% of the males who participated died within the 30 years of their follow up, 13% percent of the female participants passed away within 10 years of follow up.

Here’s an example of one of the six questions that the NHS participants were asked –

Rate the statement on whether you agree or disagree “Overall, I expect more good things to happen to me than bad” on a five-point scale.

The researchers then carried out an analysis of the data and discovered that the most optimistic males as well as females at the start of follow up lived 11-15% longer as compared to those who were least optimistic. The team also found that even after conforming to the health behavior results like educational achievement, depression, diet, doctor visits, smoking, and alcohol, the associations still held true.

Mobile Technology And Healthcare – The Union

Technology could be a boon or a bane, but depends. With healthcare its boon in a way that it has been able to speed up all the time taken around documentation of patients and the daily routines around patient care. On the flip side mobile technology could be a pain in the neck with updates popping up on your device every now and then. As per a medical expert Dr Bryan Vartabedian, director of community medicine for Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition division of a children’s hospital in Houstan, technology does play a critical role in healthcare. An avid healthcare blogger and his observations around technology and healthcare, he talks about a survey around the mandatory introduction to technology in USA since 2014. The survey states that in one of the most developed countries of the world USA, only about 59 percent of the doctors make use of EMR( electronic medical records) while for 20 percent, it’s a challenge. But, the people who have been using it do know that it is of vital importance and has made their life quite easier than before. One of the major benefits include instant access to patient records in the examination room using internet and entering patient information. Another common use as per survey states that over 85 percent doctors use it for seeking information on drugs and over 75 percent for diagnosis as well as treatment of specific conditions.

Mobile Technology And Healthcare

On the flip side there have been complaints of patients that they see the doctor staring at the screen and not examining them most of the time. Now, the solution apparently lies in using technology mindfully. It’s better to do one task at a time rather than multitasking as per him. A good idea is to tell the patient to wait until the patient information/ history is retrieved on the computer EMR and then just concentrate on attending the patient.

Mobile technology is certainly a boon for many like Dr Vartabedian but like every coin has a flip side to it, even technology does. But, the technology is here to stay and certainly the pros outnumber the cons.

5 Best Mental Health Apps

With the growing number of mobile phones across the world and also in India and ever-increasing use of applications, it’s no wonder if you find an app to resolve any of your problems related to house management, health management, diet management, and more. Today with the hectic work schedules and high-stress levels associated with work, mental health issues are also increasing day by day. In India, mental health still remains a stigma due to a lack of awareness around the same. Even though people actually coming forward to take help around mental health is only over 10% as against more than 200 million suffering from depression and other mental health issues, today in urban areas people are opening up and seeking help.

So, if you are also an avid gadget freak and are looking towards getting an app that could help you reduce mental stress and feel better as far as mental health is concerned. Here’s run down some of the mental health apps that could help you with stress management.

5 Best Mental Health Apps

  1. Mood Path – A petite app, you can call it on the go mental health counselor because the app is designed with the objective of the app is to provide support and guidance through your mental health conditions. The app works by asking you questions about your mental health on a daily basis to screen for symptoms of depression so that you are aware of it. It also provides you documented details around mental health which you could share with your mental health professional besides providing access to over 100 videos and psychological exercises to help deal with your mental health and strengthen it.

  1. Headspace – The objective of this app is to help you be happy and healthy. It helps you be at your best daily using meditation and mindfulness to achieve it. It comes loaded with hundreds of sessions to help you get rid of stress, keep yourself calm, and your mind fit. Headspace also reports that meditation on a daily basis can help you decrease stress and help you with focusing and attention issues.

  1. Calm – This app is available for free with an apple iPhone and is also rewards as the app of the year for 2017. It focuses on four main areas namely relaxation, sleep, meditation, and breathing and its objective is to bring peace, joy, and clarity in thinking as far as daily life goes. It’s known to hit the bull’s eye for people who want to start meditation for the first time. It comes loaded with meditation sessions varying from as short as 3 minutes to 25 minutes duration so that you can pick whatever is convenient to you.

  1. Super Better – This app has proven expertise in the reduction of stress levels. A study carried out by the University of Philadelphia has found that people who have played super-better for a month have been able to reduce their depression and anxiety levels, believe in themselves, and better their mood as well. It seems to be very effective when it comes to cope with chronic conditions, deal with anxiety and depression, deal with relationships, adopt new habits, and achieve the desired goals. The best part, this app is absolutely free for android and iPhone devices.

  1. Happify - Another free for apple and android users, this app has reviews from over 85% of its users feeling better after they used it for over 2 months. The objective of the application is to help one form healthy habits through positive psychology and mindfulness. The app helps break away with habits that are unhealthy for the mind using techniques and interventions that are based on evidence. It is loaded with games and activities that help fight negativity and improve your emotional well-being.

Well, there are many more that are your best on the go companions or mental health management assistants helping you help yourself with staying at peace with yourself.

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Do Your Gums Tell You Anything About Your Dental Health

Do you think your gums do provide you with a sign about deteriorating health? Well, there is every possibility that your gums do give you signs that somethings are just not right with you. Swollen gums, pale or bleeding gums surprisingly so might tell you something about your health but not about oral health.

Dental Health

Red or Sore Gums – At times even though you do not brush twice a day or floss either swollen gums or bleeding from gums could be a normal due to underlying condition like diabetes. It could also be an indication of herpes and you may see cold sores around your mouth border.

Pale Gums – The color of our gums is pink and nice but if its pale and you experience symptoms like fatigue, paleness and weakness, then it’s time to go for a check-up. You might just be have a deficiency of B12 or iron if your gums look pale in color.

Swollen Gums – as per dentists certain medications given for conditions like high blood pressure, seizure as well as epilepsy tend to swell up the gums. So, if you are experiencing this side effect visit your doctor.

Dry Gums – Dry mouth could be the underlying symptom for sjogrens syndrome, an autoimmune disorder wherein your own immune system attacks you by mistake. This affects your eyes and mouth mucous membranes.

Gum Disease – There could be a link between your gums and diabetes. People with diabetes that to uncontrolled, have a tough time with the bacteria in the mouth. The cracking down takes longer as a result chances are it could get severe and longer than usual to heal. Bacterial mouth infections also make it difficult to manage diabetes.

Well, last but not the least, your gums could speak silently about your heart health too. Hence, neglecting your oral health is not a good idea. Do pay attention at your oral health and maintain oral hygiene. If you find something is not right do not delay expert advice on the same.

*Sourced from the Internet

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