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Stress Eating – An Overview

It’s a known fact that many of you when stressed tend to eat a lot and the food that is usually consumed is fried sweet or buttery, viz. comfort food. So, why do people tend to eat comfort food when they are in their blues like for example there is a breakup. The reason is there is a connection between emotions and eating rich food. Many of us would agree of having a whole bowl of ice-cream or a bar of chocolate after a bitter breakup just to soothe ourselves or calm ourselves down.

Stress Eating

When we are stressed, the release of hormones from the body does affect our behavior as well as food choices. In a short period of stress like before an exam or a public performance, the adrenaline levels go high because the adrenal glands release it thus killing our appetite. The adrenal gland is positioned just above the kidney and is responsible for stimulating hunger. Now when the stress levels are spread over a longer period of time like board examinations lasting for a month or so, the same gland releases cortisol, hunger and craving stimulating hormone. That is why this hormone by itself is called the stress hormone.

Researchers also believe that Ghrelin, another stress hormone has a role to play when it comes to stress eating. And when it comes to food, under stress rarely people want to have healthy food. It’s either high fat or high sugar or both together. Though even as the research is on to find out the reason behind the same, researchers believe that the sugar and fat-rich foods send signals to the brain thus leading to a drop in emotional and stress burden. No wonder, these foods are called comfort foods.

Well, so if you are one of those who fit under the category of binge eating when under stress a little control could help maybe…

Exercise Coupled With Less Calorie Intake Effects Bone Fragility

Recent research on mice has revealed that if exercise is coupled with a reduction in calorie intake it tends to make the bones more small, weak, and fragile. Researchers also that if exercise was teamed with an adequate calorie diet then it could help in improving bone health in contrast.

The study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral research paper. As per Dr Maya Styner, Associate professor of the University of North Caroline at Chapel Hill, it came as a surprise to them because the earlier studies carried out on mice revealed that exercise coupled with a normal or high-calorie diet did help improve bone health. So, the report only helps them know that a low-calorie diet is not good for bone health if couple with exercise.

Couple jogging outdoors in nature

Dr. Styner also alerted that reduced calorie intake can increase the risk of fracture as well as negatively affect bone strength. The study was concentrated upon bone marrow fat. Though still scientists are not been able to understand how fat works, but they do think that it does affect health in mammals and humans.

Earlier studies as per Dr. Styner had revealed that bone marrow fat and bone health were related to each other in a way that when the high-calorie intake leads to obesity and further increased the levels of bone marrow fat. Also, when obese as well as mice with normal weight exercised, it leads to an increase in bone density due to the decrease in bone marrow fat.

The objective of the study was to find out how a decrease in calorie intake can affect the bone marrow fat as well as bone health. The research involved two groups of mice. One of the groups was fed 30% fewer calories as compared to the other group. The other group was offered a regular calorie diet.

The mice that were on restricted calories also received mineral and vitamin supplements in order to keep the nutrient intake at par with the other normal calorie intake ones. The groups were further split in 6 groups, the sedentary ones, and the exercising ones. The results showed that the mice that were kept on a calorie-restricted diet seem to not only lost weight but also showed a reduction in bone density and an increase in bone marrow fat as well.

The researchers were surprised to see that bones became fragile due to the restriction of calories. Though the investigations are not complete yet and further research needs to be done in order to understand the bone marrow functioning, the team did find that reduction in calories leads to a decrease in bone marrow fat at the same time affecting the quantity and quality of bone.

Do Your Gums Tell You Anything About Your Dental Health

Do you think your gums do provide you with a sign about deteriorating health? Well, there is every possibility that your gums do give you signs that somethings are just not right with you. Swollen gums, pale or bleeding gums surprisingly so might tell you something about your health but not about oral health.

Dental Health

Red or Sore Gums – At times even though you do not brush twice a day or floss either swollen gums or bleeding from gums could be a normal due to underlying condition like diabetes. It could also be an indication of herpes and you may see cold sores around your mouth border.

Pale Gums – The color of our gums is pink and nice but if its pale and you experience symptoms like fatigue, paleness and weakness, then it’s time to go for a check-up. You might just be have a deficiency of B12 or iron if your gums look pale in color.

Swollen Gums – as per dentists certain medications given for conditions like high blood pressure, seizure as well as epilepsy tend to swell up the gums. So, if you are experiencing this side effect visit your doctor.

Dry Gums – Dry mouth could be the underlying symptom for sjogrens syndrome, an autoimmune disorder wherein your own immune system attacks you by mistake. This affects your eyes and mouth mucous membranes.

Gum Disease – There could be a link between your gums and diabetes. People with diabetes that to uncontrolled, have a tough time with the bacteria in the mouth. The cracking down takes longer as a result chances are it could get severe and longer than usual to heal. Bacterial mouth infections also make it difficult to manage diabetes.

Well, last but not the least, your gums could speak silently about your heart health too. Hence, neglecting your oral health is not a good idea. Do pay attention at your oral health and maintain oral hygiene. If you find something is not right do not delay expert advice on the same.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Biopsy – All You Need To Know About Biopsy

For a variety of cancers the only way to provide a definite diagnosis about a condition is to carry out biopsy. The procedure involves the removal of a sample of cells or a tissue from the body for a closer examination.

Biopsy - Types of Biopsy

Types of Biopsy

Needle Biopsy – This type of biopsy is used mostly for diagnosis of cancers that can be felt through the skin. These include enlarged lymph nodes as well as breast nodes

  • Fine needle aspiration A needle and a syringe is used to get a sample from either breast lump or thyroid.

  • Vacuum assisted biopsy – There’s a suction device is used to extract more amount of fluid at a time so that the needle does not have to be inserted many times.

  • Image guided biopsy - Image guided biopsy uses a combination of imaging procedures like computerized tomography (CT), X-ray, sonography or MRI.

  • Core needle biopsy – It uses a needle that is larger with a cutting tip to draw the sample column of tissue.

Endoscopic Biopsy- An endoscope is used for taking tissues from the stomach during endoscopy. An endoscope is a tube with a camera at its end.

Incisional Biopsy – It involves taking a small part of skin

Excisional Biopsy – It involves taking a big part of the tissue/ tumor and requires a

Skin Biopsy – The procedure is carried out in order to check for lesions, rashes, growth, moles and lesions. The doctor takes samples of your skin surface with the help of a razor.

Punch Biopsy – A small instrument is used to punch a hole in the skin in order to get a sample.

Bone Marrow Biopsy – This biopsy involves taking samples of the bone marrow to check for cancerous or non-cancerous cells causing blood problems. A sample of the bone marrow is taken for diagnosis around cancers like lymphoma, leukemia and more.

Yes, biopsy does sound freaky but with the advanced procedures in place, its mostly a low risk as well as pain free procedure. So, if you are to undergo a biopsy procedure soon, do not panic. Stay calm, there’s nothing to worry about it.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Effects Of Cancer On Mental Health

Even today after so much advancement in the field of healthcare and medicine and so much rewarding research around cancer, it still remains a dreaded disease for people. Yes, innovation and research in the cancer field has brought about a lot of hope in terms of increasing longevity and improvement in quality of life, even today when we hear of been diagnosed with cancer, we do get goose bumps or a shocker. These days’ people have become quite vocal about disclosing the diagnosis to people and sharing their experiences particularly celebrities are quite vocal about it. Even though, different people experience differently depending upon their individual mental health.

Most of us feel that having cancer means a physical condition that is life threatening, causes fatigue, hair loss and nausea. But, beyond physical issues, comes the mental health issue which we are not able to see. Some might tell about it while some may not but the fact of the matter remains that hearing the news does not get easier for anyone. There comes some point in life where most of the cancer patients slip in depression. Here are the most common feelings that storm through the minds of cancer survivors –

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DEPRESSION – As per the National Cancer Institute, depression is known to affect around 15 to 25 percent of the cancer population. The condition is a result of diagnosis itself primarily. Other reasons for depression include cancer side effects, anxiety around the future with cancer, change in image of self, to name a few. Depression is not the same as feeling sad, it comes with symptoms like fatigue, emptiness, mood swings, worthlessness to name a few.

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GRIEF – Grief is not limited to the cancer patient but to his family and relatives as well for the period through the cancer battle. There is this term called anticipatory grief, apparently a mix of emotions that come when we live with a personal loss experience that results into grieving. This same grief is experienced by cancer patients and their relatives. Although it is normal to experience grief in such times, but grieving alone isn’t advisable.

ANXIETY – Anxiety is one of the most common problems that cancer patients face around their future prognosis, future reports, treatment related issues to name a few. The cancer community has also coined a special work for anxiety around future scans, calling it scanxiety.

All these mental health issues do need to be looked into and consulting a mental health specialist or therapist surely does help. Well, it important to understand that if mental health is better, the healing is faster and even the quality of life.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in banglaore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence

*Sourced from the Internet

5 Side Effect Sleep Deprivation You Need To Know

Many a times we do care for our health and fitness but our concentration is towards nutrition and exercise mostly. What we often tend to ignore is sleep. Today lifestyle is sedentary but very hectic and stressful and sleep often takes the back seat. Furthermore, if you have addictions then sleep deprivation is going to haunt you more. If you’re alcohol consumption is high or even if you drink a lot of coffee, you are sure to experience sleep difficulty particularly if you consume it before bedtime. Here’s some of the side effects of sleep deprivation you need to know to keep it up your health management list alongside food, nutrition and fitness schedule.

5 Side Effect Sleep Deprivation

Immunity Issues – Sleeping helps strengthen the immune system by producing more antibodies for battling the bacteria and toxin. If you don’t sleep well then it automatically affects the immune system as the production goes down, making your body vulnerable to umpteen conditions and infections. The most common being cold and flu, but could lead to lung problems as well.

Top 12 Super Immunity Booster Foods

Weight Gain – The hormone leptin is responsible for sending the brain signal about hunger satiation. Less sleep reduces the level for this hormone while increasing the level of ghrelin hormone that increases appetite. Thus, leading to obesity.

Chronic Conditions – Lack of Sleep for a longer duration raises the risk of getting life threatening health conditions like, blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, heart disease, to name a few.

Appetite Rise – Sleep deprivation can lead to increase in appetite and food cravings on an untimely basis. This could further lead to hormonal imbalance.

Memory Loss – Lack of sleep can stress up your nervous system and affect the brain functionality adversely. Studies do indicate that sleeplessness does impair the memory of many.

The moral here is pay equal attention to sleep hygiene and keep it on your priority list. Create an environment at night that helps you get disturb free sleep like eating early, no alcohol before sleeping, maintain a bedtime routine, keep your sleeping space clean and dark and most importantly stay away from gadgets.

Anemia – An Emergency Like Situation In India That Needs Immediate Attention

If we go by latest statistics around anemia, then the news is surely bad because it says that almost 40% of the population in India Is Anemia. Anemia, as we all know is caused due lack of hemoglobin, a substance carries oxygen to the RBCs. Iron rich dark green leafy vegetables are the source of the essential nutrients required to fight anemia.

Even worse, the global nutrition report of 2017 shows India in the last spot which is worrisome for sure. Also another report of 2016, shows over 45% of female population in India is anemic and over 20% women are overweight.

Anemia - India

Though, the government has been able to curb population of people living below extreme poverty lines from a humungous 306 million to 48 million. But, as far as curbing malnutrition is concerned, the government hasn’t been as much successful, despite efforts.

Even today Anemia is known to affect every second child in the country. There is not much decline in the condition over the past two decades. Even among the age group of 15 – 49 year olds, there isn’t any significant decline. This is an emergency situation as it seems and needs immediate attention.

The factors that are the real obstacles in the fight against anemia besides poverty are poor sanitation, gender bias, iron deficient diet and the government has been working on resolving these problems consistently.

One of the projects of the government which gave great results was that of Iron Supplementation program which increased the consumption of folic acid tablets by 30%. Thus simple strategies like Food Fortification, could be the possible answer to this problem which is taking a toll on the health of Indians for a long time now. Rice which seems to be the staple of over half of the population in India can supplied through a network of shops that offer it at an affordable price.

Risk of Breast Cancer in Trans Women Post Hormone Therapy Escalates To Over 45 Times

A Study has found that trans-women undergoing the gender change procedures increase their risk of getting breast cancer by over 46% as compared to men. The study was carried out on over 2000 trans-women and it was found that after undergoing the sex change procedures 1 in 200 came under the risk scanner of breast cancer as compared to less than 8000 in men.

Cancer hospital in Bangalore

The studies that were carried out earlier have shown that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) does increase the risk of breast cancer particularly in women post menopause. Suggestively, it would increase the risk in trans-women undergoing hormone treatment.

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As study involving 2260 women, 15 cases of invasive breast cancer came to light of that of women of over 50 years of age post 18 years on an average of hormone therapy. Dr. Martin Den Heijer from Amsterdam University Medical Centre says that the issues and side effects of hormone therapy are knowns are discussed also with the people who undergo treatment.

Though the risk for naturally born women is one third less, the experts from Netherlands said that not only the patients but even the doctors needed to be aware of the fact that injections of female hormones do have an increased threat.

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In Britain there has been a drastic rise in the number of operations and it’s around 250 per year presently as compared to 54 around 2000. The researchers were unclear though if some of the cases were genetic or due do lifestyle because one of their trans gender woman study did carry the BRCA gene mutation that lead to breast cancer. Besides, it also showed that trans- gender men were at a considerably lower risk as compared to female population. The study that determined the same involved 1229 trans men of which four had invasive breast cancer have diagnosed at 47 years post 15 years of hormone treatment.

Know more about Cancer Center in Bangalore

*Sourced from the Internet.

All You Need To Know About Lipomas

If you have seen some lumpy formations around your body of the size 1 cm – 2 cm then they could be lipomas. Lipoma is a lump formed under the skin from fat deposits. It is generally found in ages 40-60 years and areas may include neck, back or shoulders. They could occur in younger generations as well and on almost any part of the body.

Lipomas are generally slow growing tumors which are generally benign in nature. They might not grow also. As per doctors, they are rarely harmful and there is meager possibility of they turning malignant.

Lipomas

Detection
A lipoma is a fat tissue based tumor and is very soft to touch. Its just under the skin and rarely painful, but it could be. It is colorless, grows slowly and moves easily when you prod it with your finger.

Causes
As of now, there is not defined reason for causing Lipomas. Though, one of the most common reasons is genetic or heriditary factor.

Treatment
Though, a doctor may not suggest any treatment on lipomas as they are painless and non benign.
But, if you are uncomfortable with the lipomas as they might look ugly, then your doctor may remove it with a minor surgery that includes numbing the area around lipoma, creating an incision and removing it. Then stitching the incision. Alternatively Liposuction can be used for removal. Another option is steriod injections in and around the affected area in order to shrink the lipoma can be used. Steriods only help to an extend of shrinking them and not complete elimination.

Home Remedies
Some natural supplements have known to be very effective with fat deposits. This includes turmeric roots, dandelion roots and more. These are those detoxifying herbs that have to be consumed with a lot of water so as to aid in elimination of the toxins. You can even take in turmeric by adding a teaspoon every day in your milk.

There are a few natural oils that might just help in controlling lipomas. This includes tea tree, frankincense, castor oil, sage oil, to name a few. Simple add a half a teaspoon of oil in you regular hair oil and apply it to the affected areas twice a day. Castor oil can also be massaged at night before going to bed on and around the lipomas.

When you use home remedies, their effect is generally slow but steady. So, you need to have a lot of patience to see the results. Use the home remedies atleast for a month and if it does not seem to work then try some other remedy from the suggested ones as per suitability. Its not that natural remedies won’t work. They might just work for you if you keep calm and use them for a long duration of time. There are stories where natural remedies have been affective in treating lipomas. They do not have side effects, so you may as well try them out.

Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore provides services in healthcare and education. Hospital provides free medical services. College offers Medical, Dental, Nursing and Paramedical courses