Tag Archives: Medical College Bangalore

Go Green Spaces And Live Longer – A Study

It’s not news that living green and going green definitely help humankind with good health. Of course, there have been a lot of studies that reveal the role of greens in reducing stress and anxiety amongst people. A study around living in green spaces and how they help you live longer has been recently published in The Lancet Planetary Health and the meta-analysis does show reliable evidence on how green urban spaces can help people live longer.

Go Green Spaces And Live Longer

The study was organized by the Barcelona Institute of Global Health (IS Global) based out of Spain and in association with Colorado State University in Fort Collins. As per the director of urban planning, Environment and Health initiative at IS Global, the study does show that green spaces are responsible for the reduction in premature immortality.

He also added that green spaces can help climate mitigation by reducing health island as well as air pollution effects in cities. But there was a lack of green spaces in cities mostly. Dr. Mark added ‘ Green space is also good for carbon sequestration. So there are multiple beneficial effects. And increasing green space can, therefore, reduce a significant number of premature deaths in cities.

The study was required by WHO as they wanted to develop a health impact assessment tool for green interventions in and around urban places. Particularly, WHO wanted to find out the connection between green spaces and premature deaths so that they could design tools needed for green interventions.

Dr. Nieuwenhuijsen further said “ We systematically searched for and included all the cohort studies we could find on NDVI, an easily obtainable green space measure, and premature mortality and conducted a meta-analysis.

The study involved 8 million people from countries like the USA, China, Spain, Italy, Australia, Switzerland, and Canada. The study was startling and revealed that for an increase in 0.1 vegetative scores around 500 meters of a home, there was a decrease in the mortality rate by 4%. These startling revelations are an eye-opener about the importance of green spaces on earth.

Exercise After 60 Years Could Help Longevity

Exercise has been always of use when it comes to physical health and fitness and there are umpteen studies to around importance of exercise and fitness as well as physical health. Here’s one more study but around exercise after 60 years of age and how it could help you reduce cardiovascular disease threat. As per the World health organization over 900 million people were above 60 years of age across the world by 2015. Well, age does affect the fitness levels of humans because the body deteriorates as it ages but maintaining activity or increasing activity level could help reducing the heart condition risks like strokes and heart attacks.

Exercise After 60 Years Could Help Longevity

Comparatively, people who did less exercise as they aged had over 25% more risk of getting heart conditions besides blood vessel issues. People who increased their activity levels reduced the risk of heart disease by around 11%.

The study was carried out by a team of researchers at the Department of bio-medical Sciences of South Korea’s Seoul National University. Lead by author Kyuwoong Kim, with team did an analysis of around 1, 119, 935 men and women of the age group 60 years and above. The data used for the study was taken from the National Health Insurance Service (NIHS). This organization possesses the healthcare data of over 97% Koreans. The data in use included participants of an average age group of 67 years including 47% of males across years 2009-2010 and 2011-2012 besides the data of the aforementioned participants uptil 2016.

The study involved asking questions to the participants about their lifestyle as well as physical activity levels. Most of them had a moderate activity level of half an hour per day that included activities like gardening, brisk- walking as well as dancing. Rigorous activity mean doing 20 minutes of fast cycling, running or aerobic exercise.

The second round of health checkup had the participants make variations in their activity levels. While only 22% of the participants did increase their activity levels, over 54% actually reduced them by the time of the second screening. The researchers also analyzed the data from hospital records claiming stroke and heart diseases for the period of January 2013 – December 2016.

The study revealed that the people who increased their activity levels from inactivity to moderate or high levels of activity atleast three to four times a week did reduce the risk of heart attack by 11%.

Obesity in Adults – Connect to Childhood

We all know that obesity is the result of high sugar intake as well and particularly artificially sweetened beverages as well as processed foods. Today millions of people across the world are suffering from obesity and its going only northwards. One of the reasons are the hectic and sedentary lifestyle of people.

A recent study based on the sugar consumption of adults in USA was carried out to look for answers around the growing cases of obesity there even when USA saw a decline in consumption of Sugar.

Obesity in Adults – Connect to Childhood

The research involved Alex Bentley, the head of Anthropology department at the Tennessee University of Knoxville and his colleagues. This study took a new approach and did not involve the current diet of the participants but their diet habits before 30-40 years back as in during childhood days. The reason behind doing the same as per the co-author of the study Damian Ruck, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Anthropology Department was that no other earlier research did particularly study around the temporal delay between high sugar consumption and increase in obesity rates.

So, Bentley and his team created a mathematical adult obesity model for obesity rise after 1990’s, a result of increase in consumption of sugar in 1970’s and 1980’s.

For the model testing they made use of data on sugar consumptions from the US Agriculture department and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) during the period of 1990-2004.

The model used the stochastic process for showing the rise in obesity rates due to high sugar consumptions legion. The model further goes on to explain the delay of so many years from consumption to obesity rise.

It also made important observations around high increase in fructose corn syrup and mainly the rise before 2000 was a result of use of artificial sweeteners in processed foods as well as soft drinks. The study also highlighted that poverty was one of the main reasons behind high sugar consumption as it is an inexpensive source of calories. Also, sweetened beverages are an integral part of low income households in US due to that reason.

The team finally concluded that after the Special Supplemental Nutrition program for Women, Infants and Children was introduced in 2009, there was a drop in the obesity rates and if the model is accurate, the effect will been seen through the adulthood of the children.

Stress Eating – An Overview

It’s a known fact that many of you when stressed tend to eat a lot and the food that is usually consumed is fried sweet or buttery, viz. comfort food. So, why do people tend to eat comfort food when they are in their blues like for example there is a breakup. The reason is there is a connection between emotions and eating rich food. Many of us would agree of having a whole bowl of ice-cream or a bar of chocolate after a bitter breakup just to soothe ourselves or calm ourselves down.

Stress Eating

When we are stressed, the release of hormones from the body does affect our behavior as well as food choices. In a short period of stress like before an exam or a public performance, the adrenaline levels go high because the adrenal glands release it thus killing our appetite. The adrenal gland is positioned just above the kidney and is responsible for stimulating hunger. Now when the stress levels are spread over a longer period of time like board examinations lasting for a month or so, the same gland releases cortisol, hunger and craving stimulating hormone. That is why this hormone by itself is called the stress hormone.

Researchers also believe that Ghrelin, another stress hormone has a role to play when it comes to stress eating. And when it comes to food, under stress rarely people want to have healthy food. It’s either high fat or high sugar or both together. Though even as the research is on to find out the reason behind the same, researchers believe that the sugar and fat-rich foods send signals to the brain thus leading to a drop in emotional and stress burden. No wonder, these foods are called comfort foods.

Well, so if you are one of those who fit under the category of binge eating when under stress a little control could help maybe…

Exercise Coupled With Less Calorie Intake Effects Bone Fragility

Recent research on mice has revealed that if exercise is coupled with a reduction in calorie intake it tends to make the bones more small, weak, and fragile. Researchers also that if exercise was teamed with an adequate calorie diet then it could help in improving bone health in contrast.

The study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral research paper. As per Dr Maya Styner, Associate professor of the University of North Caroline at Chapel Hill, it came as a surprise to them because the earlier studies carried out on mice revealed that exercise coupled with a normal or high-calorie diet did help improve bone health. So, the report only helps them know that a low-calorie diet is not good for bone health if couple with exercise.

Couple jogging outdoors in nature

Dr. Styner also alerted that reduced calorie intake can increase the risk of fracture as well as negatively affect bone strength. The study was concentrated upon bone marrow fat. Though still scientists are not been able to understand how fat works, but they do think that it does affect health in mammals and humans.

Earlier studies as per Dr. Styner had revealed that bone marrow fat and bone health were related to each other in a way that when the high-calorie intake leads to obesity and further increased the levels of bone marrow fat. Also, when obese as well as mice with normal weight exercised, it leads to an increase in bone density due to the decrease in bone marrow fat.

The objective of the study was to find out how a decrease in calorie intake can affect the bone marrow fat as well as bone health. The research involved two groups of mice. One of the groups was fed 30% fewer calories as compared to the other group. The other group was offered a regular calorie diet.

The mice that were on restricted calories also received mineral and vitamin supplements in order to keep the nutrient intake at par with the other normal calorie intake ones. The groups were further split in 6 groups, the sedentary ones, and the exercising ones. The results showed that the mice that were kept on a calorie-restricted diet seem to not only lost weight but also showed a reduction in bone density and an increase in bone marrow fat as well.

The researchers were surprised to see that bones became fragile due to the restriction of calories. Though the investigations are not complete yet and further research needs to be done in order to understand the bone marrow functioning, the team did find that reduction in calories leads to a decrease in bone marrow fat at the same time affecting the quantity and quality of bone.

5 Best Mental Health Apps

With the growing number of mobile phones across the world and also in India and ever-increasing use of applications, it’s no wonder if you find an app to resolve any of your problems related to house management, health management, diet management, and more. Today with the hectic work schedules and high-stress levels associated with work, mental health issues are also increasing day by day. In India, mental health still remains a stigma due to a lack of awareness around the same. Even though people actually coming forward to take help around mental health is only over 10% as against more than 200 million suffering from depression and other mental health issues, today in urban areas people are opening up and seeking help.

So, if you are also an avid gadget freak and are looking towards getting an app that could help you reduce mental stress and feel better as far as mental health is concerned. Here’s run down some of the mental health apps that could help you with stress management.

5 Best Mental Health Apps

  1. Mood Path – A petite app, you can call it on the go mental health counselor because the app is designed with the objective of the app is to provide support and guidance through your mental health conditions. The app works by asking you questions about your mental health on a daily basis to screen for symptoms of depression so that you are aware of it. It also provides you documented details around mental health which you could share with your mental health professional besides providing access to over 100 videos and psychological exercises to help deal with your mental health and strengthen it.

  1. Headspace – The objective of this app is to help you be happy and healthy. It helps you be at your best daily using meditation and mindfulness to achieve it. It comes loaded with hundreds of sessions to help you get rid of stress, keep yourself calm, and your mind fit. Headspace also reports that meditation on a daily basis can help you decrease stress and help you with focusing and attention issues.

  1. Calm – This app is available for free with an apple iPhone and is also rewards as the app of the year for 2017. It focuses on four main areas namely relaxation, sleep, meditation, and breathing and its objective is to bring peace, joy, and clarity in thinking as far as daily life goes. It’s known to hit the bull’s eye for people who want to start meditation for the first time. It comes loaded with meditation sessions varying from as short as 3 minutes to 25 minutes duration so that you can pick whatever is convenient to you.

  1. Super Better – This app has proven expertise in the reduction of stress levels. A study carried out by the University of Philadelphia has found that people who have played super-better for a month have been able to reduce their depression and anxiety levels, believe in themselves, and better their mood as well. It seems to be very effective when it comes to cope with chronic conditions, deal with anxiety and depression, deal with relationships, adopt new habits, and achieve the desired goals. The best part, this app is absolutely free for android and iPhone devices.

  1. Happify - Another free for apple and android users, this app has reviews from over 85% of its users feeling better after they used it for over 2 months. The objective of the application is to help one form healthy habits through positive psychology and mindfulness. The app helps break away with habits that are unhealthy for the mind using techniques and interventions that are based on evidence. It is loaded with games and activities that help fight negativity and improve your emotional well-being.

Well, there are many more that are your best on the go companions or mental health management assistants helping you help yourself with staying at peace with yourself.

Just know about Vydehi Hospital in Bangalore, it is one of the Best Rehabilitation centers in Bangalore

Biopsy – All You Need To Know About Biopsy

For a variety of cancers the only way to provide a definite diagnosis about a condition is to carry out biopsy. The procedure involves the removal of a sample of cells or a tissue from the body for a closer examination.

Biopsy - Types of Biopsy

Types of Biopsy

Needle Biopsy – This type of biopsy is used mostly for diagnosis of cancers that can be felt through the skin. These include enlarged lymph nodes as well as breast nodes

  • Fine needle aspiration A needle and a syringe is used to get a sample from either breast lump or thyroid.

  • Vacuum assisted biopsy – There’s a suction device is used to extract more amount of fluid at a time so that the needle does not have to be inserted many times.

  • Image guided biopsy - Image guided biopsy uses a combination of imaging procedures like computerized tomography (CT), X-ray, sonography or MRI.

  • Core needle biopsy – It uses a needle that is larger with a cutting tip to draw the sample column of tissue.

Endoscopic Biopsy- An endoscope is used for taking tissues from the stomach during endoscopy. An endoscope is a tube with a camera at its end.

Incisional Biopsy – It involves taking a small part of skin

Excisional Biopsy – It involves taking a big part of the tissue/ tumor and requires a

Skin Biopsy – The procedure is carried out in order to check for lesions, rashes, growth, moles and lesions. The doctor takes samples of your skin surface with the help of a razor.

Punch Biopsy – A small instrument is used to punch a hole in the skin in order to get a sample.

Bone Marrow Biopsy – This biopsy involves taking samples of the bone marrow to check for cancerous or non-cancerous cells causing blood problems. A sample of the bone marrow is taken for diagnosis around cancers like lymphoma, leukemia and more.

Yes, biopsy does sound freaky but with the advanced procedures in place, its mostly a low risk as well as pain free procedure. So, if you are to undergo a biopsy procedure soon, do not panic. Stay calm, there’s nothing to worry about it.

*Sourced from the Internet

Just know about VIMS &RC

5 Side Effect Sleep Deprivation You Need To Know

Many a times we do care for our health and fitness but our concentration is towards nutrition and exercise mostly. What we often tend to ignore is sleep. Today lifestyle is sedentary but very hectic and stressful and sleep often takes the back seat. Furthermore, if you have addictions then sleep deprivation is going to haunt you more. If you’re alcohol consumption is high or even if you drink a lot of coffee, you are sure to experience sleep difficulty particularly if you consume it before bedtime. Here’s some of the side effects of sleep deprivation you need to know to keep it up your health management list alongside food, nutrition and fitness schedule.

5 Side Effect Sleep Deprivation

Immunity Issues – Sleeping helps strengthen the immune system by producing more antibodies for battling the bacteria and toxin. If you don’t sleep well then it automatically affects the immune system as the production goes down, making your body vulnerable to umpteen conditions and infections. The most common being cold and flu, but could lead to lung problems as well.

Top 12 Super Immunity Booster Foods

Weight Gain – The hormone leptin is responsible for sending the brain signal about hunger satiation. Less sleep reduces the level for this hormone while increasing the level of ghrelin hormone that increases appetite. Thus, leading to obesity.

Chronic Conditions – Lack of Sleep for a longer duration raises the risk of getting life threatening health conditions like, blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, heart disease, to name a few.

Appetite Rise – Sleep deprivation can lead to increase in appetite and food cravings on an untimely basis. This could further lead to hormonal imbalance.

Memory Loss – Lack of sleep can stress up your nervous system and affect the brain functionality adversely. Studies do indicate that sleeplessness does impair the memory of many.

The moral here is pay equal attention to sleep hygiene and keep it on your priority list. Create an environment at night that helps you get disturb free sleep like eating early, no alcohol before sleeping, maintain a bedtime routine, keep your sleeping space clean and dark and most importantly stay away from gadgets.

Anemia – An Emergency Like Situation In India That Needs Immediate Attention

If we go by latest statistics around anemia, then the news is surely bad because it says that almost 40% of the population in India Is Anemia. Anemia, as we all know is caused due lack of hemoglobin, a substance carries oxygen to the RBCs. Iron rich dark green leafy vegetables are the source of the essential nutrients required to fight anemia.

Even worse, the global nutrition report of 2017 shows India in the last spot which is worrisome for sure. Also another report of 2016, shows over 45% of female population in India is anemic and over 20% women are overweight.

Anemia - India

Though, the government has been able to curb population of people living below extreme poverty lines from a humungous 306 million to 48 million. But, as far as curbing malnutrition is concerned, the government hasn’t been as much successful, despite efforts.

Even today Anemia is known to affect every second child in the country. There is not much decline in the condition over the past two decades. Even among the age group of 15 – 49 year olds, there isn’t any significant decline. This is an emergency situation as it seems and needs immediate attention.

The factors that are the real obstacles in the fight against anemia besides poverty are poor sanitation, gender bias, iron deficient diet and the government has been working on resolving these problems consistently.

One of the projects of the government which gave great results was that of Iron Supplementation program which increased the consumption of folic acid tablets by 30%. Thus simple strategies like Food Fortification, could be the possible answer to this problem which is taking a toll on the health of Indians for a long time now. Rice which seems to be the staple of over half of the population in India can supplied through a network of shops that offer it at an affordable price.

Abhishek Bachchan and Dyslexia – The connection!

Recently, Abhishek Bachchan revealed that he was diagnosed with dyslexia at the age of 9 and sent to a European school. He did have difficulty reading and writing during his childhood. He also spoke at length about the indifference that is being shown in school for slow learners and harped that it should be stemmed.

Abhishek Bachchan and Dyslexia

What is Dyslexia exactly?
Dyslexia is a learning disability or reading disability amongst children. Children suffering from this condition often have issues with speech sound identification as well as learning how to relate between letters and words. This condition is known to affect the area around the brain that processes language.

Children who suffer from dyslexia have a normal sight as well as intelligence. Most children can easily succeed in school too with a little bit of help from special educators. There is no cure as such for this condition but early assessment, intervention as well as emotional support can go a long way in helping your live with it and provide a best outcome. Many a times it’s not recognized even until adulthood. The earlier the better, but you can work on it as an when it is diagnosed.

Symptoms
The symptoms of dyslexia are not so easy to recognize, atleast until your child goes to school. Only the teacher is the one who is able to notice the symptoms primarily. The condition can be mild to severe from child to child and comes to light once the child begins to read.

Learning new words slowly, able to start talking late compared to peers, issues remembering numbers, colors and letters, nursery rhymes or more during the early years. In school these children could have issues with the following

  • Reading age appropriately in a proper way.
  • Difficulty with spellings
  • Issues with sequence remembering and memorizing stuff
  • Difficulty with solving math problems
  • Children with ADHD are known to be at a higher risk of dyslexia and vice versa. This can actually make dyslexia treatment tougher due to the hyperactivity as well as impulsivity issues.

If you have a child who does show similar symptoms, early intervention is a good idea. Better visit your doctor and get your child assessed. A stitch in time saves nine. Isn’t it?