Jobs Posing Higher Risks to a Healthy Heart in Women – An Overview

Early-onset of heart problems has been on the rise in India and the world. As per Indian statistics, heart issues are among the most common causes of death in India, especially in the older population. Many risk factors, including an imbalanced diet, sedentary lifestyle, addictions, and others, are the major cause of cardiovascular issues. One more risk factor, which is yet to come under the scanner, is occupation.

There are few jobs that effect heart health of women

Relatively recent research conducted by researchers from Japan has revealed a connection between a woman’s occupation and heart disease. They base their conclusions about the link between cardiovascular disorders and work on their study of around 65000 women with an average age of 63 years post experiencing menopause. The data used belonged to the Women’s health initiative study. The metrics looked into lifestyle factors like physical activity, addiction status, weight, nutrition, fasting blood sugar, and other health risk factors such as blood pressure, insulin levels, and cholesterol.

The research team also took into account 20 of the most common occupations. The research showed that people at managerial positions, irrespective of their industry, are at increased risk of having heart conditions. The results showed that around 13% of the females were suffering from poor cardiovascular health. Specifically, women doing social work are at the highest risk, viz 36% of experiencing heart problems followed by retail cashiers at a 33% risk. They found a link between a few more jobs and a rise in females’ heart health problems, though how much occupation affects a healthy heart requires more research.

Which jobs are more likely to pose heart problems for women?

The professions posing an increased risk to the heart are –

  • Social Workers with 36% increased heart risks
  • Cashiers and Teller with 33% increased heart risks
  • Healthcare professionals like psychiatrists and home health workers with 16% increased heart risks.
  • Nurses with 14% increased heart risks.

Who has a Higher Risk of Heart Attack?

Women are up to a certain extent, protected by their hormones when it comes to heart diseases. The estrogen in the body provides some respite. Having said that, women who have attained menopause are at higher risks. The average age of the women who are increased rates of heart attacks is 55 years. Because of lifestyle and dietary changes, there is a rise in the number of cases of young women experiencing this life-threatening disease.

Heart Attack Symptoms in Women

The following symptoms show heart problems and sign that you need to contact your healthcare facility immediately.

Heart Attack Symptoms in Women

Heart Attack Symptoms in Women

  1. An intense ache in the chest’s core lasting a few minutes or that goes away and comes back
  2. Aching pressure, squeezing, or fullness in the chest
  3. Pain or uneasiness in the jaw, neck, arms, back, or stomach.
  4. Shortness of breath with or without discomfort in the chest
  5. Nausea or light-headedness, vomiting, breaking out in a cold sweat, and fainting are other signs to watch for

With advanced medical care and evolving medical practices, reach out to your doctor’s. As the age-old saying goes- prevention is always better than cure. Take the much-needed precautions to have a healthy heart for healthy living by undertaking a proper lifestyle and dietary changes. In case you need more details, you are always more than welcome to reach out to our experts at Vydehi.

Heart Disease and its Types

Are You A New Dentist? Here’s What You Need To Know

In The olden days, the demand for dentists was high while the supply was less as a result, flourishing as a dentist was no big deal or say was rather a cakewalk. Even though there is still a scarcity of dentists in rural areas more so, urban areas have dentists in abundance. So, being successful as a practicing dentist is now a challenge because one needs to rise above the clutter.

Are You A New Dentist

Do Ground Work – Before you set up your practice do your home-work? Check for the surrounding areas and the competition. Try to choose an area where there is less competition. Do your business analysis well by considering the attrition rate as well as the present state as well as future trends.

Build Relationships – Do not see your patients as clients but try to focus on building relationships with them, making them comfortable so that you build a base of loyal clients. Even if they are to be told what they have missed on by not take treatment on time, or what needs to be done.

Save Early On – Start saving money for retirement early on even when your income is less. So, by the time you retire you have funds accumulated. The idea is to earn financial independence needed much earlier.

Think ahead – Always think about what you want to achieve at the end of five years and plan according. Even if it is working somewhere as a dentist or opening up your own set up have a target and work around it. This needs to be taken into account at the very beginning of taking a career because it will help you carve your path to success.

Well, at the end of the day it’s your passion and attitude that works above all and affects your success.

know more about Dental (BDS) Colleges in Bangalore

Obesity in Adults – Connect to Childhood

We all know that obesity is the result of high sugar intake as well and particularly artificially sweetened beverages as well as processed foods. Today millions of people across the world are suffering from obesity and its going only northwards. One of the reasons are the hectic and sedentary lifestyle of people.

A recent study based on the sugar consumption of adults in USA was carried out to look for answers around the growing cases of obesity there even when USA saw a decline in consumption of Sugar.

Obesity in Adults – Connect to Childhood

The research involved Alex Bentley, the head of Anthropology department at the Tennessee University of Knoxville and his colleagues. This study took a new approach and did not involve the current diet of the participants but their diet habits before 30-40 years back as in during childhood days. The reason behind doing the same as per the co-author of the study Damian Ruck, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Anthropology Department was that no other earlier research did particularly study around the temporal delay between high sugar consumption and increase in obesity rates.

So, Bentley and his team created a mathematical adult obesity model for obesity rise after 1990’s, a result of increase in consumption of sugar in 1970’s and 1980’s.

For the model testing they made use of data on sugar consumptions from the US Agriculture department and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) during the period of 1990-2004.

The model used the stochastic process for showing the rise in obesity rates due to high sugar consumptions legion. The model further goes on to explain the delay of so many years from consumption to obesity rise.

It also made important observations around high increase in fructose corn syrup and mainly the rise before 2000 was a result of use of artificial sweeteners in processed foods as well as soft drinks. The study also highlighted that poverty was one of the main reasons behind high sugar consumption as it is an inexpensive source of calories. Also, sweetened beverages are an integral part of low income households in US due to that reason.

The team finally concluded that after the Special Supplemental Nutrition program for Women, Infants and Children was introduced in 2009, there was a drop in the obesity rates and if the model is accurate, the effect will been seen through the adulthood of the children.

Stress Eating – An Overview

It’s a known fact that many of you when stressed tend to eat a lot and the food that is usually consumed is fried sweet or buttery, viz. comfort food. So, why do people tend to eat comfort food when they are in their blues like for example there is a breakup. The reason is there is a connection between emotions and eating rich food. Many of us would agree of having a whole bowl of ice-cream or a bar of chocolate after a bitter breakup just to soothe ourselves or calm ourselves down.

Stress Eating

When we are stressed, the release of hormones from the body does affect our behavior as well as food choices. In a short period of stress like before an exam or a public performance, the adrenaline levels go high because the adrenal glands release it thus killing our appetite. The adrenal gland is positioned just above the kidney and is responsible for stimulating hunger. Now when the stress levels are spread over a longer period of time like board examinations lasting for a month or so, the same gland releases cortisol, hunger and craving stimulating hormone. That is why this hormone by itself is called the stress hormone.

Researchers also believe that Ghrelin, another stress hormone has a role to play when it comes to stress eating. And when it comes to food, under stress rarely people want to have healthy food. It’s either high fat or high sugar or both together. Though even as the research is on to find out the reason behind the same, researchers believe that the sugar and fat-rich foods send signals to the brain thus leading to a drop in emotional and stress burden. No wonder, these foods are called comfort foods.

Well, so if you are one of those who fit under the category of binge eating when under stress a little control could help maybe…

Exercise Coupled With Less Calorie Intake Effects Bone Fragility

Recent research on mice has revealed that if exercise is coupled with a reduction in calorie intake it tends to make the bones more small, weak, and fragile. Researchers also that if exercise was teamed with an adequate calorie diet then it could help in improving bone health in contrast.

The study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral research paper. As per Dr Maya Styner, Associate professor of the University of North Caroline at Chapel Hill, it came as a surprise to them because the earlier studies carried out on mice revealed that exercise coupled with a normal or high-calorie diet did help improve bone health. So, the report only helps them know that a low-calorie diet is not good for bone health if couple with exercise.

Couple jogging outdoors in nature

Dr. Styner also alerted that reduced calorie intake can increase the risk of fracture as well as negatively affect bone strength. The study was concentrated upon bone marrow fat. Though still scientists are not been able to understand how fat works, but they do think that it does affect health in mammals and humans.

Earlier studies as per Dr. Styner had revealed that bone marrow fat and bone health were related to each other in a way that when the high-calorie intake leads to obesity and further increased the levels of bone marrow fat. Also, when obese as well as mice with normal weight exercised, it leads to an increase in bone density due to the decrease in bone marrow fat.

The objective of the study was to find out how a decrease in calorie intake can affect the bone marrow fat as well as bone health. The research involved two groups of mice. One of the groups was fed 30% fewer calories as compared to the other group. The other group was offered a regular calorie diet.

The mice that were on restricted calories also received mineral and vitamin supplements in order to keep the nutrient intake at par with the other normal calorie intake ones. The groups were further split in 6 groups, the sedentary ones, and the exercising ones. The results showed that the mice that were kept on a calorie-restricted diet seem to not only lost weight but also showed a reduction in bone density and an increase in bone marrow fat as well.

The researchers were surprised to see that bones became fragile due to the restriction of calories. Though the investigations are not complete yet and further research needs to be done in order to understand the bone marrow functioning, the team did find that reduction in calories leads to a decrease in bone marrow fat at the same time affecting the quantity and quality of bone.

All You Need To Know About Hair Loss

Also known as Alopecia, hair loss obviously affects the scalp, which is what we are already aware of. What many of us aren’t aware of is that it also affects the entire body. Let us find out how. We have a hair across the body and this condition leads to excessive loss of hair not only from the scalp but also from the entire body.

It is known that around 5% of people suffer from alopecia while the rest do get new growth once their hair falls off. Hair loss is also a result of many other health conditions like for example cancer. Hair loss is a daily process and a human loses 80-100 strands of the 10-15 lakh strands of hair on their head. Though it is a natural process if it’s excessive, you need to look into it.

Here’s a run-down of the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment around hair loss condition

Know About Hair Loss

 

Hair Loss Causes

Though all of us experience hair loss and it’s an everyday affair and it is up to 100 strands of hair on a daily basis. There are a lot of factors that affect hair loss like genetic reasons, due to the use of certain medications like blood pressure, depression, and more. Besides, even hormonal changes like during childbirth, menopause, or thyroid can also cause hair loss, eating a diet that is deficient in proteins as well as Vitamin B and fungal or ringworm infection on Scalp can also cause hair loss.

Symptoms of hair loss

Symptoms of hair loss include lumps of hair falling suddenly during washing or combing. Swelling on the scalp, hair thinning and breakage, and baldness in a circular motion, itching, and loss of hair from the eyebrows or beard.

Diagnosis hair loss

The diagnosis is based on physical examination and if required some tests would also be done. The additional tests include a Scalp biopsy, light microcopy, blood test or pull test, in case the doctor suspects some other condition or physical examination is not conclusive.

Hair loss treatment

There are a lot of treatments available for hair loss issues and depending upon the diagnosis the doctor suggests them. These include Immunotherapy, Steroid injections, laser, and UV light treatment, or hair transplantation.

Well, hair loss is a common condition and can be prevented also by taking care of your hair and providing them with the necessary nutrients on a regular basis.

Mouthwash And Its Effects On Exercise

Recent research has proved that an antibacterial mouthwash can effect in reducing the effects of cardiovascular benefits in exercise. Now, exercise helps in managing the blood pressure of the body. But, mouthwash affects the bacteria present in the mouth in such a way that it interferes with the blood pressure managing the complex mechanism of the body in a negative way.

Many of us aren’t really aware of the role of mouth bacteria in our overall health. There have been studies that have proved that there has been a connection between bacteria and the risk of esophageal cancer or gum disease. Studies have even shown that mouth bacterium can be responsible for affecting respiratory health and colorectal tumors as well. Now, this recent research is about their role in getting cardiovascular benefits from exercise.

Mouthwash And Its Effects On Exercise

scientists know that when you exercise the blood vessels open up due to the increase in production levels of Nitric oxide resulting in vasodilation or diameter increase in blood vessels. Further, it also increases the blood flow circulation of active muscles.

The Nitric oxide breaks down into Nitrate and further initiates the circular molecular reaction that in turn results in managing the lowering effects of exercise on blood pressure. The research done in the past 10 years shows that the salivary glands absorb the nitrate and the saliva excretes it. There are certain bacteria in the mouth that have the ability to convert this important molecule – nitrate into nitrite thus leading to increased production of nitric oxide inside the body.

The study carried out by Bescos’s team included 23 healthy adults who exercised in two acute bouts. The participants ran on a treadmill for 30 minutes. The researching team monitored the blood pressure for 2 hours.

The participants also rinsed their mouths using a mint-flavored anti-bacterial mouth wash after 1 sec, 30s minutes, 60 minutes, and 90 minutes of the run. Even the saliva samples were collected from the participants before and after two hours of exercising.

The study found that there was an average reduction of 5.2 mg of mercury in systolic blood pressure after exercising for 1 hour. In contrast to the same when the participants rinsed their mouth with an antibacterial mouthwash.

The result shows that the use of mouth wash leads to a reduction in the blood pressure by 60% after exercise within the first hour and furthermore after 2 hours canceled it entirely.

Related: How to Choose the Best Toothpaste for You

How To Deal With Bad Breath On The Go

Bad breath is one of the common dental problems. Then again these days the work schedules of people be it men or women are hectic and many of them are traveling for work for days together. The most common dental problem that people face particularly when on the go. Bad breath can be embarrassing and makes them conscious too, which leads to distraction to some extent. So, here are a few tips to help you deal with bad breath without much ado.

Bad Breath

Drink Water – This is the simplest solution to manage bad breath. Try to drink at least three liters of water throughout the day. Water flushes away the food particles that get stuck in the mouth which further leads to bacteria feeding on them and ultimately causing bad breath. If you drink water at regular intervals, you will be able to keep bad breath at bay. Additionally, drinking more water helps your body in many ways.

Handy Dental Kit – Keep a travel kit ready which includes a small toothbrush and toothpaste that you can carry along. So, after a meal, if there’s a meeting you need to head for and want to feel fresh, you can quickly brush your teeth and avoid bacteria buildup. Do not forget to floss and clean your tongue daily even if you are traveling.

Mouth Fresheners – Always carry a mouth-freshener in your purse. But, this does not mean that you can do away with brushing your teeth. Brushing and flossing daily are important to keep your mouth free from bacteria as much as possible. Using sugar-free chewing gums or mint sucking does help to keep the mouth clean.

Avoid Certain Foods – Food that contain starch or refined carbohydrates like potato chips, fried foods, sugary foods, to name a few. So, the best way to manage to either avoid these foods when on the go or ensure that you clean up your teeth so that as to keep bad breath away.

Floss It Away – In your dental kit, do keep a few floss sticks and at least every night flosses your teeth before going to bed. Cleaning your teeth with floss and your tongue is a good daily ritual that you need to follow alongside brushing. Don’t ignore this ritual and see how it helps you deal with your bad breath problems.

The More Happy You Be The More You Live – Read On For The Proof

A recent study has revealed that people who are highly optimistic tend to live a long life of over 85 years and more. The PNAS paper has details which include how the researchers tried to find out the relation between higher positivity and longer life while focusing more on exceptional longevity.

Usually, all the research around longevity is focused on the role of biomedical factors and hence the study was more about the psychological factors that help with longevity. As Lewina O Lee, Ph.D., and associate professor of psychiatry at the school of medicine of Boston University and the corresponding author brought up that there was very less study around the psychosocial effects role in promoting healthy aging.

The More Happy You Be The More You Live

According to her and team, optimism was “general expectation that good things will happen or the belief that the future will be favorable because one can control important outcomes.”

The data used for the research included 69744 females from the Nurses Health Study (NHS) and 1429 miles from the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study (NAS) across the 30 years (1986-2016). The routine also included regular health surveys about diet, smoking, alcohol, and other health-related behaviors and questions on optimism. While 71% of the males who participated died within the 30 years of their follow up, 13% percent of the female participants passed away within 10 years of follow up.

Here’s an example of one of the six questions that the NHS participants were asked –

Rate the statement on whether you agree or disagree “Overall, I expect more good things to happen to me than bad” on a five-point scale.

The researchers then carried out an analysis of the data and discovered that the most optimistic males as well as females at the start of follow up lived 11-15% longer as compared to those who were least optimistic. The team also found that even after conforming to the health behavior results like educational achievement, depression, diet, doctor visits, smoking, and alcohol, the associations still held true.

Nicotene Cigarettes And Its Affects On Blood Vessels

E-cigarettes are common with people who are working towards quitting smoking. The latest report from the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 10% of US smokers have tried using e-cigarettes at least once and around 4% already use it on a daily basis. The promoters of e-cigarettes claim it to be a healthy alternative to the more harmful tobacco cigarettes.

Though the long-term effect of e-cigarettes can only be determined after research. There have been many studies already questioning the safety of using e-cigarettes and the effects of vaping nicotine-free e-cigarettes.

New research that investigates this topic has been published in the Radiology Journal. The study was carried out at the Structural, Physiologic as well as Functional Laboratory imaging University of Pennsylvania of Philadelphia by a post-doctoral researcher called Alessandra Caporale.

Nicotene Cigarettes And Its Affects On Blood Vessels

THE STUDY

The study involved around 31 healthy non-smoking adults in the age group of 24 years. An MRI was undertaken before and after them using nicotine-free e-cigarettes. The participants had to take 16 puffs in total with each lasting for 3 seconds.

The e-cigarette content was free from nicotine but included glycerol and propylene glycol with a tobacco flavor. The researchers measured ‘reactive hyperemia’ or a short rise in the arterial blood flow post occlusion, of their subjects after they constricted and released their blood vessels.

The MRI scans did show that there was a reduction in the femoral artery’s blood flow. The Femoral is the main artery responsible for delivering blood to the thigh and leg area of the body. Another note that the team made was about a reduction in reactive hyperemia as well.

Based on the study, the researchers concluded that smoking nicotine-free e-cigarette aerosol does affect the endothelial function in healthy smokers transiently. Endothelial is the thin cell layer that lines the inner side of blood vessels. If the endothelium is damaged, it will lead to thickening of the arteries and thus poor blood circulation. This could further lead to life-threatening conditions like stroke or heart attack.

FINDINGS

The final results showed that there was a decrease in dilation in the femoral artery by 34%. Post vaping while the venous oxygen levels dropped by 20%, the blood flow by 17.5%, and the reactive hyperemia by almost 26%. The results as per the main investigator and professor of radiologic science as well as biophysics Dr. Felix W Wehrli mean that the liquid of the e-cigarettes was to some extent harmless but the process of vaporization had the ability to transform the primary molecules namely glycerol and propylene glycol into toxic substances. Vaping also has an instant and sudden effect on the vascular function of the body and could have harmful effects in the long run.

So, if you use e-cigarettes, be warned that they aren’t really a safe alternative as per the results of the study and that if you are planning to start, do not.