Osteoporosis in Women in India – Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

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Osteoporosis in Women in India – Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

Aging is the one process, we as humankind have no control on and with aging brings along many health issues as well. Our body weakens gradually and becomes vulnerable to diseases, illnesses and health conditions. Depending upon the body type and lifestyles, it varies. Osteoporosis is one such condition which is very common amongst women in India. Particularly, after menopause when bones start turning weak and start losing density through vitamin D, Calcium and Mineral loss.

Osteoporosis
The condition when bones become extremely porous, fragile and are subjected to fractures easily, is known as osteoporosis. There is a certain imbalance between the old and new bones in this condition. Though Osteoporosis is more prevalent in elderly people, it is more common in women than men. The reason being that the hormone called estrogen is responsible for maintaining bone density in women. After menopause, estrogen levels drop considerably in women and thus decrease the bone density as well. Over 25 million people in India are known to suffer from this condition and the sad part is there are not specific symptoms other than pain or disability for early detection of the condition.

Risk Factors

  • Old Age is a major risk factor
  • Genetic influence
  • Small body frames and thin people
  • Women post menopause
  • Poor diet habits
  • Addictions like alcohol, smoking and more
  • High dosage of drugs, medicine and steroids

Diagnosis
As mentioned earlier unless a bone injury or a fracture is occurred, detection of osteoporosis is not really possible. An X-ray of a fractured bone helps in detecting the condition, though not with high accuracy. For best diagnostic results, Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is a better choice. The actual score of the patients bone density is compared with the permissible range available. Usually for bone density test, the normal range is between 0-1. If the bone density in the range (-1 to -2.5) its osteopenia and if it is below minus 2.5 then it definitely is osteoporosis.

Treatment
After knowing the root cause of the condition, the treatment is decided. But, it is not generally possible to eradicate the disease completely. Various suitable medications are provided by the consulting doctor to reduce bone density loss and for strengthening the bones as well. Alternatively, treatments and therapies like testosterone and hormone replacement treatment, stem cell therapy also offered. Vitamin D and Calcium supplements are also prescribed by doctors of treating osteoporosis.

Prevention
Though, age is a major factor in Osteoporosis and it is more common in women, the easy way out is putting in all efforts to prevent the same. The first big step in the direction is adopting a healthy lifestyle that is a blend good diet and exercises. Evening walking and jogging is a good addition to your lifestyle. Consume a diet that is rich in Calcium and Vitamin D. Smoking and drinking is a habit with women as well, and is better avoided or kept to bare minimum.

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