Heart disease is one condition that has spread its vicious roots not only in the Indian subcontinent but also across the world. Statistics say that one in four in the USA die of heart issues. It is also a leading cause of deaths in the UK, Australia, and Canada other than India, where it is known to be the top killer as well.
There are different kinds of heart problems that tend to affect different body parts. Here is a rundown of some of the common types of problems that cause heart disease.
Myocardial Infarction – Also known as Heart attack, coronary thrombosis or cardiac infarction, this is caused due to a blood clot occurring in coronary thrombosis. Due to the clot, the heart muscles get damaged. It can also occur if an artery spasms or narrows.
Coronary Artery Disease – The role of the coronary arteries is to provide nutrients and oxygen to the heart. The condition arises when plaque deposits damage the arteries as they narrow them thus cutting the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart.
Congenital Heart Disease – This condition is a result of deformities at the time of birth. This includes conditions like Obstruction defects, generally caused due to blockage of blood flow through different chambers of the heart, and Cyanotic heart disease which is a shortage of oxygen in the body due to defect in the heart.
Pulmonary Stenosis – This condition is caused when the pulmonary valve is too tight making it difficult for the heart to pump blood into the pulmonary artery. If an infant suffers from this condition severe in nature then he or she can turn them blue.
Arrhythmia – It is a result of irregularity in the heartbeat. The heart can lose its rhythm due to reasons like the heart beating too fast (tachycardia), heart beating too slow(bradycardia), fibrillation, or premature ventricular contractions.
Mitral Valve Prolapse – This is a condition that rarely needs treatment as it is not life-threatening. In this condition, the valves between the left ventricle and left atrium do not fully close but simply bulges in an upward direction or back into the atrium.
Dilated Cardiomyopathy – This condition arises when the heart muscle becomes dilated due to weakness and is not able to pump blood properly. This is caused when the heart is deprived of oxygen due to coronary heart disease which usually affects the left ventricle.
Mitral Regurgitation – When the mitral valve does not close as tightly as it should, it causes mitral incompetence or regurgitation, or insufficiency. This causes the blood to flow backward into the heart when it should move out of it. As a result, a person suffering from this condition often feels tired or out of breath.
Heart Failure – when the heart is not able to pump blood efficiently, it leads to heart failure. Either side of the heart is affected usually. The heart becomes weak over a period of time due to high blood pressure or coronary artery disease.
Well, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in reducing the risk factors of the aforementioned heart conditions. So, Stay Fit. Stay safe.