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Menopause: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Menopause is an irreversible part of the overall aging process involving a female’s reproductive system. It is diagnosed retrospectively after twelve consecutive months of no periods (amenorrhea) without any pathology. The final menstrual period is a normal physiological process that marks the end of a woman’s reproductive cycle resulting from loss of ovarian follicular activity.

PERIMENOPAUSE

There are three stages to the transition from reproductive to the non-reproductive cycle of the uterus, which include

  1. Perimenopause
  2. Menopause
  3. Postmenopause

Premenopause refers to the period before menopause. Postmenopause is the period after menopause; generally, 24 to 36 months after the last period, where symptoms and signs of menopause subside, and perimenopause is the period around menopause, usually around 40–55 years. Perimenopause is the part of the climacteric when the menstrual cycle is typically irregular. Climacteric is the time during which a woman passes from the reproductive to the non-reproductive stage.

AGE OF MENOPAUSE

age of menopause

age of menopause

The age of menopause ranges between 45–55 years, the average being 50 years. The age of menopause is genetically predetermined apart from being influenced by certain factors like severe malnutrition and smoking.

EARLY MENOPAUSE

If menopause occurs at or below 40 years, it is said to be premature or early menopause. Menopause that occurs before this age, whether natural or induced, is known as early menopause. Along with hot flashes, mood swings, and other symptoms which usually accompany menopause, early menopausal women also have to cope with additional physical and emotional concerns.
Reasons for early menopause include genetics, lifestyle factors, chromosome defects, autoimmune diseases, and epilepsy.
Signs and symptoms of early menopause include irregular periods, noticeably longer or shorter periods than usual, heavy bleeding, spotting, mood swings, change in libido, vaginal dryness, hot flashes, night sweats, loss of bladder control.
It is diagnosed clinically and with investigations like AMH, estrogen, FSH and is treated with hormonal replacement therapy.
Complications of early menopause apart from the most common infertility include increased risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, depression, and dementia.

MENOPAUSE SYMPTOMS

The menopausal period is marked by various hormonal changes like low levels of estrogen, progesterone, and other organ changes.

menopause symptoms
One can observe any of the following menstruation patterns before menopause;

  • Abrupt cessation of menstruation (rare)
  • A noticeable decrease in both amount and duration of the menstrual cycle due to spotting or delayed and ultimately lead to cessation
  • Irregular menstruation with or without excessive bleeding is one more typical pattern. One should exclude genital malignancy before declaring it as the usual premenopausal pattern.

Related Menstrual Hygiene – The Present Scenario and Adverse Effects

The significant symptoms and the health concerns of menopause are:
Vasomotor symptoms: The characteristic symptom of menopause is hot flush. A hot flush is characterized by the sudden feeling of heat followed by profuse sweating. It may also include symptoms of palpitation, fatigue, and weakness. The physiologic changes with hot flushes are perspiration and cutaneous vasodilatation. It may last for 1–10 minutes and maybe at times unbearable. Another aspect is sleep depravity due to night sweats.
Urogenital atrophy: Low estrogen levels may cause dyspareunia and dysuria. Along with these vaginal infections, dryness, pruritus, and leucorrhea are also common. The urinary symptoms are urgency, dysuria, recurrent urinary tract infection, and stress incontinence.
Osteoporosis and fracture: Following menopause, there will be osteoporotic changes due to a decline in the collagenous bone matrix. During menopause, bone loss increases to 5% per year. Primary (type 1) osteoporosis is due to estrogen loss, age, deficient nutrition (calcium, vitamin D), or hereditary. Osteoporosis may lead to back pain, loss of height, and kyphosis. Fracture of bones is a significant health problem. The fracture may involve the vertebral body, femoral neck, or distal forearm (Colles’ fracture). Morbidity and mortality in older women following the fracture are high.
Cardiovascular disease and Cerebrovascular disease: Oxidation of LDL and foam cell formation cause vascular endothelial injury, cell death, and smooth muscle proliferation. All these lead to vascular atherosclerotic changes, vasoconstriction, and thrombus formation. Risks of ischemic heart disease, coronary artery disease, and strokes are increased.
Psychological changes: An increased frequency of anxiety, headache, insomnia, irritability, dysphasia, and depression. They may also have dementia, mood swing, and an inability to concentrate.
Skin and Hair: There is thinning, loss of elasticity, and wrinkling of the skin. After menopause, there is some loss of pubic and axillary hair and slightly balding, which may be due to low estrogen levels with a normal level of testosterone.
Sexual dysfunction: Estrogen deficiency is often seen with decreased sexual desire. This may be due to psychological changes (depression anxiety) and atrophic changes of the genitourinary system.

When to see a doctor?

  1. Cessation of menstruation for consecutive 12 months during climacteric.
  2. The appearance of menopausal symptoms ‘hot flush’ and ‘night sweats’.
  3. Vaginal cytology – showing maturation index of at least 10/85/5 (Features of low estrogen).
  4. Serum estradiol : < 20 pg/mL.
  5. Serum FSH and LH: >40 mlU/mL (three values at weeks interval required).
    Only a few women seek medical attention for perimenopausal symptoms; others either tolerate the changes or don’t have symptoms severe enough to require medical attention. The signs may be subtle and develop gradually. If the symptoms interfere with day-to-day life or well-being, such as hot flashes, mood swings, excessive bleeding, or changes in sexual function, it is advised to consult a doctor.

Treatments for Menopause

Normal menopause rarely requires anything else except for symptomatic treatment; however, doctors should adequately counsel every woman with postmenopausal symptoms about the physiologic events to remove her fears and minimize or dispel anxiety symptoms, depression, and insomnia. Reassurance is essential.
Lifestyle modification includes – increased physical activity, reducing high coffee intake, smoking, and excessive alcohol. Must have adequate calcium intake (300 mL of milk) and reduce medications that cause bone loss like corticosteroids.
A nutritious diet—balanced with calcium and protein is helpful.
Supplementary calcium—daily intake of 1–1.5 g can reduce osteoporosis and fracture based on physicians’ advice.
Vitamin D—supplementation of vitamin D3 (1500–2000 IU/day) and calcium can reduce osteoporosis and fractures. Exposure to sunlight enhances the synthesis of vitamin D3 in the skin.
Based on symptoms and requirement, the physician may prescribe bisphosphonates, fluoride, calcitonins, SERMs, clonidine, thiazides, gabapentin, phytoestrogens, soy protein.
After careful evaluation and necessity, HRT ( hormonal replacement therapy) might also be suggested, which comes with its own benefits and risks.

Menopause is an unavoidable natural phenomenon that brings about changes in women. It’s best to be prepared knowing the symptoms and consult your doctors on the onset of menopause. Equip yourself with knowledge about menopause if you are around 45 years of age so that panic is the least of your concerns when it sets in. Our experts are always within your reach if you have any problems or in need of help. We are always with you, for – your health is our priority.

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH) – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy or LVH is a heart condition that causes mortal danger to one’s life if left untreated. LVH, as it is popularly known, is the thickening and enlargement of the heart wall in the heart’s left ventricle, a prominent blood-pumping chamber.
The thickening causes the heart muscles to lose their elasticity and become rigid. The condition adds extra pressure to the heart to fill up the chamber and pump the blood. In the long run, LVH declines the heart capacity to produce enough pressure to pump blood to the body.
The condition develops gradually, and at times goes unnoticed until it reaches critical stages. Regular heart health checks, hence, make a huge difference in keeping up with the heart-wellness.

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy

LVH

Concentric LVH

Concentric LVH is one of the sub-types and results from the heart adapting to hypertension or other heart-related diseases. It affects men and women alike. The symptoms of concentric hypertrophy found in ECG/EKG include

  • Increased heart wall thickness
  • Normal Left ventricles cavity
  • Increased Relative wall thickness
  • Increased Left Ventricular mass

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH) Symptoms

Left ventricular hypertrophy occurs commonly in people with a history of high uncontrolled blood pressure. Hence, having blood pressure in control is one of the main ways to avoid LVH. LVH leads to a higher risk of congestive heart failure and irregular heart rhythms, which are life-threatening heart conditions.
Some of the general traits experienced by people with LVH are:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue, Dizziness, or fainting
  • Chest pain after exercising or performing a strenuous activity
  • Heart palpitations or fluttering of the heart

Causes of LVH

The most common cause of LVH is uncontrolled high blood pressure. Other causes might include

  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic condition that causes the heart wall to b slightly thicker than the average heart walls.
  • The heart valve regulates the blood flow direction in the heart. Irregular or malfunctioning of these heart valves exerts extra pressure in the heart chambers, leading to thickening muscles.
  • Congenital heart diseases that form during pregnancy do not allow the heart to develop as it should. If the cases are mild most of the times, it does not require rectification. In severe cases, the defect may be corrected via medications or surgery.
  • Aortic valve stenosis is when the aortic valve that supplies blood to the body and is present between the lower left chamber of the heart is narrow. This condition can occur as congenital heart disease or in people over 65 due to calcium deposits in the valve.
  • Athletic Training is one more reason that causes more stress exertion on the heart. In most cases, it is not fatal until another condition exists along since heart enlargement is common among athletes.
  • Similar to calcium deposits mentioned, there are chances that protein deposition can also cause Left Ventricular Hypertrophy. This process or condition is called Amyloidosis.

When to see a doctor?

LVH goes undetected in the early stages since the heart is trying to adjust to the changes in the best possible way without realizing it’s an abnormality. The symptoms often manifest in the later stages. Experiencing a combination or at least two of the following problems indicates that one should consult a doctor as soon as possible.

  • Frequent chest pain that lasts longer than minutes each.
  • Difficulty in breathing after exercising or after mild activities
  • Sudden headaches, difficulty in speaking, weakness in a particular part of the body for no reason
  • Nausea, constant lightheadedness, or loss of consciousness frequently

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH ) Diagnosis

A combination of the following tests diagnoses LVH as it does not have a standalone test.

  • Electrocardiogram: This is the first step in determining if LVH exists. The electric signal is sent through the heart to observe the pattern. Any deviation from the regular pattern is an indication of an underlying problem in the heart.
  • Echocardiogram: If the doctor has a reason to suspect LVH, the second step they recommend is for the patient to undergo Echocardiogram. It is the process of producing live-action images of the heart and revealing the structure of the heart using sound waves.
  • MRI: Until the cardiologist has second doubts regarding the diagnosis, MRI is not suggested to determine LVH. It is the process of heart imaging to diagnose abnormalities in the heart.

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy (LVH) Treatment

Getting blood pressure under control should ease the LVH condition. In most cases, the medications are taken to maintain regular blood pressure help prevent further enlargement of the heart and help reverse LVH. In various instances, like calcium or protein deposits found in the valves or heart, the medications might slightly differ.
The medications widen the blood vessels, lowers pressure on the heart, and decrease the pressure on the heart by improving the blood flow. The examples of these medications are:

  • Calcium channel blockers are the medications that prevent calcium from entering the heart and also widen the valves.
  • Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARB)
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Diuretics
  • Beta-blockers are not usually recommended as the first medication. Only when other drugs fail to produce the expected results, doctors prescribe beta-blocker since they cause variations in the hormones.

The final option is surgery to repair the valves or the vessels, restricting the blood’s proper entry to the heart.

What can you do at home?

One of the best ways to avoid LVH is to follow a healthy lifestyle at home. Following a disciplined routine can help one avoid not only heart complications but other health problems as well.

  • Quitting Smoking is the easiest way to avoid blockages in hearts and lungs since the residue from the smoke causes them.
  • Losing weight can decrease the risk of LVH in obese people since they tend to have a slightly larger heart than ordinary weighing people. Studies have shown that losing weight can also help in reversing the condition in some cases.
  • Following a heart-healthy diet that involves fiber-rich food like fruits, green leafy vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and good fats like olive oil and ghee can help avoid calcium and protein depositing in the heart.
  • Avoiding extra salt intake helps maintain the proper blood pressure, thus enabling the heart’s efficient working.
  • Quitting or avoiding alcohol consumption helps decrease blood pressure since alcohol is said to increase the same.
  • Following a regular exercise routine for at least 30 minutes daily is a sure-shot way of avoiding health complications.
  • Effective stress management is the primary way to decrease the pressure on the heart. Stress varies the levels of the hormones, thus affecting the heart and body’s efficient performance.
  • Follow medications routine prescribed by the cardiologist if you are diagnosed with LVH. Do not change the dosage of the medicines without consulting the doctor.

Also, Read Seven Simple Tips to Strengthen your Heart

How to Get Rid of a Boil: Causes, Symptoms & Home Remedies

Boils or furuncles are skin infections and occur due to the clogging of the oil glands, hair follicles, or skin pores. The area surrounding the boils is usually reddish when they appear on the skin. Gradually as the day passes, pus forms under the patch and can be painful.

Often the boils can be treated at home and do not need medical attention unless it grows big and starts paining immensely.

how to get rid of a boil

how to get rid of a boil

Types of Boils

Large boils are medically known as skin abscesses. They usually occur on the back, chest, face, or buttocks. Other areas they can occur are the underarms or groin. Most of the skin abscesses will go away without treatment or with the usage of available Over-the-Counter drugs. They rarely become challenging to treat and may require consultation with a dermatologist, who will drain the boil and advise proper medications by studying the underlying cause.

Carbuncles are another type of boils. Carbuncles usually occur in a group and are more frequent in middle-aged men. They are a result of more widespread infection compared to boils and are severe as well. It is safe to consult a medical practitioner in such cases as improper handling can lead to disastrous results.

Another type of boils is the one that occurs on the eyelids and is called Sty(Stye). An infection in the sebaceous glands of the eyelids causes Sty. Since eyes are delicate organs, it is better to consult an Ophthalmologist instead of treating them at home.

Causes of Boils

Boils commonly occur in areas that come in frequent contact with the clothes. The constant rubbing often irritates the skin and can cause minor cuts or bruises. Germs or bacteria entering through these cuts are the primary reason why boils occur.

The leading causes of boils are

  1. The bacteria staphylococci that are present on the skin enter the skin via minor cuts or burns and causes boils
  2. Having close contact with people who have boils and sharing the products used by them
  3. Weak immune system due to conditions such as HIV or chronic disease like diabetes
  4. Existing skin disease such as eczema, psoriasis, or oily skin prone to acne outbreaks
  5. Allergy to medications or medications that can weaken the immune system
  6. Ingrown hair that cannot come out
  7. Splinters or small foreign particles logged in the skin
  8. Poor nutrition and personal hygiene

Symptoms of Boils

The first symptoms of boils are the appearance of reddish spots on the surface of the skin. After a few days, the spots not only turn painful, but pus starts accumulating beneath the skin.

The symptoms of severe infection are:

  • The skin around the boils turns red, painful, warm, and swollen.
  • Increase in the size of the boil
  • Several boils may form around the original boil forming a cluster and severe infection.
  • Developing a fever or chills after a few days of the occurrence of the boil
  • Swelling of the Lymph nodes

Though boils appear similar to acne, they are much more severe and painful. The treatment also varies for both skin conditions.

Treatment for Curing a Boil

Often when they appear, the main question will be how to get rid of a boil since they look ugly and are painful.

Sometimes the boils need not be treated; they disappear on their own. Only when it grows painful and does not go away after a week of appearing will it have to be treated by medical practitioners.

We have a few home remedies to treat boils when they are at the initial stages. They are

home remedies for boils

home remedies for boils

  • Keep warm towels against the boils for 10 mins at least four times a day. This enhances blood circulation around the area, and thus, the WBC’s present in the blood will be able to fight off the infection faster.
  • Put indirect pressure on the boil and take care not to burst them since it increases the risks of expanding the contamination to the nearby skin surfaces.
  • Clean the infection if pus starts oozing out of the boil with anti-bacterial soap. Then dress the wound appropriately with gauze. Clean the wound area at least three times a day till it heals completely.

Do’s and Don’ts for boil treatment at home.

The home remedies for boils help in avoiding complications are later stages. However, one has to follow specific protocols for proper healing of the boils.

  • If boils have developed on the face, do not repeatedly touch them or squeeze them.
  • If the boils have developed due to shaving, avoid shaving the area until the boil has ruptured and healed to avoid the infection’s spread.
  • Do not use sharp objects for popping the boils, as they increase the chances of infections. Usually, the boils rupture on their own with heat compress within a week to ten days.
  • Do not share the towels or clothes with others to minimize the chances the spreading the infection.
  • Do not use swimming pools.
  • Wash the hands frequently to avoid infecting the area with cuts and burns.
  • If there are nicks and cuts, ensure sterilizing the area immediately with alcohol-based solution, and do not touch the area with unclean hands until the wound is healed.
  • Regularly wash commonly used towels and bed-sheets.

Boils usually can be tended at home and do not require a medical practitioner’s attention. However, when one develops high fever and chills or more boils making the condition severe, consult a physician or a dermatologist to help treat the boil. Another scenario to consult a medical practitioner is when boils appear on the face. They will drain the pus carefully and prescribe antibiotics to heal the wound. In case the boils are really large, the pus sample may be sent to the lab to determine the type of infection, and antibiotics will be prescribed based on the results.

Despite taking all the precautions, one cannot avoid developing boils. Once they appear, one cannot get rid of a boil immediately or overnight since it is an infection. Treating it right is the only way to cure the boils, but one has to make efforts to stay healthy and follow personal hygiene to avoid complications.

Also, Read 

Everything You Need to Know About Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a deforming, seronegative, oligoarticular inflammatory arthritis that can involve small or large joints mostly found in patients with a type of autoimmune skin condition called psoriasis.

psoriatic arthritis

Types of psoriatic arthritis

There are five clinical patterns of psoriatic arthritis.

Oligoarticular arthritis

Asymmetrical inflammatory oligoarthritis affects about 40% of patients and often presents abruptly with a combination of synovitis and adjacent periarticular inflammation. This occurs most characteristically in the hands and feet when synovitis of a finger or toe couples with tenosynovitis(inflammation of tendon sheath where the muscle connects to bone), enthesitis, and inflammation of intervening tissue to give a ‘sausage digit’ or dactylitis, where the whole digit gets inflamed. Large joints, such as the elbow, ankle, and knee may also be affected with either small-scale or large effusions. Psoriatic arthritis feet is one such common presentation with sausage toes, heel pain, pain on the sole of the foot, and toenail changes. It is caused by inflammation of membranes that line the joints, tendons, and connective tissues of the feet.

Symmetrical psoriatic arthritis

Symmetrical polyarthritis occurs in about 25% of cases. It predominates in women and may strongly resemble Rheumatoid Arthritis, with symmetrical involvement of small and large joints in upper and lower limbs. Nodules and other extra-articular RA features are absent, and arthritis is generally less extensive and more benign. Much of the hand deformity often results from tenosynovitis and soft tissue contractures

Classical psoriatic arthritis affecting distal interphalangeal joints

Distal Interphalangeal (DIP) joints arthritis is an unusual but characteristic pattern affecting men more often than women. It targets finger DIP joints and surrounding periarticular tissues, almost invariably with accompanying nail dystrophy.

Arthritis mutilans

Arthritis mutilans is deforming erosive arthritis targeting the fingers and toes that occurs in 5% of Psoriatic Arthritis cases. Prominent cartilage and bone destruction result in marked instability. The encasing skin appears invaginated and ‘telescoped’ (‘main en lorgnette’) and the affected finger can be pulled back to its original length.

Psoriatic spondylitis

Psoriatic arthritis affecting the spine and the joints in the pelvis is called Psoriatic spondylitis. The symptoms for this condition develop between the pelvis and the neck. Patients with this medical condition usually experience pain, inflammation, and stiffness in their neck and lower back. Sacroiliac joints in the pelvis can also be affected by this condition. Over time, the condition may make it more difficult for a person to move their spine. It may occur alone or with any other clinical patterns described above and is typically unilateral or asymmetric in severity

Psoriatic arthritis causes

Psoriatic arthritis occurs when the body’s immune system begins to attack healthy cells and tissue. Such an unnatural immune response causes swelling in joints as well as extra production of skin cells. Although unclear, it is likely that a combination of genetic, immunological, and environmental factors play a role in the causation of this condition. People with psoriatic arthritis usually have a family history of either psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis. Researchers have identified few genetic markers that appear to be psoriatic arthritis carriers making this disease hereditary up to an extent. Environmental factors mainly include viral and bacterial infections and trauma which may trigger the development or exacerbation of psoriatic arthritis in people

What are the symptoms of psoriatic arthritis?

The onset of psoriasis and arthritis are as follows:

  • Psoriasis appears to precede the onset of psoriatic arthritis in 60-80% of patients (occasionally by 20 years, but usually by less than 10 years)
  • In 15-20% of patients, arthritis appears before psoriasis. Occasionally, arthritis and psoriasis appear simultaneously.
  • In some cases, patients may experience only stiffness and pain, with few objective findings. In a patient displaying musculoskeletal symptoms without a history of psoriasis, the diagnosis can be derived by studying the family history of psoriasis and the pattern of arthritis. The musculoskeletal symptoms are usually insidious in onset.
  • Pain and swelling affecting joints and enthuses (the connective tissue between tendon/ligament and bone)
  • The course is generally one of intermittent exacerbation followed by varying periods of complete or near-complete remission

Skin involvement – psoriatic arthritis skin rash

One of the most common psoriatic arthritis symptoms is a rash: thick red skin covered with flaky white patches.
One may notice the following skin lesions in the context of psoriatic arthritis:

  • Scaly, erythematous plaques
  • Guttate lesions
  • Lakes of pus
  • Erythroderma

In one study, arthritis was noted more frequently in patients with severe skin disease.In patients presenting with an undefined seronegative polyarthritis, looking for psoriases in hidden sites, such as the scalp (where psoriasis frequently is mistaken for dandruff), perineum, intergluteal cleft, and umbilicus is extremely important. The rash may come and go. There can be extended periods where the patient can be rash-free. Certain conditions not limited to but including stress, infections, and injuries, have the capacity to trigger rash outbreaks. The rash typically develops on the Elbows, Knees, scalp, lower back, genitals, around the belly button, and between the buttocks

Nail involvement

Nails anomalies are involved in 80% of patients with psoriatic arthritis. Some of the common anomalies are

  • The occurrence of horizontal depression in the nail plate also known as Beau lines
  • Leukonychia – discoloration of the nail
  • Onycholysis – painless detachment of the nail from nail beds
  • Oil spots
  • Subungual hyperkeratosis
  • Splinter hemorrhages
  • Spotted lunulae
  • Transverse ridging
  • Cracking of the free edge of the nail

Extra-articular manifestations

Eye involvement, either conjunctivitis or uveitis, is reported in 7-33% of patients. The uveitis is more often bilateral, chronic, and posterior.
We can find Aortic valve insufficiency in <4% of patients after a long-standing disease.

Risk factors for psoriatic arthritis:

1) Family history of psoriatic arthritis
2) Psoriasis
3) Genetics
4) Age
5) Obesity
6) Smoking
7) Environmental causes

Psoriatic arthritis diagnosis

The Classification Criteria for Psoriatic Arthritis (CASPAR) consist of established inflammatory articular disease with at least 3 points from the following features:

  • Current psoriasis (assigned a score of 2)
  • A history of psoriasis (in the absence of current psoriasis; assigned a score of 1)
  • A family history of psoriasis (in the absence of current psoriasis and history of psoriasis; assigned a score of 1)
  • Dactylitis (assigned a score of 1)
  • Juxta-articular new-bone formation (assigned a score of 1)
  • RF negativity (assigned a score of 1)
  • Nail dystrophy (assigned a score of 1)
  • Autoantibodies are generally negative.
  • Acute phase reactants, such as ESR and CRP, are raised in only a proportion of patients with active disease.
  • X-rays may be normal or show erosive change with joint space narrowing.
  • Features favoring Psoriatic Arthritis over Rheumatoid Arthritis include the characteristic distribution of proliferative erosions with marked new bone formation, absence of periarticular osteoporosis, and osteosclerosis.
  • Imaging of the axial skeleton often reveals features similar to those in chronic reactive arthritis, with coarse, asymmetrical, non-marginal syndesmophytes and asymmetrical sacroiliitis.
  • MRI and ultrasound with power Doppler are increasingly employed to detect synovial inflammation and inflammation at the entheses.

Psoriatic arthritis treatment

A qualified physician decides the line of treatment based on the manifestation and severity of the disease. Treatment may include medical, surgical, and physical therapies. Medical treatment regimens include the use of

  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs),
  • Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors, and
  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)

In patients with severe skin inflammation, medications such as methotrexate, retinoic-acid derivatives, and psoralen plus ultraviolet (UV) light are considered. These agents have been shown to work on skin and joint manifestations. Intra-articular injection of entheses or single inflamed joints with corticosteroids may be particularly effective in some patient

Surgical care

  • Arthroscopic synovectomy has proven to be an efficient way of treating intractable, persistent, monoarticular synovitis.
  • Joint replacement and forms of reconstructive therapy are occasionally necessary.
  • Patients in sharp pain or with significant contractures may be referred for possible surgical intervention; however, high re-occurrence rates are seen after surgical release, especially in hand.
  • Hip and knee joint replacements have been successful.
  • A combination of arthrodesis, arthroplasty, and bone grafts to lengthen the fingers is used for arthritis mutilans, where surgical intervention is usually directed towards salvaging the hand.

Physical therapy

The rehabilitation treatment program should be tailor-made for psoriatic arthritis patients and should commence early in the disease. Physical Therapy should account for:

  • Rest: Local and systemic
  • Exercise: Passive, active, stretching, strengthening, and endurance
  • Modalities: Heat, cold
  • Orthotics: Upper and lower extremities, spinal

The general measure for a comfortable living for people affected by psoriatic arthritis should include,

  • Use of assistive devices for gait and adaptive devices for self-care tasks including modifications to homes and automobiles
  • Educating self and family about the disease, energy conservation techniques, and joint protection
  • Possible vocational readjustments.

With proper lifestyle changes, psoriatic arthritis can be controlled and treated effectively if they can consult the doctor in time. Reach out to VIMS experts who can guide you to maintain a healthy lifestyle and find the best possible treatment for your condition.

Also, Read Rheumatoid Arthritis and exercise skeptics

Dry Mouth: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Dry mouth, also known as Xerostomia, When you don’t make enough saliva, your mouth gets dry. The role played by saliva to keep the balance in the human body often goes unnoticed. It plays a significant role

  • In managing the PH balance of your mouth
  • To keep your taste sense alive
  • To remove acidity from the mouth
  • By making chewing and swallowing easier
  • In preventing bacteria and fungal growth in the mouth
  • In maintaining oral hygiene

If not for saliva, people will experience tooth decay, fungal infections, and many more problems leading to major health concerns. When the salivary glands do not generate enough saliva to maintain this delicate balance, it causes dry mouth or xerostomia.
The condition commonly causes dry throat, bad breath, and chapped lips, leaving you feeling thirsty even after consuming enough liquids.
Though it is not a severe medical condition, if left untreated, it can cause serious damage to your overall wellbeing, since the mouth is the entry point for supplying the energy required for the body.

dry mouth causes

Dry Mouth Causes

One of the most straightforward reasons for dry mouth is anxiety and stress, which is treatable easily. The other common cause is medications. There are over 400 known medications that cause dry mouth on consumption. In such cases, once you stop taking those medicines, xerostomia also goes away.

Other mouth dryness reasons include:

  • Dehydration
  • Aging
  • Pregnancy
  • Breathing through mouth
  • Snoring can cause dry throat at night
  • Smoking
  • Using drugs like methamphetamine
  • Depression
  • Nerve damage
  • Botulism poisoning
  • Salivary gland infection
  • Diabetes
  • Anemia
  • Sleep apnea
  • Medications such as high/low BP tablets, antidepressants, and appetite suppressants
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Surgical removal of salivary gland
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Cancer radiation therapy in the head or neck region
  • Autoimmune disorders such as Sjogren’s syndrome, HIV/AIDS
  • Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease

Dry Mouth Symptoms

A dry mouth often is not life-threatening. Keeping yourself hydrated should resolve the issue if you are experiencing dry mouth because of dehydration or anxiety.
Only when the following symptoms persist and realize your salivary glands are not producing enough saliva, consult your doctor immediately to get to the underlying cause of dry mouth.

A few of the common symptoms are

  • Stickiness in your mouth
  • Frequently being thirsty
  • Dry mouth and sore throat
  • Sudden dry mouth
  • Thick and stringy saliva
  • Bad breath
  • Difficulty in chewing and swallowing
  • Difficulty in speaking and hoarseness
  • Dry or grooved tongue
  • Change in the sense of taste
  • Experiencing dry mouth in the morning
  • Problems wearing dentures
  • Chapped or cracked lips
  • Increased tooth decay problems

Dry Mouth Treatment

In case your dry mouth is arising because of an underlying health condition, your doctor will adjust or prescribe medicines to correct the saliva production.
A thorough examination is needed to find the underlying cause of dry mouth. The dentist or the health care expert will gauge saliva production under both salivary gland stimulated and non-stimulated conditions. They will also inspect for blockages in the salivary gland or if the glands are infected. Based on their investigation, they will suggest reliable remedies to correct the condition.

  • The doctor can reduce and change the medication causing the dry mouth.
  • They can prescribe over-the-counter mouth rinses, artificial saliva, or moisturizers to minimize dry mouth conditions, offering protection against tooth decay.
  • Prescribe medicine to stimulate the salivary glands to produce more saliva.
  • Protect your teeth and gums by suggesting the use of proper oral care products.
  • In case the salivary glands are damaged, they will suggest corrective surgeries to restore the salivary gland’s function. In extreme cases, when the salivary gland is removed, doctors will prescribe medications to help you keep the mouth’s moisture and saliva replacement medications.

Home Remedies for Dry Mouth

home remedies for dry mouth

We can divide home remedies for curing dry mouth problems into four parts.

Saliva Preservation: This included developing healthy breathing practices such as breathing through the nose instead of the mouth. In case the patient has snoring problems, the doctor will suggest optimal sleeping positions and necessary measures to get rid of the problem to ensure more comfortable breathing patterns through the night. Avoiding alcohol and caffeine consumption and smoking can significantly reduce dry mouth.

Saliva substitution: Consuming more fluids like water, fruit, and vegetable juices without sugar and salt, sucking on ice chips, can help you avoid dry mouth. There are several oral care products like oral lubricants that act as saliva substitutes. These are to be taken under the doctors’ guidance to avoid long-term damage to the salivary glands and be over-dependent on these medicines.

Saliva Stimulation: Several stimulants like non-sugar chewing gum play a vital role in keeping the salivary gland active. Lozenges or chewable tablets also help stimulate saliva production in the mouth and thus avoid mouth dryness.

Prevention of Infections: Maintaining proper oral hygiene goes a long way in keeping infections at bay. Keeping up your dentist appointments, avoiding eating sugar candies, and other food that can damage your tooth and gums leading to disease frequently, are few measures to be taken personally to prevent dry mouth.

Other preventive measures to avoid dry mouth and improve saliva flow:

  • Suck on sugar-and-acidic-free candy or chew sugar-free gum to stimulate the salivary glands.
  • Keep the body hydrated by consuming plenty of water and liquids.
  • Use fluoride-reinforced toothpaste to protect your teeth.
  • Regularly visit your dentist to keep track of your oral health.
  • Develop the habit of breathing through your nose. As much as possible, avoid breathing through the mouth.
  • In a dry season like summer and winter, when the humidity is low, use a room vaporizer to add moisture to the air in the living area.
  • Exercise well and keep anxiety and stress at bay. Develop a healthy lifestyle to keep yourself healthy.
  • Keep track of your diet. Consume healthy food to keep your body alive and help it function at an optimal level.
  • Avoid self-medicating when in doubt.

Dry mouth is easily treatable at homes if the underlying causes are simple. We suggest you consult your dentist or doctor if the symptoms mentioned in the article persist.
The health care specialist can help correct the medications or guide you in the right direction to resolve the problem of dry mouth.
Do not forget to stay hydrated by consuming liquids. Keep up your dentist appointments to avoid complications arising in the future. For the body to function well, every detail has to be in balance. Keeping your health in check is in your hands.

Also, Read How To Deal With Bad Breath On The Go

Scoliosis Types, Causes, Symptoms & Occupational Therapy

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that mostly occurs much more often during the growth in spurt just before the stage of puberty. While Scoliosis can be caused by such conditions as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most Scoliosis is still unknown. About 3% of adolescents on average have Scoliosis.

Most cases observed in adolescents are Scoliosis mild, but some spine deformities continue to get more severe as children grow. Scoliosis can sometimes be disabling. An especially severe spinal curve can initially reduce with the chest amount, making it much more difficult for the lungs to function properly.

Children who have had mild Scoliosis are monitored closely, usually with the scanned X-ray reports, to see if that spinal curve is getting much worse. In many cases, no treatment usually is necessary. Some of the children will be required to wear a brace to stop the curve from worsening. Others may need to have the surgery to keep the Scoliosis from worsening much more and to straighten with severe scoliosis cases.

Scoliosis Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Symptoms of Scoliosis

The main signs and symptoms for Scoliosis commonly include:

  • Uneven shoulders
    One-shoulder may blade that appears more prominent than the other one.
  • Uneven waist
    One hip became higher than the other one. If this spinal scoliosis curve gets much worse, the spine may also rotate or even get the twist, again with the curving it as side to side. This causes the ribs to pile on one side of the body to stick that out farther than on the other side of it.

Causes for Scoliosis

Doctors eventually don’t know what mainly causes this most common type of Scoliosis. Although it may appear to be involved with hereditary factors because the disorder tends to get run into the families. Less of the common types of Scoliosis it may be caused due to the followings:

  • Neuromuscular conditions mainly such as cerebral palsy or even muscular dystrophy.
  • Congenital disabilities are affecting the development of the bones, most of the spines.
  • Injuries that to or even the infections of the ranges.

Risk factors for Scoliosis

Risk factors in the development of the most common type of Scoliosis observed mainly include:

  • Age- Signs, and symptoms for Scoliosis typically begin with spurt growth that occurs just before the level of puberty.
  • Sex- Although both boys and girls may be developing mild Scoliosis all at about the same rate, the girls have had a much higher risk of the curve to get worsening and even require the needed treatment.
  • Family history- Scoliosis can even run into families, but most of the children with Scoliosis don’t have any family history of this disease

Complications endured in Scoliosis

While most people with Scoliosis may have had a mild form of this kind of spinal disorder, Scoliosis may sometimes appear, causing complications, including:

  • Lung and heart damage: In severe Scoliosis, the rib cage may get up pressed against the lungs and even heart damage, making it much more difficult for them to breathe and get much more challenging for their heart to get pumped up.
  • Back problems: Adults who have had Scoliosis as a child are more likely to have chronic back pain than the other people in their general population.
  • Appearance: As scoliosis gets worse, it may cause much more noticeable physical changes, mainly including varying levels in both the hips and shoulders, prominent ribs, and even a shift of both their waist and trunk to one of the sides. Individuals who have Scoliosis often get to become self-conscious about their appearance

Types of Scoliosis

1.Idiopathic Scoliosis (70%) Idiopathic Scoliosis is one of the most common types of Scoliosis that is approximately 70 % observed in adolescent and adult patients. Idiopathic Scoliosis is caused by environmental or also genetic abnormalities.

  • Idiopathic Scoliosis Caused due to Genetic Disorder-On average 30% of the idiopathic Scoliosis observed in adolescents is caused by genetic abnormalities. Research has suggested the genetic variation in many of their patients with Scoliosis, but the specific gene has not yet been identified. Scoliosis is associated with genetic disorders of the spinal bone malformation, or maybe due to bone metabolism and even a connective tissue disorder.
  • Idiopathic Scoliosis Caused By Environmental Abnormalities- The cause is yet unknown in this kind of idiopathic Scoliosis. Scoliosis in this category was thought to be caused mainly due to Diet deficiency or Mental abuse, and the stressor may be due to the Intake of toxins and other chemicals as the contamination of drinking water.

2. Congenital Scoliosis (20%) The congenital malformation is observed during three weeks of having gestation in the uterus. The cause of this congenital Scoliosis is either due to hereditary or maybe even as a familial disorder.

3. Associated Scoliosis (10%) This type of Scoliosis has occasionally been associated with various neuromuscular and musculoskeletal disorders. The spinal vertebral column’s abnormal curvature is caused because of weakness in muscles or the skeletal system. Muscles and the skeletal system cannot get any support to hold up the weight and thus, results in Scoliosis.

Occupational Therapy for the Treatment of Scoliosis

The Therapist will evaluate all the daily activities, with the optimum need for manual work and all of the posture during that table work.

Occupational Therapy for the Treatment of Scoliosis

  • Posture: The Therapist will evaluate the correct posture to complete the task during all manual work or even the table work.
  • Assessment: The Therapist will then assess your manual’s tolerance and the table for getting the optimum duration.
  • Evaluation: The Therapist will then be evaluated for Scoliosis patients periodically and will also intervene if the symptoms are getting exaggerated and anatomical deformity has worsened.
  • Intervention: Occupational Therapist will be advisable to change the job or even change the hours of the time table for work so that the scoliosis patient can always cope with it. Therapists may even demand to have eliminated manual labor as well.
  • Support: Therapists may get to modify all the treatment and advise touse braces for their patients that are suffering from Scoliosis. Occupational therapists may be prescribed as a piece of equipment for supporting the activities like a cane or even the walker.

Conclusion

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that mostly occurs much more often during the growth in spurt just before the stage of puberty. Some of the children will be required to wear a brace to stop the curve from worsening. Others may need to have the surgery to keep the Scoliosis from worsening much more and to straighten with severe scoliosis cases. If this spinal scoliosis curve gets much worse, the spine may also rotate or even get a twist, again curving it from side to side. While most of the people with Scoliosis may have had a mild form of this kind of spinal disorder, Scoliosis may appear sometimes Therapist will basically evaluate all the daily activities, with the optimum need of manual work and all of the posture during that table work.

Consult your doctor if you notice any of Scoliosis’s signs or symptoms, mainly in your child. However, mild curves can also develop without the parent or even child knowing about it because they may appear very gradually. Usually, that doesn’t cause much pain. Doctors eventually don’t understand what mainly causes this most common type of Scoliosis. However, it may appear to be involved with hereditary factors because the disorder tends to get run into the families.

Burning Sensation in Feet: Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies

Burning sensation in feet

The extensively familiar reason for burning feet is nerve damage, steadily associated with diabetes. There are distinct probable reasons though, also. The irritation and discomfort from burning feelings in your feet can be periodic or continual and span from mild to serious. Your soles may sense heated, tingling, numb, or prickling. The irritation is often painful at night time.

A burning sensation in your soles may be inflicted by nerve ravage in the legs, also named neuropathy. Albeit several medical circumstances can be the reason for burning feet, diabetes is greatly common. Vastly burning feet therapies concentrate on staving off further nerve damage and decreasing irritation and pain.

burning sensation in feet

Causes of burning feet

While exhaustion or skin disease or infection can result in interim inflamed and burning feet. Burning feet are greatly often an indication of nerve defect (peripheral neuropathy). Burning feet syndrome is caused by Vitamin deficiency anemia. Nerve damage retains several distinct reasons, comprising chronic alcohol use, diabetes, a certain B vitamin reduction, exposure to particular toxins, and HIV disease.

The feeling of burning feet can appear from a vast range of circumstances. It’s significant to discern a reason so you can obtain therapy or treatment. Several reasons, such as a sole fungus such as athlete’s foot ad shoes that are very tight or uncomfortable, can be fixed effortlessly.

Here are some apparent causes of burning and inflamed feet

Alcohol use disorder
Exceedingly alcohol usage can direct to another kind of nerve defect called alcoholic neuropathy. In expansion to the feeling of burning feet, signs include:

  • Muscle deficiency, muscle cramps, and damage to muscle procedure
  • Bowel dysfunction and urinary
  • Dizziness
  • Distorted speech

Diabetic neuropathy (nerve pain affected by diabetes)

Years of uncontrollable high blood sugar can deliberately ravage your blood nerves. High blood sugar lessens the communication of signs from the veins. This can influence feeling to several portions of the physique, comprising the soles. High blood sugar also diminishes the blood container walls that hold nutrients and oxygen to the nerves.

Complex regional pain syndrome. 
CRPS happens in a leg, extensively common after surgery or wound. It pertains to nerve defects that influence the signaling from the backbone/spine and brain. Signs comprises :

  • Burning irritation
  • Swelling
  • Discrepancies in skin complexion or texture
  • Complex Regional Pain Syndrome can impact the immune system.

HIV/AIDS
Feeling of Burning feet can be one of several symptoms of different diseases and syndrome, including:

  • Lyme disease
  • Syphilis
  • HIV
  • Shingles

Chemotherapy
Remedial chemicals utilized to destroy cancer disease cells that may have side impacts, comprising acentric neuropathy. Further muscular and nervous systems side impacts of chemotherapy may comprise:

  • Exhausted, achy, or weak sensation in the body and muscles.
  • Calmed down motor skills or reflexes.
  • Equilibrium and coordination issues
  • Muscle deficiency
  • Irritation and discomfort

Tarsal tunnel disease
This syndrome pertains to a circumstance where the veins/nerve that drives from the ankle to the sole is extracted because of inflammation or a wound. This can bring discomfort and swell to the foot. The irritation may expand up the limb.

It is significant to receive ahead therapy for this ailment just before the nerve defect comes to be permanent.

Athletes foot
This is an infectious fungal disease often detected in athletes. Moreover, this is also recognized as tinea pedis. It can also influence the hands and toenails.

Hypothyroidism
An underactive thyroid alters the equilibrium of hormones in the human body. This can result in inflammation that imposes a burden on your veins and nerves. In expansion to burning sensation soles, signs of hypothyroidism comprise tiredness, dry skin, and weight gain.

Vitamin depletion anemia
These vitamin B (Vitamin B 12, vitamin B 6, and vitamin 9) deficiencies can be the reason for burning soles and muscle coordination issues.

Anemia, a weakness in functional red blood cells(RBC), may too due to vitamin B depletion. Other signs of vitamin poverty anemia encompass exhaustion, dizziness, and lack of breath.

Chronic kidney disease

When your kidneys quit functioning appropriately, poisons accumulate in your blood. This can direct to the itching and tingling of feet. It can also be resulted in:

  • Decreased urine production
  • Unexplained deprivation in breathing
  • Sickness
  • Turmoil

Treatment options for burning feet

Medication for burning feet relies on the underlying reasons. Always, therapy can be easy and straightforward. You may need:

  • Antifungal medication for athlete’s feet.
  • Better safe and relaxed shoes
  • A remedial supplement in your shoes
  • Vitamin B supplements
  • Thyroid inserts

If diabetes is affected, you may require to alter your nutriment or drugs. Your physician may also specify medications to enable nerve irritation.

For serious nerve injury, nerve stimulation may assist, like:

  • Electrical nerve impulse
  • Laser treatment
  • Magnetic therapy
  • Light treatment

Exploration is moreover going on for distinct fresh pain treatments.

Alternative therapies, like acupuncture, may enable some people to relief their sensation in feet.

Home remedies for burning feet pain relief

It is crucial to visit your physician about this kind of discomfort and pain. But there are some aspects you can attempt at your home for immediate relief:

home remedies for burning feet

Rinse your soles in frozen water and ice baths for some minutes. Nonetheless, this is not suggested for victims with erythromelalgia. It may ravage their skin.
Chill water is handily accessible compared to different other home treatments, hereupon it’s one of the useful treatments for inflammation foot and is extremely easy. Numbness, Swelling, tingling in the soles will be alleviated by this treatment. Compress the foot tub with frozen water and rinse it for some moment. Then put up with comfort for some period and rinse it then again. Playback this several times regularly. Recall that rinsing in icy water is suggested against Erythromelalgia. It may direct to responsive ulcers, flaring, and different skin issues.

These few easy home remedies you can perform by yourself at home. Often choose simple and natural treatments because the adverse impacts are extremely limited than contradicted to chemical solutions.

Soak your soles in an apple cider solution and Epsom salts. If you are suffering from diabetes then ask your physician before trying this remedy.

Apple cider vinegar is supposed one of the reasonable home treatments for inflammation feet and can equalize the pH level of your physique. You can utilize it in two different manners,

You can drink a mixed solution of some teaspoons of apple cider vinegar and a cup of water each day.

Also, You can rinse your soles in the hot water and put in some apple cider vinegar in its hot water. Put in some sea salt to obtain a satisfactory outcome. Similarly, for an instant outcome, you can perform this procedure twice a day.

Epsom salt due to its magnesium portion reduces irritation and swelling in the feet. Also, can alleviate the inflammation sensation and calm your soles. It’s one of the beneficial home treatments for burning sensation in beneficial put up with turmeric inoculated. The curcumin in turmeric may deliver relaxation and contentment for nerve irritation.

Curcumin is recognized to have defensive anti-swelling, antimicrobial and antioxidant impacts. It is also a thought belief source to enable neurological signs.

Turmeric enables enhancing flow and blood circulation. Furthermore, turmeric retains curcumin elements and anti-inflammatory commodities which assist in decreasing irritation in your soles and limbs.

  • Pertain to a useful lotion that includes capsaicin or lidocaine. A home formulated ginger or turmeric remedy may function excessively.
  • Ginger is also a helpful component for inflammation feet. It enables decreasing burning feelings in the soles and as well as improves blood flow. Put up with a teaspoon of juice of ginger, put in some olive oil, and blend it sufficiently. Then massage your limb and feet with the solution for 15-20 minutes. Reiterate this procedure once a day. Moreover, you can drink ginger tea regularly till the situation gets satisfactory.
  • Bitter Gourd: You can try bitter Gourd because it’s one of the useful treatments for burning sensation in feet for a lengthy period. Ready the paste of bitter gourd with bitter gourd leafage and mix water, then pertain to the mixture on the affected point to decrease the symptoms. Reiterate the method if it’s essential.
  • Massage your soles or feet to assist in enhancing blood circulation and flow.

This Following Ayurvedic treatment that functioned for an Ayurveda believer.

Elements for therapy

  • Indian jujube/date / Plum leaves
  • Ziziphus jujuba
  • Rice congee

How to prepare:
Chop and grind congee and leaves and prepare a good consistency paste of them.

Usage:

  • Rub your foot with this mixture.
  • Prevent salt, spices, chilli, and tamarind.
  • Consume rice with fresh green gram and put in some ghee.
  • You can also eat rice with sugar and milk.
  • Drink barley water, watermelon juice, buttermilk, and coconut water.

However, burning and inflammation feet are symptoms of several medical issues but this issue may also happen if you stroll continuously for hours, particularly in summer seizing a lot of pressure, uncertainty in your brain, the anxiety on the mind.

Consuming a healthy diet and balanced food, consume limited sugar and salt, and everyday strolling, exercise, yoga, and meditation assist in the overcoming of this issue.

Also, Read How to Get Rid of a Heat Boils

Best Ayurvedic Herbs List – Should Not Miss

Age-old scientific practices always hold a torchlight in our hard times. A peek into the ancient history of India will show us how blessed we are to have gained the knowledge of Ayurveda passed down through generations.

Ayurveda tells us how to correct our lifestyles to lead a healthy lifestyle. The various treatises on this ancient science of holistic healing teach us that food is healthy. Including a few Ayurvedic herbs in our diet will help us get rid of the ailments that bother us frequently.

Having an Ayurvedic herbs list handy will help us take care of ourselves without using too many health spoiling medications. We have provided the same below for your easy reference.

Best Indian Ayurvedic Herbs With Their Health Benefits 

List of best Indian ayurvedic herbs with their health benefits

  • Ayurveda weight loss herbs: Obesity is one of the most common problems faced by millions in the current age. Including the below herbs in your diet can help you control your weight. Triphala: The Ayurvedic herbal preparation comprises Amalaki (Indian gooseberry), bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica), and haritaki (Terminalia chebula). Kalonji or black cumin has shown improved weight loss efforts for all. Other herbs that aids weight loss is punarnava, aloe vera, ajwain, lemon-honey, pepper, horse gram, and ginger-garlic lemon.
  • Ayurvedic herbs for hair growth: The growing pollution, lack of proper nutrition, and stress are the prime reasons for hair loss. Using the following ayurvedic powders or oils made of the herbs will help you cleanse, manage, and grow your hair. The most effective and commonly used oil is coconut oil, which keeps fungal infections at bay. Other oils used to promote hair growth are almond oil, walnut oil, olive oil, and wheat germ oil. Fenugreek, Holy Basil, Gooseberry, hibiscus are other natural ingredients used for preparing different hair care products.
  • Immunity-Boosting herbs in Ayurveda: In testing times, like now – with Corona scare, immunity is the top priority of everyone. And the herb to top the list is Ashwagandha. It helps to manage stress levels and sleep-wake cycles besides promoting immunity. Other Ayurvedic herbs names that make it to the list of immunity booster herbs are – Triphala Churna, Cinnamon, Brahmi, Cumin, Turmeric, Licorice root, Gotu Kola, Giloy, and Cardamom.
  • Ayurvedic herbs for skin: Skin allergies are common in children as they venture out. At times, it can be treated with simple remedies mentioned in Ayurveda texts against running to a dermatologist. One of the basic treatments is to mix turmeric with coconut oil to the affected area. Other herbs used to treat primary skin infections are manjistha, aloe vera, neem, lavender, chamomile, and rosemary. For complicated skin allergies like eczema or psoriasis or patches on the skin, your Ayurvedic practitioner will prescribe specific herbs or capsules.
  • Ayurvedic herbs for diabetes: Diabetes, previously regarded as a rich man’s disease, is now a common man’s disease. It on-sets with an unhealthy lifestyle. Ayurveda helps to control and keep diabetes in check. Sometimes, maintaining strict diet control and leading a healthy lifestyle can cure diabetes. The common herbs used to treat diabetes are – Cinnamon, Aloe vera, Milk thistle, Fenugreek, Gymnema Sylvestre, Jamun, Ginger, and Giloy leaves.
  • Blood purifier herbs in Ayurveda: Some ayurvedic herbs help resolve one problem. The best example would be neem, amla, and manjistha. They are one of the best blood purifiers mentioned in the Ayurveda treatise. Besides these, other herbs used as blood purifiers are – Guduchi, Ginger, and Hibiscus.
  • Ayurvedic herbs for Kapha dosha: Among the tri-doshas, excessive Kapha in the body makes you lazy and creates an imbalance in body functions. Hence one should exercise caution to maintain a balanced diet and life. Some of the best Ayurvedic herbs to resolve Kapha dosha are Bibhitaki, Chitrak, punarnava, Ashwagandha, moringa, pepper, Triphala, turmeric, and Brahmi. People with predominant Kapha dosha should opt for pungent, astringent, and bitter-tasting herbs to balance the dosha.
  • Ayurvedic herbs for rheumatoid arthritis: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) refers to inflammation and pain in joints. Few ayurvedic herbs used to relieve the pain and inflammation arising out of this condition are – Nirgundi, ajwain, dashmoola (a mixture of ten herbs), Shallaki, eucalyptus, ginger, and turmeric. Ayurvedic practitioners can cure RA depending on the severity by changing their lifestyle and necessary precautions.

Related: Benefits of Panchakarma in Ayurveda

The ayurvedic herbs mentioned above are just for reference. A practitioner will determine the diagnosis and severity of each condition and then prescribe the exact remedy for the same. Similar to other medications, Ayurvedic medicines should be consumed with precautions. So do not self-medicate and reach out to us for consultation. We wish you the best of health. Visit our other blogs to know more about the ancient holistic science of healing – Ayurveda.

The Complete Guide to Ketogenic Diet Plan for Beginners

Nowadays, everyone has a craze to lose weight and become lean, fit, and healthy. The Internet is exploding with weight loss stories of people from different backgrounds. We can find a weight loss journey by following different diet plans from an ordinary to a celebrity. The ketogenic diet is one such diet that proves to be effective in losing weight and maintaining it.

People suggest that a ketogenic diet can manage Warding off Alzheimer’s and diabetes. The ketogenic diet is one of the crucial diet plans, let’s discuss it in detail.

Ketogenic Diet plan for beginners

What is a Ketogenic Diet?

A combination of low-carb, higher fat and moderate protein diet helps in burning fat. It has many benefits for health, performance, and weight loss. The ketogenic diet is low-carb and designed for losing extra body fat-deprived hunger.

While eating low carbohydrates and consumption of moderate protein may increase fat intake. The intake of carb reduction puts the body in a metabolic state also called ketosis. The energy produced from the burning of fat from the diet and one’s body

How does the Keto Diet Work?

The ketogenic diet includes high fat, low Carbohydrate, and modern protein eating patterns. It varies from extensive and healthful eating guidance. Many nutrient-rich foods are a good source of carbohydrates involved in the Keto diet. These foods contain whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and milk products.

Keto diet restricts carbs from every source. One needs to keep a goal of keeping carbs under 50 grams per day. People who take the keto diet plan need to restrict bread, cereals, or grains. He needs to limit fruits and vegetable intake as they contain carbs. Keto diet needs to make big shifts in eating habits.

Why do carbs restrict in the keto diet?

Carb plays the role of chief energy source for the human body. In case an individual is not consuming enough carbs, the body cracks fat into ketones. The ketones turn into a primary fuel source to provide energy for muscles, kidneys, and heart. Ketones are the substitute energy source for the brain.

A ketogenic diet also refers to partial fasting for our body. Complete fasting or a state of starvation leads the body to lose energy source. Hence, it breaks down the mass of lean muscles for fuel to generate energy. With the keto diet, ketones produce an energy source. Keto diet assists to preserve the mass of the lean muscle.

Scientific Facts about Ketogenic Diet

Keto diet helps in managing disorders like epilepsy, diabetes type 2, and seizures. Studies show that the keto diet is a substitute for dietary treatment for obesity. Research detects the benefits of the keto diet for various health conditions.

A Ketogenic diet works by exhausting the sugar reserves of the body. As an outcome, it begins to generate energy by breaking down fat. This helps in the manufacture of molecules that our body uses for fuel refers to Ketones. It burns the body fat that leads to weight loss.

Benefits of Ketogenic diet plan

The ketogenic diet plan required a deliberate attempt to cut back the carbs. The food that is easy to digest like white bread, bakery items, and sugar. Here are certain benefits of the Keto diet:

Benefits of Ketogenic diet plan

Improve good cholesterol

A low carb diet helps in increasing the High-Density Lipoprotein levels. A high-fat ketogenic diet proves to be an excellent way to improve HDL levels. That results in the prevention of heart diseases.

Dominate bad cholesterol

Bad cholesterol increases the risk of diseases related to the heart. Eating low-carb and high LDL (Low-Density Lipoprotein) both reduces blood LDL level. It is straight away correlated to the enhancement in the health of the heart.

Diminished Triglycerides

Fat molecules in the body referred to as Triglycerides. High Triglycerides level is a symptom of the high risk of heart diseases. An excellent method to turn down triglyceride levels is consuming a low-carb diet.

Management of insulin

A low-carb diet is the best method to control insulin levels. It also helps in turning down the blood sugar levels and crashing the sugar level. Thus, the Keto diet provides a natural and effective treatment for type 2 diabetes.

Quick Weight Loss

A ketogenic diet helps in generating a speedy weight loss journey as:

  • A low-carb diet supports eliminating weight due to excess water.
  • It lowers the insulin level that means the kidneys remove the surplus sodium from the body. It also helps in burning stubborn belly fat.

Administer appetite

Consuming fats in the ketogenic diet (low-carb), our body burns fat to generate energy. Fat-rich food restrains the need to overeat or frequent snacks.

Prevent Metabolic Syndrome.

Metabolic Syndrome is a group of risk factors. They include a condition like diabetes, stroke, and heart diseases. A low-carb diet diminishes the risk factors that are a source of metabolic syndrome. It also prevents the disease and complications involved in cardiovascular.

Basics of Ketogenic Diet

The Keto diet is high in fat, low in carbs, and moderate in protein. Carbs decreased to 20 to 50 grams per day while following it.

  • High-fat diets replace carbs and deliver 75% of total calorie intake.
  • Moderate protein reports for 10-30% of the energy that is high in comparison to carbs that restrict to 5%.
  • Low carb forces the body to depend on fats as the main source of energy instead of glucose, known as ketosis.

Ketogenic Diet

In ketosis the body uses ketones. Ketones are the fat molecules generated in the liver while restricting glucose.  It acts as a substitute source of fuel. People avoid fats that contain high-calories. Research says a ketogenic diet promotes significant weight loss rather than low-fat diets. The Keto diet helps in weight loss by reducing hunger and making people feel satiety.

Ketogenic Diet Plan

A Ketogenic diet needs the determination to follow.  People who switch their routine over it might seem overwhelming, but it is not that difficult. People should focus on decreasing carbs and increase moderate protein and fat intake. Restrict carbs is crucial to reach and maintain the ketosis state.

Ketosis diet foods

Ketogenic Diet Food

One needs to consider various foods while following a keto diet, snacks, and meals:

● Fatty fish, mackerel and herring, wild-caught salmon
● Poultry: eggs, turkey, and chicken
● Full-fat dairy products: butter, cream, and yogurt
● Meat: organic bison and meats, venison, Grass-fed beef, and pork
● Nuts and seeds: almond, pumpkin seeds, macadamia nuts, walnuts, flaxseeds, and peanuts
● Healthy fats: olive oil, coconut oil, avocado oil, sesame oil, and coconut butter
● Condiments: lemon juice, vinegar, fresh herbs and spices, salt, and pepper
● Non-starchy vegetables: broccoli, mushrooms, tomatoes, greens, and peppers
● Full-fat cheese: mozzarella, cream cheese, brie, goat cheese, Cheddar

Related: Dr. Dixit Diet plan

Foods You Can’t Eat on Keto

One who is following a keto diet need to avoid certain food rich in carbs?

  • Baked and bread items: whole-wheat bread, cookies, crackers, white bread, doughnuts, and rolls
  • Sugary foods and Sweets: candy, sugar, maple syrup, ice-cream, and coconut sugar.
  • Sweetened beverage: sports drinks, sweetened teas, juice, and soda
  • Pasta: noodles and spaghetti
  • Starchy Vegetables: butternut squash, potatoes, corn, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, and peas
  • Grains and grain product: oats, tortillas, breakfast cereals, rice, and wheat
  • Fruit: grapes, pineapple, banana, and citrus
  • Alcoholic beverages: sugary drinks and beer
  • Beans and legumes: chickpeas, kidney beans, black beans, and lentils
  • High-carb sauces: dipping sauces, barbecue sauce, and sugary salad dressing

Besides, in a keto diet, people need to restrict carbs. They can consume low glycerin fruits like berries in a limited quantity. They need to ensure food is healthy and steer clear of unhealthy and processed foods.

7-Day vegetarian keto diet meal plan

The Keto diet is a high-fat, low-carb, and low to moderate protein; it includes a lot of carbohydrates and meat. People who follow the keto diet have to follow both patterns for a vegetarian keto diet. This is a hybrid eating plan that is healthier for everyone including humans and animals.
A vegetarian keto diet does not include meat, flesh, and fish. It restricts carbohydrates before getting into a hybrid meat-free diet.

Ingredients of the vegetarian keto diet
Keto diets contain low-carb, high fat, and moderate protein. Let’s discuss each type:

High-fat (carbohydrates and fats)
The Keto diet restricts the total carbohydrate intake to 35 grams per day to get at least 70% calories from fats. Plant-based oils replace all animal fats. Coconut, Avocado, olive oil, and MCT are great options for cooking.
One can incorporate these oils to sprinkle on salads. One can involve it in meals in the form of homemade sauces such as spicy pepper cheese sauce. He can top with sprouts and broccoli; people have it as a desert-like tropical mousse. There are various other sources of fats include:

  • Avocado
  • Nuts like walnuts, almonds, macadamia nuts.
  • Seeds like sunflower, pumpkin, and flax seeds.

Fat is a great source of energy for people who adopt the keto diet. Our body uses dietary fat and body fat as a source of energy.

Keto Diet Proteins

The crucial ingredient of a well-formulated keto diet is to fulfill the need for protein. Vegetarian keto diets need to focus on protein intake from vegetarian sources. Protein helps in repairing and building lean mass.
It is important that in the keto diet protein should compose about 35% calories. For the vegetarian keto diet, the main source of protein is high-fat dairy items like cheese. They can also consume the substitute for meat in their meal.

Keto Diet Fruits and vegetables

Plants are our best friends that provide us fruits and vegetables, which help to keep us healthy. There are certain plants one can stock up on:

  • Leafy greens like kale, spinach, Swiss chard, and arugula
  • Non-starchy vegetables like leafy greens, cucumber, tomatoes, peppers, and celery
  • Vegetables include broccoli, mushrooms, cauliflower, cabbage, and green beans

Fruits are also important to get a healthy body and mind, but one must try to restrict them to small servings:

  • Common fruits like apples, bananas, and oranges contain too many carbohydrates
  • Low glycemic berries include blueberries, raspberries, and blackberries

What are the Risks Related to Keto Diet
There are certain risks related to following the keto diet, based on a certain formula. It is crucial to understand the different body structures and requirements. Consider the following risks while choosing the Ketogenic diet plan:

A beginner might get Keto Flu

The body of the beginner tries to adjust with fats and ketones as the primary source of energy. One may encounter flu-like symptoms due to electrolyte imbalance and dehydration that include:

  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Headaches
  • Nausea

People who start a keto diet may get better in a few weeks. They need to track the symptoms, stay hydrated, and eat potassium, sodium-rich foods. They can include other electrolyte sources in the diet

Nutrient deficiency

Keto diet restricts few nutrient-dense fruits and food like legumes, and whole grains. It might not be able to provide the required vitamins and minerals to the body. Studies claim that the keto diet doesn’t provide phosphorus, vitamin D, and calcium. Over time, this shortage leads to nutrient deficiency.

Severe low blood Sugar

A low-carb keto diet contains low sugar levels that help diabetic patients. The study says the keto diet may help in decreasing hemoglobin A1C levels.  That helps to measure the average level of blood sugar.

Conclusion

Though the keto diet is popular and many people are following and getting a better result. There is a dilemma in people, whether it is safe for them. Everything has a pro and cons side, keto diet too. It is important to consider the advice from your doctor and trainer before choosing to follow.

Stomach Worms in Children: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

We have all gone through a common problem related to stomach worms. We all had a hard time releasing those Intestinal worms from the body. There are medicines available in pharmacies to kill stomach worms. That comes with the short term effect and contains side effects. Glad, there are few home remedies available to cut stomach worms.

Stomach worms exist in the gastrointestinal tract, on the intestinal wall. Stomach worms create high discomfort and can emerge due to:

  • Weak immune system
  • Eating raw meat
  • Inadequate sanitation and hygiene
  • Drinking Contaminated water

Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Stomach Worms

 

Types of Stomach worms

The main type of stomach worms is pinworm, whipworm, tapeworm, flukes, and roundworm

Pinworm

Pinworm infection is an intestinal worm and is the most common infection worldwide. They are white, thin, and measure about ½ to ¼ inch in length. Individuals who have pinworm show no specific symptoms occur in school going kids. They are easy to spread as they are microscopic eggs and can develop from child to child.

Basic symptoms of pinworm infection include:

  • Itching
  • Irritability, restlessness, insomnia, and teeth grinding
  • Nausea and occasional stomach pain

Whipworm

A whipworm infection refers to trichuriasis. A large intestinal infection caused by the Trichuris trichiura parasite. Infection develops with the dirt contaminated with feces or ingesting water.
The infection is common in children and people who live in areas with poor sanitation or hygiene. People living in hot or humid climate conditions may also get a whipworm infection. This infection is also common in animals that include dogs and cats.

Whipworm infection has different symptoms align from mild to severe that include:

  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Inability to control defecation
  • Diarrhea with blood
  • Weight loss

Tapeworm

The segmented, flatworms live in the intestines of certain animals. Animals get contaminated by parasites while drinking dirty water or grazing in pastures.

People get this infection by eating undercooked meat of these infected animals. There are a few symptoms to understand the infection:

  • Nausea
  • Weakness
  • Abdominal pain
  • Deficiency of vitamin and mineral
  • Loss of appetite or sudden hunger

Flukes

They refer to the trematode or blood fluke related to the invertebrate class of trematode. It is a group of flatworm parasites that evolved a decade ago from free-living forms. The parasite is 0.2 inches to 4 inches in length. The symptoms include fever, malaise, and hives.

Roundworm

Roundworm infection is a kind of illness caused by parasites. The eggs of roundworms live in soil contaminated by feces and get into the body through the mouth. The infection can spread through infected feces from one person to another.
Roundworm has a life of about two years. It is thick and can grow about 13 inches. Female roundworms lay around 200000 eggs per day. It includes certain symptoms:

  • The worm comes out of the mouth or nose
  • Failure to grow or quick weight loss
  • Wheezing
  • fever

Stomach Parasite Symptoms
There are common symptoms one can understand worm infection like weight loss. Other symptoms include:

  • Bloating/ gas
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea
  • Frequent eating
  • Fever and dry cough
  • Wheezing
  • Anemia
  • Painful urination

Causes of stomach worm infection

Children are quite active and dynamic and quick in contact with germs. There are a few causes listed below for stomach worm in children:

  • Consuming infected water or food
  • Inappropriate hygiene
  • Contact with germ infected surface such as germs at the playground, parasite eggs in the soil.
  • Touching an infected pet
  • Improper handwashing
  • Eating undercooked meat

How to Diagnose Stomach Worm in Children

Many symptoms of the stomach parasites in children contain symptoms of other illnesses. To diagnose the accurate problem, the Doctor may prescribe various exams and tests:

  • Abdomen Ultrasound to capture the moving body of intestinal worm infection.
  • Test under the fingernails samples to diagnose germs and worms.
  • Use diagnostic modalities like Contrast-enhanced MRI and CT brain to diagnose parasites.
  • Doctors might prescribe the examination of stool test for worms. It is also advised to inspect the child anus under torchlight at night.

Doctors identify actual treatment and start it soon after all the diagnoses.

Stomach worm Treatment

You may have any type of worms the treatment for all stomach worm infection is similar:

  • The patient needs to give a sample of poo in the laboratory to check whether it contains the worm eggs.
  • In case the person has a stomach worm, GP will prescribe medicine to drop them. This course of medicine will be for 1 to 3 days. The family members of the patient also need the treatment.

Note: any stomach worm in the human gut needs to pass out in the stool. To avoid repeated infection, it is important to wash hands:

  • After using toilets
  • Before preparing or eating foods
  • During the regular day.

Natural Home Remedies for Stomach Worms in Children

There are a few home remedies to treat stomach worms, but you cannot use them as first-line treatment. These home remedies need the primary support of anecdotes to use them.

Home remedies are the natural way to remove stomach worms. One should be careful while trying these remedies as some suits, or they may not suit everyone. The person should consider testing the remedy before using it in an affected area.

Here is a list of all home remedies one can consider to treat stomach worm infections:

 

Natural Home Remedies for Stomach Worms in Children

Raw Garlic: Garlic has antibacterial properties. Garlic can kill existing eggs and intercept worms from laying eggs. One can consume it in small doses or can apply it to relevant areas like a salve. Anyone who wants to ingest garlic needs to follow the procedure:

  • Take a few Garlic cloves and dice them into small pieces.
  • Sprinkle it on bread or mix with pasta

In case the person wishes to create a salve he needs to follow certain procedure and precautions:

  • Take a few cloves of garlic and chop them
  • Grind these chopped cloves into a fine paste with a base oil or petroleum jelly.
  • Plunge clean cotton into the mixture. Apply the salve on the affected area.

Note: Do not use it on sensitive skin without the patch test. In case you have a burning sensation on the skin, broken skin, inflammation, or hemorrhoids.
Coconut Oil

It has antiviral and antibacterial properties that aid in stomach worm infection. There is a two-way approach for using the oil:

  • Take a tablespoon of coconut oil and swallow it every morning.
  • Take a few drops of oil and rub it into the affected area before going to bed.

Raw Carrot: Raw carrot is Fiber-rich food that helps in improving digestion and promoting bowel movement. Eat carrot twice a day that will help the body to push stomach parasites

Related: Top Immunity Booster Foods for Kids

Raw Papaya: Papayas are good for the stomach and prevent intestinal parasites. Papayas have enzyme papain containing anthelmintic properties to function against the parasite. One can consume seeds, leaves, and the raw flesh of papaya following the guidelines:

  • Mix 1 Tbsp. juice of fresh raw papaya, add 3-4 Tbsp. warm water, and sprinkle honey. Drink an empty stomach in the morning.
  • Grind papaya seeds into a refined paste and consume with a glass of milk, water, or sprinkle in a smoothie.
  • Boil a few leaves in hot water, strain it and consume filtrate along with water

Pomegranate

Pomegranate proves to have miraculous properties that work wonders for health. According to Ayurveda, the bark of a pomegranate tree contains punicine. An alkaloid contains anthelmintic properties used for eliminating intestinal parasites. Follow the procedure to remove the parasite from the intestine:

  • Take the bark of the pomegranate plant and boil it with water
  • After a few minutes remove it from flame and let it cool overnight
  • Strain the water and consume it early morning on an empty stomach.

Lotus Stem

Lotus is a sacred plant and has amazing properties for health benefits from root to flower. The fresh stem is cool and sweet which encounters horrified heat and summer dryness. Lotus stems contain:
Vitamin C & B6, Phosphorus, Dietary fiber, Potassium, Copper, magnesium, Thiamine, and  Riboflavin

For the best result consume the juice early morning on an empty stomach by following these steps:
Extract 2 Tbsp. lotus stem juice
Mix a drizzle of honey and have it

Carom seeds

Carom seed also refers to ajwain and its fruit possesses properties called anthelmintic. It contains brown colored oil has a chief component called thymol. That component contains antimicrobial properties. This plant helps in eliminating worms from the gut.

People believed that it helps in expelling intestinal worms by chewing dried seeds. Mix the seeds with a pinch of jaggery or salt for better taste. Parents can grind the seeds in a fine paste and mix it with water and jaggery to make small balls to swallow.

Neem

Neem plants contain antibacterial properties. Neem flowers and fruit are crucial as a precautionary action for infection prevention. It is helpful for children of age from 3 to 6 years for effective deworming.

Conclusion

These home remedies help in getting rid of stomach worms in children and adults. Individuals need to adopt proper sensitization and healthy food to keep them healthy. Proper track of children’s sensitization and can help the parents to reduce the risk of intestinal parasites.

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