Monthly Archives: September 2021

What Causes Typhoid? Enteric Fever Symptoms, Treatment and Food Habits.

Typhoid fever is a condition occurring because of bacterial infection. The bacteria spread through contaminated food and water. Medical science has grown to be able to treat the disorder without complications.

What causes typhoid?

What causes typhoid

Salmonella Enterica serotype Typhi bacteria cause typhoid. We also know it as enteric fever after the bacteria. Salmonella Paratyphi bacteria, but the repercussions are comparatively less.
Typhoid causing bacteria survives in water or food. The primary means of transmission is through the consumption of contaminated food and water.

Other causes of typhoid are:

  • Coming in direct contact with the infected person
  • Coming in contact with “carriers”, carriers are people who have recovered from typhoid but still carry the Salmonella Typhi bacteria in them.

Signs and symptoms of typhoid

Signs and symptoms of typhoid From the time coming into contact with the bacteria, the typhoid fever symptoms might take one or two weeks to appear.

The symptoms of typhoid fever include:

  • High fever reading 104 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Weakness
  • Stomach pain
  • Mild or intense headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Blemish
  • exhaustion
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Generalized body aches
  • Lethargy

Chest congestion, abdominal discomfort, and vomiting are other indications of enteric fever. Patients with advanced stages of typhoid show intestinal bleeding and intestinal perforations.

Other traits of typhoid complications are:

  • Pneumonia
  • Kidney or bladder infection
  • Pancreatitis
  • Myocarditis
  • Endocarditis
  • Meningitis
  • Paranoid psychosis

Diagnosis of Enteric fever

Once the S Typhi bacteria enter the body, it enters the bloodstream via the intestine. The bacteria invade the liver, spleen, and bone marrow and multiply, causing weakness. The subject might also develop a high fever as the immune system fights back the infection.

The presence of the bacteria is confirmed by blood tests that look for S. Typhi bacteria. If the results are inconclusive, they do culture tests to assess the presence of the bacteria in the body.

For generating the cultures, stool, urine, or bone marrow sample are collected from the patient. The samples are then placed in a medium that encourages the growth of the bacteria. After this, the cultivation is then placed under the microscope to check the presence of the S. Typhi Bacteria to confirm Typhoid fever.

Enteric fever treatment

Typhoid can be treated if detected early. The chief cure for typhoid fever is antibiotics. Antibiotic therapy kills the Salmonella Typhi bacteria.
With typhoid fever treatment and proper food intake, most people show improvements in 2-3 days. One can expect full recovery with a continuation of the treatment.
The most commonly prescribed antibiotics are:

  • Azithromycin (Zithromax). One of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics is effective against Salmonella Typhi as well.
  • Ceftriaxone. Ceftriaxone is commonly prescribed to children suffering from typhoid.
  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro). For people showing mild symptoms and women who are not pregnant, doctors prescribe this antibiotic. This medicine is not adequate for bacteria strains found in South Africa.

Long-term use of these drugs is harmful to the body. It should be taken under the supervision of doctors. Unsupervised consumption might lead to making the bacteria resistant to antibiotics, causing severe implications. Not just this, one should not consume medication without a doctor’s advice.

Along with the antibiotics, other treatments include:

  • Having plenty of fluids prevents dehydration resulting from fever. If the patient is severely dehydrated, a doctor might prescribe taking IV fluids.
  • In extreme cases, if the intestine is damaged, it might need surgery.

Prevention of Typhoid

It is easy to prevent typhoid – watch what you eat and drink.

  • Don’t drink tap water or well-water directly.
  • Always drink pasteurized milk.
  • Avoid consuming ice cubes and popsicles made outside.
  • Do not consume raw meats and vegetables.
  • Avoid fresh produce salads if not cleaned well.
  • Avoid direct contact with infected people
  • Frequently wash your hands, especially before eating.

One way to boost up your immune system is through vaccination. Having vaccinations can avoid infection by 50%-80%. So make sure to take your vaccinations on time.

Typhoid is currently one of the treatable diseases. In case you suspect an infection, contact us immediately and get the best treatment at Vydehi. Do not self-medicate but reach out to professionals for a complete cure.

Disclaimer: The Knowledge included here is only for information sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.

Corona Virus (Covid-19) Symptoms, Treatment & Precautions at Home

Corona Virus has caused a pandemic in the world. What started as a plain infection has turned out to be more than that by affecting health and the economy worldwide. The virus has morphed itself into many variants and is adapting itself to the climate and region. It poses an unprecedented challenge to the best of the human brain.
CoronaVirus leads to an acute respiratory syndrome, also threatening the lives of people with comorbid conditions. The virus is part of the group that causes SARS and MERS.

Corona Virus (Covid-19)

Corona Virus (Covid-19) Symptoms, Treatment & Precautions

Origins

China’s Wuhan province was the first region to report the outbreak of this virus. From there, this community-acquired disease has spread worldwide. Corona gets its name from the Latin word meaning hat since the virus exhibits a crown-like structure.

Coronaviruses Causes

COVID is a respiratory condition caused by a SARS-CoV-2 virus, or in simple terms, coronavirus. The conditions exhibit flu-like symptoms, but the impact is much harder on the human body.
The virus is present in large respiratory droplets to small aerosols.
There are two critical ways of how the virus spreads –
●The condition causing virus spreads from one person to another in small liquid particles when the infected person coughs, sneezes, breathes, sings, or speaks.
●Touching the infected surface and rubbing eyes or picking nose without washing your hands properly.

Coronaviruses Symptoms

Corona Virus does not affect everyone the same way. Some people who test positive for the virus are asymptomatic and act as carriers. For others, especially people with comorbid conditions like diabetes, the virus can wreak havoc with their health.
The symptoms of COVID-19 are across the spectrum. COVID symptoms range from loss of smell to more severe symptoms like swollen glands or chest pain.
The first sign of the infection can be a loss of smell, following which other symptoms may develop. A few of the common COVID-19 symptoms are:

  • Fever
  • Cold
  • Caugh
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Tiredness
  • Diarrhoea
  • Body pain
  • Sore throat
  • Frequent headaches
  • Congested or runny nose

Emergency symptoms include:

  • Rash
  • Blue lips
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Sudden confusion
  • Breathing problems
  • Constricted chest or chest pains

COVID Treatment Guidelines

There is no specific treatment plan for COVID. Doctors form a treatment plan according to the symptoms displayed by the individual since it may vary from person to person.
Antibiotics are not effective against the coronavirus. The WHO and the local medicine approval boards have suggested using the following medicines for the covid treatment.

  • Antiviral drug Remdesivir
  • Baricitinib to reduce inflammations and viral activity.
  • Monoclonal antibody medications like Casirivimab and Imdevimab is prescribed for people with mild to medium infection risk.
  • They gave people with severe COVID infection who are on ventilators or supplemental oxygen corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone, prednisone or methylprednisolone.
  • Convalescent Plasma Therapy: Medical practitioners suggest this method of COVID-19 treatment to people with a weak immune system or in the early stages of the infection. It is the process where plasma from people who have recovered from COVID is infused into patients who need it.
    Though there is no specific treatment, scientists have been able to develop Corona Vaccinations. The vaccines have been successful up to an extent to bring down the mortality rates and reduce the severity of the infection.

Precautions for COVID-19 (1)

Precautions for COVID-19

One has to follow simple precautions to avoid getting infected. The most common pre and post covid precautions include:

  • Standing approximately six feet from others when in a queue, while using public transport, or in public spaces.
  • Wash your hand as frequently as you can for a minimum of 20 seconds. Only if you do not have access to the hand-wash, use personal hand sanitizers.
  • Avoid shaking hands as a measure of greeting.
  • Applying self-quarantine or isolation for individuals who feel sick.
  • Avoid mass gatherings during functions or events.
  • Avoid eating and drinking at bars, restaurants, and food courts.
  • Do not travel unless necessary.
  • Do not panic and take drastic measures as it can cause adverse health effects.

COVID Precautions and Treatment at Home

In the event of a person showing asymptomatic conditions for COVID, follow the below precautions at home.

  • Avoid eating together with the family. Adding to it, do not share plates and glasses to consume food and liquids, and wash utensils thoroughly after every use.
  • Wear a mask at home when using common spaces.
  • Isolate self for a minimum of 14 days to avoid passing the infection to the family members.
  • Consume easy-to-digest foods. Have food rich in Vitamin C like citrus fruits to decrease the rigour of the infection.
  • Wash hands frequently.
  • Regularly sanitise commonly used surfaces like doorknobs or handles.
  • Get a minimum sleep of 7 hours.
  • Perform 150 minutes of physical activity that will increase your heart rate per week.

Hospitals and healthcare facilities can also contribute to the spread of the virus. So, in case of COVID-19 infection, consult a family doctor online. Based on their suggestion, one can decide if one should go to the hospital or follow home quarantine. In case of doubt, get a video consultation with our specialists at Vydehi today and clarify your doubts and queries.

Disclaimer

The Knowledge included here is only for information sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.