Monthly Archives: April 2019

Heat Strokes – Warning Signs And How To Deal With It

Heatstroke is a condition that is caused when the body overheats due to physical exertion or staying in higher temperatures. Heatstroke can turn serious if the body temperature soars to 40 degrees Celsius or higher. Heatstroke is common particularly in the Andhra Pradesh region of India. 1 out of every 5 people died due to heatstroke in India is from Andhra Pradesh. Between 2010 and 2015 1825 people from Andhra Pradesh have been reported dead due to heatstroke, accounting to 24% of All India figures. A study also says that there could be a 200 fold rise in heatwave exposures by 2100.

heat strokes sympotms

Symptoms of Heat Stroke include confusion, disorientation, no sweating, breathing issues, hallucinations, agitation, and coma. If you suspect someone having a heat stroke, understand it is an emergency and opt for immediate medical help. If a heat stroke is not treated promptly and properly it can be life-threatening. Do not compare heat stroke to stroke, a condition where the oxygen to the brain is decreased. The people who are known to be at a higher risk of heat stroke include Athletes, Infants, aged people, and those who work in extreme heat conditions. Even children or pets if left in the car for a long time unattended can be at the risk of getting a heat stroke.

First aid includes cooling the body temperatures primarily. Take the person indoor or in the shade. Remove excess clothing and use a tub of water or a cool shower or a sponge soaked in ice water to bring the temperature down. You may also use ice packs around the head, armpits, groin, and neck as well. If water is not available you may use the evaporation cooling technique in which misting cold water on the body while fanning warm air. If the patient tends to shiver then the doctor might give a muscle relaxant as well.

The best way to avoid is staying hydrated all the time, avoiding excessive intake of alcohol or over clothing in summer.

Fatty Liver Disease – An Insight

For those who haven’t heard of fatty liver, it means that the liver has extra fat in it. The scientific name for the same is hepatic steatosis and is a result of addiction to alcohol. Due to high consumption of alcohol fat builds up inside the liver making it hard to work properly. It does not mean that if you do drink, you don’t get fatty liver. For those who don’t consume alcohol and still have fatty liver conditions, it is a result of mainly metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, high amount of belly fat, and is known as Nonalcoholic Fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

NAFLD

Simple Fatty Liver – This means there are only extra fat and no inflammation in the liver cells. Most people suffer from Simple fatty liver and it does not get worse.

Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) – This is known to be serious as compared to simple fatty liver. It occurs when the liver gets inflamed. Your liver cells get damaged due to NASH and can lead to further life-threatening conditions like cirrhosis, liver cancer, and fibrosis.

Alcohol-related fatty liver disease – Also known as ALD, it might or might not exhibit any symptoms. If there are symptoms, they include discomfort or pain in the upper right side of the belly. Though if drinking is not stopped, it can lead to complications like alcoholic cirrhosis and hepatitis.

Alcoholic Cirrhosis – The condition causes scar tissue buildup in the liver. Symptoms that surface includes fluid buildup in the belly, body bleeding, enlarged spleen, liver failure, dis-orientation, and behavior changes as well.

Alcoholic Hepatitis – This kind of lever swelling can cause belly pain, jaundice, nausea, and vomiting. Alcoholic fatty liver worsens to lead to alcoholic hepatitis and furthermore into Cirrhosis.

Fatty liver disease symptoms – NAFLD as well as ALD as mentioned before may or may not give any symptoms other than fatigue or pain in the upper right side of the belly.
Though NASH, as well as cirrhosis, do exhibit symptoms like red palms, breast enlargement in men, swollen belly, enlarged blood vessels below the skin.

Fatty liver Diagnosis – The diagnosis is based on physical exam, health history, and based on tests like blood tests as well as imaging tests. If required a liver biopsy may also be advised.

Fatty liver Treatment – There is no treatment as such in terms of medications for NAFLD, but in case of NASH complications like liver failure or cirrhosis, you may have to go for a liver transplant.

Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

People who have an OCPD personality disorder, tend to be perfect to the extreme, orderly, and neat. They want their standards to be maintained by others and hence they try to do that in a very severe manner.

ocd

  • The characteristics that govern an OCPD personality include
  • They are obsessed with being perfect, apparently leading to becoming even more inefficient
  • They are people who are often in aloofness
  • They are anxious and depressed simultaneously
  • They find it difficult to express their feelings

OCPD personality disorder people don’t have an idea if there’s anything wrong with their behavior. They think and feel that whatever and however they think is right and others are wrong. OCPD is often mistaken with OCD but the fact is that these two conditions are different and not the same.

OCPD Risk Factors
Usually more than women, it’s the men that are at the risk of having OCPD. It is one of the most common personality disorders as per a journal of personality assessment. Also, those who are having existing mental health conditions have a probability of getting OCPD as well. Particularly people suffering from OCD of severe nature are at risk of getting diagnosed with OCPD.

OCPD Causes
The causes of this condition are yet not known but factors like genetics and childhood experiences can be considered as some of the causes.

OCPD Symptoms

  • Always want to be on time and expect the same from others
  • Paying extreme attention to every detail
  • Engrossed in their work to an extent that they don’t ignore family and societal relationships
  • Their mannerisms are rigid and stiff
  • They keep on stocking items that are of no use
  • They are stingy with money

OCPD TREATMENT
One of the treatments for OCPD is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). You meet up with a counselor and undergo a few sessions where you talk about your anxiety, depression, or stress. The counselor emphasizes giving enough time to family as well as recreation rather than just work.

Relaxation Training
This process consists of breathing exercises to destress and decrease the sense of urgency and include yoga, pilates, and tai chi.