There are many of us who might not know about the condition called murmur while there is a possibility that many of us consider it a heart condition or a hole in the heart. In fact, murmur is not any hole in the heart or heart condition, it is just a sound of the heart that comes between the ‘lub and dub’ sound of it. The murmur has a sound which is why people feel that there could be some abnormality associated around it. Apparently, most murmurs are benign and can occur in many children. Many pediatric cardiologists have also observed the same in a major chunk of children and call it a pathologic or abnormal heart sound due to a hole or a heart valve narrowing or some other issues.
The first time a murmur is heard is particularly when the infant becomes a toddler and can carry on till adult age. But, mostly as you grow older the sound becomes less and less noticeable and might disappear as well. But, even if it does not there is no cause of worry because it does not point towards any sort of abnormality.
Sometimes there may be a heart defect but no murmur while further-more there might be murmur which might just change to some new murmurs with age. Even the loud murmurs that we hear when a child is not well is very common and not life threatening or cause of worry.
When the heart murmur is harmless or innocent, generally there are no visible symptoms for the same other than the sound of the murmur which is usual.
But if the murmur is accompanied with symptoms as follows, then definitely there is a cause to worry as it might as well be an indicator of an underlying heart problem.
• Unexplained weight gain or swelling
• Blue skin more importantly the lips and finger tips
• Chronic cough
• Enlarged Liver
• Lack of appetite and growth hindrance
• Dizziness and losing consciousness
• Chest Pain
• Sweating heavily even without exertion or very little exertion
Hence, if there you or your family member is facing such a condition it is advisable to consult your family physician for the same. The physician would further recommend you to consult a pediatric cardiologist if necessary. The process usually used by a cardiologist to determine the type or cause of murmur is known as echocardiography, if needed or an echocardiogram for heart evaluation. Further treatment would be based on the type of murmur normal or concerning.
The recent outbreak of Nipah Virus in Kerala has run a chill down the people residing there due to the high mortality rate and over 12 deaths that the virus has already havocked. The mortality rate of the virus is too high, almost all of the people who contracted it have lost their lives including the people who were admitted in the same hospital near the patient with Nipah virus and even the nurse who treated the first three affected by it.
People are scared because the mortality rate has been over 70% whenever it has been detected. The last time it was detected was in the year 2001 and 2007 when there was a major outbreak in Siliguri, West Bengal in India with over 71 cases out of which over 50 lost lives.
The Virus was first found in Malaysia and Singapore in the year 1998 but at that time was primarily detected in pigs and transferred through them to humans. As many as 265 people were affected them with over 40% admitted to the intensive care unit and 105 losing their lives. As per the world health organization is it a newly emerging zoonosis affecting both humans and animals severely.
Signs and Symptoms
An airborne infection and can affect anyone in direct contact with the bodies that are contaminated. The patient who contracts the virus experiences severe fever for many days due to brain inflammation and thus resulting into disorientation, confusion and drowsiness. If proper care is not taken, then it can aggravate within 24-48 hours and cause a coma too. The other signs include respiratory, pulmonary and neurological symptoms besides fever, nausea, headache, dizziness which can last from 7 to 10 days. Never ignore these symptoms and more importantly check for respiratory illness if any.
There is no Vaccine available for the condition as of now. Also, one more fact is that this virus can adapt or mutate just like the H1N1 virus. Even when H1N1 vaccinations are available, their affect is temporary for a year only because after a year the virus would have mutated. Hence, it is known to be highly deadly and best way to protect your self is to prevent it because mortality rate can be as high as 100%.
Its better to avoid eating date palm as well because the cause as of now for this outbreak is due to drinking date palm sap bitten by a bat and avoid human to human infections by wearing masks, hand gloves and socks, basically covering the entire body. Also avoid direct contact with bats, pigs and humans in endemic regions.
*source form internet
Dental issues are a very common health problem and most of us human beings experience it on a regular basis, ignore it at times too and consult the doc only in times of excruciating pain or aggravating one. Otherwise it’s more about home remedies and pain killers as a form of treatment. Over 15% of the middle aged population is known to suffer from dental problems while many do admit that if they would not have ignored dental issues they could have had an early diagnosis and treatment resulting into better dental health. Even the old adults over 65 years of age complain of infection issues with their implants and result into peri-implant diseases.
Well, here’s some good news in the regard. Chewing gum has now been considered as a solution to diagnose dental issues. As per European Scientists, chewing gum can help diagnose dental diseases which show very little or no symptoms that too cost effectively.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
Chewing gum has a compound known as denatonium, also known as the taste alarm which acts as a tool for detection of dental diseases. The role of the denatonium is to act like a trip wire and release bitter taste in case if a patient is suffering from dental conditions like peri-implantitis. The bitter taste is an indicator of the same. If there is no gum or dental disease then the gum would taste sweet and not bitter as it does not break down due to the healthy saliva.
The substance testing has been already carried out on patients suffering from infections and is working very well and was observed to be releasing almost three times more bitter saliva compared to patients with a healthy saliva.
Having said that, the researchers have also taken into note the fact that the taste perception does vary depending upon the demographics like gender, genetics and ethnicity and the bitterness toleration aspect can differ from person to person. Hence, these kind of demerits and some others need to be addressed still before determining the final result. Furthermore, even if the process is simple as that of chewing a gum, it’s advisable that only qualified dentists supervise the diagnosis and prescribe or suggest suitable treatment.
Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences offers quality education in Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) and Master of Dental Surgery (MDS). The college has state of the art infrastructure and highly dedicated faculty. It is located in Vydehi’s main campus, in Bangalore. Established in 2001, it is approved by DCI, Government of India and, affiliated to RGUHS, Bangalore.