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Nephrology

 

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Symptoms of Disease

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease?
Most people do not have any severe symptoms until their kidney disease gets worse. However you may:

  • Have muscle cramps at night
  • Have swollen feet and ankles
  • Have puffiness around your eyes, especially in the morning
  • Feel more tired
  • Have less energy
  • Have trouble thinking clearly
  • Have a poor appetite
  • Have trouble sleeping
  • Have dry, itchy skin
  • Need to urinate more often, especially at night.

If at increased risk but not yet have chronic kidney Disease?
You should visit your doctor or clinic for regular checkups and tests for chronic kidney disease. You should also ask your doctor what you can do to lower your chances of developing kidney disease. Your doctor may tell you to:

  • Carefully follow prescribed treatments to control diabetes and high blood pressure
  • Lose excess weight by following a healthy diet and regular exercise program
  • Stop smoking if you are a smoker
  • Avoid taking pain relievers
  • Make some changes in your diet, such as eating less salt and less protein.
  • Limit your intake of alcohol

If i have chronic kidney disease, can i keep it from getting worse?
Most likely Early detection and treatment can often slow or stop chronic kidney disease. How well your treatment can achieve this goal depends on

Your stage of chronic kidney disease when you start treatment. The earlier you start, the better you are likely to do.

How carefully you follow your treatment plan. Learn all you can about chronic kidney disease and its treatment and make sure to follow all the steps of your treatment faithfully.

The cause of your kidney disease. Some kidney diseases are more difficult to control.

What happens if kidney failure occurs?
If chronic kidney disease gets worse and kidney failure occurs, two successful treatments can be done (dialysis or a kidney transplant). These treatments can help you stay healthy and continue your daily activities. Dialysis is a type of treatment that removes wastes and excess fluid from your blood.  Two forms of dialysis may be done i.e. haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. A kidney transplant is an operation to place a new kidney in your body to take over the work of your failed kidneys. The kidney may come from someone who has died or from a living donor (close relative).