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Treating Diabetes With Rehabilitation

Having a healthy lifestyle is always a good idea but diabetes is one condition that makes following a healthy lifestyle sort of mandatory as it is a part of the treatment more so. We all know that diabetes is a result of our body’s inability to make insulin and that when you eat food it gets converted to glucose. This is the time when our pancreas release insulin in order to help sugar to get absorbed by the body. Understanding about the role of insulin is what helps us understand that unavailability of insulin can hinder the work of our body system.

Treating Diabetes With Rehabilitation

If there is no insulin then the body cells starve due to unavailability of glucose. This can damage the working of kidney, eyes, nerves and the heart. The most common type of diabetes is type 2, mostly occurring in adults. People with type 2 might be able to prepare insulin but not enough. Symptoms of diabetes type 2 include feeling thirsty, peeing frequently, fatigue, vision issues, feeling hungry, numbness or tingling in hands or feet, to name a few.

Treatment of diabetes is based on the inclusion of a balanced diet together with regular exercise. Medication is also included if even after following a healthy lifestyle, you are not able to maintain sugar levels after these adjustments.

Exercise and a healthy diet does help in controlling sugar to a great extent as it allows glucose to enter the cells without the need for insulin. It also helps in lowering glucose levels as well as the blood pressure. Exercise increases stamina, fitness and energy levels as well.

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Patients with diabetes are recommended exercises that are a combination of aerobics and resistance training. The exercise and diet regime is created by physiotherapists and dietitians. The physiotherapists also supervise these exercises until a routine is formed until the patient is in the hospital. The same routine is advised to be followed at home after discharge.

Just like exercise even diet forms and integral part of the health regime of a diabetic. Dietitians in the rehabilitation centres of hospitals teach patients how to manage carbohydrate intake as they can affect the glucose levels. They even provide information on healthy cooking and eating.

Rehabilitation is a holistic approach to diabetes as it includes the balance diet, exercise and medications to improve the quality of life of diabetic patients and manage the disease in a better way.

Just know about one of the Best Hospitals in Bangalore

*Sourced from the Internet

TB Patients to be provided Free Drugs Even in Private Pharmacies Soon

Many of us aren’t aware that the government of India provides free TB medicines to people at government authorised centres like government hospitals, DOTS providers, Community directly observed Treatment as a part of their efforts to eradicate TB completely from country. Further, there is good news around it. The highest drug advisory of India has considered relaxing the rules under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act.

India has had a high number of TB cases and hence the government felt the need to make the TB drugs accessible faster. By taking private pharmacies into the circle of free stocking and dispensing of TB medicines will definitely increase the reach. The idea was popped last year with and objective of increasing the accessibility of the medicines for the people in need. Furthermore, the pharmacists will have to keep a stock of it also because they came under Schedule H1, as per the director general of health services.

TB Patients - Free Drugs

The proposal is to amend the rule 65(18) of Drugs and cosmetics act by proviso insertion on distribution as well as stocking of anti-TB drugs by taking private pharmacies into the Revised National TB Control program (RNTCP) of the government of India.

By establishing linkages with the private sector the objective is to establish linking between the private and the government for not only distribution of free drugs but for patient support services and counselling as well. The national TB control program is on a mission of providing universal access to TB patients as the latest global TB report released by the world health organisation showed India topping the charts.

Another other reason for trying to make TB drugs accessible at private pharmacies is to shun away the stigma around the condition in some sections of the society. So, if you know of someone having TB or just share this information on with your maids and other servants, it just might help them or people they know dealing with the condition.

Women Health In India – Current Scenario and Challenges

Every year we celebrate mother’s day and women’s day. We show our love and respect to important women in our lives and celebrate them. Obviously, this is a good sign but that’s only one side of the story. Even today there is a major chunk of women in India who are deprived of their basic rights like education, are forced into marriage early on, are not allowed to work, but to name a few of the hardships they face for being a woman. The picture is same not only in India but many other developing countries.

Women Health In India

There are some startling facts about women health in India that can give you a clear idea of how women in India are deprived of their basic rights, needs, and their health scenario. India tops the list of countries that are said to have highest mortality rates during delivery and even the highest number of non-school going girls. 25% of total number of girls born in India don’t even live to see their 15th Birthday. 40% of the HIV cases in India in 2005 are said to be that of women. While there is much more to the story, looking at these statistics, you can easily derive that the state of women health in India is bad or rather worse.

While the primary answer to issues with women health is the gender inequality issue but then there are others which also include the poor healthcare system of the country. Factors are malnutrition, which not only affects the health of the women but also the infants they give birth too.

Having said that, the current situation can be certainly worked upon, improved and brought under control. But, it requires immense amount of dedication and reforms in the Indian Healthcare system that need to be implemented as well as monitored consistently. Simultaneously, there is also a need to work on bringing awareness amongst the society about the gender equality and equal opportunity in terms of education, health and work for women.

There’s this saying that aptly conveys a message that could help eradicate this issue by focusing on its root cause and it says – ‘When you educate a boy, you educate an individual. When you educate a girl, you educate a family’. It is like empowering women through education thus helping them empower themselves and in an indirect sense even the whole family.

All major surgeries relevant women like hysterectomy, Caesarean section are being done routinely in the gynecology department. Laproscopy, Colposcopy and Hysteroscopy are other facilities available at Vydehi Gynecology hospital.

Oral Cancer – Types – Risk Factors – Symptoms – Diagnosis – Stages – Treatment

The cancer that develops in the tissue of mouth or throat is known as oral cancer and belongs to head and neck cancer group. The cancer usually occurs in people over the age group of 40 and there are thousands of people suffering from oral cancer every year. The survival and treatment is based on the diagnosis and the stage of detection.

Oral Cancer types
1. Tongue Cancer
2. Lips Cancer
3. Gums Cancer
4. The floor of the mouth
5. The inner lining of the cheek
6. Hard and Soft palate

Risk Factors
Oral cancer is most common in people chewing tobacco in different forms like pipes, a cigar as well as in people who consume alcohol. Male are twice at risk of oral cancer compared to women. Besides, the following risk factors can cause cancers as well.
• The family history of oral or any other cancer
• Poor Nutrition
• Weak immune system
• Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
• Chronic facial sun exposure

Oral Cancer

Symptoms
• A lump growth anywhere inside the mouth
• Bleeding from the mouth
• Trouble swallowing or wearing dentures
• Loose teeth
• A lip or mouth sore that does not heal
• A sore throat
• Red or white patches on lips or inside the mouth
• Jaw or tongue pain or stiffness

Diagnosis
The diagnosis can be done using either X-ray, CT Scan or an MRI scan. MRI’s can show highly accurate results on cancer of neck and head with the stage of it while PET scan can be done in order to check whether the cancer is reached to the other organs or lymph nodes. X-ray can help determine whether cancer has spread to chest, lungs or jaw. CT scan is also used to diagnose cancers in organs like lungs, neck, mouth, and throat.

Stages
There are four stages through which cancer progresses and the survival rate also varies based on the stage of detection of the cancer
Stage 1 – The tumor at this stage is around 2 cm or even smaller and the cancer is not yet spread to the lymph nodes. Survival rate at this stage is quite high
Stage 2 – The tumor is over 2 cm but under 4 cm in size and cancer hasn’t spread to the nodes. The survival rate is good if the cancer is detected at this stage
Stage 3 – This is a bit advanced stage where the tumor is over 4 cm and it hasn’t spread to the lymph node or is of any size and has spread to one of the lymph nodes. The survival rate is reduced at this stage
Stage 4 – This is the final stage and cancer has a tumor of any size that has spread to other lymph nodes as well as other parts of the body.

The survival rate for over 60% of people with oral cancer is said to be up to five years or more. The earlier the diagnosis happens, the more is the rate of survival and hence it is the most for localized cancer (83%), 64% for cancer that has spread to lymph nodes and 38% for last stage cancer.

Treatment
The treatment of oral cancer depends on the diagnosis and the type, location, and stage of cancer.
The treatment includes –
Surgery – The initial treatment involves removal of the cancerous tumor and lymph nodes. If required some other tissues might be removed from the neck and mouth.
Chemotherapy – This therapy involves removal of the cancerous cells using drugs. The therapy is carried out on an outpatient basis, wherein the medicine is provided orally or via (IV).
Radiation Therapy – The therapy is a process of two to eight weeks wherein the doctor projects radiation beams at the tumor once or twice a day. For advanced stage cancers, a mix of chemotherapy and radiation therapy is carried out.
Targeted Therapy – Targeted therapy is another form of therapy which works well will containing the growth of cancer cells. The drug binds with specific proteins on cancer cells in order to interfere with their growth.

Cancer treatment can take a toll on your diet making it difficult to eat and swallow. Hence, it is important that you discuss your nutrition with the doctor which provides you with all the need nutrients and is even painless for you to an extent.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in Bangalore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence.

How Can I Treat My Hurting Heals

Do your heels hurt a lot. Well, there can be umpteen reasons behind the same. The areas that are usually affected due to pain include either the sides of the heel, behind it, under it or at the joining junction of heel bone and Achilles tendon.

Heel pain in many of the cases is associated with injury. The causes of heel pain are usually associated with trauma, neurological problem, arthiritis, infection or autoimmune problem.

Hurting Heals

The pain in the mentioned case initially is meager but later on it becomes severe and can be disabling too. It has to be treated but can become chronic at times.

Causes of Heel Pain – One of the most common causes of Heel Pain are Plantar Fasciitis, an inflammation of planter fascia. The pain occurs mainly when the arches are either high or low. Inflammation is a caused when the plantar fascia is stretched too much and affects the soft tissue fibers. The pain is felt after you rest for more time under your feet. Besides, Achilles could tighten and calf cramps could occur.

Heel Bumps – Better known at pump bumps , heel bumps are a result of an immature heel bone rubbing excessively. It is most common with flat feet people but can also occur to people wearing high heels.

MEDICAL INSTITUTES IN BANGALORE

Stress Fracture – This occurs when you do strenuous exercises or play sports excessively. Hence, runners are very much bound to get stress fracture in their metatarsal bones. Another cause of stress fracture could be osteoporosis.

Tarsal tunnel Syndrome – This condition usually occurs in the foot or ankle and is caused when the large nerve on the back of the foot is compressed or entrapped or some reason.

Heel Pad Inflammation – This is a chronic condition and is a result of heavy footsteps or heel pad becoming very thin.

Achilles Tendionosis – A chronic condition also known by names like tendonitis, tendionpathy, degenerative tendinopathy and tendinosis, it occurs when the Achilles tendon degenerates.

There are many other causes which lead to heel pain which include conditions like Calcaneal stress fracture, soft tissue mass, short flexor tender tear, Achilles tendon rupture, but to name a few. If you are suffering from heel pain do visit your family physician to find out more on your condition and treat it before things turn worse.

All About Essential Tremors

Many of us have either experienced or seen this happen mostly in elderly people. A nerve disorder, essential tremor causes uncontrollable shaking in various parts of the body. The areas that are commonly known to be affected by the same are arms, larynx, head, hands, chin and tongue. Mostly the affected areas is the upper part and not the lower part of the body. ET or essential tremor is not a life threatening disorder mostly and a person can easily have quality life living with it. Though some might face some difficulty doing routine activities like eating, writing or dressing, but overall one can live with it without much of a discomfort.

All About Essential Tremors

Causes
Tremors are known to be electrical activity of the brain of abnormal nature. Genetics could be a possible cause of ET in over half of the people because a child born to a parent with ET increases the chance of inheriting the same condition by 50%. ET is often seen in the elderly but its definitely cannot referred as a part of aging process.

Symptoms
The symptoms are visible tremors, where the particular affected area shakes uncontrollable, even voice could shake and head could nod as well. With increase in stress the shaking also increasing and decreases with rest. There could be balance problems as well but in rare cases.

Essential tremors are related to other disorders like headaches, migranes, Pariknson’s disease and even known to be a t high risk of getting dementia.

Treatment and Prevention
Treatment is required only in case of essential tremors of severe nature only. The treatment might include surgery or medications as per the severity levels.

Medicines – To reduce severity of essential tremors, medicines like Mysoline, Topamax, and tranquilizers like Ativan, Xanax and more are used. Sometimes Botox injections are used.

Surgery – The surgical alternative is called Deep brain stimulation or DBS and is used only in case of severe tremors even after use of medications.

Well, it is not all preventive because the root cause is not known but with the help of medications it can be kept under control significantly.

The Neurosurgery Department of Vydehi Institute of Medical Science & Research Centre has completed 500 major neurosurgical operations successfully in as many operating days. The Department boasts of state-of-the-art neurosurgical equipments, is now capable of treating all kinds of neurosurgical ailments at an affordable cost.