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Tension Headache – Know More

One of the most common headache types in India and across the world amongst adults particularly is the tension headache. Mostly they are known to occur once or twice in a month, but could be chronic as well. The former kind of headaches are known as episode headaches.

Tension Headache

Causes

  • There are many reasons behind getting tension headaches including stress due to work, relationships and more

  • Women are known to be more prone to tension headaches as compared to men.

  • Daily stress can cause chronic tension headache while episodic will be due to periodic stress issues.

Symptoms

Usually tension headache starts in the second half of the day

  • Fatigue

  • Sleeping issues

  • Moderate headache or pressure on sides, top and front of the head.

  • Sensitivity to noise and light

  • Muscle pain

  • Focusing issues

Compared to migraine tension headaches are bearable and do not interfere with daily activities. They also not cause vision blur. There is no nausea or vomiting, stomach pain or light or noise sensitivity.

Treatment

As the saying goes ‘a stitch in time saves nine’, tension headaches are good to be treated when there are milder. To prevent them avoid triggers and take medications, usually over the counter ones. In case they do not work is when your doctor would prescribe you some muscle relaxants or strength medications.

Tension headaches aren’t life threatening or do not need prompt or emergency medical assistance. Having said that, if you experience a severe headache of abrupt nature, or a headache post a head injury or accompanies with mental confusion, fever, double vision, numbness or speaking difficulties, take emergency medical assistance right away.

Tension headaches can be prevented by exercising on a daily basis and relaxation and biofeedback as well as cognitive and other therapies in addition to lifestyle changes that include following a healthy life style like drinking a lot of water, eating regular balanced diet and limiting your intake of sugar, caffeine and alcohol.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Tree Man Condition – A Rare Genetic Disorder That Urged A Man To Request Doctors To Amputate Hands.

Also Known as Tree man syndrome, epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is a rare genetic disorder putting the patient to high risk of skin cancer. It is known as Tree Man because the when the condition occurs, the virus spreads around the body to create tree like growth. Our body has over 100 strains of HPV but if the human body has a genetic mutation that affects the ability to handle HPV negatively, it results in Tree man Disease.

epidermodysplasia verruciformis

Recently, the news about a man with epidermodysplasia verruciformis seeking help from doctors to amputate his affected hands went viral. He was undergoing extreme and unbearable pain and wasn’t able to afford better treatment. He was treated earlier but the condition returned bigger and faster. Now, inorder to seek treatment outside Bangladesh required enormous funds which he didn’t have. This is when the Prime minister of Bangladesh offered him free Treatment. Most of us till the video went viral, weren’t even aware of a condition like this one. The sad news is that it is a condition one needs to live with as it is for life. Even if treatment is provided by removal of the existing lesions, it returns again. Furthermore 50% of the people suffering from this condition can get skin cancer at the age of around 40-50 years.

As on day, there is not cure for the condition so immediate treatment becomes very important. The condition does involve a surgery called curettage. The term is derived from the device called curette used in the surgery. The device is spoon shaped and the lesion is scrapped off with the help of this device in-order to preserve the skin underneath. The EV warts are treated using traditional methods of treating warts like ointments, chemical treatments and cryotherapy.

The symptoms are generally visible around early years of 5 to 11. The symptoms include beginning on flat lesions on skin areas that are exposed to sunlight and even scab like lesions, papules, plaques or bumpy lesions. The lesions can occur across the body including hands, legs, armpits and more. The growth could be less limited to a small cluster of warts or aggravate to over 100 warts across the body too. The diagnosis is tricky as the doctor requires the medical history of the patient in order to understand the symptoms. The diagnosis involves physical examination of skin and biopsy procedure if the doctor suspects.

Living with Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis could affect the quality of life of a person suffering from the condition if it aggravates as it could get painful too. As a part of care with EV, limiting exposure to sun is very important as skin cancer risk is high. So, if you know someone in your relative or family with this disease, then it’s advisable that you visit your doctor for checkup.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Cerebral Palsy – Risk Factors And More

It is not one condition but a group of conditions that affects the balance, posture and movement of an individual. The cause of cerebral palsy is generally associated with brain damage during birth or in the early years. Apparently, doctors haven’t been able to figure out the exact cause of brain damage during CP, but few reasons and risk factors are listed below -

  1. Blood flow issues to important organs of the body

  2. Bleeding in the brain when baby is in the womb

  3. Genetic conditions

  4. Brain injury

  5. Seizures at birth or in the first month after birth

cerebral-palsy

Risk Factors at Pregnancy include

  1. Thyroid gland issues or health issues like seizures

  2. Consumption with toxic substances like mercury that is found in a few fishes

  3. Having RH diseases, meaning blood not compatible with that of the baby

  4. Multiple pregnancies, twins, triplets or more

  5. Infections like German measles, Rubella, Herpes or chicken pox during pregnancy

Risk Factors at child Birth include

  1. Head Position – If the child is not in the head first position but is in the feet first position, risk is involved.

  2. Premature Birth – If the baby is born any time before the completion of 37 weeks

  3. Delivery Complications – If there are complications during the labor and delivery concerning your baby’s circulatory system and breathing.

Risk factors due to Infections in Babies

  1. Severe Jaundice – It is caused due to excessive bilirubin accumulation in blood

  2. Bacterial Meningitis –It leads to swelling of tissues around spinal cord and brain swelling as well

  3. Viral Encephalitis – It also leads to swelling in brain and spinal cord tissues

 

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*Sourced from the Internet