Tag Archives: medical institutes in bangalore

Abhishek Bachchan and Dyslexia – The connection!

Recently, Abhishek Bachchan revealed that he was diagnosed with dyslexia at the age of 9 and sent to a European school. He did have difficulty reading and writing during his childhood. He also spoke at length about the indifference that is being shown in school for slow learners and harped that it should be stemmed.

Abhishek Bachchan and Dyslexia

What is Dyslexia exactly?
Dyslexia is a learning disability or reading disability amongst children. Children suffering from this condition often have issues with speech sound identification as well as learning how to relate between letters and words. This condition is known to affect the area around the brain that processes language.

Children who suffer from dyslexia have a normal sight as well as intelligence. Most children can easily succeed in school too with a little bit of help from special educators. There is no cure as such for this condition but early assessment, intervention as well as emotional support can go a long way in helping your live with it and provide a best outcome. Many a times it’s not recognized even until adulthood. The earlier the better, but you can work on it as an when it is diagnosed.

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Symptoms
The symptoms of dyslexia are not so easy to recognize, atleast until your child goes to school. Only the teacher is the one who is able to notice the symptoms primarily. The condition can be mild to severe from child to child and comes to light once the child begins to read.

Learning new words slowly, able to start talking late compared to peers, issues remembering numbers, colors and letters, nursery rhymes or more during the early years. In school these children could have issues with the following

  • Reading age appropriately in a proper way.
  • Difficulty with spellings
  • Issues with sequence remembering and memorizing stuff
  • Difficulty with solving math problems
  • Children with ADHD are known to be at a higher risk of dyslexia and vice versa. This can actually make dyslexia treatment tougher due to the hyperactivity as well as impulsivity issues.

If you have a child who does show similar symptoms, early intervention is a good idea. Better visit your doctor and get your child assessed. A stitch in time saves nine. Isn’t it?

*Sourced from Internet

The Weight Loss Plan That Has Taken Maharashtra by Storm

The Diet plan of Dr. Dixit, a professor at the preventive departments of social medicine at the Government medical college and hospital believes that accepting that you are overweight and that you need a diet correction which includes shunning away tempting food and controlling diet in order to keep your diabetes at bay.

Diabetes is very common in India today and more like an epidemic, hence people do need to take their diet seriously. Dr. Dixit has devised a diet plan for 18 years and above age group. His diet plan is quite unique in a way. He harps upon a meal that is high in proteins and low in carbohydrates.

As per Dr Dixit, the food that is high on carbohydrate is responsible for secretion of insulin in big quantities. The meal that is rich in protein will cause less secretion of insulin. Hence, eating anything in between two meals is not advisable. Better drink water, green tea, coconut water or buttermilk instead as they do not trigger the secretion of insulin.

Weight Loss

This theory of carboinsulin connection has been discussed by late Dr Shrikant Jichkar, who presented this idea of eating only two meals a day for diabetes prevention. He also organized a study of 446 participants out of which 428 did complete the study with the 6 monthly follow up. There was an average loss of 6.8 kg during the six months. The logic was that there was a rise in diabetes if the insulin levels increased.

He also added that the diet plan he has designed does not lead to loss of stamina. Instead poor diet can lead to health hazards like diabetes, hypertension and even cancer. As per Dr Dixit, eating two meals a day and restricting yourself from eating anything in between the two meals not only leads to weight loss but also controlling diabetes as well. Keto diet is another easy way of controlling your insulin.

Inspite of the fact that there is no definite proof of the same, this diet plan has worked for many people across Maharashtra and many people have tried this plan out.

Just Know more about Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre

*Sourced from the Internet

Junk Food Consumption Can Lead To Depression – A Study

A study that involved an analysis of 11 existing studies targeting the link between junk foods and depression had a data of over 100,00 participants between the age group of 16 -72 years. It was published in the journal Clinical Nutrition and was same irrespective of age gender. It was same even across short as well as long follow periods. The participants belonged to different genders as well as ethnicity across countries like USA, Europe, Australia and Middle East. During the study every participant was given a score depending upon the level of inflammatory diet. Some of the studies made use of the data that was available on an immediate basis tracking participants 13 years down the line.

Junk Food Consumption Can Lead To Depression

The study revealed that the participants who were consuming a pro-inflammatory diet were on an average 1.4 times more likely to have depressive symptoms of depression. Even the researchers at the Manchester Metropolitan University of UK found out that inflammatory foods like foods high on cholesterol, carbohydrates and saturated fats puts people to 40% higher risk of developing depression.

The studies that were conducted, all of them did record the depressive symptoms of depression based on medical diagnosis, anti-depressant use as well as self-observation.

As per Steven Bradbum from the Manchester Metropoliton University the results had a high potential in for depression treatment and even of treatment for conditions like alzheimer’s due to the inflammatory component it has. As per him, the best possible solution to the same is making adequate dietary changes rather than going for expensive medications which come with side effects as well.

As per the researchers a diet that is balanced in nature and contains vitamins A, vitamin C, vitamin D, along with fibre and unsaturated fats is good for treating depression as it has an opposite effect. The best diet could be the Mediterranean diet because it contains olive oil, green vegetables, tomatoes as well as fatty fish.

The inflammation or redness and swelling is apparently a natural defense system of our body and its way to fight against injuries infections as well as toxins. But, yes inflammation that is chronic in nature can ring an alarm because it has been linked to life threatening conditions like heart disease, cancer and asthma earlier. It is also known that recurring inflammation or inflammation that is consistent in nature can lead to neuronal death.

know more about VIMS

*Sourced from the Internet

Wireless Implants to Help Paralysed People Walk Again

Spinal cord injuries have been life-changing events of sorts because they tend to paralyze the body partially or completely depending upon the type of injury. Statistics show that every one or two minute a person suffers from a spinal injury. Now, there is a ray of hope with two research studies in recent times. The two research groups implanted electrical devices in the spinal cord directly thus allowing the paralyzed people to walk again and reverse some effects as well.

Wireless Implants to Help Paralysed People

Electrical Simulation
Over the past couple of months, researchers have been publishing studies that bring forth the fact around levels to which technology could be used in medicine. In the study, researchers made use of electrical stimulation in order to reverse the effects of spinal cord injuries. While the same is being done for over two decades now, the present study has proved to be kind of a milestone in the area. The researchers used the nerves that were not permanently damaged and activated the nerves with the help of artificial electrical simulation. These nerves are responsible for transmitting information between the brain and the limbs.

Study
The researchers named Kendal Lee and Kristin Zhao conducted the study on a patient that was suffering from complete paralysis in the lower body at the Mayo Clinic in the USA. They planted a device called the Epidural electrical simulator (EES) in the lower part of the body where there are healthy nerves. It works in real time and with accurate simulation to desired part of the spinal cord on time. The device is implanted under the skin and makes use of a pulse generator in order to send appropriate signals to the protective layer of the nerves viz. dura attached electrodes. Living with the implanted simulator is not really much different from that of living with pacemaker. Off-course, it is a minimally invasive procedure that does not require a hospital stay. The patient on whom the study was done managed to walk around 100 meters with the help of walking frame due to the spinal implant. EES has been used and tested on patients having paralysis before as well, but the results it has delivered this time are truly phenomenal. But, the catch is that this kind of implant is only possible if some of the nerves in the lower part of the spine are healthy and intact.

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The study only proves the level of breakthroughs advancement of technology can bring about as well as how our knowledge on –  how our brain communicates with our body is heading northwards. Now, that there already is proof of it, there is a need of taking the process to the next level viz. carry out larger clinical studies in order to measure the optimum benefits of the treatment and create benchmarks around the same for doctors to follow.

 

Department of Orthopaedics at Vydehi Hospital is full pledged and has all the facilities to treat the patients with Orthopaedic problems.

*Sourced from the Internet

Why does the onset of winter mean Depression to some people?

Many of us are not aware but in some places around the world, it gets dark as early at 4 pm and there are people who suffer from a condition called SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder). It is caused mainly due to the shorter days, the chilling weather and the onset of darkness as early as 4 pm in the evening. Statistics say that in UK over 29% of the population suffers from this condition and 10% with a condition known as reverse SAD or Summer SAD, because this occurs in Summer’s and not in winter.

Seasonal-Affective-Disorder-Infographic

Now, you might be wondering that winter and depression is understood but is it that people suffer from reverse SAD in the summer. Aren’t the long summer lazy days a lot of fun. But, depression could be caused due to the increased humidity and heat as well but as such no proof of the same is available as of now. Sometimes even looking at people enjoying summer can lead to FOMO and depression.

As per experts, people who have had episodes of depression earlier are more prone to the possibility of getting this condition than others. Further people who are at the vulnerable to allergies too have a high probability of getting this depression as allergan’s can cause inflammation of the airways thus triggering depression.

The symptoms of summer in the beginning are mild but as it nears the end of spring they start getting severe. These include loss in weight, insomnia, loss of appetite as well as anxiety or agitation. The treatment abroad available for SAD is already approved by NICE and is known as Transcranial Magnetic Simulation (TMS). This treatment does the role of modulating the brain activity affectively thus helping to reduce the symptoms of this condition in a safe and effective way.

Though this condition is not very common in India, it is very common in countries like UK and other parts of the world as well.

 

Know more about The Department of Psychiatry in Vydehi Hospital is committed to provide exemplary clinical care, consultation services and treatment, both to inpatients and outpatients

*Sourced From the Internet

Treating Diabetes With Rehabilitation

Having a healthy lifestyle is always a good idea but diabetes is one condition that makes following a healthy lifestyle sort of mandatory as it is a part of the treatment more so. We all know that diabetes is a result of our body’s inability to make insulin and that when you eat food it gets converted to glucose. This is the time when our pancreas release insulin in order to help sugar to get absorbed by the body. Understanding about the role of insulin is what helps us understand that unavailability of insulin can hinder the work of our body system.

Treating Diabetes With Rehabilitation

If there is no insulin then the body cells starve due to unavailability of glucose. This can damage the working of kidney, eyes, nerves and the heart. The most common type of diabetes is type 2, mostly occurring in adults. People with type 2 might be able to prepare insulin but not enough. Symptoms of diabetes type 2 include feeling thirsty, peeing frequently, fatigue, vision issues, feeling hungry, numbness or tingling in hands or feet, to name a few.

Treatment of diabetes is based on the inclusion of a balanced diet together with regular exercise. Medication is also included if even after following a healthy lifestyle, you are not able to maintain sugar levels after these adjustments.

Exercise and a healthy diet does help in controlling sugar to a great extent as it allows glucose to enter the cells without the need for insulin. It also helps in lowering glucose levels as well as the blood pressure. Exercise increases stamina, fitness and energy levels as well.

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Patients with diabetes are recommended exercises that are a combination of aerobics and resistance training. The exercise and diet regime is created by physiotherapists and dietitians. The physiotherapists also supervise these exercises until a routine is formed until the patient is in the hospital. The same routine is advised to be followed at home after discharge.

Just like exercise even diet forms and integral part of the health regime of a diabetic. Dietitians in the rehabilitation centres of hospitals teach patients how to manage carbohydrate intake as they can affect the glucose levels. They even provide information on healthy cooking and eating.

Rehabilitation is a holistic approach to diabetes as it includes the balance diet, exercise and medications to improve the quality of life of diabetic patients and manage the disease in a better way.

Just know about one of the Best Hospitals in Bangalore

*Sourced from the Internet

All You Need to Know About Open Heart Surgery

Open heart surgery is performed when the coronary arteries supplying blood to the heart are blocked and is the gold standard treatment for the same. The condition arising due to blockage of coronary artery is known as coronary artery disease. Open heart surgery is done to regulate the flow of blood through the arteries and prevent damage to the heart. In the procedure, blood vessels from other parts of the body are used to create a bypass. Generally, two to four coronary arteries are grafted for regulating blood flow to the heart.

There are three types of bypass surgeries depending on the number of bypasses done, namely double bypass, triple bypass, and the quadruple bypass.

Open Heart Surgery – Open heart surgery is considered only if the blockage is such that placing the stent is not feasible. Also, if there is severe coronary disease in the left main artery or in multiple arteries and there is high risk of heart damage. To check the exact blockage scenario cardiac surgeons advice on having a complete testing done. An angiogram is used for checking the severity of coronary disease. The other tests done before and after the surgery include electrocardiogram (EKG), blood tests and specific dietary instructions.

Open Heart Surgery

Types of Open Heart Surgeries

  • On Pump Open heart surgery

During the on pump open heart surgery the surgery is performed under general anesthesia while keeping the patient on ventilator support. The primary step in the surgery is harvesting the blood vessels. Generally, the saphenous vein in the leg is used as it is long enough to create multiple grafts. Alternatively, if it cannot be used then vessels from the arm can be used. After the saphenous vein work is done, the chest is opened by making an incision along the breastbone. The surgeon cuts the sternum to gain access to the heart.

In traditional or off-pump CABG procedure, the heart needs to be stopped using potassium so that the surgeon does not have to perform the surgery on a beating heart. The blood circulation is kept on with the help of a heart-lung machine and the ventilator is switched off. The machine then does the work of the heart as well as the lungs. The surgeon either removes the existing blood vessel and replaces the same to remove the blockage or reroutes the blood around the blockage. There could be one or more grafts to be performed. Once the grafting is completed the heart is restarted. The sternum is placed in its original position and closed with the help of a surgical wire. The surgical wire helps in providing strength to the bone for healing. Lastly, the surgeon closes the incision.

On pump, surgery is recommended for unstable patients. The surgeon performs the surgery on a still heart so the process is quicker and even the bleeding is minimal. Alternatively, the cons include inflammation/ clotting after surgery, transfusion and fluid retention. Though after on-pump surgery the risk of stroke does increase.

  • Off Pump Open heart surgery

The off-pump surgery is very much similar to on-pump except that the blood flow through the body is maintained by the heart only and not the heart-lung machine as in on-pump surgery. The area to be grafted is held with the help of surgical instruments while the heart keeps pumping. This surgery is done on tentatively 20% of the CABG patients undergoing the surgery for the first time.

This surgery is less expensive surgery compared to on pump and it also reduces the risk of stroke. Also, blood loss and transfusions are less compared to on pump. The hospital stay required is also less. 70% of the patients are not recommended to do the surgery due to the condition. The surgery is not recommended for unstable patients.

Recovery
The recovery period includes staying in Intensive care unit for 24 hours. The chest tubes are removed post 48 hours and then the patient is shifted out of ICU. Once the patient is awake the breathing tubes are removed so that the patient can breathe on his/ her own. Though supplemental oxygen may be given through the nose to help with breathing. The patient will be monitored closely and if he/she is unable to breathe, the breathing tube might be inserted again. Once the patient starts breathing on his/her own, swift rehabilitation steps are put into place. This includes sitting up on the edge of the bed, walking while taking care of the wound and preventing pain, etc.

Life Expectancy
The life expectancy has greatly increased over the years up to 98% people undergoing the surgery can easily lead a normal life as that of the others who haven’t undergone any surgery.

” Vydehi Institute of Cardiac Sciences is a well equipped super speciality centre located in Vydehi Hospital designed to serve your hearts needs. It is equipped to treat all cardiac, cardiothoracic and vascular cases.  It uses all the latest equipment and technology coupled with the years of experience in its faculty.”

*Sourced from the Internet

Diabetics, Particularly Women are at a Higher Risk of Cancer

A meta-analysis states that Diabetics, particularly women are said to be at a higher risk of cancer. Earlier studies had already determined a link between diabetes and cancer there was no clarity on the role of gender in the same. We all are aware about the bulging population of diabetics in India. As per statistics in 2015, over 400 million people had diabetes while over 17 million had cancer.

Researchers in a recent analysis based on the study published in Diabetologia earlier have worked on data of over 19 million people with type one or type 2 diabetes in 100 studies as well as data sets. The studies revealed that women with diabetes are at 27% higher risk of cancer while men are at 19% risk of cancer, which means that women have a 6% higher risk of cancer as compared to men.
Researchers even analyzed specific cancer types to check if women were at a higher risk and found that woman were indeed at a higher risk in most cancers. These include cancers like leukemia, stomach cancer, kidney cancer, oral cancer to name a few. Women are at a 15% higher risk of leukemia, 14% higher risk of stomach cancer, 13% higher risk of oral cancer and 11% higher risk of getting kidney cancer. However, men were at a 12% higher risk of developing liver cancer against women.

Diabetics, Particularly Women are at a Higher Risk of Cancer

Although, the reason behind women diabetics having a higher risk of most cancers is yet not clear but the researchers have come out with a hypothesis on the same. Toshiaki Ohkuma, Lead Author and research fellow at the George Institute of Global Health in Australia said that as compared to men, women have a longer pre-diabetic period. Pre-diabetic period is a period where sugar levels are above normal levels but not high enough to be considered under type 2 diabetes. Further a study of 2015 also revealed that women most likely skipped medicines of lowering blood sugar levels as compared to men. As the risk of cancer is associated with having higher blood sugar levels, and DNA damage, women with diabetes are at a greater risk of developing cancer than men as they have raised sugar levels for a longer period of time.

Hence, it is advisable that women with diabetes need to be careful about controlling their blood sugar levels besides doing regular cancer screening in-order to detect cancer at earlier stages. A healthy lifestyle that includes a low sugar diet and a fitness regime coupled with timely health checkups can definitely go a long way in balancing sugar levels and reducing the risk of cancer as well.

VIMS is one of the best cancer hospital in India, with 300 beds exclusively for cancer patients.Oncology department in the hospital has got qualified and well experienced doctors.

*Sourced from the Internet

All You Need to Know Carpal Syndrome in Pregnancy

Carpal syndrome is a very common syndrome that many women experience during pregnancy. Statistics of 2015 say that between 30 to 60 percent women across the world suffer from this condition during their pregnancy. Though no exact reason is known still, experts do believe that this syndrome is a result of swelling due to hormones. Carpal syndrome is a result of swelling similar to that of swelling of ankles and fingers due to fluid retention during pregnancy.

Here’s more on causes, symptoms, treatment and risk factors associated with Carpal Syndrome -

Carpal Syndrome in Pregnancy

CAUSES
Carpal syndrome is caused when the median nerve passing through the carpal tunnel within the wrist becomes compressed. This nerve is responsible for controlling feelings in fingers. The carpal tunnel is made up of tiny carpal bones and ligaments. The pain is caused because due to swelling the tunnel gets narrower thereby compressing the nerve. This in turn causes hand pain as well as numbness or finger burning.

SYMPTOMS

  • Swelling on fingers
  • Thumping sensation across fingers, wrists and hands
  • Tingling and numbness in fingers, hands, wrist that worsens at night
  • Problems holding objects and other motor skill bases routine activities

DIAGNOSIS
The doctor will examine you on the basis of your symptoms and may also ask you to do electro-diagnostic tests for confirmation. This test records and analyzes the signals send and received by the nerves with the help of thin needles or electrodes. In order to check for any nerve damage, tinel’s sign is used. These tests are safe to be done during pregnancy.

TREATMENT
Most doctors while treating CTS take the conservative approach because they have to take into consideration the pregnancy factor. Mostly patients suffering from this condition get relief within weeks or months post-delivery.

  • Avoid Wrist Bending Activities – Activities like throwing the ball or typing on the keyboard need to be reduced or if possible avoided.
  • Cold Therapy – Using ice bags or towel wrapped in ice and massaging it over the wrist for 10-15 minutes at regular intervals can help in decreasing the swelling.
  • Keep Wrists at an elevated position – Using pillows try to keep your wrists elevated.
  • Do Yoga – Yoga is a good idea because it does help to give you relief in terms of pain and help with bettering your grip.
  • Take Pain killers – If you feel pain frequently and is irritable then you may take pain killers on doctor’s advice
  • Take Rest – Take rest whenever you feel pain or fatigued.

How Trojan Horse Treatment is the new Hope in Fighting Brain Tumor?

One of the common, as well as highly aggressive tumors of the brain, is the Glioblastoma multiforme. Once, the diagnosis is done, many patients die within a few months period itself. The survival rate for this tumor is as low as 6 patients out of 100 being able to live for 5 years period or more. This is one cancer that has shown a lot of resistance against treatments. One of the main reason behind the same is because this tumor invades the healthy brain tissues surrounding it, thus making impossible to remove it surgically.

The research was carried out by engineering nanostructures containing both conventional chemotherapy drugs namely cisplatin and gold. These nanospheres were released to the tumor cells were taken from patients suffering from glioblastoma, taken to the laboratory and grown followed by exposure to radiotherapy. The results were quite amazing and after 20 days, the tumor cells were totally destroyed without any proof of revival. The treatment was more effective than conventional chemotherapy because it enhanced the impact of it by helping gold to release electrons that caused damage to the DNA of the cancer cells and the overall structure as well.

Brain Tumor

This is a stepping stone in the treatment of aggressive brain tumor and as per the experts in Nanotechnology but work is still in progress before this treatment can be used for patients suffering with glioblastoma. The best part of the experiment was that it was carried out on tumors of glioblastoma patients, where the experts tested this approach drug resistant tumors that were evolving.

The study was carried out by Dr Colin Watts, a clinical scientist as well as honorary consultant Neurosurgeon at the Clinical Neurosciences and Mark Wellan, Professor of Nanotechnology and Fellow at St John’s College, University of Cambridge. This work of theirs is published in the Royal Society of Chemistry Journal call Nanoscale.

As per Professor Welland, their combined therapy seems to be highly effective particularly with live cell culture. This is definitely not the cure for cancer but throws light how nanotechnology can play a significant role fighting this aggressive cancer. Researchers also believe that this treatment procedure could be used for treating a variety of different and challenging cancer types.

The professor also harped upon the big advantage the nano scientists had by working with clinicians because they could ensure that this science does have a clinical relevance through their involvement. This further ensures that the idea can be realized and implemented beyond the labs due to its clinical impact.

PS *Sourced from the Internet

 Vydehi Institute of Oncology & Research Centre is a comprehensive cancer care unit. The seven storied building complex of the oncology center with a total area of 40,000 sq feet has 300 beds exclusively for cancer patients. It is the only center in India to have dedicated 16 slice CT scanner mated to IGRT machine for superior image guidance.