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Progressive Supranuclear Palsy – The condition that lead to Kadar Khan’s demise.

Recently, Veteran actor Kadar Khan passed away in Canada, due to a prolonged health condition. The condition apparently is known as progressive supra-nuclear palsy. Also known as Steele Richardson Olszewski syndrome is a rare disorder that could worsen over time to life threatening complications. There is not cure for this condition as of now and is caused due to deterioration of cells in the brain area. These cells are responsible for body movement and thinking. The life threatening complications that result due to the condition include pneumonia and swallowing issues. The treatment for the condition includes management of signs and symptoms of the condition.

Progressive Supra Nuclear Palsy

CAUSES
The cause of this condition is yet not known but as per researchers have found that people suffering from this condition tend to have an abnormal level of protein call tau in inside their brain. The clumps of these same cells are also responsible for other neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s disease.

RISK FACTORS
The risk factors for the condition is aging as this condition is known to be occurring generally in the age group of 60 plus and does not exist practically for under 40 ones.

SYMPTOMS
The symptoms of progressive supra-nuclear palsy include –

  • Balance loss while walking – This condition can show early signs like falling backward.
  • Eye aiming issues – The symptoms include issues related to looking downward or upward and at times even double vision or blurred vision. Poor eye contact could also lead to conversation disinterest and spilling of food and other stuff.
  • The other symptoms are similar to conditions like dementia and Parkinson’s disease and include light sensitivity, impulsive behavior like crying or laughing for no reason, memory loss, inability to solve problems or make decisions. Expressions of fright or surprise due to rigid facial muscles.

COMPLICATIONS
Complications of this condition could include the following –

  • Issues with focusing using eyes leading to injuries
  • Issues with looking into bright lights
  • Sleeping issues
  • Swallowing problems
  • Falling due impulsive behavior like standing up abruptly without help leading to accidents.

DIAGNOSIS
Signs and symptoms of Progressive supra-nuclear palsy are similar to Parkinson’s disease. Some of these include –

  • Less response to Parkinson’s drugs
  • Difficulty with looking downward
  • Lack of tremors or shaking of head

The doctor may ask you to do a MRI scan for determining shrinkage in areas of brain that lead to supra-nuclear palsy. MRI because it helps in eliminating other similar symptom conditions like stroke. The doctor could also ask a PET scan to find out details around brain abnormalities.

TREATMENT
Though this condition does not have a cure, treatment does help to ease of the symptoms and slow it down. Researchers are still working on developing a medication that could block the tau formations but still the work is under progress.

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*Sourced from the Internet

Why does the onset of winter mean Depression to some people?

Many of us are not aware but in some places around the world, it gets dark as early at 4 pm and there are people who suffer from a condition called SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder). It is caused mainly due to the shorter days, the chilling weather and the onset of darkness as early as 4 pm in the evening. Statistics say that in UK over 29% of the population suffers from this condition and 10% with a condition known as reverse SAD or Summer SAD, because this occurs in Summer’s and not in winter.

Seasonal-Affective-Disorder-Infographic

Now, you might be wondering that winter and depression is understood but is it that people suffer from reverse SAD in the summer. Aren’t the long summer lazy days a lot of fun. But, depression could be caused due to the increased humidity and heat as well but as such no proof of the same is available as of now. Sometimes even looking at people enjoying summer can lead to FOMO and depression.

As per experts, people who have had episodes of depression earlier are more prone to the possibility of getting this condition than others. Further people who are at the vulnerable to allergies too have a high probability of getting this depression as allergan’s can cause inflammation of the airways thus triggering depression.

The symptoms of summer in the beginning are mild but as it nears the end of spring they start getting severe. These include loss in weight, insomnia, loss of appetite as well as anxiety or agitation. The treatment abroad available for SAD is already approved by NICE and is known as Transcranial Magnetic Simulation (TMS). This treatment does the role of modulating the brain activity affectively thus helping to reduce the symptoms of this condition in a safe and effective way.

Though this condition is not very common in India, it is very common in countries like UK and other parts of the world as well.

 

Know more about The Department of Psychiatry in Vydehi Hospital is committed to provide exemplary clinical care, consultation services and treatment, both to inpatients and outpatients

*Sourced From the Internet

Diabetics, Particularly Women are at a Higher Risk of Cancer

A meta-analysis states that Diabetics, particularly women are said to be at a higher risk of cancer. Earlier studies had already determined a link between diabetes and cancer there was no clarity on the role of gender in the same. We all are aware about the bulging population of diabetics in India. As per statistics in 2015, over 400 million people had diabetes while over 17 million had cancer.

Researchers in a recent analysis based on the study published in Diabetologia earlier have worked on data of over 19 million people with type one or type 2 diabetes in 100 studies as well as data sets. The studies revealed that women with diabetes are at 27% higher risk of cancer while men are at 19% risk of cancer, which means that women have a 6% higher risk of cancer as compared to men.
Researchers even analyzed specific cancer types to check if women were at a higher risk and found that woman were indeed at a higher risk in most cancers. These include cancers like leukemia, stomach cancer, kidney cancer, oral cancer to name a few. Women are at a 15% higher risk of leukemia, 14% higher risk of stomach cancer, 13% higher risk of oral cancer and 11% higher risk of getting kidney cancer. However, men were at a 12% higher risk of developing liver cancer against women.

Diabetics, Particularly Women are at a Higher Risk of Cancer

Although, the reason behind women diabetics having a higher risk of most cancers is yet not clear but the researchers have come out with a hypothesis on the same. Toshiaki Ohkuma, Lead Author and research fellow at the George Institute of Global Health in Australia said that as compared to men, women have a longer pre-diabetic period. Pre-diabetic period is a period where sugar levels are above normal levels but not high enough to be considered under type 2 diabetes. Further a study of 2015 also revealed that women most likely skipped medicines of lowering blood sugar levels as compared to men. As the risk of cancer is associated with having higher blood sugar levels, and DNA damage, women with diabetes are at a greater risk of developing cancer than men as they have raised sugar levels for a longer period of time.

Hence, it is advisable that women with diabetes need to be careful about controlling their blood sugar levels besides doing regular cancer screening in-order to detect cancer at earlier stages. A healthy lifestyle that includes a low sugar diet and a fitness regime coupled with timely health checkups can definitely go a long way in balancing sugar levels and reducing the risk of cancer as well.

VIMS is one of the best cancer hospital in India, with 300 beds exclusively for cancer patients.Oncology department in the hospital has got qualified and well experienced doctors.

*Sourced from the Internet

All you Need to Know About Murmur

There are many of us who might not know about the condition called murmur while there is a possibility that many of us consider it a heart condition or a hole in the heart. In fact, murmur is not any hole in the heart or heart condition, it is just a sound of the heart that comes between the ‘lub and dub’ sound of it. The murmur has a sound which is why people feel that there could be some abnormality associated around it. Apparently, most murmurs are benign and can occur in many children. Many pediatric cardiologists have also observed the same in a major chunk of children and call it a pathologic or abnormal heart sound due to a hole or a heart valve narrowing or some other issues.

Murmur

The first time a murmur is heard is particularly when the infant becomes a toddler and can carry on till adult age. But, mostly as you grow older the sound becomes less and less noticeable and might disappear as well. But, even if it does not there is no cause of worry because it does not point towards any sort of abnormality.

Sometimes there may be a heart defect but no murmur while further-more there might be murmur which might just change to some new murmurs with age. Even the loud murmurs that we hear when a child is not well is very common and not life threatening or cause of worry.

General Symptoms
When the heart murmur is harmless or innocent, generally there are no visible symptoms for the same other than the sound of the murmur which is usual.

But if the murmur is accompanied with symptoms as follows, then definitely there is a cause to worry as it might as well be an indicator of an underlying heart problem.

• Unexplained weight gain or swelling
• Blue skin more importantly the lips and finger tips
• Chronic cough
• Enlarged Liver
• Lack of appetite and growth hindrance
• Dizziness and losing consciousness
• Chest Pain
• Sweating heavily even without exertion or very little exertion

Hence, if there you or your family member is facing such a condition it is advisable to consult your family physician for the same. The physician would further recommend you to consult a pediatric cardiologist if necessary. The process usually used by a cardiologist to determine the type or cause of murmur is known as echocardiography, if needed or an echocardiogram for heart evaluation. Further treatment would be based on the type of murmur normal or concerning.

Some Amazing Scientific Inventions That Changed the World For Good

The medical field has evolved consistently over a period of time ever since the inception of human kind. It has definitely brought about a progressive change in healthcare. But, some of these inventions have apparently brought about a kind of revolution in the field. Here is a list of few amazing inventions that have helped mankind to core ever since they’ve been invented.

Scientific Inventions That Changed the World For Good

X-ray – Imagine treating fractures and cracks in the bones without knowing anything about it. Though an accidental inventions it has worked wonders since its invention by German Physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen way back in 1895. He was actually working on electron beams when he accidentally discovered that he was able to see his bones outlines. The initial reaction of people and critics was not favourable but eventually it won him the nobelprize in the year 1901.

Spectacles – Though there is not much evidence about who was the inventor of reading glasses. It is known to have been invented centuries ago and become even more in demand in the 1800’s when a lot of books began to be printed.

MRI and CT Scan – Inspired by the discovery of X-ray researchers began to dig deep into the possibilities of body scanning machines. This ultimately led to the invention of C T scanner and eventually MRI machine. The CT Scanner came into existence in 1979 which earned the inventor Dr Godfrey Hounsfield a Noble Prize and scanned multiple layers within multiple X-ray images. Soon, another invention called the MRI earned a lot of appraise to the inventor Dr Raymond V Damadian with its ability to differentiate normal cells with cancerous ones.

Cardiac Pacemaker – It was invented in the year 1926 by two genius scientists of Australian origin Edgar Booth and Mar Hill. The design was extremely complicated and required a needle to be pierced in the patients heart chamber but none the less it miraculously brought back a still born baby. Present day, the pacemakers are much more advanced and come with a battery life of 20 years.

Prosthetic’s/ Implants – Ask anyone with a handicap, how life can be challenging every single moment and then about prosthetic’s or implants and you’ll see how it has helped them overcome these challenges to a great extent. It is undoubtedly a big breakthrough of science and has enabled many lives shun their crutches or wheelchairs and live an independent life. The first prosthetic was an artificial limb invented by Douglas Bly in 1858.

Well, these are just a few of the inventions that enormously helped the medical fraternity and human kind overcome their healthcare challenges and are still doing so.

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Prostate Cancer – An Overview

This cancer occurs in the male reproductive system to the prostate which is a gland that is just outside the bladder around the male urethra. This is one of the most common forms of cancer that occurs in men usually above 50 years of age. The people who have fathers or brothers diagnosed with prostate cancer at a younger age are at more risk of getting this cancer.

Here is a run down through the symptoms diagnosis treatment and survival span for patients suffering with prostate cancer. Prostate cancer consists of adenocarcinoma cells that originate from the glandular tissue. So, even if the cancer spreads through the bones, it is not called bone cancer but is known as prostate cancer metastatic to bones. Commonly prostate cancer metastasizes to the lymph nodes located in the pelvis and also to the bones.

prostate cancer

Risk Factors
As for the cause of prostate cancer, it is yet to be known though genetic factors are known to be responsible for the same. Though research is still on to figure out the exact cause of the condition.

Symptoms
Prostate cancer patients exhibit the following symptoms which mainly include urinary issues
1. Hesitancy or difficulty in starting
2. Nee to put stain for urinating
3. Decrease in force of urine
4. Intermittency or irregular flow of urine
5. Frequent bathroom visits
6. Dribble
7. Burning or pain during urinating
8. Erectile dysfunction
9. Painful ejaculation
10. Blood or semen in urine
11. Lower back or pelvic or abdominal pain
12. Unexplained weight loss, swelling in lower extremities and bone pain

Diagnosis
Prostate cancer screening needs to be done at regular intervals particularly after 40 or 45 if you have it in the genes. The testing involves prostate specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal examination. Though it has its own pros and cons hence it important to consult an urologist before doing such screenings.
If the PSA is abnormally high, or there is an abnormal area felt during rectal examination, the risk is raised.
Prostate biopsy can help confirm the possibility of having prostate cancer

Treatment
The treatment procedure involves observation of the cancer, monitoring it continuously, surgery also known as radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy as well as other therapies in order to limit the growth of cancer cells.

There are a lot of cancer deaths in the world but if timely diagnosis is carried out you can increase the survival rate and avoid deaths that are caused due to detection at the last stages.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in bangalore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence.

Breathing Effects On Emotions and Judgement

We all know how oxygen is our basic breathing requirement to live, without which life on earth would not be possible. But, now there is more that researchers have discovered about breathing. As per their findings, the breathing pattern or rhythm is responsible fore creating electrical activity in the part of human brain that in turn helps in enhancement of memory recall and emotional judgments.

Breathing Effects On Emotions and Judgement

Further the neurologists also found that there was significant difference in brain activity in the hippocampus and amygdala area during inhalation rather than exhalation. While breathing in the neurons in the olfactory cortext, hippocamus, amygdala and across the limbic system are stimulated.
They apparently discovered the same when some of them were working on seven patients suffering from epilepsy. They were trying to find out the origin of seizures and installed electrodes in the brains of patients a week before surgery thus collecting the electro-physiological data directly from the brains. This is when they found out that while breathing the brain activity fluctuated. Brain activity occurs in areas memory, smells and emotions are processed.

Now, this led to another question on brain activity and it was where cognitive functions were typically associated and affected by breathing particularly memory and fear processing. As per findings the amygdala was linked fear related emotions of emotional processing strongly. To study the same 60 subjects were assigned the activity of making rapid decisions on emotional expressions while breathing in the laboratory itself. They were also shown different types of pictures with facial expressions of surprise or fear and the subjects had to recognize these expressions fast. The results varied in subjects when inhaling, exhaling and inhaling through mouth.

The results indicated that while inhaling the patients were able to recognize the expressions faster and better, of that of fear than exhaling. But, it did not hold true for surprise.

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Seal Your Heart With Glue Patches Inspired From Slugs

Here is some interesting and possibly affirmative news about heart repair. A report released in July 2017 science journal describes about a glue that has the ability to stick to wet and dynamic surfaces including that of a heart. Many of us are aware about surgical glues used in medical procedures but what we might not be aware is that most of them turn out to be toxic to the cells.

Seal Your Heart With Glue Patches

Properties
The glue is very tough and stretchy enough. It is known to be inspired by the slimy and large slug species from Western Europe and North American regions – Arion subfuscus. This very characteristic of the slimy slug inspired the researchers to create a man made version of the same. A slimy slug is made up of polymers which is a straight and long chain of molecules. These are cross linked to each other. The best part being that the bonds are covalent as well as iconic. This hybrization of slug mucus results in it being highly stretchy and tough. Based on this, the researchers created a similar artificial version of the slug polymer.

Testing
This adhesive has been successfully tested on a pigs heart by researchers at Harvard university’s Wyss Institute for biologically inspired engineering. Besides, they have tested it on a pigs arteries, liver tissues, skin, cartiliage and included blood covered and water inflated hearts. The end result shows that its prowess was eight times as strong as the available surgical glues in the market.
Furthermore, it has been tested on rats as well. The procedure involved an emergency surgery wherein a rats liver tissue was sliced up and patched up with the newly created glue as well as a blood staunching product called surgiflo. While the rat that was treated using surgiflo suffered from scar tissue and tissue death, the ones treated using the new found adhesive showed good blood stoppage and no additional hemorrhaging up to two weeks post surgery.

Availability
Its usability in the operation theatres requires further extensive clinical testing but the researchers are highly positive on its availability for treatment of external wounds sooner than later.

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Soure: https://www.livescience.com/59959-slug-slime-glue-patches-pig-hearts.html

see video – Slug-Inspired Glue Sticks Together a Beating Heart

ALL ABOUT MESENTERIC ADENITIES – INFLAMMATION OF LYMPH NODES IN THE MESENTERY

Before we talk about the condition, for those of us who aren’t aware of the less likely used term Mesentry, lets know what the term means. Mesentry holds the abdominal wall in place by attaching to it. Now, Mesenteric adenities or Mesenteric lymphadenitis causes swelling of the lymph nodes in the mesentry. Mild in nature, the infection is easily cured without treatment in a few days. Here’s a run down about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of the same.

MESENTERY

Causes - The lymph nodes belong to the lympathic system and are spread across the body. These lymph nodes store lymphocytes or white blood cells that are body’s soldiers against any attack in form of infections or more. Thus, lymph nodes are body protectors in a way. Whenever there is an attack like infection, the number of WBC’s in the lymph nodes increase resulting in painful swelling. Mesenteric adneitis could be either bacterial or viral or due to some sort of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or cancer.

Signs and Symptoms - The early symptoms vary from simple cold or sore throat to upper respiratory infection or pain around the belly button and lower right side of the abdomen. Sometimes, this type of pain could be misinterpreted as appendicitis or ectopic pregnancy. Other common symptoms include fever, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.

Diagnosis and Treatment – The pain that Mesenteric lymphadenitis causes is generally very mild in nature and hence does not require any sort of intervention.

Complications and more – In case the pain is severe in nature which could rarely happen, or if there is some irregularity in bowel movement, you are advised to seek medical consult as soon as possible. Further more, if your infection lasts for a longer period which is not the case with Mesenteric lymphadenitis generally, it could be severe bacterial infection, requiring immediate treatment. Any neglect in the matter, could lead to it spreading through the blood stream causing a life threatening condition known as Sepsis. So, you need to be informed and take necessary action if symptoms mentioned above persist.

Well, this is a condition not known to many people and generally gets healed without intervention but in cases where complications arise, medical help needs to be sought without fail

Vydehi Hospital – One of the best hospitals in bangalore know more about Vydehi Institute of Medical sciences & Research Certre

Why is VIMS one of the Best Colleges for Medical Education

Medical education as we all know is one of the most sought after educational courses in India ever since its inception. Every year thousands for Medical Aspirants slog to the best of their abilities to crack the medical entrance test namely Common Entrance Test & more, for a chance to pursue one of the highest paying degree courses in India and around the world as well.

 Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences

Well, there are many different streams and courses to opt for in the education field in India already, but one field that is still the top scorer in the parents choice of educational courses is Medical Education. So, in case you are willing to join the MBBS or associated medical courses, take it for granted that your parents are definitely going to back you to the fullest. Most of them would be willing to fight all odds to make their child a doctor, even if they have to spend a fortune. So, you need not worry on that front at all. Your worry now remains, cracking the entrance tests and finding the right medical college, for a shining career in medicine.

Let us consider, you are a star scorer and have immense chance of cracking the entrance and getting a variety of college choices to opt from. Now, the second phase involves homework or groundwork for a medical college that offers you best infrastructure, quality education, practical experience and supports you with job opportunities as well.
Considering the location of the college and your education budget does matter, but budget issues could be sorted out if the college is worth, that’s what seems a good idea – ask career experts and they’ll say the same.

Apparently, there are umpteen medical colleges across India, but there are certain important points to consider before selecting a medical college to join in, as already mentioned before. Make a checklist of the points to help you shortlist them and finally narrow down to one of your choice.
Speaking of medical colleges, one college that needs to be checkout is Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore only because it offers medical education of high standards. Located in EPIP area of whitefield, this temple of medical education was established in the year 2000. It has 250 seats available for admission under MBBS undergraduate courses and 56 under post graduate category.

Recognized by the Medical council of India and affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, VIMS also has tie ups with global universities like University of California and Georgia. It is nestled amidst a lush green and sprawling campus of 65 acres. Supported by a multi-specialty hospital with facilities of advanced healthcare systems, VIMS & RC focuses on delivering comprehensive, integrated medical education and innovative healthcare technology and research.

This state of the art infrastructure that includes numerous facilities like advanced education and recreation facilities, research and development offerings, library & hostel setup for in depth knowledge acquisition and professional training is just but a part of the comprehensive educational unit it is. Supported by scholars as faculty to for excellence in medicine, VIMS & RC is also equipped with a 1600 bedded multi-specialty hospital for hands on training.

VIMS & RC, thus is not just any medical college, it is actually a powerful platform for aspiring doctors to transform themselves from ordinary human beings to extra ordinary people with a purpose and ability to serve the society and its people as a medical professionals and saviors in a way.

No wonder, it is one of the most sought after institutions for excellence in medical education for all the aspiring students with a passion for healthcare education.