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Risk of Breast Cancer in Trans Women Post Hormone Therapy Escalates To Over 45 Times

A Study has found that trans-women undergoing the gender change procedures increase their risk of getting breast cancer by over 46% as compared to men. The study was carried out on over 2000 trans-women and it was found that after undergoing the sex change procedures 1 in 200 came under the risk scanner of breast cancer as compared to less than 8000 in men.

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The studies that were carried out earlier have shown that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) does increase the risk of breast cancer particularly in women post menopause. Suggestively, it would increase the risk in trans-women undergoing hormone treatment.

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As study involving 2260 women, 15 cases of invasive breast cancer came to light of that of women of over 50 years of age post 18 years on an average of hormone therapy. Dr. Martin Den Heijer from Amsterdam University Medical Centre says that the issues and side effects of hormone therapy are knowns are discussed also with the people who undergo treatment.

Though the risk for naturally born women is one third less, the experts from Netherlands said that not only the patients but even the doctors needed to be aware of the fact that injections of female hormones do have an increased threat.

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In Britain there has been a drastic rise in the number of operations and it’s around 250 per year presently as compared to 54 around 2000. The researchers were unclear though if some of the cases were genetic or due do lifestyle because one of their trans gender woman study did carry the BRCA gene mutation that lead to breast cancer. Besides, it also showed that trans- gender men were at a considerably lower risk as compared to female population. The study that determined the same involved 1229 trans men of which four had invasive breast cancer have diagnosed at 47 years post 15 years of hormone treatment.

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*Sourced from the Internet.

Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

People who have an OCPD personality disorder, tend to be perfect to the extreme, orderly and neat. They want their standards to be maintained by others and hence they try to do that in a very severe manner.

ocd

  • The characteristics that govern an OCPD personality include
  • They are obsession with being perfect, apparently leading to become even more inefficient
  • They are people who are often in aloofness
  • They are anxious and depressed simultaneously
  • They find it difficult to express their feelings

OCPD personality disorder people don’t have an idea if there’s anything wrong with their behavior. They think and feel that whatever and however they think is right and others are wrong. OCPD is often mistaken with OCD but the fact is that these two conditions are different and not the same.

OCPD Risk Factors
Usually more than women, it’s the men that are at the risk of having OCPD. It is one of the most common personality disorders as per a journal of personality assessment. Also, those who are having existing mental health condition have a probability of getting OCPD as well. Particularly people suffering from OCD of severe nature are at risk of getting diagnosed with OCPD.

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OCPD Causes
The causes of this condition are yet not known but factors like genetics and childhood experiences can be considered as some of the causes.

OCPD Symptoms

  • Always want to be on time and expect the same from others
  • Paying extreme attention to every detail
  • Engrossed in their work to an extent that they don’t ignore family and societal relationships
  • Their mannerisms are rigid and stiff
  • They keep on stocking items that are of no use
  • They are stingy with money

OCPD TREATMENT
One of the treatments for OCPD is Cognitive Behavioral therapy (CBT). You meet up with a counsellor and undergo a few sessions where you talk about your anxiety, depression or stress. The counsellor emphasizes on giving enough time to family as well as recreation rather than just work.

Relaxation Trianing
This process consists of breathing exercises to destress and decrease the sense of urgency and include yoga, pilates and tai chi.

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*Source from the Internet

Abhishek Bachchan and Dyslexia – The connection!

Recently, Abhishek Bachchan revealed that he was diagnosed with dyslexia at the age of 9 and sent to a European school. He did have difficulty reading and writing during his childhood. He also spoke at length about the indifference that is being shown in school for slow learners and harped that it should be stemmed.

Abhishek Bachchan and Dyslexia

What is Dyslexia exactly?
Dyslexia is a learning disability or reading disability amongst children. Children suffering from this condition often have issues with speech sound identification as well as learning how to relate between letters and words. This condition is known to affect the area around the brain that processes language.

Children who suffer from dyslexia have a normal sight as well as intelligence. Most children can easily succeed in school too with a little bit of help from special educators. There is no cure as such for this condition but early assessment, intervention as well as emotional support can go a long way in helping your live with it and provide a best outcome. Many a times it’s not recognized even until adulthood. The earlier the better, but you can work on it as an when it is diagnosed.

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Symptoms
The symptoms of dyslexia are not so easy to recognize, atleast until your child goes to school. Only the teacher is the one who is able to notice the symptoms primarily. The condition can be mild to severe from child to child and comes to light once the child begins to read.

Learning new words slowly, able to start talking late compared to peers, issues remembering numbers, colors and letters, nursery rhymes or more during the early years. In school these children could have issues with the following

  • Reading age appropriately in a proper way.
  • Difficulty with spellings
  • Issues with sequence remembering and memorizing stuff
  • Difficulty with solving math problems
  • Children with ADHD are known to be at a higher risk of dyslexia and vice versa. This can actually make dyslexia treatment tougher due to the hyperactivity as well as impulsivity issues.

If you have a child who does show similar symptoms, early intervention is a good idea. Better visit your doctor and get your child assessed. A stitch in time saves nine. Isn’t it?

*Sourced from Internet

The Weight Loss Plan That Has Taken Maharashtra by Storm

The Diet plan of Dr. Dixit, a professor at the preventive departments of social medicine at the Government medical college and hospital believes that accepting that you are overweight and that you need a diet correction which includes shunning away tempting food and controlling diet in order to keep your diabetes at bay.

Diabetes is very common in India today and more like an epidemic, hence people do need to take their diet seriously. Dr. Dixit has devised a diet plan for 18 years and above age group. His diet plan is quite unique in a way. He harps upon a meal that is high in proteins and low in carbohydrates.

As per Dr Dixit, the food that is high on carbohydrate is responsible for secretion of insulin in big quantities. The meal that is rich in protein will cause less secretion of insulin. Hence, eating anything in between two meals is not advisable. Better drink water, green tea, coconut water or buttermilk instead as they do not trigger the secretion of insulin.

Weight Loss

This theory of carboinsulin connection has been discussed by late Dr Shrikant Jichkar, who presented this idea of eating only two meals a day for diabetes prevention. He also organized a study of 446 participants out of which 428 did complete the study with the 6 monthly follow up. There was an average loss of 6.8 kg during the six months. The logic was that there was a rise in diabetes if the insulin levels increased.

He also added that the diet plan he has designed does not lead to loss of stamina. Instead poor diet can lead to health hazards like diabetes, hypertension and even cancer. As per Dr Dixit, eating two meals a day and restricting yourself from eating anything in between the two meals not only leads to weight loss but also controlling diabetes as well. Keto diet is another easy way of controlling your insulin.

Inspite of the fact that there is no definite proof of the same, this diet plan has worked for many people across Maharashtra and many people have tried this plan out.

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*Sourced from the Internet

Progressive Supranuclear Palsy – The condition that lead to Kadar Khan’s demise.

Recently, Veteran actor Kadar Khan passed away in Canada, due to a prolonged health condition. The condition apparently is known as progressive supra-nuclear palsy. Also known as Steele Richardson Olszewski syndrome is a rare disorder that could worsen over time to life threatening complications. There is not cure for this condition as of now and is caused due to deterioration of cells in the brain area. These cells are responsible for body movement and thinking. The life threatening complications that result due to the condition include pneumonia and swallowing issues. The treatment for the condition includes management of signs and symptoms of the condition.

Progressive Supra Nuclear Palsy

CAUSES
The cause of this condition is yet not known but as per researchers have found that people suffering from this condition tend to have an abnormal level of protein call tau in inside their brain. The clumps of these same cells are also responsible for other neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s disease.

RISK FACTORS
The risk factors for the condition is aging as this condition is known to be occurring generally in the age group of 60 plus and does not exist practically for under 40 ones.

SYMPTOMS
The symptoms of progressive supra-nuclear palsy include –

  • Balance loss while walking – This condition can show early signs like falling backward.
  • Eye aiming issues – The symptoms include issues related to looking downward or upward and at times even double vision or blurred vision. Poor eye contact could also lead to conversation disinterest and spilling of food and other stuff.
  • The other symptoms are similar to conditions like dementia and Parkinson’s disease and include light sensitivity, impulsive behavior like crying or laughing for no reason, memory loss, inability to solve problems or make decisions. Expressions of fright or surprise due to rigid facial muscles.

COMPLICATIONS
Complications of this condition could include the following –

  • Issues with focusing using eyes leading to injuries
  • Issues with looking into bright lights
  • Sleeping issues
  • Swallowing problems
  • Falling due impulsive behavior like standing up abruptly without help leading to accidents.

DIAGNOSIS
Signs and symptoms of Progressive supra-nuclear palsy are similar to Parkinson’s disease. Some of these include –

  • Less response to Parkinson’s drugs
  • Difficulty with looking downward
  • Lack of tremors or shaking of head

The doctor may ask you to do a MRI scan for determining shrinkage in areas of brain that lead to supra-nuclear palsy. MRI because it helps in eliminating other similar symptom conditions like stroke. The doctor could also ask a PET scan to find out details around brain abnormalities.

TREATMENT
Though this condition does not have a cure, treatment does help to ease of the symptoms and slow it down. Researchers are still working on developing a medication that could block the tau formations but still the work is under progress.

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*Sourced from the Internet

Why does the onset of winter mean Depression to some people?

Many of us are not aware but in some places around the world, it gets dark as early at 4 pm and there are people who suffer from a condition called SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder). It is caused mainly due to the shorter days, the chilling weather and the onset of darkness as early as 4 pm in the evening. Statistics say that in UK over 29% of the population suffers from this condition and 10% with a condition known as reverse SAD or Summer SAD, because this occurs in Summer’s and not in winter.

Seasonal-Affective-Disorder-Infographic

Now, you might be wondering that winter and depression is understood but is it that people suffer from reverse SAD in the summer. Aren’t the long summer lazy days a lot of fun. But, depression could be caused due to the increased humidity and heat as well but as such no proof of the same is available as of now. Sometimes even looking at people enjoying summer can lead to FOMO and depression.

As per experts, people who have had episodes of depression earlier are more prone to the possibility of getting this condition than others. Further people who are at the vulnerable to allergies too have a high probability of getting this depression as allergan’s can cause inflammation of the airways thus triggering depression.

The symptoms of summer in the beginning are mild but as it nears the end of spring they start getting severe. These include loss in weight, insomnia, loss of appetite as well as anxiety or agitation. The treatment abroad available for SAD is already approved by NICE and is known as Transcranial Magnetic Simulation (TMS). This treatment does the role of modulating the brain activity affectively thus helping to reduce the symptoms of this condition in a safe and effective way.

Though this condition is not very common in India, it is very common in countries like UK and other parts of the world as well.

 

Know more about The Department of Psychiatry in Vydehi Hospital is committed to provide exemplary clinical care, consultation services and treatment, both to inpatients and outpatients

*Sourced From the Internet

Diabetics, Particularly Women are at a Higher Risk of Cancer

A meta-analysis states that Diabetics, particularly women are said to be at a higher risk of cancer. Earlier studies had already determined a link between diabetes and cancer there was no clarity on the role of gender in the same. We all are aware about the bulging population of diabetics in India. As per statistics in 2015, over 400 million people had diabetes while over 17 million had cancer.

Researchers in a recent analysis based on the study published in Diabetologia earlier have worked on data of over 19 million people with type one or type 2 diabetes in 100 studies as well as data sets. The studies revealed that women with diabetes are at 27% higher risk of cancer while men are at 19% risk of cancer, which means that women have a 6% higher risk of cancer as compared to men.
Researchers even analyzed specific cancer types to check if women were at a higher risk and found that woman were indeed at a higher risk in most cancers. These include cancers like leukemia, stomach cancer, kidney cancer, oral cancer to name a few. Women are at a 15% higher risk of leukemia, 14% higher risk of stomach cancer, 13% higher risk of oral cancer and 11% higher risk of getting kidney cancer. However, men were at a 12% higher risk of developing liver cancer against women.

Diabetics, Particularly Women are at a Higher Risk of Cancer

Although, the reason behind women diabetics having a higher risk of most cancers is yet not clear but the researchers have come out with a hypothesis on the same. Toshiaki Ohkuma, Lead Author and research fellow at the George Institute of Global Health in Australia said that as compared to men, women have a longer pre-diabetic period. Pre-diabetic period is a period where sugar levels are above normal levels but not high enough to be considered under type 2 diabetes. Further a study of 2015 also revealed that women most likely skipped medicines of lowering blood sugar levels as compared to men. As the risk of cancer is associated with having higher blood sugar levels, and DNA damage, women with diabetes are at a greater risk of developing cancer than men as they have raised sugar levels for a longer period of time.

Hence, it is advisable that women with diabetes need to be careful about controlling their blood sugar levels besides doing regular cancer screening in-order to detect cancer at earlier stages. A healthy lifestyle that includes a low sugar diet and a fitness regime coupled with timely health checkups can definitely go a long way in balancing sugar levels and reducing the risk of cancer as well.

VIMS is one of the best cancer hospital in India, with 300 beds exclusively for cancer patients.Oncology department in the hospital has got qualified and well experienced doctors.

*Sourced from the Internet

All you Need to Know About Murmur

There are many of us who might not know about the condition called murmur while there is a possibility that many of us consider it a heart condition or a hole in the heart. In fact, murmur is not any hole in the heart or heart condition, it is just a sound of the heart that comes between the ‘lub and dub’ sound of it. The murmur has a sound which is why people feel that there could be some abnormality associated around it. Apparently, most murmurs are benign and can occur in many children. Many pediatric cardiologists have also observed the same in a major chunk of children and call it a pathologic or abnormal heart sound due to a hole or a heart valve narrowing or some other issues.

Murmur

The first time a murmur is heard is particularly when the infant becomes a toddler and can carry on till adult age. But, mostly as you grow older the sound becomes less and less noticeable and might disappear as well. But, even if it does not there is no cause of worry because it does not point towards any sort of abnormality.

Sometimes there may be a heart defect but no murmur while further-more there might be murmur which might just change to some new murmurs with age. Even the loud murmurs that we hear when a child is not well is very common and not life threatening or cause of worry.

General Symptoms
When the heart murmur is harmless or innocent, generally there are no visible symptoms for the same other than the sound of the murmur which is usual.

But if the murmur is accompanied with symptoms as follows, then definitely there is a cause to worry as it might as well be an indicator of an underlying heart problem.

• Unexplained weight gain or swelling
• Blue skin more importantly the lips and finger tips
• Chronic cough
• Enlarged Liver
• Lack of appetite and growth hindrance
• Dizziness and losing consciousness
• Chest Pain
• Sweating heavily even without exertion or very little exertion

Hence, if there you or your family member is facing such a condition it is advisable to consult your family physician for the same. The physician would further recommend you to consult a pediatric cardiologist if necessary. The process usually used by a cardiologist to determine the type or cause of murmur is known as echocardiography, if needed or an echocardiogram for heart evaluation. Further treatment would be based on the type of murmur normal or concerning.

Some Amazing Scientific Inventions That Changed the World For Good

The medical field has evolved consistently over a period of time ever since the inception of human kind. It has definitely brought about a progressive change in healthcare. But, some of these inventions have apparently brought about a kind of revolution in the field. Here is a list of few amazing inventions that have helped mankind to core ever since they’ve been invented.

Scientific Inventions That Changed the World For Good

X-ray – Imagine treating fractures and cracks in the bones without knowing anything about it. Though an accidental inventions it has worked wonders since its invention by German Physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen way back in 1895. He was actually working on electron beams when he accidentally discovered that he was able to see his bones outlines. The initial reaction of people and critics was not favourable but eventually it won him the nobelprize in the year 1901.

Spectacles – Though there is not much evidence about who was the inventor of reading glasses. It is known to have been invented centuries ago and become even more in demand in the 1800’s when a lot of books began to be printed.

MRI and CT Scan – Inspired by the discovery of X-ray researchers began to dig deep into the possibilities of body scanning machines. This ultimately led to the invention of C T scanner and eventually MRI machine. The CT Scanner came into existence in 1979 which earned the inventor Dr Godfrey Hounsfield a Noble Prize and scanned multiple layers within multiple X-ray images. Soon, another invention called the MRI earned a lot of appraise to the inventor Dr Raymond V Damadian with its ability to differentiate normal cells with cancerous ones.

Cardiac Pacemaker – It was invented in the year 1926 by two genius scientists of Australian origin Edgar Booth and Mar Hill. The design was extremely complicated and required a needle to be pierced in the patients heart chamber but none the less it miraculously brought back a still born baby. Present day, the pacemakers are much more advanced and come with a battery life of 20 years.

Prosthetic’s/ Implants – Ask anyone with a handicap, how life can be challenging every single moment and then about prosthetic’s or implants and you’ll see how it has helped them overcome these challenges to a great extent. It is undoubtedly a big breakthrough of science and has enabled many lives shun their crutches or wheelchairs and live an independent life. The first prosthetic was an artificial limb invented by Douglas Bly in 1858.

Well, these are just a few of the inventions that enormously helped the medical fraternity and human kind overcome their healthcare challenges and are still doing so.

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Prostate Cancer – An Overview

This cancer occurs in the male reproductive system to the prostate which is a gland that is just outside the bladder around the male urethra. This is one of the most common forms of cancer that occurs in men usually above 50 years of age. The people who have fathers or brothers diagnosed with prostate cancer at a younger age are at more risk of getting this cancer.

Here is a run down through the symptoms diagnosis treatment and survival span for patients suffering with prostate cancer. Prostate cancer consists of adenocarcinoma cells that originate from the glandular tissue. So, even if the cancer spreads through the bones, it is not called bone cancer but is known as prostate cancer metastatic to bones. Commonly prostate cancer metastasizes to the lymph nodes located in the pelvis and also to the bones.

prostate cancer

Risk Factors
As for the cause of prostate cancer, it is yet to be known though genetic factors are known to be responsible for the same. Though research is still on to figure out the exact cause of the condition.

Symptoms
Prostate cancer patients exhibit the following symptoms which mainly include urinary issues
1. Hesitancy or difficulty in starting
2. Nee to put stain for urinating
3. Decrease in force of urine
4. Intermittency or irregular flow of urine
5. Frequent bathroom visits
6. Dribble
7. Burning or pain during urinating
8. Erectile dysfunction
9. Painful ejaculation
10. Blood or semen in urine
11. Lower back or pelvic or abdominal pain
12. Unexplained weight loss, swelling in lower extremities and bone pain

Diagnosis
Prostate cancer screening needs to be done at regular intervals particularly after 40 or 45 if you have it in the genes. The testing involves prostate specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal examination. Though it has its own pros and cons hence it important to consult an urologist before doing such screenings.
If the PSA is abnormally high, or there is an abnormal area felt during rectal examination, the risk is raised.
Prostate biopsy can help confirm the possibility of having prostate cancer

Treatment
The treatment procedure involves observation of the cancer, monitoring it continuously, surgery also known as radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy as well as other therapies in order to limit the growth of cancer cells.

There are a lot of cancer deaths in the world but if timely diagnosis is carried out you can increase the survival rate and avoid deaths that are caused due to detection at the last stages.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in bangalore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence.