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Rheumatoid Arthritis and exercise skeptics

Most of us who are aware of Rheumatoid arthritis, also know that People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis are skeptical around exercising and many try to avoid it due to the fear of aggravating join pain. This is nothing but ignorance around the subject. Ask experts and they’ll say that apparently exercise is the best way to curb joint pain or deal with arthritis.

Apparently, Rheumatoid arthritis does aggravate the muscle mass loss that occurs as you age. Well, exercise helps in rebuilding the mass and aerobics further could help in lung and heart strengthening. Rheumatoid arthritis also leads to bone density loss or osteoporosis and exercises like walking and weight lifting could actually help in preventing the same too.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Additionally, exercise helps in keep you fit and also decrease fatigue and depression. It also makes the muscles strong and increase flexibility levels thus aiding joint functioning. There have been various studies that do show that rheumatoid arthritis does not worsen with exercise. But, if you are suffering from severe rheumatoid arthritis then it is advisable to choose low impact exercises like walking, swimming, and bicycling or water aerobics. Here’s a run down some of the exercises that could help you manage your condition.

pathophysiology-rheumatoid-arthritis

  1. Cycling – With RA you need to understand that your heart needs to be kept healthy and cycling is the best option for the same. It helps build your muscles, decrease stiffness and increase leg strength.

  2. Hand exercises – People with RA many a times tend to make minimal use of their hands. But, hand exercises like moving wrists, stress ball exercises as well as spreading fingers can help improve flexibility levels.

  3. Pilates – New in the exercise and training circle pilates is becoming popular fast due to its amazing effects in muscles and joint strengthening.

  4. Walking – Walking is a sort of exercise that effects your overall wellness positively be it heart and joint health or mood. Only point to be kept in mind is to wear proper shoes and keep yourself hydrated.

  5. Water Exercises – Water exercises are a good choice because they ensure that your joints are not impacted. These include water aerobics, swimming as well as gentle flexing in water. It helps in decreasing stiffness of joints as well as joint stress.

 

*Sourced from Internet

VIMS Bangalore – Physiotherapy is a holistic approach to the prevention, assessment, and therapeutic management of disorders of movement or optimization of function by the use of physical interventions, and/or electro physical agents, and/or exercise prescription within a framework of empowerment of the individual/care of the community through education

There are few jobs that effect heart health of women ? Here’s and overview

Heart problems in men and women both is not a new in India and abroad as well. Heart issues as per Indian statistics are one of the most common cause of death in India especially in older populace. Furthermore, recent studies have shown that there is a link between cardiovascular problems. Obviously, there are many risk factors around cardiovascular problems including imbalanced diet, sedentary life style, addictions and more. But, one more risk factor which perhaps is not yet come into the scanner is occupation.

There are few jobs that effect heart health of women

A recent study has revealed that there is a connection between a persons occupation and heart disease. The study was conducted by researchers from Japan on a cohort and revealed that people at managerial positions irrespective of the industry they belong to are more at risk of having heart conditions. Though the question how is that so remains unanswered and requires further research.

The researchers also revealed that social workers could be at the highest risk of cardiovascular conditions. Their conclusions about the link between cardiovascular conditions and occupation based on their study around 65000 females of average 63 years of age post experiencing menopause. The data used belonged to the Women’s health initiative study.

The metrics looked into life style factors like physical activity, addiction status, weight, nutrition as well as fasting blood sugar and health risk factors including blood pressure and cholesterol. The research team also took in account 20 of the most common occupations.

The results showed around 13% of the females were suffering from poor cardiovascular health. The researchers found a link between few jobs and a rise in heart health problems as well in the aforementioned females.

To be specific, women doing social work are at the highest risk viz. 36% of experiencing heart problems followed by retail cashiers who are at a risk of 33%.

*Sourced from Internet

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Stress Eating – An Overview

It’s a known fact that many of you when stressed tend to eat a lot and the food that is usually consumed is fried sweet or buttery, viz. comfort food. So, why do people tend to eat comfort food when they are in their blues, like for example there is a breakup. The reason is there is a connection between emotions and eating rich food. Many of us would agree of having a whole bowl of ice-cream or a bar of chocolate after a bitter breakup just to soothe ourselves or calm ourselves down.

Stress Eating

When we are stressed, the release of hormones from the body does affect our behavior as well as food choices. The short period of stress like before an exam or a public performance the adrenaline levels go high because the adrenal glands release it thus killing our appetite. The adrenal gland is positioned just above the kidney and is responsible for stimulating hunger. Now when the stress levels are spread over a longer period of time like board examinations lasting for a month or so, the same gland releases cortisol, a hunger and craving stimulating hormone. That is why this hormone by itself is called the stress hormone.

Researchers also believe that Ghrelin, another stress hormone has role to play when it comes to stress eating. And when it comes to food, under stress rarely people want to have healthy food. It’s either high fat or high sugar or both together. Though even as the research is on to find out the reason behind the same, researchers believe that the sugar and fat rich foods send signals to the brain thus leading to a drop in emotional and stress burden. No wonder, these foods are called comfort foods.

Well, so if you are one those who fit under the category of binge eating when under stress a little control could help may be…

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Exercise Coupled With Less Calorie Intake Effects Bone Fragility

A recent research on mice has revealed that if exercise is coupled with reduction in calorie intake it tends to make the bones more small, weak and fragile. Researchers also that that if exercise was teamed with adequate calorie diet then it could help in improving bone health in contrast.

The study published in Journal of bone and Mineral research paper. As per Dr Maya Styner, Associate professor of University of north Caroline at Chapel Hill, it came as a surprise to them because the earlier studies carried out on mice revealed that exercise couple with normal or high calorie diet did help improve bone health. So, the report only helps them know that a low calorie diet is not good for bone health if couple with exercise.

Couple jogging outdoors in nature

Dr Styner also alerted that reduced calorie intake can increase the risk of fracture as well as it negatively affects the bone strength. The study was concentrated upon bone marrow fat. Though still the scientists are not been able to understand how fat works, but they do think that it does affect health in mammals and humans.

Earlier studies as per Dr Styner had revealed that bone marrow fat and bone health were related to each other in a way that when the high calorie intake lead to obesity and further increased the levels of bone marrow fat. Also, when obese as well as mice with normal weight exercised, it lead to a increase in bone density due to the decrease in bone marrow fat.

The objective of the study was to find out how a decrease in calorie intake can affect he bone marrow fat as well as bone health. The research involved two groups of mice. One of the group was fed 30% less calories as compared to the other group. The other group was offered regular calorie diet.

The mice that were on restricted calories also received mineral and vitamin supplements in order to keep the nutrient intake at par with the other normal calorie intake ones. The groups were further split in 6 groups, the sedentary ones and the exercising ones. The results showed that the mice that were kept on a calorie restricted diet seem to not only lost weight but also showed a reduction in bone density and increase in bone marrow fat as well.

The researchers were surprised to see that bones became fragile due to restriction of calories. Though the investigations are not complete yet and further research needs to be done in order to understand the bone marrow functioning, the team did find that reduction in calories lead decrease in bone marrow fat at the same time affecting the quantity and quality of bone.

*Sourced from Internet

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Mobile Technology And Healthcare – The Union

Technology could be a boon or a bane, but depends. With healthcare its boon in a way that it has been able to speed up all the time taken around documentation of patients and the daily routines around patient care. On the flip side mobile technology could be a pain in the neck with updates popping up on your device every now and then. As per a medical expert Dr Bryan Vartabedian, director of community medicine for Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition division of a children’s hospital in Houstan, technology does play a critical role in healthcare. An avid healthcare blogger and his observations around technology and healthcare, he talks about a survey around the mandatory introduction to technology in USA since 2014. The survey states that in one of the most developed countries of the world USA, only about 59 percent of the doctors make use of EMR( electronic medical records) while for 20 percent, it’s a challenge. But, the people who have been using it do know that it is of vital importance and has made their life quite easier than before. One of the major benefits include instant access to patient records in the examination room using internet and entering patient information. Another common use as per survey states that over 85 percent doctors use it for seeking information on drugs and over 75 percent for diagnosis as well as treatment of specific conditions.

Mobile Technology And Healthcare

On the flip side there have been complaints of patients that they see the doctor staring at the screen and not examining them most of the time. Now, the solution apparently lies in using technology mindfully. It’s better to do one task at a time rather than multitasking as per him. A good idea is to tell the patient to wait until the patient information/ history is retrieved on the computer EMR and then just concentrate on attending the patient.

Mobile technology is certainly a boon for many like Dr Vartabedian but like every coin has a flip side to it, even technology does. But, the technology is here to stay and certainly the pros outnumber the cons.

*Sourced from the Internet

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5 Best Mental Health Apps

With the growing number of mobile phones across the world and also in India and ever increasing use of applications, it’s no wonder if you find an app to resolve any of you problems related to house management, health management, diet management and more. Today with the hectic work schedules and high stress levels associated with work, mental health issues are also increasing day by day. In India, mental health still remains a stigma due to lack of awareness around the same. Even though people actually coming forward to take help around mental health is only over 10% as against more than 200 million suffering from depression and other mental health issues, today in urban areas people are opening up and seeking help.

So, if you are also an avid gadget freak and are looking towards getting an app that could help you reduce mental stress and feel better as far as mental health is concerned. Here’s run down some of the mental health apps that could help you with stress management.

5 Best Mental Health Apps

  1. Mood Path – A petite app, you can call it on the go mental health counsellor because the app is designed with the objective of the app is to provide support and guidance through your mental health conditions. The app works by asking you questions around your mental health on a daily basis to screen for symptoms of depression so that you are aware about it. It also provides you documented details around mental health which you could share with your mental health professional besides providing access to over 100 videos and psychological exercises to help deal with your mental health and strengthen it.

  1. Headspace – The objective of this app is to help you be happy and healthy. It helps you be at your best daily using meditation and mindfulness to achieve it. It comes loaded with hundreds of sessions to help you get rid of stress, keep yourself calm and your mind fit. Headspace also reports that meditation on a daily basis can help you decrease stress and help you with focusing and attention issues.

  1. Calm – This app is available for free with apple iphone and is also rewards as the app of the year for 2017. It focuses on four main areas namely relaxation, sleep, meditation and breathing and its objective is to bring peace, joy and clarity in thinking as far as daily life goes. It’s known to hit the bull’s eye for people who want to start meditation for the first time. It comes loaded with meditation session varying from as short as 3 minutes to 25 minutes duration so that you can pick whatever is convenient to you.

  1. Super Better – This app has a proven expertise of reduction in Stress levels. A study carried out by the university of Philadelphia has found that people who have played super-better for a month have been able to reduce their depression and anxiety levels, believe in themselves and better their mood as well. It seems to be very effective when it comes to cope with chronic conditions, deal with anxiety and depression, deal with relationships, adopt new habits and achieve the desirable goals. The best part, this app is absolutely free for android and iphone devices.

  1. Happify - Another free for apple and android users, this app has reviews from over 85% of its users feeling better after they used it for over 2 months. The objective of the application is to help one form healthy habits through positive psychology and mindfulness. The app helps break away with habits that are unhealthy for the mind using techniques and interventions that are based on evidence. It is loaded with games and activities that help fight negativity and improve your emotional well-being.

Well, there are many more that are your best on the go companions or mental health management assistants helping you help yourself with staying at peace with yourself.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Fda Approves Drug That Keeps Prostate Cancer At Bay For Long Time

Prostate cancer is one of the cancers that is common across the world. As per the statistics, it is known to be the second most common cancer in US and UK and sixth common cause of cancer deaths in the world. As far as India is concerned, the rates earlier were quite lower compared to other countries. But, the recent data shows a rise in cancer in India and mostly in urban areas particularly since the time.

prostate cancer

Now, males hormones are such that they only aid in worsening the symptoms and aiding its spread. Nubeqa or darolutamide is the new drug that is effective in controlling the cancer spread. It has the ability to increase the life expectancy rates by more than double.

As per the trial investigator and medical direction Neal Shore of Carolina Urologic Research Centre Prostate cancer particularly that’s spread across the other body parts is highly sensitive to the spread fast under the influence of male hormones like testosterone and testosterone metabolites.

Shore added the initial trials of the drug were a success as the tolerance was quite good events unique to ARIs that were observed in the earlier trials are not observed with darolutamide. Only that certain side effects like Nubeqa, rash and fatigue

He also added that the FDA approved the med only after it cleared the Phase III ARAMIS trial with positive results showing a rise in metastasis-free survival (MFS). Published in the New England Journal of Medicine earlier this year, had carried out the trial that involved 1509 participants who were provided with 600 mg of oral drug two times a day or a placebo alongside ADT. The randomized trial was multi-center, double blinded and placebo controlled on men with nmCRPC and under the treatment of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with higher chances of turning out to be metastatic.

Robert LaCAze, executive member of pharmaceuticals division as well as strategic business head at Bayer stated that Nubeqa approval had opened gates to a new therapy that aids in extending MFS besides allowing physicians more flexibility in treating men having nmCRPC.

As per Matthew Smith, MD, PhD, director at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Centre in Boston for Genitourinary malignancies program, The approval of Nubeqa has opened the gates for a new option in prostate cancer treatment. He added that the objective of the treatment was to curb the spread of the cancer besides controlling therapy side effects as Patients usually do not exhibit any typical symptoms of MFS.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Stomach Cancer – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Stomach cancer is one of the most common cancers in India particularly in north eastern parts of India. Hospital based data from Mizoram shows around 30 percent of the admitted cancer patients suffering from gastric cancers.

Alike other cancers symptoms of stomach cancer are not apparent in the beginning and are similar to symptoms like common health conditions like flu and more. The symptoms for stomach cancer include –

Stomach Cancer

  1. Unexplained Weight loss

  2. Abdominal Pain

  3. Nausea and vomiting

  4. Discomfort in the area above the belly button

  5. Bloating post small meals

  6. Indigestion and heartburn

  7. Anemia

  8. Blood in stool

As you can see, the aforementioned symptoms aren’t really a reliable indication for cancer. A stomach virus or ulcer could also have these symptoms. The indicative symptoms only occur once the cancer is at advanced stage.

Risk Factors

Risk factors for stomach cancer include genetic history of cancer and smoking as well. Helicabacter Pulori (H pylori) bacterium infection is also one of the major causes of stomach cancer. Having said that, though many people who do have the germ inside them do not get cancer.

Treatment

Treatment is based on the diagnosis and could involve surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Usually, the treatment involves either curing the condition if it is in the early stages or controlling or relieving the symptoms. If the objective is cure then the treatment also concentrates on relieving the side effects. If the objective is to keep the cancer under control, the treatment involves relieving symptoms that affect the quality of life like eating problems, pain and bleeding. A second opinion is always advisable when it is about cancer.

Prevention

Though cancer is not preventable as such but what you can do is only manage the risk factors through a balanced diet rich in fibres and cirtrus fruits, exercise and physical activity.

*Sourced from the Internet

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All You Need To Know About Asthma

Asthma is one of the common conditions and as per statistics it is ranked in the top 20 conditions causing disability across the world. The alarming part is that one in every 10 asthma patients in the world is from India. Bronchial asthma is one of the most chronic forms of asthma and the symptoms vary from person to person.

Asthma can go from being just a minor respiratory issue to a condition that could affect your quality of life depending upon its severity. If you see your symptoms worsen with time, that’s the sign.

asthma

Asthma Symptoms

  • Breathing issues and shortness of breath

  • A whistling sound while breathing out

  • Pain in the chest or tightness

  • Attacks of wheezing and cough during a viral respiratory infection like cold or flu

Asthma Triggers

There are certain infections and allergies that can trigger and aggravate asthma. They include the following

Allergies – A lot of allergies tend to trigger asthma including dried pet saliva, airborne substances like molds, spores and pollens, waste particles to name a few.

Occupational – It usually occurs at the workplace due to triggers like dust, gases and chemical fumes

Exercising – It usually occurs during exercising or rigorous physical activity and worsens as the air gets cold and dry

GERD – Asthma is also caused in people with Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Food Preservatives – Some preservatives and sulphites in foods as well as beverages can also trigger asthma

If proper treatment is provided then it works really well with asthma and prevent further aggravation of the same. Though prevention of asthma is not a possibility, you can definitely work towards avoiding asthma attacks through proper care of yourself. This includes

*Sourced from the Internet

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Biopsy – All You Need To Know About Biopsy

For a variety of cancers the only way to provide a definite diagnosis about a condition is to carry out biopsy. The procedure involves the removal of a sample of cells or a tissue from the body for a closer examination.

Biopsy - Types of Biopsy

Types of Biopsy

Needle Biopsy – This type of biopsy is used mostly for diagnosis of cancers that can be felt through the skin. These include enlarged lymph nodes as well as breast nodes

  • Fine needle aspiration A needle and a syringe is used to get a sample from either breast lump or thyroid.

  • Vacuum assisted biopsy – There’s a suction device is used to extract more amount of fluid at a time so that the needle does not have to be inserted many times.

  • Image guided biopsy - Image guided biopsy uses a combination of imaging procedures like computerized tomography (CT), X-ray, sonography or MRI.

  • Core needle biopsy – It uses a needle that is larger with a cutting tip to draw the sample column of tissue.

Endoscopic Biopsy- An endoscope is used for taking tissues from the stomach during endoscopy. An endoscope is a tube with a camera at its end.

Incisional Biopsy – It involves taking a small part of skin

Excisional Biopsy – It involves taking a big part of the tissue/ tumor and requires a

Skin Biopsy – The procedure is carried out in order to check for lesions, rashes, growth, moles and lesions. The doctor takes samples of your skin surface with the help of a razor.

Punch Biopsy – A small instrument is used to punch a hole in the skin in order to get a sample.

Bone Marrow Biopsy – This biopsy involves taking samples of the bone marrow to check for cancerous or non-cancerous cells causing blood problems. A sample of the bone marrow is taken for diagnosis around cancers like lymphoma, leukemia and more.

Yes, biopsy does sound freaky but with the advanced procedures in place, its mostly a low risk as well as pain free procedure. So, if you are to undergo a biopsy procedure soon, do not panic. Stay calm, there’s nothing to worry about it.

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