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Do Your Gums Tell You Anything About Your Dental Health

Do you think your gums do provide you with a sign about deteriorating health? Well, there is every possibility that your gums do give you signs that somethings are just not right with you. Swollen gums, pale or bleeding gums surprisingly so might tell you something about your health but not about oral health.

Dental Health

Red or Sore Gums – At times even though you do not brush twice a day or floss either swollen gums or bleeding from gums could be a normal due to underlying condition like diabetes. It could also be an indication of herpes and you may see cold sores around your mouth border.

Pale Gums – The color of our gums is pink and nice but if its pale and you experience symptoms like fatigue, paleness and weakness, then it’s time to go for a check-up. You might just be have a deficiency of B12 or iron if your gums look pale in color.

Swollen Gums – as per dentists certain medications given for conditions like high blood pressure, seizure as well as epilepsy tend to swell up the gums. So, if you are experiencing this side effect visit your doctor.

Dry Gums – Dry mouth could be the underlying symptom for sjogrens syndrome, an autoimmune disorder wherein your own immune system attacks you by mistake. This affects your eyes and mouth mucous membranes.

Gum Disease – There could be a link between your gums and diabetes. People with diabetes that to uncontrolled, have a tough time with the bacteria in the mouth. The cracking down takes longer as a result chances are it could get severe and longer than usual to heal. Bacterial mouth infections also make it difficult to manage diabetes.

Well, last but not the least, your gums could speak silently about your heart health too. Hence, neglecting your oral health is not a good idea. Do pay attention at your oral health and maintain oral hygiene. If you find something is not right do not delay expert advice on the same.

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All You Need To Know About Asthma

Asthma is one of the common conditions and as per statistics it is ranked in the top 20 conditions causing disability across the world. The alarming part is that one in every 10 asthma patients in the world is from India. Bronchial asthma is one of the most chronic forms of asthma and the symptoms vary from person to person.

Asthma can go from being just a minor respiratory issue to a condition that could affect your quality of life depending upon its severity. If you see your symptoms worsen with time, that’s the sign.

asthma

Asthma Symptoms

  • Breathing issues and shortness of breath

  • A whistling sound while breathing out

  • Pain in the chest or tightness

  • Attacks of wheezing and cough during a viral respiratory infection like cold or flu

Asthma Triggers

There are certain infections and allergies that can trigger and aggravate asthma. They include the following

Allergies – A lot of allergies tend to trigger asthma including dried pet saliva, airborne substances like molds, spores and pollens, waste particles to name a few.

Occupational – It usually occurs at the workplace due to triggers like dust, gases and chemical fumes

Exercising – It usually occurs during exercising or rigorous physical activity and worsens as the air gets cold and dry

GERD – Asthma is also caused in people with Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Food Preservatives – Some preservatives and sulphites in foods as well as beverages can also trigger asthma

If proper treatment is provided then it works really well with asthma and prevent further aggravation of the same. Though prevention of asthma is not a possibility, you can definitely work towards avoiding asthma attacks through proper care of yourself. This includes

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Biopsy – All You Need To Know About Biopsy

For a variety of cancers the only way to provide a definite diagnosis about a condition is to carry out biopsy. The procedure involves the removal of a sample of cells or a tissue from the body for a closer examination.

Biopsy - Types of Biopsy

Types of Biopsy

Needle Biopsy – This type of biopsy is used mostly for diagnosis of cancers that can be felt through the skin. These include enlarged lymph nodes as well as breast nodes

  • Fine needle aspiration A needle and a syringe is used to get a sample from either breast lump or thyroid.

  • Vacuum assisted biopsy – There’s a suction device is used to extract more amount of fluid at a time so that the needle does not have to be inserted many times.

  • Image guided biopsy - Image guided biopsy uses a combination of imaging procedures like computerized tomography (CT), X-ray, sonography or MRI.

  • Core needle biopsy – It uses a needle that is larger with a cutting tip to draw the sample column of tissue.

Endoscopic Biopsy- An endoscope is used for taking tissues from the stomach during endoscopy. An endoscope is a tube with a camera at its end.

Incisional Biopsy – It involves taking a small part of skin

Excisional Biopsy – It involves taking a big part of the tissue/ tumor and requires a

Skin Biopsy – The procedure is carried out in order to check for lesions, rashes, growth, moles and lesions. The doctor takes samples of your skin surface with the help of a razor.

Punch Biopsy – A small instrument is used to punch a hole in the skin in order to get a sample.

Bone Marrow Biopsy – This biopsy involves taking samples of the bone marrow to check for cancerous or non-cancerous cells causing blood problems. A sample of the bone marrow is taken for diagnosis around cancers like lymphoma, leukemia and more.

Yes, biopsy does sound freaky but with the advanced procedures in place, its mostly a low risk as well as pain free procedure. So, if you are to undergo a biopsy procedure soon, do not panic. Stay calm, there’s nothing to worry about it.

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Tree Man Condition – A Rare Genetic Disorder That Urged A Man To Request Doctors To Amputate Hands.

Also Known as Tree man syndrome, epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is a rare genetic disorder putting the patient to high risk of skin cancer. It is known as Tree Man because the when the condition occurs, the virus spreads around the body to create tree like growth. Our body has over 100 strains of HPV but if the human body has a genetic mutation that affects the ability to handle HPV negatively, it results in Tree man Disease.

epidermodysplasia verruciformis

Recently, the news about a man with epidermodysplasia verruciformis seeking help from doctors to amputate his affected hands went viral. He was undergoing extreme and unbearable pain and wasn’t able to afford better treatment. He was treated earlier but the condition returned bigger and faster. Now, inorder to seek treatment outside Bangladesh required enormous funds which he didn’t have. This is when the Prime minister of Bangladesh offered him free Treatment. Most of us till the video went viral, weren’t even aware of a condition like this one. The sad news is that it is a condition one needs to live with as it is for life. Even if treatment is provided by removal of the existing lesions, it returns again. Furthermore 50% of the people suffering from this condition can get skin cancer at the age of around 40-50 years.

As on day, there is not cure for the condition so immediate treatment becomes very important. The condition does involve a surgery called curettage. The term is derived from the device called curette used in the surgery. The device is spoon shaped and the lesion is scrapped off with the help of this device in-order to preserve the skin underneath. The EV warts are treated using traditional methods of treating warts like ointments, chemical treatments and cryotherapy.

The symptoms are generally visible around early years of 5 to 11. The symptoms include beginning on flat lesions on skin areas that are exposed to sunlight and even scab like lesions, papules, plaques or bumpy lesions. The lesions can occur across the body including hands, legs, armpits and more. The growth could be less limited to a small cluster of warts or aggravate to over 100 warts across the body too. The diagnosis is tricky as the doctor requires the medical history of the patient in order to understand the symptoms. The diagnosis involves physical examination of skin and biopsy procedure if the doctor suspects.

Living with Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis could affect the quality of life of a person suffering from the condition if it aggravates as it could get painful too. As a part of care with EV, limiting exposure to sun is very important as skin cancer risk is high. So, if you know someone in your relative or family with this disease, then it’s advisable that you visit your doctor for checkup.

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Cerebral Palsy – Risk Factors And More

It is not one condition but a group of conditions that affects the balance, posture and movement of an individual. The cause of cerebral palsy is generally associated with brain damage during birth or in the early years. Apparently, doctors haven’t been able to figure out the exact cause of brain damage during CP, but few reasons and risk factors are listed below -

  1. Blood flow issues to important organs of the body

  2. Bleeding in the brain when baby is in the womb

  3. Genetic conditions

  4. Brain injury

  5. Seizures at birth or in the first month after birth

cerebral-palsy

Risk Factors at Pregnancy include

  1. Thyroid gland issues or health issues like seizures

  2. Consumption with toxic substances like mercury that is found in a few fishes

  3. Having RH diseases, meaning blood not compatible with that of the baby

  4. Multiple pregnancies, twins, triplets or more

  5. Infections like German measles, Rubella, Herpes or chicken pox during pregnancy

Risk Factors at child Birth include

  1. Head Position – If the child is not in the head first position but is in the feet first position, risk is involved.

  2. Premature Birth – If the baby is born any time before the completion of 37 weeks

  3. Delivery Complications – If there are complications during the labor and delivery concerning your baby’s circulatory system and breathing.

Risk factors due to Infections in Babies

  1. Severe Jaundice – It is caused due to excessive bilirubin accumulation in blood

  2. Bacterial Meningitis –It leads to swelling of tissues around spinal cord and brain swelling as well

  3. Viral Encephalitis – It also leads to swelling in brain and spinal cord tissues

 

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Effects Of Cancer On Mental Health

Even today after so much advancement in the field of healthcare and medicine and so much rewarding research around cancer, it still remains a dreaded disease for people. Yes, innovation and research in the cancer field has brought about a lot of hope in terms of increasing longevity and improvement in quality of life, even today when we hear of been diagnosed with cancer, we do get goose bumps or a shocker. These days’ people have become quite vocal about disclosing the diagnosis to people and sharing their experiences particularly celebrities are quite vocal about it. Even though, different people experience differently depending upon their individual mental health.

Most of us feel that having cancer means a physical condition that is life threatening, causes fatigue, hair loss and nausea. But, beyond physical issues, comes the mental health issue which we are not able to see. Some might tell about it while some may not but the fact of the matter remains that hearing the news does not get easier for anyone. There comes some point in life where most of the cancer patients slip in depression. Here are the most common feelings that storm through the minds of cancer survivors –

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DEPRESSION – As per the National Cancer Institute, depression is known to affect around 15 to 25 percent of the cancer population. The condition is a result of diagnosis itself primarily. Other reasons for depression include cancer side effects, anxiety around the future with cancer, change in image of self, to name a few. Depression is not the same as feeling sad, it comes with symptoms like fatigue, emptiness, mood swings, worthlessness to name a few.

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GRIEF – Grief is not limited to the cancer patient but to his family and relatives as well for the period through the cancer battle. There is this term called anticipatory grief, apparently a mix of emotions that come when we live with a personal loss experience that results into grieving. This same grief is experienced by cancer patients and their relatives. Although it is normal to experience grief in such times, but grieving alone isn’t advisable.

ANXIETY – Anxiety is one of the most common problems that cancer patients face around their future prognosis, future reports, treatment related issues to name a few. The cancer community has also coined a special work for anxiety around future scans, calling it scanxiety.

All these mental health issues do need to be looked into and consulting a mental health specialist or therapist surely does help. Well, it important to understand that if mental health is better, the healing is faster and even the quality of life.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in banglaore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence

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5 Side Effect Sleep Deprivation You Need To Know

Many a times we do care for our health and fitness but our concentration is towards nutrition and exercise mostly. What we often tend to ignore is sleep. Today lifestyle is sedentary but very hectic and stressful and sleep often takes the back seat. Furthermore, if you have addictions then sleep deprivation is going to haunt you more. If you’re alcohol consumption is high or even if you drink a lot of coffee, you are sure to experience sleep difficulty particularly if you consume it before bedtime. Here’s some of the side effects of sleep deprivation you need to know to keep it up your health management list alongside food, nutrition and fitness schedule.

5 Side Effect Sleep Deprivation

Immunity Issues – Sleeping helps strengthen the immune system by producing more antibodies for battling the bacteria and toxin. If you don’t sleep well then it automatically affects the immune system as the production goes down, making your body vulnerable to umpteen conditions and infections. The most common being cold and flu, but could lead to lung problems as well.

Weight Gain – The hormone leptin is responsible for sending the brain signal about hunger satiation. Less sleep reduces the level for this hormone while increasing the level of ghrelin hormone that increases appetite. Thus, leading to obesity.

Chronic Conditions – Lack of Sleep for a longer duration raises the risk of getting life threatening health conditions like, blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, heart disease, to name a few.

Appetite Rise – Sleep deprivation can lead to increase in appetite and food cravings on an untimely basis. This could further lead to hormonal imbalance.

Memory Loss – Lack of sleep can stress up your nervous system and affect the brain functionality adversely. Studies do indicate that sleeplessness does impair the memory of many.

The moral here is pay equal attention to sleep hygiene and keep it on your priority list. Create an environment at night that helps you get disturb free sleep like eating early, no alcohol before sleeping, maintain a bedtime routine, keep your sleeping space clean and dark and most importantly stay away from gadgets.

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Anemia – An Emergency Like Situation In India That Needs Immediate Attention

If we go by latest statistics around anemia, then the news is surely bad because it says that almost 40% of the population in India Is Anemia. Anemia, as we all know is caused due lack of hemoglobin, a substance carries oxygen to the RBCs. Iron rich dark green leafy vegetables are the source of the essential nutrients required to fight anemia.

Even worse, the global nutrition report of 2017 shows India in the last spot which is worrisome for sure. Also another report of 2016, shows over 45% of female population in India is anemic and over 20% women are overweight.

Anemia - India

Though, the government has been able to curb population of people living below extreme poverty lines from a humungous 306 million to 48 million. But, as far as curbing malnutrition is concerned, the government hasn’t been as much successful, despite efforts.

Even today Anemia is known to affect every second child in the country. There is not much decline in the condition over the past two decades. Even among the age group of 15 – 49 year olds, there isn’t any significant decline. This is an emergency situation as it seems and needs immediate attention.

The factors that are the real obstacles in the fight against anemia besides poverty are poor sanitation, gender bias, iron deficient diet and the government has been working on resolving these problems consistently.

One of the projects of the government which gave great results was that of Iron Supplementation program which increased the consumption of folic acid tablets by 30%. Thus simple strategies like Food Fortification, could be the possible answer to this problem which is taking a toll on the health of Indians for a long time now. Rice which seems to be the staple of over half of the population in India can supplied through a network of shops that offer it at an affordable price.

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Risk of Breast Cancer in Trans Women Post Hormone Therapy Escalates To Over 45 Times

A Study has found that trans-women undergoing the gender change procedures increase their risk of getting breast cancer by over 46% as compared to men. The study was carried out on over 2000 trans-women and it was found that after undergoing the sex change procedures 1 in 200 came under the risk scanner of breast cancer as compared to less than 8000 in men.

Cancer hospital in Bangalore

The studies that were carried out earlier have shown that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) does increase the risk of breast cancer particularly in women post menopause. Suggestively, it would increase the risk in trans-women undergoing hormone treatment.

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As study involving 2260 women, 15 cases of invasive breast cancer came to light of that of women of over 50 years of age post 18 years on an average of hormone therapy. Dr. Martin Den Heijer from Amsterdam University Medical Centre says that the issues and side effects of hormone therapy are knowns are discussed also with the people who undergo treatment.

Though the risk for naturally born women is one third less, the experts from Netherlands said that not only the patients but even the doctors needed to be aware of the fact that injections of female hormones do have an increased threat.

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In Britain there has been a drastic rise in the number of operations and it’s around 250 per year presently as compared to 54 around 2000. The researchers were unclear though if some of the cases were genetic or due do lifestyle because one of their trans gender woman study did carry the BRCA gene mutation that lead to breast cancer. Besides, it also showed that trans- gender men were at a considerably lower risk as compared to female population. The study that determined the same involved 1229 trans men of which four had invasive breast cancer have diagnosed at 47 years post 15 years of hormone treatment.

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All You Need To Know About Lipomas

If you have seen some lumpy formations around your body of the size 1 cm – 2 cm then they could be lipomas. Lipoma is a lump formed under the skin from fat deposits. It is generally found in ages 40-60 years and areas may include neck, back or shoulders. They could occur in younger generations as well and on almost any part of the body.

Lipomas are generally slow growing tumors which are generally benign in nature. They might not grow also. As per doctors, they are rarely harmful and there is meager possibility of they turning malignant.

Lipomas

Detection
A lipoma is a fat tissue based tumor and is very soft to touch. Its just under the skin and rarely painful, but it could be. It is colorless, grows slowly and moves easily when you prod it with your finger.

Causes
As of now, there is not defined reason for causing Lipomas. Though, one of the most common reasons is genetic or heriditary factor.

Treatment
Though, a doctor may not suggest any treatment on lipomas as they are painless and non benign.
But, if you are uncomfortable with the lipomas as they might look ugly, then your doctor may remove it with a minor surgery that includes numbing the area around lipoma, creating an incision and removing it. Then stitching the incision. Alternatively Liposuction can be used for removal. Another option is steriod injections in and around the affected area in order to shrink the lipoma can be used. Steriods only help to an extend of shrinking them and not complete elimination.

Home Remedies
Some natural supplements have known to be very effective with fat deposits. This includes turmeric roots, dandelion roots and more. These are those detoxifying herbs that have to be consumed with a lot of water so as to aid in elimination of the toxins. You can even take in turmeric by adding a teaspoon every day in your milk.

There are a few natural oils that might just help in controlling lipomas. This includes tea tree, frankincense, castor oil, sage oil, to name a few. Simple add a half a teaspoon of oil in you regular hair oil and apply it to the affected areas twice a day. Castor oil can also be massaged at night before going to bed on and around the lipomas.

When you use home remedies, their effect is generally slow but steady. So, you need to have a lot of patience to see the results. Use the home remedies atleast for a month and if it does not seem to work then try some other remedy from the suggested ones as per suitability. Its not that natural remedies won’t work. They might just work for you if you keep calm and use them for a long duration of time. There are stories where natural remedies have been affective in treating lipomas. They do not have side effects, so you may as well try them out.

Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore provides services in healthcare and education. Hospital provides free medical services. College offers Medical, Dental, Nursing and Paramedical courses