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Addiction – The Real Causes

Many of us often wonder why addicts cannot do away with their habit once they get hooked to it. Though, many of us feel that it is basically out of pleasure that addicts indulge into stimulants and opioids like heroin, cocain and euphoria inducing ones like nicotine. They are umpteen myths around drug addictions as well doing the rounds for quite sometime now. Here is a curtain raiser for some of them.

Addiction The Real Causes

The two most common explanations around drug addictions are that compulsive drug addictions is a bad habit as its just that is done for getting a kick.
Now, here’s something to clear the fog away around this myth. If we dig deeper into the meaning of habit, it indicates ability of doing repetitive tasks and that’s about it. Its just like your routine habits of brushing teeth or combing hair. Though these habits doesn’t get people hooked on to them and does not become compulsive or like an addiction.

Withdrawal is another important issue that needs to be handled properly because for addictions like alcohol withdrawal could lead to death. Withdrawal leads to an unpleasant feeling that includes pain, chills, anxiety and more if one stops intake of the drug. This is one of the major reasons responsible for addicts not able to leave their addictions.

This brings us to two types of psychological experiences related to the brain namely liking and wanting. To explain the same with the help of an example like chocolate for example. Wanting would be the desire to have it once you see it in front of you while liking would be the experience you have once to eat it off. Now Dopamine produced by the brain is responsible for wanting only and not liking something.

We crave for more drugs only because drugs trigger the need for dopamine, a feeling of wanting in the brain. With repeated use of drugs the wanting thus grows but somewhere the liking goes stagnates or decreases.

Talking about involuntary addicts who take opioids prescribed by doctors for pain apparently do it to relieve themselves from pain and that is how they perceive their idea of pleasure. Though over time the doses has to be increased as they develop intolerance about it. As a result the wanting also grows leading to an addiction of sorts. Hyper active wanting leads to intense craving on seeing the drug or drug cue exposure. The effects are surely long lasting and genetic factors do lead to increased risk.

As responsible citizens and family members we also need to change our view of looking at addicts and that anyone of us can get affected by the same. Also, many a times addicts are aware of the pain and suffering they are causing themselves and others but the craving is much stronger than their will power to overcome it.

Well, we need to be compassionate and support people rather than distrust them or consider them as a disgrace.

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Do You Know Which Toothpaste Suits Your Teeth?

All of us brush our teeth on a daily basis and many of us twice a day as well. We pay attention on the toothbrush we buy and most of us are aware that we need to change our toothpaste every 3 months atleast. Now, one thing we do not pay attention is at the toothpaste and no one would deny with the fact that we have only one toothpaste brand at home and all of use use the same. Apparently, every individual has different teeth types and it is advisable to use a toothpaste that suits your teeth type to keep your smile intact for a long long time.

Do You Know Which Toothpaste Suits Your Teeth?

Before we choose a toothpaste we need to know the basic ingredients to lookout for while buying one. There are three main ingredients which form a toothpaste. They are Calcium carbonate, artificial sweetener and detergent. Detergent kills the bacteria and cleans as well. Calcium carbonate or silicates provide the abrasion required to eliminate stuck bacteria and food particles and artificial sweetener enhance the flavor because toothpaste with flouride and calcium carbonate doesn’t taste good at all. Now, let us find out the types of toothpastes and their suitability as well.

Herbal Toothpaste
As the name says, it is made from herbal extracts like cloves , ginger, oils and more. But, one thing to ensure is whether fluoride which is an essential ingredient of a toothpaste is there or not because without it, the toothpaste won’t be as effective.

Whitening Toothpaste
As we age our teeth start changing color and losing their whiteness. So, for people wanting to have white teeth, this toothpaste works well. It uses enzyme system and fluoride that whitens your teeth besides fighting germs. Some toothpastes even contain baking soda and peroxide for stain prevention and lightening color.

Toothpaste for Sensitivity
Some of us faces issues like tooth pain we we consume hot or cold beverages or particular type of food. Now, the reason behind the same is either a weak enamel or an exposed root. This is called tooth sensitivity and the doctor on diagnosis does recommend you to use the toothpaste that could fight it.

Flouride toothpastes
Flouride toothpaste does the role of strengthening teeth and preventing decay and is generally good for kids and adults.

Though, if you want to know what type of toothpaste suits your teeth then it is advisable to consult your dentist and start using the recommended one. This would help your eat and smile for a long long time without difficulty.

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All You Need To Know About throat Cancer

Though we as humankind haven’t had a breakthrough in completely treating every kind of cancer or a vaccine in protecting ourselves from it, if we are alert enough, there is every possibility of catching hold of it at an early stage so as to treat it well before it goes out of control. One such cancer type is throat cancer. As goes its name, it is the cancer of throat and affects the pharynx as well as the larynx or voice box. While the pharynx is located above the esophagus and larynx and below the nasal cavity, the larynx is located in the front of the neck.

Throat-Cancer-causes-symptoms

The risk factors associated with throat cancer include –
Sexually transmitted virus known as human papillomavirus (HPV)
Addictions like tobacco, gutkha, alchohol and smoking
A diet free from fruits and vegetables
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Genetics viz inherited defects in certain genes
Aesbestos exposure
Dental hygiene issues
Throat Cancer Stages

There are three different stages in throat cancer. If detected at an early stage throat cancer is pretty much treatable with surgery and radiation.

Symptoms of Throat Cancer
Symptoms of throat cancer include blood coughing, swelling in lymph nodes, trouble swallowing and more. Other than that some of the potential symptoms of cancer include the following
Cough that rarely goes away
Constant Throat Clearance
Unexplained Weight loss
Soar Throat
Ear pain
Hoarseness

Stages of Throat Cancer
The levels of throat cancer are spread across four stages 0 to 3.
Stage 0 – This is the earliest stage of caner wherein the tissue isn’t affected any other areas except your throat.
Stage 1 – The cancer has not affected any other areas beyond the throat but the size of it is less than or equal to 7 cm.
Stage 2 – The size of the throat has crossed 7 cm but still hasn’t invaded other organs
Stage 3 – The cancer has spread upto nearby organs and tissues.
Stage 4 – The cancer has spread to distant organs as well as lymph nodes

Throat Cancer Diagnosis
For diagnosis the doctor or oncologist may ask to do a biopsy or a fine needle aspiration. The biopsy recommended could be either a conventional biopsy or an endoscopic biopsy. The doctors would further recommend a few tests for determining the stage of your cancer. These include CT scan, PET scan or a MRI test.

Treatment of Throat Cancer
The treatment would be typically based on the stage of the cancer. It could include removal of the tumor and radiation and chemotherapy later on. It is a prolonged process and not a matter of few days. Repeated tests would have to be carried out to determine how successful the surgery, the radiation or chemotherapy therapy have been. Based on the reports the trajectory of the further treatment would be derived.

Recovery Issues
Throat cancer complications after the surgery and treatment could include disfigurement of neck and face primarily. This though can be fixed to a certain extent through surgery. The other issues that a patient may face during recovery includes breathing and swallowing difficulty, trouble while speaking and skin hardening around the neck.

Cancer of any kind is a condition which if caught hold of early on can be treated and many a times completely eradicated but this requires you to be alert and keep a eye on your health like a hawk. Regular health checkups are advisable for the same.

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Facts and Tips on Eye and Care

Just imagine a vision free life. You can’t right? Eyes are such an important part of the body and caring for them is thus equally important. We’re aren’t aware that sometimes knowingly or unknowingly we make our eyes suffer. Here is a run down a few facts and some eye care tips to help you keep your vision safe. Let us first run through some facts and then a few tips on eye care.

Facts and Tips on Eye and Care

Sun glasses and Spectacles are good for eyes – There has been a myth that wearing spectacles for a long span affects eyes adversely. This is not at all true, spectacles are good for your eyes and only help in improving your vision and not degrading it.

Smoking is bad for your eyes – Yes, the fact is smoking is responsible for increasing macular degeneration. Smoking harms the blood vessels of the optic nerve as well as the retina and damages it. On a long run, it can also result in loss of eyesight.

Non removal of Eye makeup is harmful – These days girls use a lot of eye makeup accessories that include eye lash volumizers, eyeliner, maskara, etc. As per reports of experts the eye makeup can get into the eye layers and harm them. It is therefore important to remove all makeup after use and use antibiotic drops for eye protection.

Protect your eyes from the PC/ Laptop – As our life style has changed predominantly in the last decade or so, with most of the work being done on PCs/ laptops, eye protection becomes an ever concerning issue. We tend to spend most of our day on the PC or laptop and hence our eyes are put to risk. As per experts, its ideal to give your eyes some rest every couple of hours to avoid straining and vision blurring issues. Resting process includes shutting your eyes ever half and hour to forty five minutes for a few minutes, moisturizing them and lubricating them as well.

Do not wear lenses while asleep - Its a real bad idea to sleep with your eye lenses on. Doing this repeatedly can cost you your vision. So, remove lenses every night and soak them in a disinfectant. Also, while wearing them be careful to touch them with clean hands and store them in a clean case as well.

Eyes are not forever – Caring for your eyes is important, yes it is, but we need to remember that eye issues are going to occur as and when we age and at some point of time we all need to do a cataract surgery mostly. But, with proper eye care you can definitely prolong that time and have good healthy eye sight for longer years.

Well, stay outdoors, with nature, keep your eyes clean and lubricate them, moisturize them and protect them with sun shades and spectacles and keep them working efficiently for you for a long long time.

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