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Stress Eating – An Overview

It’s a known fact that many of you when stressed tend to eat a lot and the food that is usually consumed is fried sweet or buttery, viz. comfort food. So, why do people tend to eat comfort food when they are in their blues, like for example there is a breakup. The reason is there is a connection between emotions and eating rich food. Many of us would agree of having a whole bowl of ice-cream or a bar of chocolate after a bitter breakup just to soothe ourselves or calm ourselves down.

Stress Eating

When we are stressed, the release of hormones from the body does affect our behavior as well as food choices. The short period of stress like before an exam or a public performance the adrenaline levels go high because the adrenal glands release it thus killing our appetite. The adrenal gland is positioned just above the kidney and is responsible for stimulating hunger. Now when the stress levels are spread over a longer period of time like board examinations lasting for a month or so, the same gland releases cortisol, a hunger and craving stimulating hormone. That is why this hormone by itself is called the stress hormone.

Researchers also believe that Ghrelin, another stress hormone has role to play when it comes to stress eating. And when it comes to food, under stress rarely people want to have healthy food. It’s either high fat or high sugar or both together. Though even as the research is on to find out the reason behind the same, researchers believe that the sugar and fat rich foods send signals to the brain thus leading to a drop in emotional and stress burden. No wonder, these foods are called comfort foods.

Well, so if you are one those who fit under the category of binge eating when under stress a little control could help may be…

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Exercise Coupled With Less Calorie Intake Effects Bone Fragility

A recent research on mice has revealed that if exercise is coupled with reduction in calorie intake it tends to make the bones more small, weak and fragile. Researchers also that that if exercise was teamed with adequate calorie diet then it could help in improving bone health in contrast.

The study published in Journal of bone and Mineral research paper. As per Dr Maya Styner, Associate professor of University of north Caroline at Chapel Hill, it came as a surprise to them because the earlier studies carried out on mice revealed that exercise couple with normal or high calorie diet did help improve bone health. So, the report only helps them know that a low calorie diet is not good for bone health if couple with exercise.

Couple jogging outdoors in nature

Dr Styner also alerted that reduced calorie intake can increase the risk of fracture as well as it negatively affects the bone strength. The study was concentrated upon bone marrow fat. Though still the scientists are not been able to understand how fat works, but they do think that it does affect health in mammals and humans.

Earlier studies as per Dr Styner had revealed that bone marrow fat and bone health were related to each other in a way that when the high calorie intake lead to obesity and further increased the levels of bone marrow fat. Also, when obese as well as mice with normal weight exercised, it lead to a increase in bone density due to the decrease in bone marrow fat.

The objective of the study was to find out how a decrease in calorie intake can affect he bone marrow fat as well as bone health. The research involved two groups of mice. One of the group was fed 30% less calories as compared to the other group. The other group was offered regular calorie diet.

The mice that were on restricted calories also received mineral and vitamin supplements in order to keep the nutrient intake at par with the other normal calorie intake ones. The groups were further split in 6 groups, the sedentary ones and the exercising ones. The results showed that the mice that were kept on a calorie restricted diet seem to not only lost weight but also showed a reduction in bone density and increase in bone marrow fat as well.

The researchers were surprised to see that bones became fragile due to restriction of calories. Though the investigations are not complete yet and further research needs to be done in order to understand the bone marrow functioning, the team did find that reduction in calories lead decrease in bone marrow fat at the same time affecting the quantity and quality of bone.

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All You Need To Know About Hair Loss

Also known as Alopecia, hair loss obviously affects the scalp, is what we are already aware of. What many of us aren’t aware of is that it also affects the entire body. Let us find out how. We have hair across the body and this condition leads to excessive loss of hair not only from the scalp but also from the entire body.

It is known that around 5% people suffer from alopecia while the rest do get a new growth once their hair fall off. Hair loss is also a result of many other health conditions like for example cancer. Hair-loss is a daily process and a human loses 80-100 strands of the 10-15 lakh strands of hair on their head. Though it is a natural process if it’s excessive, you need to look into it.

Here’s a run-down the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment around hair loss condition

Know About Hair Loss

Causes – Though all of us experience hair loss and it’s an everyday affair and it is upto 100 strands of hair on a daily basis. There are a lot of factors that affect hair loss like genetic reasons, due to use of certain medications like blood pressure, depression and more. Besides, even hormonal changes like during child birth, menopause or thyroid can also cause hair loss, eating a diet that is deficient of proteins as well as Vitamin B and fungal or ringworm infection on Scalp can also cause Hair loss.

Symptoms – Symptoms of hair loss include lumps of hair falling suddenly during washing or combing. Swelling on the scalp, hair thinning and breakage and baldness in circular motion, itching and loss of hair from the eyebrows or beard.

Diagnosis – The diagnosis is based on physical examination and if required some tests would also be done. The additional tests include Scalp biopsy, light microcopy, blood test or pull test, in-case the doctor suspects some other condition or physical examination is not conclusive.

Treatment – There are a lot of treatments available for hair loss issues and depending upon the diagnosis the doctor suggests them. These include Immunotherapy, Steriod injections, lazer and UV light treatment or hair transplantation.

Well, hair-loss is a common condition and can be prevented also by taking care of your hair and providing them with the necessary nutrients on a regular basis.

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The More Happy You Be The More You Live – Read On For The Proof

A recent study has revealed that people who are highly optimistic tend to live long life of over 85 years and more. The PNAS paper has the details which includes how the researchers tried to find out the relation between higher positivity and longer life while focusing more on exceptional longevity.

Usually all the research around longevity is focused around the role of biomedical factors and hence the study was more about the psychological factors that help with longevity. As per Lewina O Lee, PhD, and associate professor of psychiatry at the school of medicine of Boston University and the corresponding author brought up that there was very less study around the psychosocial effects role in promoting healthy aging.

The More Happy You Be The More You Live

According to her and team, optimism was “general expectation that good things will happen or the belief that the future will be favorable because one can control important outcomes.”

The data used for the research included 69744 females from Nurses Health Study (NHS) and 1429 males from Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study (NAS) across the 30 years (1986-2016). The routine also included regular health survey about diet, smoking, alcohol and other health related behaviors and questions on optimism. While 71% of the males who participated died within the 30 years of their follow up, 13% percent of the female participants passed away within 10 years of follow up.

Here’s an example of one of the six questions that the NHS participants were asked –

Rate the statement on whether you agree or disagree “Overall, I expect more good things to happen to me than bad” on a five point scale.

The researchers then carried out an analysis of the data and discovered that the most optimistic males as well as females at the start of follow up lived 11-15% longer as compared to those who were least optimistic. The team also found that even after conforming to the health behavior results like educational achievement, depression, diet, doctor visits, smoking and alcohol, the associations still held true.

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Tension Headache – Know More

One of the most common headache types in India and across the world amongst adults particularly is the tension headache. Mostly they are known to occur once or twice in a month, but could be chronic as well. The former kind of headaches are known as episode headaches.

Tension Headache

Causes

  • There are many reasons behind getting tension headaches including stress due to work, relationships and more

  • Women are known to be more prone to tension headaches as compared to men.

  • Daily stress can cause chronic tension headache while episodic will be due to periodic stress issues.

Symptoms

Usually tension headache starts in the second half of the day

  • Fatigue

  • Sleeping issues

  • Moderate headache or pressure on sides, top and front of the head.

  • Sensitivity to noise and light

  • Muscle pain

  • Focusing issues

Compared to migraine tension headaches are bearable and do not interfere with daily activities. They also not cause vision blur. There is no nausea or vomiting, stomach pain or light or noise sensitivity.

Treatment

As the saying goes ‘a stitch in time saves nine’, tension headaches are good to be treated when there are milder. To prevent them avoid triggers and take medications, usually over the counter ones. In case they do not work is when your doctor would prescribe you some muscle relaxants or strength medications.

Tension headaches aren’t life threatening or do not need prompt or emergency medical assistance. Having said that, if you experience a severe headache of abrupt nature, or a headache post a head injury or accompanies with mental confusion, fever, double vision, numbness or speaking difficulties, take emergency medical assistance right away.

Tension headaches can be prevented by exercising on a daily basis and relaxation and biofeedback as well as cognitive and other therapies in addition to lifestyle changes that include following a healthy life style like drinking a lot of water, eating regular balanced diet and limiting your intake of sugar, caffeine and alcohol.

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Stomach Cancer – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Stomach cancer is one of the most common cancers in India particularly in north eastern parts of India. Hospital based data from Mizoram shows around 30 percent of the admitted cancer patients suffering from gastric cancers.

Alike other cancers symptoms of stomach cancer are not apparent in the beginning and are similar to symptoms like common health conditions like flu and more. The symptoms for stomach cancer include –

Stomach Cancer

  1. Unexplained Weight loss

  2. Abdominal Pain

  3. Nausea and vomiting

  4. Discomfort in the area above the belly button

  5. Bloating post small meals

  6. Indigestion and heartburn

  7. Anemia

  8. Blood in stool

As you can see, the aforementioned symptoms aren’t really a reliable indication for cancer. A stomach virus or ulcer could also have these symptoms. The indicative symptoms only occur once the cancer is at advanced stage.

Risk Factors

Risk factors for stomach cancer include genetic history of cancer and smoking as well. Helicabacter Pulori (H pylori) bacterium infection is also one of the major causes of stomach cancer. Having said that, though many people who do have the germ inside them do not get cancer.

Treatment

Treatment is based on the diagnosis and could involve surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Usually, the treatment involves either curing the condition if it is in the early stages or controlling or relieving the symptoms. If the objective is cure then the treatment also concentrates on relieving the side effects. If the objective is to keep the cancer under control, the treatment involves relieving symptoms that affect the quality of life like eating problems, pain and bleeding. A second opinion is always advisable when it is about cancer.

Prevention

Though cancer is not preventable as such but what you can do is only manage the risk factors through a balanced diet rich in fibres and cirtrus fruits, exercise and physical activity.

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All You Need To Know About Asthma

Asthma is one of the common conditions and as per statistics it is ranked in the top 20 conditions causing disability across the world. The alarming part is that one in every 10 asthma patients in the world is from India. Bronchial asthma is one of the most chronic forms of asthma and the symptoms vary from person to person.

Asthma can go from being just a minor respiratory issue to a condition that could affect your quality of life depending upon its severity. If you see your symptoms worsen with time, that’s the sign.

asthma

Asthma Symptoms

  • Breathing issues and shortness of breath

  • A whistling sound while breathing out

  • Pain in the chest or tightness

  • Attacks of wheezing and cough during a viral respiratory infection like cold or flu

Asthma Triggers

There are certain infections and allergies that can trigger and aggravate asthma. They include the following

Allergies – A lot of allergies tend to trigger asthma including dried pet saliva, airborne substances like molds, spores and pollens, waste particles to name a few.

Occupational – It usually occurs at the workplace due to triggers like dust, gases and chemical fumes

Exercising – It usually occurs during exercising or rigorous physical activity and worsens as the air gets cold and dry

GERD – Asthma is also caused in people with Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Food Preservatives – Some preservatives and sulphites in foods as well as beverages can also trigger asthma

If proper treatment is provided then it works really well with asthma and prevent further aggravation of the same. Though prevention of asthma is not a possibility, you can definitely work towards avoiding asthma attacks through proper care of yourself. This includes

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Biopsy – All You Need To Know About Biopsy

For a variety of cancers the only way to provide a definite diagnosis about a condition is to carry out biopsy. The procedure involves the removal of a sample of cells or a tissue from the body for a closer examination.

Biopsy - Types of Biopsy

Types of Biopsy

Needle Biopsy – This type of biopsy is used mostly for diagnosis of cancers that can be felt through the skin. These include enlarged lymph nodes as well as breast nodes

  • Fine needle aspiration A needle and a syringe is used to get a sample from either breast lump or thyroid.

  • Vacuum assisted biopsy – There’s a suction device is used to extract more amount of fluid at a time so that the needle does not have to be inserted many times.

  • Image guided biopsy - Image guided biopsy uses a combination of imaging procedures like computerized tomography (CT), X-ray, sonography or MRI.

  • Core needle biopsy – It uses a needle that is larger with a cutting tip to draw the sample column of tissue.

Endoscopic Biopsy- An endoscope is used for taking tissues from the stomach during endoscopy. An endoscope is a tube with a camera at its end.

Incisional Biopsy – It involves taking a small part of skin

Excisional Biopsy – It involves taking a big part of the tissue/ tumor and requires a

Skin Biopsy – The procedure is carried out in order to check for lesions, rashes, growth, moles and lesions. The doctor takes samples of your skin surface with the help of a razor.

Punch Biopsy – A small instrument is used to punch a hole in the skin in order to get a sample.

Bone Marrow Biopsy – This biopsy involves taking samples of the bone marrow to check for cancerous or non-cancerous cells causing blood problems. A sample of the bone marrow is taken for diagnosis around cancers like lymphoma, leukemia and more.

Yes, biopsy does sound freaky but with the advanced procedures in place, its mostly a low risk as well as pain free procedure. So, if you are to undergo a biopsy procedure soon, do not panic. Stay calm, there’s nothing to worry about it.

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Cerebral Palsy – Risk Factors And More

It is not one condition but a group of conditions that affects the balance, posture and movement of an individual. The cause of cerebral palsy is generally associated with brain damage during birth or in the early years. Apparently, doctors haven’t been able to figure out the exact cause of brain damage during CP, but few reasons and risk factors are listed below -

  1. Blood flow issues to important organs of the body

  2. Bleeding in the brain when baby is in the womb

  3. Genetic conditions

  4. Brain injury

  5. Seizures at birth or in the first month after birth

cerebral-palsy

Risk Factors at Pregnancy include

  1. Thyroid gland issues or health issues like seizures

  2. Consumption with toxic substances like mercury that is found in a few fishes

  3. Having RH diseases, meaning blood not compatible with that of the baby

  4. Multiple pregnancies, twins, triplets or more

  5. Infections like German measles, Rubella, Herpes or chicken pox during pregnancy

Risk Factors at child Birth include

  1. Head Position – If the child is not in the head first position but is in the feet first position, risk is involved.

  2. Premature Birth – If the baby is born any time before the completion of 37 weeks

  3. Delivery Complications – If there are complications during the labor and delivery concerning your baby’s circulatory system and breathing.

Risk factors due to Infections in Babies

  1. Severe Jaundice – It is caused due to excessive bilirubin accumulation in blood

  2. Bacterial Meningitis –It leads to swelling of tissues around spinal cord and brain swelling as well

  3. Viral Encephalitis – It also leads to swelling in brain and spinal cord tissues

 

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5 Side Effect Sleep Deprivation You Need To Know

Many a times we do care for our health and fitness but our concentration is towards nutrition and exercise mostly. What we often tend to ignore is sleep. Today lifestyle is sedentary but very hectic and stressful and sleep often takes the back seat. Furthermore, if you have addictions then sleep deprivation is going to haunt you more. If you’re alcohol consumption is high or even if you drink a lot of coffee, you are sure to experience sleep difficulty particularly if you consume it before bedtime. Here’s some of the side effects of sleep deprivation you need to know to keep it up your health management list alongside food, nutrition and fitness schedule.

5 Side Effect Sleep Deprivation

Immunity Issues – Sleeping helps strengthen the immune system by producing more antibodies for battling the bacteria and toxin. If you don’t sleep well then it automatically affects the immune system as the production goes down, making your body vulnerable to umpteen conditions and infections. The most common being cold and flu, but could lead to lung problems as well.

Weight Gain – The hormone leptin is responsible for sending the brain signal about hunger satiation. Less sleep reduces the level for this hormone while increasing the level of ghrelin hormone that increases appetite. Thus, leading to obesity.

Chronic Conditions – Lack of Sleep for a longer duration raises the risk of getting life threatening health conditions like, blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, heart disease, to name a few.

Appetite Rise – Sleep deprivation can lead to increase in appetite and food cravings on an untimely basis. This could further lead to hormonal imbalance.

Memory Loss – Lack of sleep can stress up your nervous system and affect the brain functionality adversely. Studies do indicate that sleeplessness does impair the memory of many.

The moral here is pay equal attention to sleep hygiene and keep it on your priority list. Create an environment at night that helps you get disturb free sleep like eating early, no alcohol before sleeping, maintain a bedtime routine, keep your sleeping space clean and dark and most importantly stay away from gadgets.

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