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Treating Diabetes With Rehabilitation

Having a healthy lifestyle is always a good idea but diabetes is one condition that makes following a healthy lifestyle sort of mandatory as it is a part of the treatment more so. We all know that diabetes is a result of our body’s inability to make insulin and that when you eat food it gets converted to glucose. This is the time when our pancreas release insulin in order to help sugar to get absorbed by the body. Understanding about the role of insulin is what helps us understand that unavailability of insulin can hinder the work of our body system.

Treating Diabetes With Rehabilitation

If there is no insulin then the body cells starve due to unavailability of glucose. This can damage the working of kidney, eyes, nerves and the heart. The most common type of diabetes is type 2, mostly occurring in adults. People with type 2 might be able to prepare insulin but not enough. Symptoms of diabetes type 2 include feeling thirsty, peeing frequently, fatigue, vision issues, feeling hungry, numbness or tingling in hands or feet, to name a few.

Treatment of diabetes is based on the inclusion of a balanced diet together with regular exercise. Medication is also included if even after following a healthy lifestyle, you are not able to maintain sugar levels after these adjustments.

Exercise and a healthy diet does help in controlling sugar to a great extent as it allows glucose to enter the cells without the need for insulin. It also helps in lowering glucose levels as well as the blood pressure. Exercise increases stamina, fitness and energy levels as well.

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Patients with diabetes are recommended exercises that are a combination of aerobics and resistance training. The exercise and diet regime is created by physiotherapists and dietitians. The physiotherapists also supervise these exercises until a routine is formed until the patient is in the hospital. The same routine is advised to be followed at home after discharge.

Just like exercise even diet forms and integral part of the health regime of a diabetic. Dietitians in the rehabilitation centres of hospitals teach patients how to manage carbohydrate intake as they can affect the glucose levels. They even provide information on healthy cooking and eating.

Rehabilitation is a holistic approach to diabetes as it includes the balance diet, exercise and medications to improve the quality of life of diabetic patients and manage the disease in a better way.

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*Sourced from the Internet

All You Need to Know Carpal Syndrome in Pregnancy

Carpal syndrome is a very common syndrome that many women experience during pregnancy. Statistics of 2015 say that between 30 to 60 percent women across the world suffer from this condition during their pregnancy. Though no exact reason is known still, experts do believe that this syndrome is a result of swelling due to hormones. Carpal syndrome is a result of swelling similar to that of swelling of ankles and fingers due to fluid retention during pregnancy.

Here’s more on causes, symptoms, treatment and risk factors associated with Carpal Syndrome -

Carpal Syndrome in Pregnancy

CAUSES
Carpal syndrome is caused when the median nerve passing through the carpal tunnel within the wrist becomes compressed. This nerve is responsible for controlling feelings in fingers. The carpal tunnel is made up of tiny carpal bones and ligaments. The pain is caused because due to swelling the tunnel gets narrower thereby compressing the nerve. This in turn causes hand pain as well as numbness or finger burning.

SYMPTOMS

  • Swelling on fingers
  • Thumping sensation across fingers, wrists and hands
  • Tingling and numbness in fingers, hands, wrist that worsens at night
  • Problems holding objects and other motor skill bases routine activities

DIAGNOSIS
The doctor will examine you on the basis of your symptoms and may also ask you to do electro-diagnostic tests for confirmation. This test records and analyzes the signals send and received by the nerves with the help of thin needles or electrodes. In order to check for any nerve damage, tinel’s sign is used. These tests are safe to be done during pregnancy.

TREATMENT
Most doctors while treating CTS take the conservative approach because they have to take into consideration the pregnancy factor. Mostly patients suffering from this condition get relief within weeks or months post-delivery.

  • Avoid Wrist Bending Activities – Activities like throwing the ball or typing on the keyboard need to be reduced or if possible avoided.
  • Cold Therapy – Using ice bags or towel wrapped in ice and massaging it over the wrist for 10-15 minutes at regular intervals can help in decreasing the swelling.
  • Keep Wrists at an elevated position – Using pillows try to keep your wrists elevated.
  • Do Yoga – Yoga is a good idea because it does help to give you relief in terms of pain and help with bettering your grip.
  • Take Pain killers – If you feel pain frequently and is irritable then you may take pain killers on doctor’s advice
  • Take Rest – Take rest whenever you feel pain or fatigued.

North Eastern State Tops the List of Highest Deaths Due to Hemorrhagic stroke

A study on hemorrhagic stroke carried out in the year 2015 revealed that people residing in the northeastern state topped the list of deaths by hemorrhagic strokes and it exceeds the national average by a staggering three times.

Hemorrhagic stroke

The 2015 study stated that one in three people in the age group of 30-69 years die a premature death due to hemorrhagic stroke. The causes of hemorrhagic stroke are cited as too much consumption of salt and hypertension as well. As per the study that was carried out by the University of Toronto in Canada, the reasons behind this major increase in mortality rates could be inadequate stroke care, high blood pressure and risk factors like endemic infections.

It is an emergency situation that needs immediate medical attention because it causes brain bleeding due to a ruptured blood vessel. The states that are worst affected include Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Tripura particularly for deaths in males by strokes. While states like Assam, Odisha, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal were considered to be high risk for strokes in females. In 2015, the death toll rose to a freaking 2.1 million across all ages due to ischemic heart disease and stroke.

Though the rate of cardiac disease is a national issue, stroke has surprisingly surpassed its numbers to become the highest killer in north-eastern population. The study further stated that the deaths could have been prevented, but most of the deaths were caused due to irregular consumption of prescribed medications for cardiac disease.

India is amongst the top 5 countries in the world to have cardiovascular disease deaths and the age at which cardiac diseases develop in Indians is almost half a decade earlier as compared to developed countries. Though the sustainable development department has goals to decrease the mortality rates by 2030 does, it does seem to be difficult at the stage keeping in mind the very little progress made against cardiovascular diseases and awareness around it.

10 medical checkups to gift you father irrespective of whether it is a Fathers day or not!

Fathers are not given a lot of credit or say mileage in a family and most of the times it is the mother who is center of attention when it comes to the sacrifices and hard work she does. Off-course it does hold true, but a father’s hard work and sacrifice is also equally important and most of the time just like women of the family, even men tend to ignore their own health keeping forth the needs of their family members. So, here’s the time when you can give a gift to your father as a working son or daughter, a small memento that speaks for itself, that you care.

10 medical checkups

BLOOD PRESSURE – Blood Pressure or hypertension is also known as a silent killer and is a major cause of heart attacks or strokes for that matter. Hence regular blood pressure checkups is a good idea. Though, a yearly screening is what the doctors suggest, you might as well keep a blood pressure checkup device at home and check on weekly basis.

LIPID PROFILE – Cholesterol is also another major cause of heart attack or stroke. Hence screening is important to check if your cholesterol levels are under control. If they are not then you will need to make modifications with your diet besides taking up medications.

COLONSCOPY – Once you touch-base the mark of 50 in terms of age, colonoscopy is recommended every 10 years. It is recommended that if there are any polyps found, then it needs to be done more frequently, particularly if there is family history of colorectal cancer.

VACCINATIONS – We as kids take vaccinations to protect ourselves against diseases and conditions but many of us are not aware of the fact that as we age the effect of these vaccinations perishes.  After 65 years, you need to get a pneumococcal vaccine because it can cause a lot many conditions. Even a tetanus booster is a must have post 10 years.

EYE CHECKUP – Eye checkup is an advisable screening post 40 years itself. But once you cross 60 make, every year screening is a good idea.

DIABETES CHECKUP – Diabetes, a very common condition in India and post 45 it’s advisable to screen yourself for diabetes every year. To check if you have diabetes or not you need to do your blood sugar checkup every year.

PROSTATE SPECIFIC – It is a vital test for men after 50 more so if prostate cancer runs in the family. The test involves the screen of a rectal area and measurement of PSA levels (prostate specific antigen) in blood.

AUDIOGRAM – Hearing loss is common as we age. At times it could also be due to some medical condition. Hence, it’s advisable to do a hearing test once a year after 60 years of age.

PERIODONTAL EXAM – Oral health is one thing which many of us tend to ignore against other conditions. But, with age, it becomes all the more important to take care of your dental health. Hence it is advisable to go for teeth checkup once a year and cleaning twice a year.

SKIN CHECK – There are millions of people with skin cancer across the globe and it is advisable to schedule a check-up if you find any suspicious moles, particularly.

Medical Health Checkups at Vydehi Hospital in Bangalore

How Can I Treat My Hurting Heals

Do your heels hurt a lot. Well, there can be umpteen reasons behind the same. The areas that are usually affected due to pain include either the sides of the heel, behind it, under it or at the joining junction of heel bone and Achilles tendon.

Heel pain in many of the cases is associated with injury. The causes of heel pain are usually associated with trauma, neurological problem, arthiritis, infection or autoimmune problem.

Hurting Heals

The pain in the mentioned case initially is meager but later on it becomes severe and can be disabling too. It has to be treated but can become chronic at times.

Causes of Heel Pain – One of the most common causes of Heel Pain are Plantar Fasciitis, an inflammation of planter fascia. The pain occurs mainly when the arches are either high or low. Inflammation is a caused when the plantar fascia is stretched too much and affects the soft tissue fibers. The pain is felt after you rest for more time under your feet. Besides, Achilles could tighten and calf cramps could occur.

Heel Bumps – Better known at pump bumps , heel bumps are a result of an immature heel bone rubbing excessively. It is most common with flat feet people but can also occur to people wearing high heels.

MEDICAL INSTITUTES IN BANGALORE

Stress Fracture – This occurs when you do strenuous exercises or play sports excessively. Hence, runners are very much bound to get stress fracture in their metatarsal bones. Another cause of stress fracture could be osteoporosis.

Tarsal tunnel Syndrome – This condition usually occurs in the foot or ankle and is caused when the large nerve on the back of the foot is compressed or entrapped or some reason.

Heel Pad Inflammation – This is a chronic condition and is a result of heavy footsteps or heel pad becoming very thin.

Achilles Tendionosis – A chronic condition also known by names like tendonitis, tendionpathy, degenerative tendinopathy and tendinosis, it occurs when the Achilles tendon degenerates.

There are many other causes which lead to heel pain which include conditions like Calcaneal stress fracture, soft tissue mass, short flexor tender tear, Achilles tendon rupture, but to name a few. If you are suffering from heel pain do visit your family physician to find out more on your condition and treat it before things turn worse.

Embalming Procedure for the Deceased

Many of us are not aware of the term embalming or even the procedure. The reason being that not everyone from the middle income group does opt for this procedure on their deceased family member. This is an expensive procedure and is in practice in India only in high profile deaths, criminal deaths where the body needs preservation for a longer time. The procedure consists of numerous steps in order to preserve the body from decomposition for a short period of time and even preserve its looks.

Usually the embalming is legally mandatory only when a body needs to be transported from one state or country to another by train or by flight and if there is a long gap between death and funeral procedures or it is to be kept for public viewing.

Embalming Procedure

Conventional Embalming
The conventional procedure of embalming involves laying the body in a face-up position after death only because laying it in face-up can move the blood to the lower parts of the body and discolor or bloat the face. The IV needles or catheters in place need to be removed. All the cuts or bruises or signs on the body need to be reported and documented. Firstly, the eyes, nose, and mouth are cleaned and disinfected from the inside out. The body of males is shaved particularly the face and those of women and kids to remove the peach fuzz. Then the body is massaged in order to loosen up the stiff joints and muscles because if the muscles are stiff then the embalming fluid might not go where its needed due to vascular pressure. Further eyes and mouth are closed if open. A plastic cap could be used for closing eyes or a piece of cotton is placed between the eye and the lids. They can also be glued sometimes. All this is done prior to inducing the embalming fluid in the body because it sets the body, making it difficult later to close the mouth or eyes. As far as the mouth is concerned, it is sewed sometimes. To make the lips and eyes look natural and avoid drying out, moisturizing cream is also applied.

Now, the body is set for incision of the embalming fluid. The fluid is a mix of water, formaldehyde and other chemicals. The incision is made usually near the base of SCM muscle or clavicle in men and femoral site in case of women. The process of incision of the embalming of the fluid and draining of the artery is done simultaneously. The embalming machine is used for distributing the fluid evenly in the body alongside washing it with an antibacterial soap. The pressure needs to be maintained properly to avoid deformity. Once the embalming is done, you need to remove the cannula and tie the veins and arteries used and suture the closed incisions. Finally to ensure that there is no leakage a sealing powder is used.

Green Embalming – These days green embalming alternative is available at certain locations only though for people who are willing to go chemical free and safe, it is done using biodegradable oils generally. This not only protects the embalmer from hazards of chemicals used but also protects the earth from harmful chemicals on burial of the body.

Embalming procedures are very common and mandatory when the mortals are to be transferred outside the country but the extent of services required needs to be decided and comes with a cost. Having said that, it is said that people feel good and it is a bit easier for them to bid goodbye if the the mortal looks alive.

Vydehi hospital is one of the leading hospital in bangalore

Heart Disease and its Few Types – Overview

Heart disease is one condition that has spread its vicious roots not only in the Indian subcontinent but also across the world. Statistics say that one in four in the USA die of heart issues. It is also a leading cause of deaths in UK, Australia and Canada other than India, where it is known to be the top killer as well.

There are different kinds of heart problems that tend to affect different body parts. Here is a run down some of the common types of problems that cause heart disease.

Heart Disease and Types

Myocardial Infarction – Also known as Heart attack, coronary thrombosis or cardiac infarction, this is caused due to a blood clot occurring in the coronary thrombosis. Due to the clot, the heart muscles get damaged. It can also occur if an artery spasms or narrows.

Coronary Artery Disease – The role of the coronary arteries is to provide nutrients and oxygen to the heart. The condition arises when due to plaque deposit damage the arteries as they narrow them thus cutting the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart.

Congenital Heart Disease – This condition is a result of deformities at the time of birth. This includes conditions like Obstruction defects, generally caused due to blockage of blood flow through different chambers of the heart and Cyanotic heart disease which is a shortage of oxygen in the body due to defect in the heart.

Pulmonary Stenosis – This condition is caused when the pulmonary valve is too tight making it difficult for the heart to pump blood into the pulmonary artery. If an infant suffers from this condition severe in nature then he or she can turn them blue.

Arrhythmia – It is a result of irregularity in heartbeat. The heart can lose its rhythm due to reasons like heart beating too fast (tachycardia), heart beating too slow(bradycardia), fibrillation or premature ventricular contractions.

Mitral Valve Prolapse – This is a condition which rarely needs treatment as it is not life threatening. In this condition the valves between the left ventricle and left atrium does not fully close but simply bulges in upward direction or back into the atrium.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy – This condition arises when the heart muscle becomes dilated due to weakness and is not able to pump blood properly. The is caused when the heart is deprived of oxygen due to coronary heart disease which usually affects the left ventricle.

Mitral Regurgitation – When the mitral valve does not close as tightly as it should, it causes mitral incompetence or regurgitation or insufficiency. This causes the blood to flow backwards into the heart when it should move out of it. As a result, a person suffering from this condition often feels tired or out of breadth.

Heart Failure – when the heart is not able to pump blood efficiently, it leads to heart failure. Either side of the heart is affected usually. The heart becomes weak over a period of time due to high blood pressure or coronary artery disease.

Well, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in reducing the risk factors of the aforementioned heart conditions. So, Stay Fit. Stay safe.

Vydehi Institute of Cardiac Sciences is a well equipped super specialty centre located in Vydehi Hospital designed to serve your hearts needs. It is equipped to treat all cardiac, cardiothoracic and vascular cases.

*source from internet

Sleep Advice for People with Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain has always been a painful and stressful issue for people who suffer from it on and off. Lower back pain is common amongst women in India particularly in women who have undergone C sections. It disrupts our daily routines and sleep as well. Pain in the day time or night time, does tend to distract you and affect your concentration levels on work. Still people do live with it but when it disrupts sleep, that is when it get to the nerves. So, let us look into certain sleeping positions that are suitable for people who suffer from back pain because even not sleeping in a proper posture can add to your pain, thus worsening it.

Well, its important to maintain a natural curve of the spine while you sleeping. To ensure that you maintain a proper posture when lying in bed you need so provide proper support to your back when you sleep and keep your hips, shoulders and head properly aligned. This is not easy as it seems because each one of us sleeps differently like some sleep on their left side, some on their left while some sleep on their stomach. Many avoid sleeping on back because of snoring issues.

lower back pain

Here are few postures that might help you in dealing with your lower back pain while in bed.

1. THE BEST POSITION – The best sleeping position is to lie on the back because it distributes the weight across the body’s surface and uniformly too. It maintains a good alignment of the spine, neck and head and minimizes the pressure points.

2. FETUS LIKE POSITION – This position is known to be very effective on people who suffer from herniated disc condition. The fetus position wherein the knees are tucked close to the chest helps in reducing the spine bend and opens the joints up as well.

3. PILLOW BETWEEN KNEES – Many people prefer sleeping on sides, even though it is not considered to be an appropriate sleeping position as it can strain the lower back by pulling out the spine out of its position. But, there is a solution to this. Simply place a firm pillow between your knees when you sleep on the sides thus realigning your pelvis, hips and spine.

4. RECLINER POSITION – This position has helped many with isthmic spondylolisthesis relieve themselves from lower back pain at night. Though an expensive solution, if it is helping you significantly reduce your back pain, then investing in a recline does seem a good idea. You can adjust the chair or bed as per the needs of your back.

Well, many of us are already aware that lower back problems can aggravate if we do not use appropriate mattress and pillows as well. So, it is important that you buy a mattress or pillow as per your requirement.

  1. Try changing your pillow every 12 -18 months.
  2. If you tend to sleep on your back a lot, use a thinner pillow to avoid straining your neck
  3. Pillows made from memory foam are a good choice as they take the shape of your head or neck.
  4. A medium firm mattress is a good choice for those of you with lower back conditions.
  5. Avoid softer mattresses because they tend to disturb spin alignment and change them every 10 years.

A good night’s sleep is indeed important for good health and fitness so if you have lower back issues the most important thing to do first is to catch up with a Physiotherapist and see what he has to advice on the same.

Department of Orthopaedics at Vydehi Hospital is full pledged and has all the facilities to treat the patients with Orthopaedic problems. There are 8 senior consultants, 2 Senior residents, 5 Post graduate students and Interns in the department. Department renders service throughout the day on all days.

All About Essential Tremors

Many of us have either experienced or seen this happen mostly in elderly people. A nerve disorder, essential tremor causes uncontrollable shaking in various parts of the body. The areas that are commonly known to be affected by the same are arms, larynx, head, hands, chin and tongue. Mostly the affected areas is the upper part and not the lower part of the body. ET or essential tremor is not a life threatening disorder mostly and a person can easily have quality life living with it. Though some might face some difficulty doing routine activities like eating, writing or dressing, but overall one can live with it without much of a discomfort.

All About Essential Tremors

Causes
Tremors are known to be electrical activity of the brain of abnormal nature. Genetics could be a possible cause of ET in over half of the people because a child born to a parent with ET increases the chance of inheriting the same condition by 50%. ET is often seen in the elderly but its definitely cannot referred as a part of aging process.

Symptoms
The symptoms are visible tremors, where the particular affected area shakes uncontrollable, even voice could shake and head could nod as well. With increase in stress the shaking also increasing and decreases with rest. There could be balance problems as well but in rare cases.

Essential tremors are related to other disorders like headaches, migranes, Pariknson’s disease and even known to be a t high risk of getting dementia.

Treatment and Prevention
Treatment is required only in case of essential tremors of severe nature only. The treatment might include surgery or medications as per the severity levels.

Medicines – To reduce severity of essential tremors, medicines like Mysoline, Topamax, and tranquilizers like Ativan, Xanax and more are used. Sometimes Botox injections are used.

Surgery – The surgical alternative is called Deep brain stimulation or DBS and is used only in case of severe tremors even after use of medications.

Well, it is not all preventive because the root cause is not known but with the help of medications it can be kept under control significantly.

The Neurosurgery Department of Vydehi Institute of Medical Science & Research Centre has completed 500 major neurosurgical operations successfully in as many operating days. The Department boasts of state-of-the-art neurosurgical equipments, is now capable of treating all kinds of neurosurgical ailments at an affordable cost.

Weight Loss in one Causes Ripple Effect on the Other Spouse

The claim sounds bizarre but nevertheless is true and is based on the study of around 130 couples wherein 1/3rd of them lost body weight exceeding to 3% when their partners were on a weight loss regime even when they were not participating.

The study was carried out at the Institute of Collaboration of Health, Intervention and Policy of the Connecticut University and was called ‘the ripple effect’ by its author. The author further added that the effect was not limited to only romantic partners. A change in behavior of a person effects the others. Hence, when one of the spouses tries to watch their weight, this healthy behavior tends to benefit the life of others in their life as well. The study is not based on self reported analysis but is based on a controlled design study wherein the couple participants are checked as the program starts, three months onward and finally post six months.

Weight Loss

This study holds significance because is determines that any peer support be is spousal or otherwise do play a vital role in weight loss. This also includes the social media hash tags one gets.

THE DIET PLAN

Unlimited Intake
The diet plan included unlimited intake of green foods like all green leafy vegetables and salads, all meat, fish and poultry, full fat dairy, almond, nut and seed flours, all artificial sweeteners like Stevie and more.

Occasional Intake
The plan allowed an occasional intake of fruits like 1 cup blueberries, a small banana, orange, five carrots, mangoes, green grapes, 3 small figs and half a cup sweet potato.
Barred Intake

The diet plan had a list of red or forbidden foods and included breads, breakfast cereal, legumes and pulses, fruit juices, soya products, all processed foods, sugar, maple syrup, honey and most alcohols.

The behavioral psychologist said that spouses do tend to copy their partners behavior and start counting their own calories alongside as well, eat low fat food and even weigh themselves more frequently.

Well, it is good news in a way because even if one of the couple is determined to work towards weight loss, the partner might just get inspired unknowingly and shed of a few kilos.

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