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There are few jobs that effect heart health of women ? Here’s and overview

Heart problems in men and women both is not a new in India and abroad as well. Heart issues as per Indian statistics are one of the most common cause of death in India especially in older populace. Furthermore, recent studies have shown that there is a link between cardiovascular problems. Obviously, there are many risk factors around cardiovascular problems including imbalanced diet, sedentary life style, addictions and more. But, one more risk factor which perhaps is not yet come into the scanner is occupation.

There are few jobs that effect heart health of women

A recent study has revealed that there is a connection between a persons occupation and heart disease. The study was conducted by researchers from Japan on a cohort and revealed that people at managerial positions irrespective of the industry they belong to are more at risk of having heart conditions. Though the question how is that so remains unanswered and requires further research.

The researchers also revealed that social workers could be at the highest risk of cardiovascular conditions. Their conclusions about the link between cardiovascular conditions and occupation based on their study around 65000 females of average 63 years of age post experiencing menopause. The data used belonged to the Women’s health initiative study.

The metrics looked into life style factors like physical activity, addiction status, weight, nutrition as well as fasting blood sugar and health risk factors including blood pressure and cholesterol. The research team also took in account 20 of the most common occupations.

The results showed around 13% of the females were suffering from poor cardiovascular health. The researchers found a link between few jobs and a rise in heart health problems as well in the aforementioned females.

To be specific, women doing social work are at the highest risk viz. 36% of experiencing heart problems followed by retail cashiers who are at a risk of 33%.

*Sourced from Internet

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Mobile Technology And Healthcare – The Union

Technology could be a boon or a bane, but depends. With healthcare its boon in a way that it has been able to speed up all the time taken around documentation of patients and the daily routines around patient care. On the flip side mobile technology could be a pain in the neck with updates popping up on your device every now and then. As per a medical expert Dr Bryan Vartabedian, director of community medicine for Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition division of a children’s hospital in Houstan, technology does play a critical role in healthcare. An avid healthcare blogger and his observations around technology and healthcare, he talks about a survey around the mandatory introduction to technology in USA since 2014. The survey states that in one of the most developed countries of the world USA, only about 59 percent of the doctors make use of EMR( electronic medical records) while for 20 percent, it’s a challenge. But, the people who have been using it do know that it is of vital importance and has made their life quite easier than before. One of the major benefits include instant access to patient records in the examination room using internet and entering patient information. Another common use as per survey states that over 85 percent doctors use it for seeking information on drugs and over 75 percent for diagnosis as well as treatment of specific conditions.

Mobile Technology And Healthcare

On the flip side there have been complaints of patients that they see the doctor staring at the screen and not examining them most of the time. Now, the solution apparently lies in using technology mindfully. It’s better to do one task at a time rather than multitasking as per him. A good idea is to tell the patient to wait until the patient information/ history is retrieved on the computer EMR and then just concentrate on attending the patient.

Mobile technology is certainly a boon for many like Dr Vartabedian but like every coin has a flip side to it, even technology does. But, the technology is here to stay and certainly the pros outnumber the cons.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Wireless Implants to Help Paralysed People Walk Again

Spinal cord injuries have been life-changing events of sorts because they tend to paralyze the body partially or completely depending upon the type of injury. Statistics show that every one or two minute a person suffers from a spinal injury. Now, there is a ray of hope with two research studies in recent times. The two research groups implanted electrical devices in the spinal cord directly thus allowing the paralyzed people to walk again and reverse some effects as well.

Wireless Implants to Help Paralysed People

Electrical Simulation
Over the past couple of months, researchers have been publishing studies that bring forth the fact around levels to which technology could be used in medicine. In the study, researchers made use of electrical stimulation in order to reverse the effects of spinal cord injuries. While the same is being done for over two decades now, the present study has proved to be kind of a milestone in the area. The researchers used the nerves that were not permanently damaged and activated the nerves with the help of artificial electrical simulation. These nerves are responsible for transmitting information between the brain and the limbs.

Study
The researchers named Kendal Lee and Kristin Zhao conducted the study on a patient that was suffering from complete paralysis in the lower body at the Mayo Clinic in the USA. They planted a device called the Epidural electrical simulator (EES) in the lower part of the body where there are healthy nerves. It works in real time and with accurate simulation to desired part of the spinal cord on time. The device is implanted under the skin and makes use of a pulse generator in order to send appropriate signals to the protective layer of the nerves viz. dura attached electrodes. Living with the implanted simulator is not really much different from that of living with pacemaker. Off-course, it is a minimally invasive procedure that does not require a hospital stay. The patient on whom the study was done managed to walk around 100 meters with the help of walking frame due to the spinal implant. EES has been used and tested on patients having paralysis before as well, but the results it has delivered this time are truly phenomenal. But, the catch is that this kind of implant is only possible if some of the nerves in the lower part of the spine are healthy and intact.

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The study only proves the level of breakthroughs advancement of technology can bring about as well as how our knowledge on –  how our brain communicates with our body is heading northwards. Now, that there already is proof of it, there is a need of taking the process to the next level viz. carry out larger clinical studies in order to measure the optimum benefits of the treatment and create benchmarks around the same for doctors to follow.

 

Department of Orthopaedics at Vydehi Hospital is full pledged and has all the facilities to treat the patients with Orthopaedic problems.

*Sourced from the Internet

Diabetics, Particularly Women are at a Higher Risk of Cancer

A meta-analysis states that Diabetics, particularly women are said to be at a higher risk of cancer. Earlier studies had already determined a link between diabetes and cancer there was no clarity on the role of gender in the same. We all are aware about the bulging population of diabetics in India. As per statistics in 2015, over 400 million people had diabetes while over 17 million had cancer.

Researchers in a recent analysis based on the study published in Diabetologia earlier have worked on data of over 19 million people with type one or type 2 diabetes in 100 studies as well as data sets. The studies revealed that women with diabetes are at 27% higher risk of cancer while men are at 19% risk of cancer, which means that women have a 6% higher risk of cancer as compared to men.
Researchers even analyzed specific cancer types to check if women were at a higher risk and found that woman were indeed at a higher risk in most cancers. These include cancers like leukemia, stomach cancer, kidney cancer, oral cancer to name a few. Women are at a 15% higher risk of leukemia, 14% higher risk of stomach cancer, 13% higher risk of oral cancer and 11% higher risk of getting kidney cancer. However, men were at a 12% higher risk of developing liver cancer against women.

Diabetics, Particularly Women are at a Higher Risk of Cancer

Although, the reason behind women diabetics having a higher risk of most cancers is yet not clear but the researchers have come out with a hypothesis on the same. Toshiaki Ohkuma, Lead Author and research fellow at the George Institute of Global Health in Australia said that as compared to men, women have a longer pre-diabetic period. Pre-diabetic period is a period where sugar levels are above normal levels but not high enough to be considered under type 2 diabetes. Further a study of 2015 also revealed that women most likely skipped medicines of lowering blood sugar levels as compared to men. As the risk of cancer is associated with having higher blood sugar levels, and DNA damage, women with diabetes are at a greater risk of developing cancer than men as they have raised sugar levels for a longer period of time.

Hence, it is advisable that women with diabetes need to be careful about controlling their blood sugar levels besides doing regular cancer screening in-order to detect cancer at earlier stages. A healthy lifestyle that includes a low sugar diet and a fitness regime coupled with timely health checkups can definitely go a long way in balancing sugar levels and reducing the risk of cancer as well.

VIMS is one of the best cancer hospital in India, with 300 beds exclusively for cancer patients.Oncology department in the hospital has got qualified and well experienced doctors.

*Sourced from the Internet

One Blood Test to Diagnose 8 Different Cancers

A recent study has revealed the ability of one blood test to detect as many as eight types of cancers with perfection. The study was carried out by a team of researchers at the John Hopkins University of Medicine, Baltimore and even published in the Science Journal. The study was carried out over 1000 people with the disease and showed high specificity and sensitivity as well.

Today, even with many innovations and advances in science, Cancer is still not having a cure. While research is on, the estimated death toll by 2030 across the world due to cancer can go up to a staggering 8-13 million range.

One Blood Test to Diagnose 8 Different Cancers

Because, cure is still to be found, the effectiveness of the treatment is limited to restricting the spread of the cancer cells and increasing life span. An early diagnosis is always beneficial in cancer but sadly, by the time you become aware of the cancer in your body, it is too late and its spread to other parts. The reason is lack of advanced tools for diagnosis. But, here’s some good news from the research team at John Hopkins University could crack the code to simple way to detect cancer that too in the early stages.

The idea is to detect small fragments of mutated DNA as well as proteins that the cancerous tumors release in the blood stream, when they are formed, thus helping to detect cancer through a blood test. The researchers revealed that the new blood test has the ability to identify 16 gene mutations as well as 8 proteins linked to eight different cancer types.

The cancers include colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer and five others that even today do not have routine screening tests for people with average risk namely pancreatic cancer, liver cancer, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer and ovarian cancer.

As per the Cristian Tomasetti, associate professor of oncology and biostatistics of John Hopkins University, the uniqueness of this classification method in observing different levels of Proteins together with DNA mutations in order to reach to a final decision.

The Cancer SEEK test was performed on 1005 individuals in total and successfully identified 70% of the cancers with high sensitivity ranging from 33% in breast cancer cases and upto 98% in ovarian cancer cases. In the five cancers which do not have routine screenings, the test performed even better showing a sensitivity of 69% to 98%.

As far as specificity is concerned the range was 99% and out of the 812 people tested, it only showed seven false results. What’s more the test was even able to detect the location of the tumor in over 80% of the patients.

As per the researchers, it will take further study to determine its efficacy as a routine screening test for cancer detection but the results are encouraging and definitely paves the way towards improving quality of life of cancer patients through early detection.

VIMS is one of the best cancer hospital in India, with 300 beds exclusively for cancer patients.Oncology department in the hospital has got qualified and well experienced doctors

Vitamin D Deficiency and Joint Pain

While the studies are inconclusive till now and still research is going on, most of them do state that Vitamin D deficiency is responsible for joint as well as muscle pain. The symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency and Joint Pain include Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) pain that occurs in the knees, hips, and legs as well as joints and muscles.

Vitamin D Deficiency and Joint Pain

Joint Pain
There is a belief that Vitamin D plays a significant role in relieving the joint pain condition, specifically if the pain is due to deficiency. Some studies that support the belief include the following:

  • A 2011 study of postmenopausal women, published in ‘Maturitas’ suggested that the women with severe joint pain did suffer from very low vitamin D levels.
  • Another study in 2011 published under ‘Clinical Rheumatology’ stated that 70 percent of the patients who experienced some kind of joint pain were also deficient in Vitamin D.
  • A research paper of the year 2012 states that Vitamin D could be one of the risk factors associated with the inflammatory diseases such as RA and could also lead to an increase in the severity of it.
  • Another research paper of the year 2016 has stated that people with RA conditions also showed low Vitamin D levels.
  • Studies have also stated that increased level of Vitamin D in the body can help prevent joint conditions like Osteoporosis. Even people suffering from RA are subject to osteoporotic fractures and even suffer from joint pain.

These studies have been inconclusive after a large study in 2015 concluded that the evidence available is not strong enough to prove that Vitamin D deficiency is solely responsible for joint pain. But the fact that most of the Indians and numerous over the world suffer from Vitamin D deficiency holds true. The percentage is over 70% across the world when it comes to Vitamin D deficiency.

Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble nutrient which is found in many foods. A natural source of Vitamin D is the Sun. The normal levels of Vitamin D are said to be 30-80 ng/ ml while below 20 is considered to be a severe deficiency.

Food and Supplements
Experts suggest a daily intake of 600 IUS for anyone under 70 years of age. While infants below 1 it’s around 400 and adults above 70 its 800 IUS. Some food sources of Vitamin D include beef, egg yolks, shitake mushrooms, canned fish, almond milk, salmon, orange juice, fortified tofu, breakfast cereals, but to name a few. A Vitamin D test can help you know if you are deficient or not and the doctor might prescribe you vitamin D supplements if you are to bring your Vitamin D levels as per the desired levels.

Department of Orthopaedics at Vydehi Hospital is full-fledged and has all the facilities to treat the patients with Orthopaedic problems.

Some Amazing Scientific Inventions That Changed the World For Good

The medical field has evolved consistently over a period of time ever since the inception of human kind. It has definitely brought about a progressive change in healthcare. But, some of these inventions have apparently brought about a kind of revolution in the field. Here is a list of few amazing inventions that have helped mankind to core ever since they’ve been invented.

Scientific Inventions That Changed the World For Good

X-ray – Imagine treating fractures and cracks in the bones without knowing anything about it. Though an accidental inventions it has worked wonders since its invention by German Physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen way back in 1895. He was actually working on electron beams when he accidentally discovered that he was able to see his bones outlines. The initial reaction of people and critics was not favourable but eventually it won him the nobelprize in the year 1901.

Spectacles – Though there is not much evidence about who was the inventor of reading glasses. It is known to have been invented centuries ago and become even more in demand in the 1800’s when a lot of books began to be printed.

MRI and CT Scan – Inspired by the discovery of X-ray researchers began to dig deep into the possibilities of body scanning machines. This ultimately led to the invention of C T scanner and eventually MRI machine. The CT Scanner came into existence in 1979 which earned the inventor Dr Godfrey Hounsfield a Noble Prize and scanned multiple layers within multiple X-ray images. Soon, another invention called the MRI earned a lot of appraise to the inventor Dr Raymond V Damadian with its ability to differentiate normal cells with cancerous ones.

Cardiac Pacemaker – It was invented in the year 1926 by two genius scientists of Australian origin Edgar Booth and Mar Hill. The design was extremely complicated and required a needle to be pierced in the patients heart chamber but none the less it miraculously brought back a still born baby. Present day, the pacemakers are much more advanced and come with a battery life of 20 years.

Prosthetic’s/ Implants – Ask anyone with a handicap, how life can be challenging every single moment and then about prosthetic’s or implants and you’ll see how it has helped them overcome these challenges to a great extent. It is undoubtedly a big breakthrough of science and has enabled many lives shun their crutches or wheelchairs and live an independent life. The first prosthetic was an artificial limb invented by Douglas Bly in 1858.

Well, these are just a few of the inventions that enormously helped the medical fraternity and human kind overcome their healthcare challenges and are still doing so.

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Leptin Therapy – Cardiovascular Healthcare for People With Too Little Fat

We all know pretty well that too much of fat in body can lead to serious health and cardiovascular problems. But, little do we know that even too little fat can lead to cariovascular issues, as per a recent study. This is a rare condition and is known as Congenital lipodystrophy. It is the polar opposite of high fat condition known as obesity, which we are all aware off and has the ability to damage the heart in the same way as high fat levels.

Fat helps regulate use and storage of fat and is a major leptin producer, considered to be of significant importance in cardiovascular health. If someone has the congenital lipodystrophy condition, then the leptin and fat content is very low. Further, when they consume lipids or fat, there is no way to go and they get stored or piled up rather in the heart, muscle or liver. This is quite unnatural and not good for body organs, thus increasing the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. There seems to be a visible solution in the pipeline for this condition though and it is called Leptin replacement therapy. Though its effects are largely unknown, doctors are of the opinion that is is a good therapy and works well. It actually restores the endothelial function that get’s impaired when a patient suffers from this condition besides restoring the healthy glucose levels as well.

Now endothelial cells are responsible for production of eNOS,, a dilator, powerful enough to enable the blood vessels to relax. In the condition of lipdystrophy, the NOX1 enzyme expression increases thus producing reactive oxygen species of high damaging levels. The scientists are therefore studying the relationship of endothelial cells and leptin and explore further interactions wherein the want to watch on results of giving too much leptin, could lead to negative results though early on they seem to be positive.

Alternative treatments suggest liposuction of fat deposit removal in addition to exercise and balance diet intake.

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Chikungunya in India – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

When it comes to life threatening diseases, the first few names that come to our minds as Indians are Cancer, Heart attack and aids, as these are the most common ones in India. But when it comes to non threatening diseases we tend to take things lightely. Sometimes, we might pay for such careless approach. Considering the weather conditions in India, hygiene issues and that it forms apt conditions for breading mosquitoes primarily in Tropical regions, making everyone highly vulnerable to get infected by Chikungunya.

chikungunya-in-india

Chikungunya is rampant in the whole of India and mosquitoes are the careers for it. Let us understand the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of both.

GENESIS
Cikungunya, a RNA virus is responsible for causing chikungunya and is spread through two species of Aedes type mosquito. The name of the condition finds its origin from a description in Makonde language and means ‘to be contorted”. Apparently, it is derived on the basis of the posture issues that develop amongst the victims on account of severe joint pain. It was first discovered in the year 1952 in Tanzania. Even though it is considered to be a tropical disease, the affected populace includes that of Africa and Asia, including India.

SYMPTOMS
The symptoms of Chikungunya surface within a few days after the mosquito bites the victim and includes high fever, joint and muscle pain, rash and swelling around joints. Rarely, the symptoms could include heat rash, measles, nausea, conjunctivitis and vomiting. Chikungunya is not a fatal condition but is accompanied by persistent joint pain that may last for upto a year or more post recovery.

DIAGNOSIS – Based on the symptoms the doctor may ask for a Blood Test to confirm the same.

TREATMENT
There is no prescribed medicine or treatment for Chikungunya though doctors recommend fluid intake as much as possible. Besides, OTC drugs like ibuprofen, acetaminophen and naproxen are taken to ease out fever and joint pain.

PREVENTION
Prevention is always the best idea and as mosquitos are the root cause of this problem, its advisable to stay away from them. Some basic and simple precautions include using mosquito nets, mosquito repellents, keeping the surroundings clean, wearing body covering clothes, avoiding travel to regions bearing the brunt of chikungunya outbreak, to name a few.

Chikungunya is fast taking India in its claws and its high time we fight back and put in individual efforts towards eradicating this condition from the country. Sp its advisable to take the afore-mentioned simple steps to stay away from it.