Tag Archives: best cancer hospital in bangalore

Oral Cancer – Types – Risk Factors – Symptoms – Diagnosis – Stages – Treatment

The cancer that develops in the tissue of mouth or throat is known as oral cancer and belongs to head and neck cancer group. The cancer usually occurs in people over the age group of 40 and there are thousands of people suffering from oral cancer every year. The survival and treatment is based on the diagnosis and the stage of detection.

Oral Cancer types
1. Tongue Cancer
2. Lips Cancer
3. Gums Cancer
4. The floor of the mouth
5. The inner lining of the cheek
6. Hard and Soft palate

Risk Factors
Oral cancer is most common in people chewing tobacco in different forms like pipes, a cigar as well as in people who consume alcohol. Male are twice at risk of oral cancer compared to women. Besides, the following risk factors can cause cancers as well.
• The family history of oral or any other cancer
• Poor Nutrition
• Weak immune system
• Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
• Chronic facial sun exposure

Oral Cancer

Symptoms
• A lump growth anywhere inside the mouth
• Bleeding from the mouth
• Trouble swallowing or wearing dentures
• Loose teeth
• A lip or mouth sore that does not heal
• A sore throat
• Red or white patches on lips or inside the mouth
• Jaw or tongue pain or stiffness

Diagnosis
The diagnosis can be done using either X-ray, CT Scan or an MRI scan. MRI’s can show highly accurate results on cancer of neck and head with the stage of it while PET scan can be done in order to check whether the cancer is reached to the other organs or lymph nodes. X-ray can help determine whether cancer has spread to chest, lungs or jaw. CT scan is also used to diagnose cancers in organs like lungs, neck, mouth, and throat.

Stages
There are four stages through which cancer progresses and the survival rate also varies based on the stage of detection of the cancer
Stage 1 – The tumor at this stage is around 2 cm or even smaller and the cancer is not yet spread to the lymph nodes. Survival rate at this stage is quite high
Stage 2 – The tumor is over 2 cm but under 4 cm in size and cancer hasn’t spread to the nodes. The survival rate is good if the cancer is detected at this stage
Stage 3 – This is a bit advanced stage where the tumor is over 4 cm and it hasn’t spread to the lymph node or is of any size and has spread to one of the lymph nodes. The survival rate is reduced at this stage
Stage 4 – This is the final stage and cancer has a tumor of any size that has spread to other lymph nodes as well as other parts of the body.

The survival rate for over 60% of people with oral cancer is said to be up to five years or more. The earlier the diagnosis happens, the more is the rate of survival and hence it is the most for localized cancer (83%), 64% for cancer that has spread to lymph nodes and 38% for last stage cancer.

Treatment
The treatment of oral cancer depends on the diagnosis and the type, location, and stage of cancer.
The treatment includes –
Surgery – The initial treatment involves removal of the cancerous tumor and lymph nodes. If required some other tissues might be removed from the neck and mouth.
Chemotherapy – This therapy involves removal of the cancerous cells using drugs. The therapy is carried out on an outpatient basis, wherein the medicine is provided orally or via (IV).
Radiation Therapy – The therapy is a process of two to eight weeks wherein the doctor projects radiation beams at the tumor once or twice a day. For advanced stage cancers, a mix of chemotherapy and radiation therapy is carried out.
Targeted Therapy – Targeted therapy is another form of therapy which works well will containing the growth of cancer cells. The drug binds with specific proteins on cancer cells in order to interfere with their growth.

Cancer treatment can take a toll on your diet making it difficult to eat and swallow. Hence, it is important that you discuss your nutrition with the doctor which provides you with all the need nutrients and is even painless for you to an extent.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in Bangalore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence.

Prostate Cancer – An Overview

This cancer occurs in the male reproductive system to the prostate which is a gland that is just outside the bladder around the male urethra. This is one of the most common forms of cancer that occurs in men usually above 50 years of age. The people who have fathers or brothers diagnosed with prostate cancer at a younger age are at more risk of getting this cancer.

Here is a run down through the symptoms diagnosis treatment and survival span for patients suffering with prostate cancer. Prostate cancer consists of adenocarcinoma cells that originate from the glandular tissue. So, even if the cancer spreads through the bones, it is not called bone cancer but is known as prostate cancer metastatic to bones. Commonly prostate cancer metastasizes to the lymph nodes located in the pelvis and also to the bones.

prostate cancer

Risk Factors
As for the cause of prostate cancer, it is yet to be known though genetic factors are known to be responsible for the same. Though research is still on to figure out the exact cause of the condition.

Symptoms
Prostate cancer patients exhibit the following symptoms which mainly include urinary issues
1. Hesitancy or difficulty in starting
2. Nee to put stain for urinating
3. Decrease in force of urine
4. Intermittency or irregular flow of urine
5. Frequent bathroom visits
6. Dribble
7. Burning or pain during urinating
8. Erectile dysfunction
9. Painful ejaculation
10. Blood or semen in urine
11. Lower back or pelvic or abdominal pain
12. Unexplained weight loss, swelling in lower extremities and bone pain

Diagnosis
Prostate cancer screening needs to be done at regular intervals particularly after 40 or 45 if you have it in the genes. The testing involves prostate specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal examination. Though it has its own pros and cons hence it important to consult an urologist before doing such screenings.
If the PSA is abnormally high, or there is an abnormal area felt during rectal examination, the risk is raised.
Prostate biopsy can help confirm the possibility of having prostate cancer

Treatment
The treatment procedure involves observation of the cancer, monitoring it continuously, surgery also known as radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy as well as other therapies in order to limit the growth of cancer cells.

There are a lot of cancer deaths in the world but if timely diagnosis is carried out you can increase the survival rate and avoid deaths that are caused due to detection at the last stages.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in bangalore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence.

Cancer Can Now Eliminate Tumors In Mice

A recent study by Stanford researchers have states that on activating T cells in Tumor, you can eliminate even distant metastases in mice. The researchers carried out the research in mice by injecting minimal quantity of two immune stimulating agents into solid tumors present inside mice. The researchers added that the idea could work well even on distant metastases and a variety of cancers as well.

Cancer Can Now Eliminate Tumors In Mice

The researchers further added that this therapy could turnout to be inexpensive comparatively and almost without any adverse side effects. The best part of this new finding is that the use of two agents together helps eliminate all the tumors in the body without a targeted approach to immune specific targets or wholesale activation of the immune system.

The development of the first of a kind monoclonal antibody, known as rituximab has been approved for cancer treatment in human beings. This approach makes use of small quantity of two agents in order to stimulate the immune cells within the tumor itself. The one time application of the same has displayed amazing results by eliminating all tumors in the studied animal. The method apparently reactivates the cancer specific T cells after the agents are injected in microgram amount into the tumor. Some tumor specific T cells also leave the place where they are injected, find other similar tumors in the body and eliminate them. The results have been awe-inspiring because out of the 90 mice 87 have been cured completely.

Now, the clinical trial involving humans is to begin. Initially 15 patients with low grade cancers are going to be experimented upon and if the results are as desired then the clinicians are aiming to inject the two mentioned agents in solid tumors before the surgical removal of them in order to prevent relapse of the same. As per the researchers, there is no limit on the type of cancer that could be treated using this technique as long as it can be infiltrated by the immune system.

The expected results of the test might as well pave the path to inexpensive cancer treatment therapy with astounding results.

*source from internet

A Technique To Destroy Cancer Cells Within Three Days

A new study has further raised the hope for treating cancer faster due to the easy technique which alters the structure of chromatin in cancer cells thus destroying them faster and in an easier way.

Now chromatin is formed from DNA that are wrapped around proteins and called Histones. Chromatin is responsible for regulating the genes that are switched on and off besides packaging the genetic code into the cell nucleus properly. In technical language you may put chromatin as the software if the genetics is termed as hardware.

A Technique To Destroy Cancer Cells Within Three Days

Though chromatin works for cancer cells in a way because it aids in their evolution and helps them adapt to cancer therapies, ultimately helping them survive and grow.
Cancer being a complex condition, individual behavior of genes does not make a difference but it all actually depends on the complex interplay of the thousands of genes. Hence, the researchers focused on chromatin for fighting cancer.

They developed the technique called Partial Wave Spectroscopic (PWS) microscopy, which allows real time monitoring of chromatin in living cells. They used this technique in cultured cancer cell and found that chromatin helps cancer cells evade treatment due to the specific packaging density linked with gene expression.

The more disordered and heterogenous the chromatin packaging density, the more ordered and conservative it is, the more are the chances of cancer cell death while responding to chemotherapy. Thus as per the discovery made, the researchers came to hypothesis that changing the chromatin structure and making it orderly can actually help in increasing cancer cells treatment vulnerability. Further study made them understand the fact that it was possible to modify the chromatin structure in the nucleus of the cancer cells by electrolytes.

The researchers tried combining two drugs one Celecoxib used for pain relief and Digoxin used for treating fibrillation as well as heart failure. Referring this combination as chromatin protection therapeutics (CPTs), they tested it on cancer cells in the lab with chemotherapy and the results according to the researchers were remarkable.

The researchers have also successfully replicated the finding in seven different cancer kinds which is a ray of hope in the cancer treatment.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in banglaore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence

*Source form internet

Zika Virus and Brain Cancer

One of the most dreaded diseases in India is Cancer and its various varieties. As on day there are a variety of treatments available to treat cancer through surgeries and therapies. But, we are yet to find a treatment that guarantees uprooting cancer from its root and even vaccines to avoid it altogether. Here’s some update on zika virus and its association with brain cancer.

Zika Virus and Brain Cancer

Most of us are aware of the havoc that Zika virus has been creating since its outbreak in the south african countries. But, we are less known of some new updates on the same. Researchers apparently have found out its usage in brain cancer treatment beyond its significant threat to the unborn children.

Though untested in humans yet, the results after testing on lab dishes and animals do reveal that could help treat brain cancer. Its already known that in infants and fetus, the zika targets the brain stem cells which are found in abundance in their brain cells and kills them. This usually increases the chances of neurological issues in new borns infected with zika. But, zika is not able to target adult brains with the same effectiveness. Comparatively, the effect is less severe plus these viruses have the ability to target and kill the lethal glioblastomas, stem cells which are lethal and are not affected by chemotherapy or radiation therapy and trigger the cancer again post treatment.

This research had further created rays of hope in treating brain cancer but requires further studies and tests to be carried out on animals before trying out on humankind. The reason mainly revolves around safety issues related to zika virus. Presently, there are research groups that are also testing other virus like polio, herpes and more in order to target glioblastomas. The use of zika virus as a brain cancer healer aide might require quite some time and a lot of further testing before it hits the cancer hospitals across the world.

All You Need To Know About throat Cancer

Though we as humankind haven’t had a breakthrough in completely treating every kind of cancer or a vaccine in protecting ourselves from it, if we are alert enough, there is every possibility of catching hold of it at an early stage so as to treat it well before it goes out of control. One such cancer type is throat cancer. As goes its name, it is the cancer of throat and affects the pharynx as well as the larynx or voice box. While the pharynx is located above the esophagus and larynx and below the nasal cavity, the larynx is located in the front of the neck.

Throat-Cancer-causes-symptoms

The risk factors associated with throat cancer include –
Sexually transmitted virus known as human papillomavirus (HPV)
Addictions like tobacco, gutkha, alchohol and smoking
A diet free from fruits and vegetables
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Genetics viz inherited defects in certain genes
Aesbestos exposure
Dental hygiene issues
Throat Cancer Stages

There are three different stages in throat cancer. If detected at an early stage throat cancer is pretty much treatable with surgery and radiation.

Symptoms of Throat Cancer
Symptoms of throat cancer include blood coughing, swelling in lymph nodes, trouble swallowing and more. Other than that some of the potential symptoms of cancer include the following
Cough that rarely goes away
Constant Throat Clearance
Unexplained Weight loss
Soar Throat
Ear pain
Hoarseness

Stages of Throat Cancer
The levels of throat cancer are spread across four stages 0 to 3.
Stage 0 – This is the earliest stage of caner wherein the tissue isn’t affected any other areas except your throat.
Stage 1 – The cancer has not affected any other areas beyond the throat but the size of it is less than or equal to 7 cm.
Stage 2 – The size of the throat has crossed 7 cm but still hasn’t invaded other organs
Stage 3 – The cancer has spread upto nearby organs and tissues.
Stage 4 – The cancer has spread to distant organs as well as lymph nodes

Throat Cancer Diagnosis
For diagnosis the doctor or oncologist may ask to do a biopsy or a fine needle aspiration. The biopsy recommended could be either a conventional biopsy or an endoscopic biopsy. The doctors would further recommend a few tests for determining the stage of your cancer. These include CT scan, PET scan or a MRI test.

Treatment of Throat Cancer
The treatment would be typically based on the stage of the cancer. It could include removal of the tumor and radiation and chemotherapy later on. It is a prolonged process and not a matter of few days. Repeated tests would have to be carried out to determine how successful the surgery, the radiation or chemotherapy therapy have been. Based on the reports the trajectory of the further treatment would be derived.

Recovery Issues
Throat cancer complications after the surgery and treatment could include disfigurement of neck and face primarily. This though can be fixed to a certain extent through surgery. The other issues that a patient may face during recovery includes breathing and swallowing difficulty, trouble while speaking and skin hardening around the neck.

Cancer of any kind is a condition which if caught hold of early on can be treated and many a times completely eradicated but this requires you to be alert and keep a eye on your health like a hawk. Regular health checkups are advisable for the same.

know more about best cancer hospital in India

Gut Bacteria as an Anti – Aging Agent – An Overview

Gut Bacteria as an Anti - Aging Agent

Gut bacteria in the years to come can help reduce the effects of aging, rather could be of great help in slowing down aging process. This could be possible with the help of supplements derived from gut bacteria. These bacterial genes and compounds can also decrease the rate of tumor progression inside our body besides amyloid beta accumulation, a compound known to be related to Alzheimer’s disease, as per University of Texas Health Science Center.

The scientists and researchers fraternity is well aware that the body interacts with millions of microbes called the microbiomes, inside the body. These microbiomes tend to influence the metabolic and cognitive activities as well as the aging process. Scientists at the Huffington Center are investigating on the possibility of importance of genetic composition of microbiomes for long life.

Experimentation
An experiment was carried out on laboratory work C. elegans as doing it on mammals was quite challenging technically. The characteristics of C. Elegans are very much similar to that of human biology and are simple, transparent organisms with a short life span of upto 3 weeks. This aids in rapid collection of data.

The experiment involved deleting one gene each from the 4000 genes at a time in an e.coli bacteria library to study the effects of each one. The researchers fed each individual mutant bacteria to the C. Elegans and then observed the worm’s life span closely.

As per the researchers, out of 4000 bacterial genes that they tested, they deleted 29 of them and found that it increased the life span of the worms. Furthermore, they also noticed that, 12 of these bacteria restricted tumor growth besides amyloid-beta accumulation. Even purified colanic acid was provided to C. Elegans and showed increased life span in them besides fruit fly and other mammalian cells. They also found that colanic acid regulated the dynamics of cellular structures called mitochondria, responsible for providing energy to the cell.

Well, based on the research that has been carried out and is being carried out, the researchers affirmatively suggest that designing supplements of the bacteria or their compounds could help slow down the aging process.

VIMS – One of the Best Hospital in Bangalore

All You Need To Know About Lipomas

If you have seen some lumpy formations around your body of the size 1 cm – 2 cm then they could be lipomas. Lipoma is a lump formed under the skin from fat deposits. It is generally found in ages 40-60 years and areas may include neck, back or shoulders. They could occur in younger generations as well and on almost any part of the body.

Lipomas are generally slow growing tumors which are generally benign in nature. They might not grow also. As per doctors, they are rarely harmful and there is meager possibility of they turning malignant.

Lipomas

Detection
A lipoma is a fat tissue based tumor and is very soft to touch. Its just under the skin and rarely painful, but it could be. It is colorless, grows slowly and moves easily when you prod it with your finger.

Causes
As of now, there is not defined reason for causing Lipomas. Though, one of the most common reasons is genetic or heriditary factor.

Treatment
Though, a doctor may not suggest any treatment on lipomas as they are painless and non benign.
But, if you are uncomfortable with the lipomas as they might look ugly, then your doctor may remove it with a minor surgery that includes numbing the area around lipoma, creating an incision and removing it. Then stitching the incision. Alternatively Liposuction can be used for removal. Another option is steriod injections in and around the affected area in order to shrink the lipoma can be used. Steriods only help to an extend of shrinking them and not complete elimination.

Home Remedies
Some natural supplements have known to be very effective with fat deposits. This includes turmeric roots, dandelion roots and more. These are those detoxifying herbs that have to be consumed with a lot of water so as to aid in elimination of the toxins. You can even take in turmeric by adding a teaspoon every day in your milk.

There are a few natural oils that might just help in controlling lipomas. This includes tea tree, frankincense, castor oil, sage oil, to name a few. Simple add a half a teaspoon of oil in you regular hair oil and apply it to the affected areas twice a day. Castor oil can also be massaged at night before going to bed on and around the lipomas.

When you use home remedies, their effect is generally slow but steady. So, you need to have a lot of patience to see the results. Use the home remedies atleast for a month and if it does not seem to work then try some other remedy from the suggested ones as per suitability. Its not that natural remedies won’t work. They might just work for you if you keep calm and use them for a long duration of time. There are stories where natural remedies have been affective in treating lipomas. They do not have side effects, so you may as well try them out.

Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore provides services in healthcare and education. Hospital provides free medical services. College offers Medical, Dental, Nursing and Paramedical courses

Liver Cancer – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Liver cancer is one of the less common cancers in India and not as such reportable. It is mostly in urban areas of India and ranges upto 7.5 per 100,000 in men and over 2 per 10,000 in women in its common form called Hepatocellular Carcinome (HCC).

Liver cancer has mainly four types of which HCC is the most common. The others include Cholangiocarinoma, Liver Angiosarcoma, Hepoblastoma. Almost 75% of the people in India suffer from HCC.Liver Cancer - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

CAUSES
The different causes of liver cancer include damaged liver at birth defects, chronic infection, alcohol abuse, cirhosis, aflatoxin and more

SYMPTOMS
The symptoms in liver cancer differ depending upon the type of the cancer. Though the most common indicators include Loss of apetite, sudden weight loss, liver swelling, jaundice, itching, vomiting, abdominal pain to name a few.

DIAGNOSIS
The tests that are used for diagnosis include angiography, laparoscopy, alpha fetoprotein blood test, biopsy test and imaging tests like ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging and more. Though, it is very difficult to diagnose liver cancer at an early stage.

RISK FACTORS
The most common risk factors associated with Liver cancer include Cirrhosis, Diabetes, Hereditary liver diseases, Obesity, Aflatoxins, Alcohol consumption., hereditary liver diseases to name a few.

PROGNOSIS
The cancer stages include localized, regional and distant. While localized means that the cancer cells are still inside the liver and haven’t spread across. At the regional stage, the cancer cells spread to nearby organs and in the distant stage which is considered as an advanced stage, the cancer cells have spread across tissues and organs distant from the liver. The survival rate for 5 years in patients with liver cancer is just about 2% or less for distant stage, around 7% for regional and over 25% for localized.

TREATMENT
The treatment depends on the diagnosis that includes the type of liver cancer, its stage and the patient as well. The various treatments generally include liver transplant, surgery, alcohol injection, targeted drug therapy, radiation therapy and more.

PREVENTION
Everything boils down to maintaining a healthy lifestyle when it comes to prevention of illnesses and conditions. Eating a balanced diet and regular exercise is the best way to prevent the occurrence besides regular health checkups after a certain age.

Though liver cancer is not so relevant in India, it is advisable to take care of your body so as to avoid the many man-made causes of the dreaded illness.

Choose the Best Cancer Hospital in Bangalore, Karnataka