Parasite inside human Eye

Yes, this is a fact, a 17 year old teen had damaged his right eye due to the presence of a parasitic worm that was seen wriggling in and out of the eye ball of this teen when examined by the doctors in Mexico. Though, it was a little too late because the eye was already damaged by the time it was examined and the diagnosis was done and the boy had almost lost complete vision. The doctors tested his vision and came to know that he was not even able to count their fingers when held in front of the eye. The vision was blurred and he was able to see only hand motions. After complete eye examination it was found that the right eye was severly damaged.

Parasite inside human Eye

The freely moving worm had created many holes in the iris and his right cornea was swollen and had blood spots. The worm could not be traced easily because it made these holes its safe haven. The doctors had to work hard in removing the worm from the eye and for the same they had to first remove the lens and the vitreous humor surgically. It further came to light during the surgery that the worm had also severely damaged the retina of the teen.

The worm was identified as fluke or a kind of termatode, usually found in species namely Schistosomagenus, fasciola and Paragonimus, but its particular genus wasn’t known because it was not under the included list of termatodes and was seen for the very first time. It had an overall length of 3 mm was removed in bits and pieces.

Post the surgery the teen was given anti-parasitic medicines as well but there wasnt seen any improvement as far as the vision is concerned even after six months post surgery.

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Zika Virus and Brain Cancer

One of the most dreaded diseases in India is Cancer and its various varieties. As on day there are a variety of treatments available to treat cancer through surgeries and therapies. But, we are yet to find a treatment that guarantees uprooting cancer from its root and even vaccines to avoid it altogether. Here’s some update on zika virus and its association with brain cancer.

Zika Virus and Brain Cancer

Most of us are aware of the havoc that Zika virus has been creating since its outbreak in the south african countries. But, we are less known of some new updates on the same. Researchers apparently have found out its usage in brain cancer treatment beyond its significant threat to the unborn children.

Though untested in humans yet, the results after testing on lab dishes and animals do reveal that could help treat brain cancer. Its already known that in infants and fetus, the zika targets the brain stem cells which are found in abundance in their brain cells and kills them. This usually increases the chances of neurological issues in new borns infected with zika. But, zika is not able to target adult brains with the same effectiveness. Comparatively, the effect is less severe plus these viruses have the ability to target and kill the lethal glioblastomas, stem cells which are lethal and are not affected by chemotherapy or radiation therapy and trigger the cancer again post treatment.

This research had further created rays of hope in treating brain cancer but requires further studies and tests to be carried out on animals before trying out on humankind. The reason mainly revolves around safety issues related to zika virus. Presently, there are research groups that are also testing other virus like polio, herpes and more in order to target glioblastomas. The use of zika virus as a brain cancer healer aide might require quite some time and a lot of further testing before it hits the cancer hospitals across the world.

All You Need To Know About throat Cancer

Though we as humankind haven’t had a breakthrough in completely treating every kind of cancer or a vaccine in protecting ourselves from it, if we are alert enough, there is every possibility of catching hold of it at an early stage so as to treat it well before it goes out of control. One such cancer type is throat cancer. As goes its name, it is the cancer of throat and affects the pharynx as well as the larynx or voice box. While the pharynx is located above the esophagus and larynx and below the nasal cavity, the larynx is located in the front of the neck.

Throat-Cancer-causes-symptoms

The risk factors associated with throat cancer include –
Sexually transmitted virus known as human papillomavirus (HPV)
Addictions like tobacco, gutkha, alchohol and smoking
A diet free from fruits and vegetables
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Genetics viz inherited defects in certain genes
Aesbestos exposure
Dental hygiene issues
Throat Cancer Stages

There are three different stages in throat cancer. If detected at an early stage throat cancer is pretty much treatable with surgery and radiation.

Symptoms of Throat Cancer
Symptoms of throat cancer include blood coughing, swelling in lymph nodes, trouble swallowing and more. Other than that some of the potential symptoms of cancer include the following
Cough that rarely goes away
Constant Throat Clearance
Unexplained Weight loss
Soar Throat
Ear pain
Hoarseness

Stages of Throat Cancer
The levels of throat cancer are spread across four stages 0 to 3.
Stage 0 – This is the earliest stage of caner wherein the tissue isn’t affected any other areas except your throat.
Stage 1 – The cancer has not affected any other areas beyond the throat but the size of it is less than or equal to 7 cm.
Stage 2 – The size of the throat has crossed 7 cm but still hasn’t invaded other organs
Stage 3 – The cancer has spread upto nearby organs and tissues.
Stage 4 – The cancer has spread to distant organs as well as lymph nodes

Throat Cancer Diagnosis
For diagnosis the doctor or oncologist may ask to do a biopsy or a fine needle aspiration. The biopsy recommended could be either a conventional biopsy or an endoscopic biopsy. The doctors would further recommend a few tests for determining the stage of your cancer. These include CT scan, PET scan or a MRI test.

Treatment of Throat Cancer
The treatment would be typically based on the stage of the cancer. It could include removal of the tumor and radiation and chemotherapy later on. It is a prolonged process and not a matter of few days. Repeated tests would have to be carried out to determine how successful the surgery, the radiation or chemotherapy therapy have been. Based on the reports the trajectory of the further treatment would be derived.

Recovery Issues
Throat cancer complications after the surgery and treatment could include disfigurement of neck and face primarily. This though can be fixed to a certain extent through surgery. The other issues that a patient may face during recovery includes breathing and swallowing difficulty, trouble while speaking and skin hardening around the neck.

Cancer of any kind is a condition which if caught hold of early on can be treated and many a times completely eradicated but this requires you to be alert and keep a eye on your health like a hawk. Regular health checkups are advisable for the same.

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A Virtual Help to Track and Improve Your Moods – Woebot

I‘m not sure if all of you have heard about this one but Woebot, is one app that calls itself a life coach. As an automated conversational agent, it helps you track your mood patterns and helps reduce depression through therapeutic conversation. What’s more all of it with a dash of humor.

It is created by a team of Stanford psychologists and AI experts its is rather an inexpensive solution for helping you out with mental health issues like depression. It uses talk therapy and checks on you every day once. Though experts who have worked to create this virtual therapist of sorts do want us to know that it is only capable of knowing as much as you reveal to it and thus it is more like a self help book to you as it can only help as much as you want to help yourself.

Woebot communicates with you through facebook messenger. So, one of the setbacks with this is with the data protection or privacy as Facebook does have access to the information shared on this bot and apparently owns these conversations. The brighter side for users seems to be the availability of a therapists anytime anywhere, according to the over 100 long term users.

FEATURES
Its available 24/7 – This is one therapist that can be available to your round the clock.
Its a therapist – A survey of users did show that woebot does help in making you feel better
Its a mood tracker – It tracks the patterns of your mood around the week and display the same over a graph.
Its a Teacher – Yup! that’s right it does share some interesting content with yourself
Its a learner – Over time through conversations, it gets to know you better
Its a seeker – It finds patterns that are hard for humans to see

Let’s come to the bottomline. Yes, after sharing all this information on this virtual therapist or conversationalist, you would want to know about it, already. It does come at a cost but certainly less expensive to a physical affair.

We do not know to how much extent does woebot help a depressed or a low in mood person but it does claim to make a little positive difference in your mood. Well, to use it or not, is just a matter or individual choice.

Gut Bacteria as an Anti – Aging Agent – An Overview

Gut Bacteria as an Anti - Aging Agent

Gut bacteria in the years to come can help reduce the effects of aging, rather could be of great help in slowing down aging process. This could be possible with the help of supplements derived from gut bacteria. These bacterial genes and compounds can also decrease the rate of tumor progression inside our body besides amyloid beta accumulation, a compound known to be related to Alzheimer’s disease, as per University of Texas Health Science Center.

The scientists and researchers fraternity is well aware that the body interacts with millions of microbes called the microbiomes, inside the body. These microbiomes tend to influence the metabolic and cognitive activities as well as the aging process. Scientists at the Huffington Center are investigating on the possibility of importance of genetic composition of microbiomes for long life.

Experimentation
An experiment was carried out on laboratory work C. elegans as doing it on mammals was quite challenging technically. The characteristics of C. Elegans are very much similar to that of human biology and are simple, transparent organisms with a short life span of upto 3 weeks. This aids in rapid collection of data.

The experiment involved deleting one gene each from the 4000 genes at a time in an e.coli bacteria library to study the effects of each one. The researchers fed each individual mutant bacteria to the C. Elegans and then observed the worm’s life span closely.

As per the researchers, out of 4000 bacterial genes that they tested, they deleted 29 of them and found that it increased the life span of the worms. Furthermore, they also noticed that, 12 of these bacteria restricted tumor growth besides amyloid-beta accumulation. Even purified colanic acid was provided to C. Elegans and showed increased life span in them besides fruit fly and other mammalian cells. They also found that colanic acid regulated the dynamics of cellular structures called mitochondria, responsible for providing energy to the cell.

Well, based on the research that has been carried out and is being carried out, the researchers affirmatively suggest that designing supplements of the bacteria or their compounds could help slow down the aging process.

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All You Need To Know About Lipomas

If you have seen some lumpy formations around your body of the size 1 cm – 2 cm then they could be lipomas. Lipoma is a lump formed under the skin from fat deposits. It is generally found in ages 40-60 years and areas may include neck, back or shoulders. They could occur in younger generations as well and on almost any part of the body.

Lipomas are generally slow growing tumors which are generally benign in nature. They might not grow also. As per doctors, they are rarely harmful and there is meager possibility of they turning malignant.

Lipomas

Detection
A lipoma is a fat tissue based tumor and is very soft to touch. Its just under the skin and rarely painful, but it could be. It is colorless, grows slowly and moves easily when you prod it with your finger.

Causes
As of now, there is not defined reason for causing Lipomas. Though, one of the most common reasons is genetic or heriditary factor.

Treatment
Though, a doctor may not suggest any treatment on lipomas as they are painless and non benign.
But, if you are uncomfortable with the lipomas as they might look ugly, then your doctor may remove it with a minor surgery that includes numbing the area around lipoma, creating an incision and removing it. Then stitching the incision. Alternatively Liposuction can be used for removal. Another option is steriod injections in and around the affected area in order to shrink the lipoma can be used. Steriods only help to an extend of shrinking them and not complete elimination.

Home Remedies
Some natural supplements have known to be very effective with fat deposits. This includes turmeric roots, dandelion roots and more. These are those detoxifying herbs that have to be consumed with a lot of water so as to aid in elimination of the toxins. You can even take in turmeric by adding a teaspoon every day in your milk.

There are a few natural oils that might just help in controlling lipomas. This includes tea tree, frankincense, castor oil, sage oil, to name a few. Simple add a half a teaspoon of oil in you regular hair oil and apply it to the affected areas twice a day. Castor oil can also be massaged at night before going to bed on and around the lipomas.

When you use home remedies, their effect is generally slow but steady. So, you need to have a lot of patience to see the results. Use the home remedies atleast for a month and if it does not seem to work then try some other remedy from the suggested ones as per suitability. Its not that natural remedies won’t work. They might just work for you if you keep calm and use them for a long duration of time. There are stories where natural remedies have been affective in treating lipomas. They do not have side effects, so you may as well try them out.

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Seal Your Heart With Glue Patches Inspired From Slugs

Here is some interesting and possibly affirmative news about heart repair. A report released in July 2017 science journal describes about a glue that has the ability to stick to wet and dynamic surfaces including that of a heart. Many of us are aware about surgical glues used in medical procedures but what we might not be aware is that most of them turn out to be toxic to the cells.

Seal Your Heart With Glue Patches

Properties
The glue is very tough and stretchy enough. It is known to be inspired by the slimy and large slug species from Western Europe and North American regions – Arion subfuscus. This very characteristic of the slimy slug inspired the researchers to create a man made version of the same. A slimy slug is made up of polymers which is a straight and long chain of molecules. These are cross linked to each other. The best part being that the bonds are covalent as well as iconic. This hybrization of slug mucus results in it being highly stretchy and tough. Based on this, the researchers created a similar artificial version of the slug polymer.

Testing
This adhesive has been successfully tested on a pigs heart by researchers at Harvard university’s Wyss Institute for biologically inspired engineering. Besides, they have tested it on a pigs arteries, liver tissues, skin, cartiliage and included blood covered and water inflated hearts. The end result shows that its prowess was eight times as strong as the available surgical glues in the market.
Furthermore, it has been tested on rats as well. The procedure involved an emergency surgery wherein a rats liver tissue was sliced up and patched up with the newly created glue as well as a blood staunching product called surgiflo. While the rat that was treated using surgiflo suffered from scar tissue and tissue death, the ones treated using the new found adhesive showed good blood stoppage and no additional hemorrhaging up to two weeks post surgery.

Availability
Its usability in the operation theatres requires further extensive clinical testing but the researchers are highly positive on its availability for treatment of external wounds sooner than later.

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Soure: https://www.livescience.com/59959-slug-slime-glue-patches-pig-hearts.html

see video – Slug-Inspired Glue Sticks Together a Beating Heart

Hopes Of HIV Cure Strengthen

Here is a good news on HIV treatment. It has so happened that a child diagnosed with HIV appears to be cured of it after just a year of treatment and living a drug free life after wards upto eight and a half years. The infant had contracted the HIV virus from its mother and went treatment for 40 continuous to suppress the virus. After that the child was monitored consistently to check for relapse, if any. But, to the surprise of the doctors, even now after almost 8.5 years without drugs, the child hasn’t shown any signs of relapse.

Cure HIV

The child is of South African origin. As of now the child is 10 years old and is not taking any drugs. Apparently, patients with HIV need to use anti-retroviral (ART or ARV) drugs all their life once diagnosed. Also known as elite controllers, if these drugs are stopped abruptly, the virus usually comes back roaring within just a few weeks.

This is one of the rare cases and there have been a few similar cases earlier. Well, as per experts, it is a ray of hope wherein there is a less possibility of relapse if the treatment is started immediately after the diagnosis of HIV. Some case studies in France include almost 30 people who had undergone ARVs for 3 years continuously and stopped treatment for various reasons theron. The HIV virus had remained undetected in these people for an average of 7 years without treatment. On the flip side, there was this case of an HIV patient who underwent treatment within 10 days of being infected with it. The treatment spread over a period of 34 weeks. After that, a massive sampling of his blood, spinal fluid, bone marrow, rectum and some more parts in the body was done, but the virus was not detected. However, once the blood sample of his was injected into a humanized mouse, it did resurface. As it was not detected, the treatment was discontinued, but the virus relapsed within 7 months.

Nevertheless, experts say that the case of non detection of HIV in the 10 year old South African is one of the rarest of cases yet, it does pave the way to research on not just long term remission of the virus in individuals who begin treatment immediately after detection but in investigating the effects of treatment on infants immediately after their birth as a part of sustained virological control of HIV.

** source from Internet **

Facts and Tips on Eye and Care

Just imagine a vision free life. You can’t right? Eyes are such an important part of the body and caring for them is thus equally important. We’re aren’t aware that sometimes knowingly or unknowingly we make our eyes suffer. Here is a run down a few facts and some eye care tips to help you keep your vision safe. Let us first run through some facts and then a few tips on eye care.

Facts and Tips on Eye and Care

Sun glasses and Spectacles are good for eyes – There has been a myth that wearing spectacles for a long span affects eyes adversely. This is not at all true, spectacles are good for your eyes and only help in improving your vision and not degrading it.

Smoking is bad for your eyes – Yes, the fact is smoking is responsible for increasing macular degeneration. Smoking harms the blood vessels of the optic nerve as well as the retina and damages it. On a long run, it can also result in loss of eyesight.

Non removal of Eye makeup is harmful – These days girls use a lot of eye makeup accessories that include eye lash volumizers, eyeliner, maskara, etc. As per reports of experts the eye makeup can get into the eye layers and harm them. It is therefore important to remove all makeup after use and use antibiotic drops for eye protection.

Protect your eyes from the PC/ Laptop – As our life style has changed predominantly in the last decade or so, with most of the work being done on PCs/ laptops, eye protection becomes an ever concerning issue. We tend to spend most of our day on the PC or laptop and hence our eyes are put to risk. As per experts, its ideal to give your eyes some rest every couple of hours to avoid straining and vision blurring issues. Resting process includes shutting your eyes ever half and hour to forty five minutes for a few minutes, moisturizing them and lubricating them as well.

Do not wear lenses while asleep - Its a real bad idea to sleep with your eye lenses on. Doing this repeatedly can cost you your vision. So, remove lenses every night and soak them in a disinfectant. Also, while wearing them be careful to touch them with clean hands and store them in a clean case as well.

Eyes are not forever – Caring for your eyes is important, yes it is, but we need to remember that eye issues are going to occur as and when we age and at some point of time we all need to do a cataract surgery mostly. But, with proper eye care you can definitely prolong that time and have good healthy eye sight for longer years.

Well, stay outdoors, with nature, keep your eyes clean and lubricate them, moisturize them and protect them with sun shades and spectacles and keep them working efficiently for you for a long long time.

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First Strokes – Now Earlier Than Before

A recent study in USA has found that there has been a significant rise in the first stroke rates at younger ages. The startling figures indicate a growth in strokes rates for age groups of people under 55. The matter of concern lies in the fact that people who suffer from strokes at such earlier age and survive tend to have adverse effects on their health leading to disabilities of different types for a longer period post the stroke compared to the ones suffering from strokes at an old age of 65 plus.

Study also revealed that average age for stroke had decreased by two years and the common type of stroke occuring in these age groups is generally the ischemic stroke. The risk factors included type 2 diabetes with high blood pressure and atrial fibrillation.

First Strokes - Now Earlier Than Before

This above stays true for USA but coming to India, the figures are rather alarming. India tops the list of heart attacks in young age. The figures state that 78% of males between the age group of 30 and 35 are under the risk of heart attack. Further, because the arteries of Indians are narrow as compared to the caucasians, the risk is much more because of the genetical vulnerability.

The reason is early aging of the heart. Your calendar age may be in your 30’s but biologically your heart may be older by 8 -10 years, majorly due to unhealthy lifestyle and to some extent genes. The world is also coming to terms with the concept of heart age which is calculated on the basis of age, gender, total and HDL, blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, BMI and more. As per doctors, youth does not mean protection to the heart against stroke. With a rather unhealthy lifestyle that includes fats, excessive caffeine, alcohol and salts, it is only going to come sooner than later.

Generally speaking, Indians consume very less fruits, not even a single fruit every day rather. Moreover, the food is loaded with refined carbohyrdates and saturated fats and prolonged cooking destroys most of the nutrients from the food. Hence, it is but natural for heart diseases to occur at early ages.

The only benefit today as compared to earlier times is that with the advancement in technology heart attacks can be predicted accurately as much as 90%. Tests like CT coronary Angiogram, measure cartid IMT, high sensitivity CRP in blood, stress testing, lipid profile, blood sugar, BMI and more can help indicate the risk factors. Therefore, a 64-slice CT scan every few years post the age of 30 is advisable to Indians to check for blockages in the artery.

Well, for Indians, its time to change the lifestyle and adopt a healthy one loaded with fruits and exercises included to ensure that the biological age is much younger than the calendar and not vice versa.

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Source: https://www.livescience.com/56911-age-stroke-declining.html