Facial Expressions Speak louder than Words, About our Intentions

As per a new report facial expression not only reveals human expression but our intentions as well. The study states that facial expressions are a result of our intentions and not our feelings. The study was carried out at the Department of Psychology and Brain Sciences at UC Santa Barbara by an associate professor doing innovative research on facial expressions.

The study has been published in the journal trends in cognitive sciences and debunks only his older research findings as a clinical psychologist. As per the researchers we as humans relate to a smiling face as happy and a sad face expressions with unhappiness or sadness but the case actually is not that. Even a monkey at the zoo does smile at the visitors but it’s just about giving that submissive threat grimace.

body-language-actions-speak-louder-than-words

He further goes on to state though humans and animals are different many of the facial displays function in similar ways are act as tools of social negotiation. One of his research about Trobrian Islanders in Papua New Guinea still think about emotions while using facial expressions and are still untainted by Western traditions. The research found that what earlier was known to be the face of fear for these Trobiranders apparently is a display of threat with the sole objective of frightening the opponent or opponents to be submissive.

While in the 1960’s researchers did relate certain expressions to emotions but in newer studies there has been very little or no evidence about the relationship between both. For example, angry face might not mean that we are angry it could signal constipation to say the least or frustration or hurtfulness. In his earlier studies he has depicted that when humans imagine to be in certain situations be it fun or scary ones, happy or irritating ones, we give more expressions than when we actually face those situations alone in reality. Also, when we watch funny videos alone we might not react as much as we do when we are watching the same video with friends.

The researcher Fridlund is currently working on the lines of his earlier research which has written about in his book titled ‘Human Facial Expression: An Evolutionary View’ that was published in 1994.

Be Aware of Fake Health News

Internet today is brimming with news on every subject and health news is no different. But, what you also see is that with internet and mobile phones in every other hand circulating or sharing the information is a matter of just one click or tap. Though this has brought about a progressive change in terms of information availability and sharing but on the flip side fake news circulation keep coming up regularly and people are caught in a frenzy of sharing without confirming or authenticating the truth of the matter.

Fake news can turn-out to be very harmful and one example of it being the winning of presidential election by Donald Trump as per critics and Investigators. They believe it is all a result of propaganda of fake news. Apparently, fake healthcare news can be even more dangerous because of the instant and continuous sharing of it through social media channels. As per one survey in 2016 the 20 most shared topics included the keyword cancer and even more startling was the fact that over half of them were misleading full of dubious claims on cancer recovery.

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Hence, it becomes important that we as adults be aware of the facts and fiction shared on the internet. We don’t have to believe these claims blindly or share such articles with false claims. What happens is when we see that bla bla health article has had this many million views, were are automatically attracted to reading it and further believing in all the content but here is when we need to be alert and not give in to the numbers. Let us go through some points that can help you identify or differentiate between fake and authentic news.

BE AWARE OF FAKE HEALTH NEWS

The publication – do check out for the name of the publication before you believe in it. There are many sources of information sharing and if you find that it is a reliable source like news agency ANI or Times of India, Hindustan Times and more you may as well know that it is verified before publishing and not just shared by any user.

Credibility of Research Journal – The news needs to have some evidence. If it has evidence of research journals published it is reliable else it is definitely hoax. You can simply google search to check the source that is cited and find out if it is peer reviewed journal or fake news.

Don’t support conspired stuff – You find news with headlines like too good to be true or sources tried to hide this news of HIV cure since long like umpteen times across your views. Know for sure that this sort of headlines are made to entice you to read the articles and share them and are absolutely false or fake.

Report Fake news and spread the word – If you seem to find out from reliable research that the news is fake do report it along with your scientific claims and evidence you have to prove that the news is fake. Spread the word and also report to social media sites which do have a facility to report fake news.

Well, we are adults enough to understand that fake news can be really dangerous and by being aware and spreading the word, we only do our bit to keep our society away from unwanted and potentially malicious content.

How Can I Treat My Hurting Heals

Do your heels hurt a lot. Well, there can be umpteen reasons behind the same. The areas that are usually affected due to pain include either the sides of the heel, behind it, under it or at the joining junction of heel bone and Achilles tendon.

Heel pain in many of the cases is associated with injury. The causes of heel pain are usually associated with trauma, neurological problem, arthiritis, infection or autoimmune problem.

Hurting Heals

The pain in the mentioned case initially is meager but later on it becomes severe and can be disabling too. It has to be treated but can become chronic at times.

Causes of Heel Pain – One of the most common causes of Heel Pain are Plantar Fasciitis, an inflammation of planter fascia. The pain occurs mainly when the arches are either high or low. Inflammation is a caused when the plantar fascia is stretched too much and affects the soft tissue fibers. The pain is felt after you rest for more time under your feet. Besides, Achilles could tighten and calf cramps could occur.

Heel Bumps – Better known at pump bumps , heel bumps are a result of an immature heel bone rubbing excessively. It is most common with flat feet people but can also occur to people wearing high heels.

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Stress Fracture – This occurs when you do strenuous exercises or play sports excessively. Hence, runners are very much bound to get stress fracture in their metatarsal bones. Another cause of stress fracture could be osteoporosis.

Tarsal tunnel Syndrome – This condition usually occurs in the foot or ankle and is caused when the large nerve on the back of the foot is compressed or entrapped or some reason.

Heel Pad Inflammation – This is a chronic condition and is a result of heavy footsteps or heel pad becoming very thin.

Achilles Tendionosis – A chronic condition also known by names like tendonitis, tendionpathy, degenerative tendinopathy and tendinosis, it occurs when the Achilles tendon degenerates.

There are many other causes which lead to heel pain which include conditions like Calcaneal stress fracture, soft tissue mass, short flexor tender tear, Achilles tendon rupture, but to name a few. If you are suffering from heel pain do visit your family physician to find out more on your condition and treat it before things turn worse.

Embalming Procedure for the Deceased

Many of us are not aware of the term embalming or even the procedure. The reason being that not everyone from the middle income group does opt for this procedure on their deceased family member. This is an expensive procedure and is in practice in India only in high profile deaths, criminal deaths where the body need preservation for a longer time. The procedure consists of numerous steps in order to preserve the body of from decomposition for a short period of time and even preserve its life life looks.

Usually the embalming is legally mandatory only when a body needs to be transported from one state or country to another by train or by flight and if there is a long gap between death and funeral procedures or it is to be kept for public viewing.

Embalming Procedure

Conventional Embalming
The conventional procedure of embalming involves laying the body in a face up position after death only because laying it in face up can move the blood to the lower parts of the body and discolour or bloat the face. The IV needles or catheters in place need to be removed. All the cuts or bruises or signs on the body need to be reported and documented. Firstly, the eyes, nose and mouth are cleaned and disinfected from inside out. The body of males is shaved particularly the face and those of women and kids to remove the peach fuzz. Then the body is massaged in order to losen up the stiff joints and muscles because if the muscles are stiff then the embalming fluid might not go where its needed due to vascular pressure. Further eyes and mouth are closed if open. A plastic cap could be used for closing eyes or a piece of cotton is place between the eye and the lids. They can also be glued sometimes. All this is done prior inducing the embalming fluid in the body because it sets the body, making it difficult later to close the mouth or eyes. As far as the mouth is concerned, it is sewed sometimes. To make the lips and eyes look natural and avoid drying out, moisturising cream is also applied.

Now, the body is set for incision of the embalming fluid. The fluid is a mix of water, formaldehyde and other chemicals. The incision is made usually near the base of SCM muscle or clavicle in men and femoral site in case of women. The process of incision of the embalming of the fluid and draining of the artery is done simultaneously. The embalming machine is used for distributing the fluid evenly in the body alongside washin it with an antibacterial soap. The pressure needs to be maintained properly to avoid deformity. Once the embalming is done, you need to remove the cannula, and tie the veins and arteries used and suture the closed insions. Finally to ensure that there is no leakage a sealing powder is used.

Green Embalming – These days green embalming alternative is available at certain locations only though for people who are willing to go chemical free and safe and is done using biodegradable oils generally. This not only protects the embalmer from hazards of chemicals used but also protects the earth from harmful chemicals on burial of the body.

Embalming procedures are very common and mandatory when the mortals are to be transferred outside the country but the extent of services required needs to be decided and comes with a cost. Having said that, it is said that people feel good and its a bit easier for them to bid good bye if they the mortal looks like live.

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Heart Disease and its Few Types – Overview

Heart disease is one condition that has spread its vicious roots not only in the Indian subcontinent but also across the world. Statistics say that one in four in the USA die of heart issues. It is also a leading cause of deaths in UK, Australia and Canada other than India, where it is known to be the top killer as well.

There are different kinds of heart problems that tend to affect different body parts. Here is a run down some of the common types of problems that cause heart disease.

Heart Disease and Types

Myocardial Infarction – Also known as Heart attack, coronary thrombosis or cardiac infarction, this is caused due to a blood clot occurring in the coronary thrombosis. Due to the clot, the heart muscles get damaged. It can also occur if an artery spasms or narrows.

Coronary Artery Disease – The role of the coronary arteries is to provide nutrients and oxygen to the heart. The condition arises when due to plaque deposit damage the arteries as they narrow them thus cutting the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the heart.

Congenital Heart Disease – This condition is a result of deformities at the time of birth. This includes conditions like Obstruction defects, generally caused due to blockage of blood flow through different chambers of the heart and Cyanotic heart disease which is a shortage of oxygen in the body due to defect in the heart.

Pulmonary Stenosis – This condition is caused when the pulmonary valve is too tight making it difficult for the heart to pump blood into the pulmonary artery. If an infant suffers from this condition severe in nature then he or she can turn them blue.

Arrhythmia – It is a result of irregularity in heartbeat. The heart can lose its rhythm due to reasons like heart beating too fast (tachycardia), heart beating too slow(bradycardia), fibrillation or premature ventricular contractions.

Mitral Valve Prolapse – This is a condition which rarely needs treatment as it is not life threatening. In this condition the valves between the left ventricle and left atrium does not fully close but simply bulges in upward direction or back into the atrium.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy – This condition arises when the heart muscle becomes dilated due to weakness and is not able to pump blood properly. The is caused when the heart is deprived of oxygen due to coronary heart disease which usually affects the left ventricle.

Mitral Regurgitation – When the mitral valve does not close as tightly as it should, it causes mitral incompetence or regurgitation or insufficiency. This causes the blood to flow backwards into the heart when it should move out of it. As a result, a person suffering from this condition often feels tired or out of breadth.

Heart Failure – when the heart is not able to pump blood efficiently, it leads to heart failure. Either side of the heart is affected usually. The heart becomes weak over a period of time due to high blood pressure or coronary artery disease.

Well, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in reducing the risk factors of the aforementioned heart conditions. So, Stay Fit. Stay safe.

Vydehi Institute of Cardiac Sciences is a well equipped super specialty centre located in Vydehi Hospital designed to serve your hearts needs. It is equipped to treat all cardiac, cardiothoracic and vascular cases.

*source from internet

Sleep Advice for People with Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain has always been a painful and stressful issue for people who suffer from it on and off. Lower back pain is common amongst women in India particularly in women who have undergone C sections. It disrupts our daily routines and sleep as well. Pain in the day time or night time, does tend to distract you and affect your concentration levels on work. Still people do live with it but when it disrupts sleep, that is when it get to the nerves. So, let us look into certain sleeping positions that are suitable for people who suffer from back pain because even not sleeping in a proper posture can add to your pain, thus worsening it.

Well, its important to maintain a natural curve of the spine while you sleeping. To ensure that you maintain a proper posture when lying in bed you need so provide proper support to your back when you sleep and keep your hips, shoulders and head properly aligned. This is not easy as it seems because each one of us sleeps differently like some sleep on their left side, some on their left while some sleep on their stomach. Many avoid sleeping on back because of snoring issues.

lower back pain

Here are few postures that might help you in dealing with your lower back pain while in bed.

1. THE BEST POSITION – The best sleeping position is to lie on the back because it distributes the weight across the body’s surface and uniformly too. It maintains a good alignment of the spine, neck and head and minimizes the pressure points.

2. FETUS LIKE POSITION – This position is known to be very effective on people who suffer from herniated disc condition. The fetus position wherein the knees are tucked close to the chest helps in reducing the spine bend and opens the joints up as well.

3. PILLOW BETWEEN KNEES – Many people prefer sleeping on sides, even though it is not considered to be an appropriate sleeping position as it can strain the lower back by pulling out the spine out of its position. But, there is a solution to this. Simply place a firm pillow between your knees when you sleep on the sides thus realigning your pelvis, hips and spine.

4. RECLINER POSITION – This position has helped many with isthmic spondylolisthesis relieve themselves from lower back pain at night. Though an expensive solution, if it is helping you significantly reduce your back pain, then investing in a recline does seem a good idea. You can adjust the chair or bed as per the needs of your back.

Well, many of us are already aware that lower back problems can aggravate if we do not use appropriate mattress and pillows as well. So, it is important that you buy a mattress or pillow as per your requirement.

  1. Try changing your pillow every 12 -18 months.
  2. If you tend to sleep on your back a lot, use a thinner pillow to avoid straining your neck
  3. Pillows made from memory foam are a good choice as they take the shape of your head or neck.
  4. A medium firm mattress is a good choice for those of you with lower back conditions.
  5. Avoid softer mattresses because they tend to disturb spin alignment and change them every 10 years.

A good night’s sleep is indeed important for good health and fitness so if you have lower back issues the most important thing to do first is to catch up with a Physiotherapist and see what he has to advice on the same.

Department of Orthopaedics at Vydehi Hospital is full pledged and has all the facilities to treat the patients with Orthopaedic problems. There are 8 senior consultants, 2 Senior residents, 5 Post graduate students and Interns in the department. Department renders service throughout the day on all days.

All About Essential Tremors

Many of us have either experienced or seen this happen mostly in elderly people. A nerve disorder, essential tremor causes uncontrollable shaking in various parts of the body. The areas that are commonly known to be affected by the same are arms, larynx, head, hands, chin and tongue. Mostly the affected areas is the upper part and not the lower part of the body. ET or essential tremor is not a life threatening disorder mostly and a person can easily have quality life living with it. Though some might face some difficulty doing routine activities like eating, writing or dressing, but overall one can live with it without much of a discomfort.

All About Essential Tremors

Causes
Tremors are known to be electrical activity of the brain of abnormal nature. Genetics could be a possible cause of ET in over half of the people because a child born to a parent with ET increases the chance of inheriting the same condition by 50%. ET is often seen in the elderly but its definitely cannot referred as a part of aging process.

Symptoms
The symptoms are visible tremors, where the particular affected area shakes uncontrollable, even voice could shake and head could nod as well. With increase in stress the shaking also increasing and decreases with rest. There could be balance problems as well but in rare cases.

Essential tremors are related to other disorders like headaches, migranes, Pariknson’s disease and even known to be a t high risk of getting dementia.

Treatment and Prevention
Treatment is required only in case of essential tremors of severe nature only. The treatment might include surgery or medications as per the severity levels.

Medicines – To reduce severity of essential tremors, medicines like Mysoline, Topamax, and tranquilizers like Ativan, Xanax and more are used. Sometimes Botox injections are used.

Surgery – The surgical alternative is called Deep brain stimulation or DBS and is used only in case of severe tremors even after use of medications.

Well, it is not all preventive because the root cause is not known but with the help of medications it can be kept under control significantly.

The Neurosurgery Department of Vydehi Institute of Medical Science & Research Centre has completed 500 major neurosurgical operations successfully in as many operating days. The Department boasts of state-of-the-art neurosurgical equipments, is now capable of treating all kinds of neurosurgical ailments at an affordable cost.

Weight Loss in one Causes Ripple Effect on the Other Spouse

The claim sounds bizarre but nevertheless is true and is based on the study of around 130 couples wherein 1/3rd of them lost body weight exceeding to 3% when their partners were on a weight loss regime even when they were not participating.

The study was carried out at the Institute of Collaboration of Health, Intervention and Policy of the Connecticut University and was called ‘the ripple effect’ by its author. The author further added that the effect was not limited to only romantic partners. A change in behavior of a person effects the others. Hence, when one of the spouses tries to watch their weight, this healthy behavior tends to benefit the life of others in their life as well. The study is not based on self reported analysis but is based on a controlled design study wherein the couple participants are checked as the program starts, three months onward and finally post six months.

Weight Loss

This study holds significance because is determines that any peer support be is spousal or otherwise do play a vital role in weight loss. This also includes the social media hash tags one gets.

THE DIET PLAN

Unlimited Intake
The diet plan included unlimited intake of green foods like all green leafy vegetables and salads, all meat, fish and poultry, full fat dairy, almond, nut and seed flours, all artificial sweeteners like Stevie and more.

Occasional Intake
The plan allowed an occasional intake of fruits like 1 cup blueberries, a small banana, orange, five carrots, mangoes, green grapes, 3 small figs and half a cup sweet potato.
Barred Intake

The diet plan had a list of red or forbidden foods and included breads, breakfast cereal, legumes and pulses, fruit juices, soya products, all processed foods, sugar, maple syrup, honey and most alcohols.

The behavioral psychologist said that spouses do tend to copy their partners behavior and start counting their own calories alongside as well, eat low fat food and even weigh themselves more frequently.

Well, it is good news in a way because even if one of the couple is determined to work towards weight loss, the partner might just get inspired unknowingly and shed of a few kilos.

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Cancer Can Now Eliminate Tumors In Mice

A recent study by Stanford researchers have states that on activating T cells in Tumor, you can eliminate even distant metastases in mice. The researchers carried out the research in mice by injecting minimal quantity of two immune stimulating agents into solid tumors present inside mice. The researchers added that the idea could work well even on distant metastases and a variety of cancers as well.

Cancer Can Now Eliminate Tumors In Mice

The researchers further added that this therapy could turnout to be inexpensive comparatively and almost without any adverse side effects. The best part of this new finding is that the use of two agents together helps eliminate all the tumors in the body without a targeted approach to immune specific targets or wholesale activation of the immune system.

The development of the first of a kind monoclonal antibody, known as rituximab has been approved for cancer treatment in human beings. This approach makes use of small quantity of two agents in order to stimulate the immune cells within the tumor itself. The one time application of the same has displayed amazing results by eliminating all tumors in the studied animal. The method apparently reactivates the cancer specific T cells after the agents are injected in microgram amount into the tumor. Some tumor specific T cells also leave the place where they are injected, find other similar tumors in the body and eliminate them. The results have been awe-inspiring because out of the 90 mice 87 have been cured completely.

Now, the clinical trial involving humans is to begin. Initially 15 patients with low grade cancers are going to be experimented upon and if the results are as desired then the clinicians are aiming to inject the two mentioned agents in solid tumors before the surgical removal of them in order to prevent relapse of the same. As per the researchers, there is no limit on the type of cancer that could be treated using this technique as long as it can be infiltrated by the immune system.

The expected results of the test might as well pave the path to inexpensive cancer treatment therapy with astounding results.

*source from internet

A Technique To Destroy Cancer Cells Within Three Days

A new study has further raised the hope for treating cancer faster due to the easy technique which alters the structure of chromatin in cancer cells thus destroying them faster and in an easier way.

Now chromatin is formed from DNA that are wrapped around proteins and called Histones. Chromatin is responsible for regulating the genes that are switched on and off besides packaging the genetic code into the cell nucleus properly. In technical language you may put chromatin as the software if the genetics is termed as hardware.

A Technique To Destroy Cancer Cells Within Three Days

Though chromatin works for cancer cells in a way because it aids in their evolution and helps them adapt to cancer therapies, ultimately helping them survive and grow.
Cancer being a complex condition, individual behavior of genes does not make a difference but it all actually depends on the complex interplay of the thousands of genes. Hence, the researchers focused on chromatin for fighting cancer.

They developed the technique called Partial Wave Spectroscopic (PWS) microscopy, which allows real time monitoring of chromatin in living cells. They used this technique in cultured cancer cell and found that chromatin helps cancer cells evade treatment due to the specific packaging density linked with gene expression.

The more disordered and heterogenous the chromatin packaging density, the more ordered and conservative it is, the more are the chances of cancer cell death while responding to chemotherapy. Thus as per the discovery made, the researchers came to hypothesis that changing the chromatin structure and making it orderly can actually help in increasing cancer cells treatment vulnerability. Further study made them understand the fact that it was possible to modify the chromatin structure in the nucleus of the cancer cells by electrolytes.

The researchers tried combining two drugs one Celecoxib used for pain relief and Digoxin used for treating fibrillation as well as heart failure. Referring this combination as chromatin protection therapeutics (CPTs), they tested it on cancer cells in the lab with chemotherapy and the results according to the researchers were remarkable.

The researchers have also successfully replicated the finding in seven different cancer kinds which is a ray of hope in the cancer treatment.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in banglaore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence

*Source form internet