Hip Replacement Surgery is a procedure carried out to replace the painful hip joint due to arthritis or fracture and replace it with an artificial joint made out of plastic and metal. This is usually the last approach after all other treatments fail to provide any relief from hip joint pain.
The surgery was first carried out in 1960 and today is known to be one of the most common and successful surgeries to be carried out. The innovations in area have greatly improved the effectiveness of Surgery in today’s times and even is considered to be a minimally invasive surgery.
The surgery does involves some amount of blood loss so better consider a blood donation before doing the same. The surgery is not a prolonged one but it does require you to stay in the hospital for around less than a week. The surgery is done to remove the damaged bone as well as cartilage and replacing it with prosthetics. The procedure is as follows
The damaged femora head is first taken out from the hollow Femur center and is replaced with a new metal stem, either through cementing or by press fitting it into the bone.
This is followed by placing a ceramic or metal ball in the stem’s upper part. This ball is a replacement for the damaged femoral head.
Further the surgery involves the removal of the damaged cartilage socket surface or acetabulum is removed and a metal socket is used to replace the same using cement or screws if required.
For the surface to remain smooth or gliding, a spacer made from ceramic, plastic or metal is inserted between the socket and the new ball.
While you have to use a bed with a cushion to support your joints post the surgery and a tube in the bladder to help you with the bathroom calls, you need to take adequate rest and avoid doing few things. Even physiotherapy and exercise sessions will follow in order to aid the healing process.
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