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Oral Cancer – Types – Risk Factors – Symptoms – Diagnosis – Stages – Treatment

The cancer that develops in the tissue of mouth or throat is known as oral cancer and belongs to head and neck cancer group. The cancer usually occurs in people over the age group of 40 and there are thousands of people suffering from oral cancer every year. The survival and treatment is based on the diagnosis and the stage of detection.

Oral Cancer types
1. Tongue Cancer
2. Lips Cancer
3. Gums Cancer
4. Floor of the mouth
5. Inner lining of the cheek
6. Hard and Soft palate

Risk Factors
Oral cancer is most common in people chewing tobacco in different forms like pipes, cigar as well as in people who consume alcohol. Male are twice at risk of oral cancer compared to women. Besides, the following risk factors can cause cancers as well.
• Family history of oral or any other cancer
• Poor Nutrition
• Weak immune system
• Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
• Chronic facial sun exposure

Oral Cancer

Symptoms
• A lump growth anywhere inside the mouth
• Bleeding from the mouth
• Trouble swallowing or wearing dentures
• Loose teeth
• A lip or mouth sore that does not heal
• A sore throat
• Red or white patches on lips or inside mouth
• Jaw or tongue pain or stiffness

Diagnosis
The diagnosis can be done using either X-ray, CT Scan or an MRI scan. MRI’s can show highly accurate results on cancer of neck and head with the stage of it while PET scan can be done in order to check whether the cancer is reached the other organs or lymph nodes. X-ray can help determine whether the cancer has spread to chest, lungs or jaw. CT scan is also find cancers in organs like lungs, neck, mouth and throat.

Stages
There are four stages through which cancer progresses and the survival rate also varies based on the stage of detection of the cancer
Stage 1 – The tumor at this stage is around 2 cm or even smaller and the cancer is not yet spread to the lymph nodes. Survival rate at this stage is quite high
Stage 2 – The tumor is over 2 cm but under 4 cm in size and the cancer hasn’t spread to the nodes. Survival rate is good if the cancer is detected at this stage
Stage 3 – This is a bit advanced stage where the tumor is over 4 cm and it hasn’t spread to the lymph node or is of any size and has spread to one of the lymph nodes. The survival rate is reduced at this stage
Stage 4 – This is the final stage and the cancer has a tumor of any size that has spread to other lymph nodes as well as other parts of the body.

The survival rate for over 60% of people with oral cancer is said to be upto five years or more. The earlier the diagnosis happens, the more is the rate of survival and hence it is the most for localized cancer (83%), 64% for cancer that has spread to lymph nodes and 38% for last stage cancer.

Treatment
The treatment of oral cancer depends on the diagnosis and the type, location and stage of cancer.
The treatment includes –
Surgery – The initial treatment involves removal of the cancerous tumor and lymph nodes. If required some other tissues might be removed from the neck and mouth
Chemotherapy – This therapy involves removal of the cancerous cells using drugs. The therapy is carried out on an outpatient basis, wherein the medicine is provided orally or via (IV).
Radiation Therapy – The therapy is a process of two to eight weeks wherein the doctor projects radiation beams at the tumor once or twice a day. For advanced stage cancers a mix of chemotherapy and radiation therapy is carried out.
Targeted Therapy – targeted therapy is another form of therapy which work well will containing the growth of cancer cells. The drug binds with specific proteins on cancer cells in order to interfere with their growth.

Cancer treatment can take a toll on your diet making it difficult to eat and swallow. Hence, it is important that you discuss your nutrition with the doctor which provides you with all the need nutrients and is even painless for you to an extent.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in Bangalore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy – Heart Attack at Young Age

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is condition that is caused due to abnormal thickening of the myocardium or heart muscle. As a result the heart struggles in pumping blood and ultimately leads to a heart attack. This is not a common heart condition and hence this condition many a times goes unnoticed. Furthermore, some people who suffer from it might or might not experience any symptoms and are able to live routine normal lives. Only a few might experience symptoms like chest pain, issues with the heart’s electrical system , shortness of breath leading to abnormal heart rhythms of dangerous nature.

Heart Attack at Young Age

CAUSES & RISK FACTORS
Thickening of the heart muscle is a condition which is genetic. It has been found that people with this condition do have their heart muscle cells abnormally arranged, thus causing arrhythmia in them.
Well, as the condition is a hereditary condition there is almost over 50% chance that a child may inherit it from the parent or first degree relative like siblings and hence a screening is advisable if anyone in the family is having the condition.

SYMPTOMS
Not everybody suffering from the condition experience symptoms but the ones who do may experience the following –
1. Chest pain particularly while exercising
2. Palpitations of rapid pounding heart beats
3. Shortness of breath more during exercising
4. Fainting particularly after exertion or exercise
5. Heart murmur detectable by the doctor

COMPLICATIONS
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) can cause serious heart complications resulting into life threatening situation and hence it’s wise to act fast as far as treatment is concerned.
Resulting Conditions
Sudden Death – People suffering from the condition are at a high risk of suffering from a cardiac death due to Ventricular Fibrillation and Ventricular tachycardia, though the chances are extremely rare. It usually affect people at a younger age much below 30 but can occur in all ages.

Atrial Fibrillation – Due to the abnormal structure of the hear cells or thickened muscle it can affect the heart’s electrical system causing irregular heart-beats.

Mitral Valve Problems – Due to the thickened heart muscle, the space for blood flow is limited and hence it could cause the blood to rush or move forcefully into the heart. As a result the hearts left and right ventricle will not close properly further causing the blood to flow in the reverse direction into the left atrium and worsening the symptoms

Dilated Cardiomyopathy – This condition can occur in a very few chunk of people due to the weakening to the heart muscle after it thickens. It can further enlarge the ventricle and decrease the pumping ability.

Heart Failure – Thickening can sometimes lead to making the heart muscle stiff thus avoiding any sort of blood accumulation into it and further as the heart is not able to pump blood, it can cause heart failure.

Prevention
As the cause of the condition primarily is genetic, it can’t be prevented but taking care and carrying out procedures like cardioverter-defrillator transplant can help you avoid risks like sudden death. Further, the symptoms clearly pin point to the fact that when doing strenuous exercise or exertions these symptoms pop up, hence it’s advisable to get your heart checked if someone in the family is having this condition and avoid participating in exercises and sport competitions which can cause exertion to the body.

Vydehi Institute of Cardiac Sciences is a well equipped super speciality centre located in Vydehi Hospital designed to serve your hearts needs. It is equipped to treat all cardiac, cardiothoracic and vascular cases.  It uses all the latest equipment and technology coupled with the years of experience in its faculty.  All surgeries conducted at the department have been successful resulting in a 100% success rate.

All you Need to Know About Murmur

There are many of us who might not know about the condition called murmur while there is a possibility that many of us consider it a heart condition or a hole in the heart. In fact, murmur is not any hole in the heart or heart condition, it is just a sound of the heart that comes between the ‘lub and dub’ sound of it. The murmur has a sound which is why people feel that there could be some abnormality associated around it. Apparently, most murmurs are benign and can occur in many children. Many pediatric cardiologists have also observed the same in a major chunk of children and call it a pathologic or abnormal heart sound due to a hole or a heart valve narrowing or some other issues.

Murmur

The first time a murmur is heard is particularly when the infant becomes a toddler and can carry on till adult age. But, mostly as you grow older the sound becomes less and less noticeable and might disappear as well. But, even if it does not there is no cause of worry because it does not point towards any sort of abnormality.

Sometimes there may be a heart defect but no murmur while further-more there might be murmur which might just change to some new murmurs with age. Even the loud murmurs that we hear when a child is not well is very common and not life threatening or cause of worry.

General Symptoms
When the heart murmur is harmless or innocent, generally there are no visible symptoms for the same other than the sound of the murmur which is usual.

But if the murmur is accompanied with symptoms as follows, then definitely there is a cause to worry as it might as well be an indicator of an underlying heart problem.

• Unexplained weight gain or swelling
• Blue skin more importantly the lips and finger tips
• Chronic cough
• Enlarged Liver
• Lack of appetite and growth hindrance
• Dizziness and losing consciousness
• Chest Pain
• Sweating heavily even without exertion or very little exertion

Hence, if there you or your family member is facing such a condition it is advisable to consult your family physician for the same. The physician would further recommend you to consult a pediatric cardiologist if necessary. The process usually used by a cardiologist to determine the type or cause of murmur is known as echocardiography, if needed or an echocardiogram for heart evaluation. Further treatment would be based on the type of murmur normal or concerning.

Nipah Virus – Prevention is the Only Cure

The recent outbreak of Nipah Virus in Kerala has run a chill down the people residing there due to the high mortality rate and over 12 deaths that the virus has already havocked. The mortality rate of the virus is too high, almost all of the people who contracted it have lost their lives including the people who were admitted in the same hospital near the patient with Nipah virus and even the nurse who treated the first three affected by it.

People are scared because the mortality rate has been over 70% whenever it has been detected. The last time it was detected was in the year 2001 and 2007 when there was a major outbreak in Siliguri, West Bengal in India with over 71 cases out of which over 50 lost lives.

Nipah Virus

The Virus was first found in Malaysia and Singapore in the year 1998 but at that time was primarily detected in pigs and transferred through them to humans. As many as 265 people were affected them with over 40% admitted to the intensive care unit and 105 losing their lives. As per the world health organization is it a newly emerging zoonosis affecting both humans and animals severely.

Signs and Symptoms
An airborne infection and can affect anyone in direct contact with the bodies that are contaminated. The patient who contracts the virus experiences severe fever for many days due to brain inflammation and thus resulting into disorientation, confusion and drowsiness. If proper care is not taken, then it can aggravate within 24-48 hours and cause a coma too. The other signs include respiratory, pulmonary and neurological symptoms besides fever, nausea, headache, dizziness which can last from 7 to 10 days. Never ignore these symptoms and more importantly check for respiratory illness if any.

There is no Vaccine available for the condition as of now. Also, one more fact is that this virus can adapt or mutate just like the H1N1 virus. Even when H1N1 vaccinations are available, their affect is temporary for a year only because after a year the virus would have mutated. Hence, it is known to be highly deadly and best way to protect your self is to prevent it because mortality rate can be as high as 100%.

Its better to avoid eating date palm as well because the cause as of now for this outbreak is due to drinking date palm sap bitten by a bat and avoid human to human infections by wearing masks, hand gloves and socks, basically covering the entire body. Also avoid direct contact with bats, pigs and humans in endemic regions.

 

*source form internet

How to use Chewing Gum for Detecting Dental Disease

Dental issues are a very common health problem and most of us human beings experience it on a regular basis, ignore it at times too and consult the doc only in times of excruciating pain or aggravating one. Otherwise it’s more about home remedies and pain killers as a form of treatment. Over 15% of the middle aged population is known to suffer from dental problems while many do admit that if they would not have ignored dental issues they could have had an early diagnosis and treatment resulting into better dental health. Even the old adults over 65 years of age complain of infection issues with their implants and result into peri-implant diseases.

Well, here’s some good news in the regard. Chewing gum has now been considered as a solution to diagnose dental issues. As per European Scientists, chewing gum can help diagnose dental diseases which show very little or no symptoms that too cost effectively.

 Chewing Gum for Detecting Dental Disease

HOW DOES IT WORK?
Chewing gum has a compound known as denatonium, also known as the taste alarm which acts as a tool for detection of dental diseases. The role of the denatonium is to act like a trip wire and release bitter taste in case if a patient is suffering from dental conditions like peri-implantitis. The bitter taste is an indicator of the same. If there is no gum or dental disease then the gum would taste sweet and not bitter as it does not break down due to the healthy saliva.

The substance testing has been already carried out on patients suffering from infections and is working very well and was observed to be releasing almost three times more bitter saliva compared to patients with a healthy saliva.

Having said that, the researchers have also taken into note the fact that the taste perception does vary depending upon the demographics like gender, genetics and ethnicity and the bitterness toleration aspect can differ from person to person. Hence, these kind of demerits and some others need to be addressed still before determining the final result. Furthermore, even if the process is simple as that of chewing a gum, it’s advisable that only qualified dentists supervise the diagnosis and prescribe or suggest suitable treatment.

Vydehi Institute of Dental Sciences offers quality education in Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) and Master of Dental Surgery (MDS). The college has state of the art infrastructure and highly dedicated faculty. It is located in Vydehi’s main campus, in Bangalore. Established in 2001, it is approved by DCI, Government of India and, affiliated to RGUHS, Bangalore.

Low Body Immunity Alerts

We all know how important having good immunity is for our health. A body that has good immunity can help keeping infections, allergies, diseases cause by various microorganisms at bay. It also safeguards us from frequent cold or coughs and stomach infections. Pathogens that are carriers of diseases and conditions are everywhere. But, does everyone fall sick because of them? Well no. If you immune system is strong you can fight these pathogens and stay away from infections or health conditions. To determine how good your immunity is you need to do a blood test. Though our body does send us low immunity alerts only if we are awake enough to recognize them. Here is a run through some of the signals that point straight to low body immunity.

Low Body Immunity Alerts

Bad Gut Health – Poor gut health is a clear alert that your immunity is low because 80% of it is in the gut. If you are suffering from frequent Indigestion, acidity, flatulence, bloating, then understand that your gut health is poor. This is a sign of good and bad bacteria imbalance. To improve it is good to make probiotics an important part of your diet.

Low Vitamin D3 levels – Vitamin D deficiency is a clear signal of low immunity. Take a blood test to check it and if found low then it try to get to the required levels with food rich in Vitamin D and supplements as well. Additionally if you have signs of fatigue, tiredness, insomnia or depression, dark circles under eyes then they also are pin pointers of low immunity levels. Consult a doctor to check on and do the needful.

Re-occurring allergies and infections – If you are frequently attacked by common cold, cough or other allergies or skin infections like rashes, it’s highly likely that your immune system is poor. If you get UTI frequently, diarrhea, mouth sores or swollen lymph-nodes, it also indicates low immunity issues. Exercise daily to keep your body temperatures perked up and improve your defense mechanism.

Lack of Necessary fever – Our body has a way to fight diseases and fever is a sign of it. So, inspite of getting infections you show no signs of fever take this as a low immunity alert.

Well, it’s good to avoid sugar or salt in excess, processed foods or dairy products and live a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet and regular exercise.

Vydehi Hospital Bangalore – India’s leading super speciality hospital with a capacity of 1000 beds. Vydehi Hospital provides free medical services for poor and needy people.

Some Amazing Scientific Inventions That Changed the World For Good

The medical field has evolved consistently over a period of time ever since the inception of human kind. It has definitely brought about a progressive change in healthcare. But, some of these inventions have apparently brought about a kind of revolution in the field. Here is a list of few amazing inventions that have helped mankind to core ever since they’ve been invented.

Scientific Inventions That Changed the World For Good

X-ray – Imagine treating fractures and cracks in the bones without knowing anything about it. Though an accidental inventions it has worked wonders since its invention by German Physicist Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen way back in 1895. He was actually working on electron beams when he accidentally discovered that he was able to see his bones outlines. The initial reaction of people and critics was not favourable but eventually it won him the nobelprize in the year 1901.

Spectacles – Though there is not much evidence about who was the inventor of reading glasses. It is known to have been invented centuries ago and become even more in demand in the 1800’s when a lot of books began to be printed.

MRI and CT Scan – Inspired by the discovery of X-ray researchers began to dig deep into the possibilities of body scanning machines. This ultimately led to the invention of C T scanner and eventually MRI machine. The CT Scanner came into existence in 1979 which earned the inventor Dr Godfrey Hounsfield a Noble Prize and scanned multiple layers within multiple X-ray images. Soon, another invention called the MRI earned a lot of appraise to the inventor Dr Raymond V Damadian with its ability to differentiate normal cells with cancerous ones.

Cardiac Pacemaker – It was invented in the year 1926 by two genius scientists of Australian origin Edgar Booth and Mar Hill. The design was extremely complicated and required a needle to be pierced in the patients heart chamber but none the less it miraculously brought back a still born baby. Present day, the pacemakers are much more advanced and come with a battery life of 20 years.

Prosthetic’s/ Implants – Ask anyone with a handicap, how life can be challenging every single moment and then about prosthetic’s or implants and you’ll see how it has helped them overcome these challenges to a great extent. It is undoubtedly a big breakthrough of science and has enabled many lives shun their crutches or wheelchairs and live an independent life. The first prosthetic was an artificial limb invented by Douglas Bly in 1858.

Well, these are just a few of the inventions that enormously helped the medical fraternity and human kind overcome their healthcare challenges and are still doing so.

A world class integrated healthcare system, with a focus on compassionate supercare.
Leading the way in education, research and practice

Prostate Cancer – An Overview

This cancer occurs in the male reproductive system to the prostate which is a gland that is just outside the bladder around the male urethra. This is one of the most common forms of cancer that occurs in men usually above 50 years of age. The people who have fathers or brothers diagnosed with prostate cancer at a younger age are at more risk of getting this cancer.

Here is a run down through the symptoms diagnosis treatment and survival span for patients suffering with prostate cancer. Prostate cancer consists of adenocarcinoma cells that originate from the glandular tissue. So, even if the cancer spreads through the bones, it is not called bone cancer but is known as prostate cancer metastatic to bones. Commonly prostate cancer metastasizes to the lymph nodes located in the pelvis and also to the bones.

prostate cancer

Risk Factors
As for the cause of prostate cancer, it is yet to be known though genetic factors are known to be responsible for the same. Though research is still on to figure out the exact cause of the condition.

Symptoms
Prostate cancer patients exhibit the following symptoms which mainly include urinary issues
1. Hesitancy or difficulty in starting
2. Nee to put stain for urinating
3. Decrease in force of urine
4. Intermittency or irregular flow of urine
5. Frequent bathroom visits
6. Dribble
7. Burning or pain during urinating
8. Erectile dysfunction
9. Painful ejaculation
10. Blood or semen in urine
11. Lower back or pelvic or abdominal pain
12. Unexplained weight loss, swelling in lower extremities and bone pain

Diagnosis
Prostate cancer screening needs to be done at regular intervals particularly after 40 or 45 if you have it in the genes. The testing involves prostate specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal examination. Though it has its own pros and cons hence it important to consult an urologist before doing such screenings.
If the PSA is abnormally high, or there is an abnormal area felt during rectal examination, the risk is raised.
Prostate biopsy can help confirm the possibility of having prostate cancer

Treatment
The treatment procedure involves observation of the cancer, monitoring it continuously, surgery also known as radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy as well as other therapies in order to limit the growth of cancer cells.

There are a lot of cancer deaths in the world but if timely diagnosis is carried out you can increase the survival rate and avoid deaths that are caused due to detection at the last stages.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in bangalore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence.

Be Aware of Fake Health News

Internet today is brimming with news on every subject and health news is no different. But, what you also see is that with internet and mobile phones in every other hand circulating or sharing the information is a matter of just one click or tap. Though this has brought about a progressive change in terms of information availability and sharing but on the flip side fake news circulation keep coming up regularly and people are caught in a frenzy of sharing without confirming or authenticating the truth of the matter.

Fake news can turn-out to be very harmful and one example of it being the winning of presidential election by Donald Trump as per critics and Investigators. They believe it is all a result of propaganda of fake news. Apparently, fake healthcare news can be even more dangerous because of the instant and continuous sharing of it through social media channels. As per one survey in 2016 the 20 most shared topics included the keyword cancer and even more startling was the fact that over half of them were misleading full of dubious claims on cancer recovery.

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Hence, it becomes important that we as adults be aware of the facts and fiction shared on the internet. We don’t have to believe these claims blindly or share such articles with false claims. What happens is when we see that bla bla health article has had this many million views, were are automatically attracted to reading it and further believing in all the content but here is when we need to be alert and not give in to the numbers. Let us go through some points that can help you identify or differentiate between fake and authentic news.

BE AWARE OF FAKE HEALTH NEWS

The publication – do check out for the name of the publication before you believe in it. There are many sources of information sharing and if you find that it is a reliable source like news agency ANI or Times of India, Hindustan Times and more you may as well know that it is verified before publishing and not just shared by any user.

Credibility of Research Journal – The news needs to have some evidence. If it has evidence of research journals published it is reliable else it is definitely hoax. You can simply google search to check the source that is cited and find out if it is peer reviewed journal or fake news.

Don’t support conspired stuff – You find news with headlines like too good to be true or sources tried to hide this news of HIV cure since long like umpteen times across your views. Know for sure that this sort of headlines are made to entice you to read the articles and share them and are absolutely false or fake.

Report Fake news and spread the word – If you seem to find out from reliable research that the news is fake do report it along with your scientific claims and evidence you have to prove that the news is fake. Spread the word and also report to social media sites which do have a facility to report fake news.

Well, we are adults enough to understand that fake news can be really dangerous and by being aware and spreading the word, we only do our bit to keep our society away from unwanted and potentially malicious content.

How Can I Treat My Hurting Heals

Do your heels hurt a lot. Well, there can be umpteen reasons behind the same. The areas that are usually affected due to pain include either the sides of the heel, behind it, under it or at the joining junction of heel bone and Achilles tendon.

Heel pain in many of the cases is associated with injury. The causes of heel pain are usually associated with trauma, neurological problem, arthiritis, infection or autoimmune problem.

Hurting Heals

The pain in the mentioned case initially is meager but later on it becomes severe and can be disabling too. It has to be treated but can become chronic at times.

Causes of Heel Pain – One of the most common causes of Heel Pain are Plantar Fasciitis, an inflammation of planter fascia. The pain occurs mainly when the arches are either high or low. Inflammation is a caused when the plantar fascia is stretched too much and affects the soft tissue fibers. The pain is felt after you rest for more time under your feet. Besides, Achilles could tighten and calf cramps could occur.

Heel Bumps – Better known at pump bumps , heel bumps are a result of an immature heel bone rubbing excessively. It is most common with flat feet people but can also occur to people wearing high heels.

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Stress Fracture – This occurs when you do strenuous exercises or play sports excessively. Hence, runners are very much bound to get stress fracture in their metatarsal bones. Another cause of stress fracture could be osteoporosis.

Tarsal tunnel Syndrome – This condition usually occurs in the foot or ankle and is caused when the large nerve on the back of the foot is compressed or entrapped or some reason.

Heel Pad Inflammation – This is a chronic condition and is a result of heavy footsteps or heel pad becoming very thin.

Achilles Tendionosis – A chronic condition also known by names like tendonitis, tendionpathy, degenerative tendinopathy and tendinosis, it occurs when the Achilles tendon degenerates.

There are many other causes which lead to heel pain which include conditions like Calcaneal stress fracture, soft tissue mass, short flexor tender tear, Achilles tendon rupture, but to name a few. If you are suffering from heel pain do visit your family physician to find out more on your condition and treat it before things turn worse.