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Early Diabetes Signs and Symptoms, Causes, Remedies

What are the early diabetes signs and how can you detect them?

Diabetes results due to drastic fluctuations of blood sugar levels in our bodies. Also, known as blood glucose, blood sugar is also the prime source of energy in our bodies. Almost every food we consume results in the addition of blood sugar to some extent. Therefore diabetics are restricted from eating certain food items.

A type of hormone known as insulin produced by the pancreas gland aids the glucose from the food to get absorbed in our cells. Further, glucose is utilized as energy by our body. However, sometimes our body is not in a position to make sufficient use of insulin, and in some instances, the insulin secretion is not enough. In such situations, glucose stays over in the blood and is not able to get to our cells. As a consequence, diabetes happens.

How Many Types of Diabetes Are There?

There are majorly two types of diabetes identified by medical science right now.

  • Type 1 is when the body attacks the pancreas and prevents it from secreting insulin that regulates the body’s blood sugar level.
  • Type 2 diabetes is characterized by the insufficient secretion or malfunctioning of the hormone insulin in our body.

Diabetes Type 1 and 2

Both types of diabetes are commonly related to drastic fluctuation in the blood sugar level of our bodies.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

According to a global study conducted in 2021, more than 10% of the world’s adult population suffers from diabetes. It has also been predicted that the number is bound to hit 12% by 2045. Experts say that the symptoms in type 1 diabetes appear faster than in type 2.

  • Acute Hunger

Acute hunger or polyphagia is one of the early signs of diabetes that we should pay heed to. It results when our body fails to absorb the glucose that makes the most of our energy. And this occurs as a result of the inability to produce insulin. As a consequence, we feel the urge to have more and more food because of the lack of energy.

  • Lethargy

To feel fatigued or lethargic is one of the usual signs of diabetes. Also, it is a warning sign of type 2 diabetes, in most cases.

  1. Fatigue results due to the following reasons-
  2. Fluctuations in blood sugar levels
  3. Unreasonably feeling thirsty
  4. The repeated urge to pee
  5. Extreme hunger even though you had enough food
  6. Unexplained loss of weight
  7. Unclear vision
  8. Mental and emotional disorder due to the impact of diabetes
  • Itchiness and mouth dryness

Due to frequent urination, the level of fluids in our body goes down. As a result, the body lacks moisture content and can make you itchy and your mouths dry.

  • Frequent Urination

People with early symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop this health problem in their bodies. It occurs due to the presence of unwanted glucose in our bodies, which needs to pass through our urine. As the kidneys cannot hold up the excess glucose, the person feels the need to pee frequently.

  • Unclear or Foggy Vision

Diabetes leads to reduced or increased amounts of fluids in our bodies. This can lead to the swelling of our eye lenses which in turn results in blurred or foggy vision.

  • Prolonged time in healing wounds

As a result of the high level of blood glucose in our bodies, it affects the blood flow process. Owing to that it slows down in the healing of the wounds.

  • Infections

Infections or yeast infections on the ear, nose, throat, gum, skin or vaginal infection are detected in diabetic patients. Developing Numbness or Tingling in the feet. People with signs of diabetes develop a symptom called diabetic neuropathy. It is a disorder in the nerves that causes numbness in our hands and feet.

Causes of Diabetes

Type 1

Medical science has not been able to pinpoint the exact cause of type 1 diabetes. It occurs when the body starts resisting the insulin and some factor causes the cells in the pancreas to malfunction. Thereby creating a deficiency in insulin to regulate the blood sugar. Scientists claim genes to be a possible cause of this diabetes type.

Type 2

There are more than one identified factor adding up to type 2 diabetes. They can be discussed as below-

  • Genes- Type 2 diabetes is claimed to run in families. Type 2 diabetes can also increase a person’s chance of becoming obese and catching other diseases.
  • Obesity- Obesity is one of the major causes of type 2 diabetes across the world. Due to extra fat and overweight, the resistance to insulin increases which leads to increased blood sugar levels.
  • Lack of Physical Exercise- Inactivity or lack of physical exercise leads to unhealthy weight gain which in turn can lead to insulin resistance and hence, diabetes. Being overweight also plays an infamous role in heart diseases and other nervous problems.
  • Hormonal Malfunction- Some hormones in our bodies can be a cause of increased blood sugar levels by resisting the absorption and secretion of insulin by the pancreas.

Remedies of Diabetes

Studies and research into this matter have revealed many remedies for this common yet lethal disease. Even though diabetes; type 1 and 2 both cannot be cured completely, remedial measures can keep them in check and can help us live a normal life with diabetes.

Also Read: Treating Diabetes With Rehabilitation

Remedies to Keep Diabetes in Check

  • Fenugreek

One of the basic herbs utilized in the Indian kitchen, these herbs are highly beneficial in keeping diabetes in check. They help to control diabetes by enhancing glucose tolerance, minimizing blood sugar levels, and activating the secretion of insulin. Regularly having soaked fenugreek early in the morning on an empty stomach aids in lowering the glucose level. You can have both the water and the seeds.

  • Aloe vera

This magic plant filled with all the goodness contributes a good part in reducing the blood sugar level. You can squeeze the gel with the help of a spoon and have it directly. Or else combine it with jaggery or mix with milk in case you find it bitter.

  • Cinnamon

It is advisable to take cinnamon in an average quantity by health experts. Because too much of it can do harm rather than heal you. Including cinnamon in your regular spice ingredients can help you to stimulate insulin functionalities. Thus, lowering the blood sugar amount in the body. But, keep in mind that an excessive amount of it can harm the liver.

  • Jamun

Those shiny fruits found especially in the summer seasons help in balancing the amount of sugar. As a result, it helps in maximizing insulin activity.

  • Almonds

Almonds are good for everyone with their vitamin E and energy reserves. But, they are particularly beneficial for diabetics. A study conducted in the US revealed that those who consumed about 2 ounces of almonds on a daily basis tested for reduced blood sugar levels in fasting. Therefore, almonds can add extra benefits to a diabetic’s diet.

  • Physical Exercise

Physical exercise is undeniably the best remedy for diabetes. Even though diabetes is incurable, working out for a while or practicing yoga daily can reduce a diabetic’s risk of complications. It also works wonderfully to reduce excess fat and keep one’s heart-healthy.

  • Staying Hydrated

Diabetes leads to fluctuations in the levels of bodily fluids which results in blurred vision as an effect of it. Therefore, maintaining the body’s fluid levels can amazingly help keep diabetes in control. The intake of water sufficiently can do wonders along with proper medication.

The Bottom Line

Diabetes is a very common disease. But improper maintenance of diet and other factors can lead to it becoming lethal. A person with a high blood sugar level has to take precautions and medication to keep the diabetes complications at bay.

The remedies mentioned in this article do not promise to cure diabetes completely. They can only work to keep it under check. Since diabetes is directly related to physical activity, diabetics should practice yoga and other physical exercises on a daily basis.

It is also advised not to self-diagnose oneself based on this article and other articles on the internet. Consult a doctor to be certain about a disease like diabetes.

Fruits and Vegetables Rich in Vitamin C List and Health Benefits

Are you adding enough Vitamin C foods to your daily diet? In case you are not, destiny has landed you at the right place. Because we have the list of some vitamin C packed edibles for you. So that your skin and your immune system remain healthy and safe during these pandemic times.

Vitamin C, a.k.a ascorbic acid, works wonders in boosting the immune system. More than that, it is highly instrumental in preventing infections, cancer & combating various diseases. Further, it is also the secret mantra to your glowing skin because of its anti-aging properties.
Because of its antioxidant attributes, vitamin C is needed by our teeth, bones, immune function, heart health, and small blood vessels.
But our bodies are not able to store or produce vitamin C. Therefore, it is crucial for all ages to consider vitamin C sources on a regular basis.

Here is the list of the fruits that have Vitamin C for you to decorate on your plate. Eat the colors of mother earth and stay fit.

List of Vitamin C Fruits

My project

  1. Orange: It is one of the common citrus fruits rich in Vitamin C available in the market, particularly at the onset of winter months. These highly nutritious tangy flavored fruits filled with nutrients are highly beneficial for our health. 100g of orange contains 53 mg of Vitamin C.
    You can enjoy these vibrant colored fruits just the way you prefer. Peel it and have it whole, or squeeze it and enjoy it as a drink.
  2. Kiwi- Available more than 240 days a year, kiwis are perfect fruits full of vitamin C. they are grown in different parts of the world in different months. It is available in Arunachal Pradesh in India. Kiwis give off fiber as well as vitamin C and help keep the heart healthy.
  3. Guava- These highly nutrient summer delight tops among the fruits that contain Vitamin C. As a matter of fact, one guava contains enough amount of ascorbic acid equivalent to two oranges.
    Enriched with a sufficient amount of nutrients, these oval-shaped fruits help to give a perfect glow to your skin because of their higher antioxidant properties.
  4. Strawberry- Your daily cereal topping has the power to keep your immunity intact. Every day, a few pieces of this miraculous fruit can actually work like a dream. This irresistible juicy red fruit forms an excellent source of Vitamin C.
  5. Papaya- One cup of papaya contains 87 mg of Vitamin C. This sweet and delicious fruit native to Mexico & Central America is ladened with an exceptional amount of ascorbic acid.
  6. Banana- This easily accessible fruit has a respectable quantity of Vitamin C. Surprisingly, to your expectation, a normal size banana supplies you 10% of ascorbic acid.
  7. Mango- The most popular fruit of summer can be a great source of Vitamin C. It contains more than 35 mg of it in 100g.
  8. Cantaloupe- This variety of melon provides 30 mg of Vitamin C in 100g. This is one of the low-calorie foods rich in Vitamin C.
  9. Pineapple- When it comes to Vitamin C supplements, this tropical delight is a thing to consider for. You can enjoy whichever way you want- a glass of fresh pineapple juice or a slice of it sprinkled with black salt. Sounds delicious, isn’t it?

List of vegetables that are rich in Vitamin C:

vitamin c vegetables

  1. Bell Pepper- What? Never thought they were nutritious? These green, yellow, and red vegetables are a delight not only to our eyes but also to our immunity.
    It is one of the richest vitamin C vegetables, with 341 mg in each.
  2. Potato- A single potato contains 72 mg vitamin C. Its daily consumption can keep one’s immunity intact.
  3. Broccoli- With its green and beautiful curls, broccoli comes packed with vitamin C to help boost our immunity. It contains 89 mg of vitamin C per 100g. So a few pieces to go with your salad every day can make you healthy for life.
  4. Summer Squash- When it comes to enjoying the hot season, mangoes, lemonade, and cool pools aren’t always the thing.
    These fruits of the hot season are excellent options to replenish your vitamin C, which is 17 mg per 100 g.
  5. Leafy Greens- Isn’t that a cool name? The leafy greens are the vegetables we love like spinach, cabbage, turnip greens, etc. These are filled with vitamin C, 34% of our daily recommended amount. So, go ahead, get yourself some joyful greens.
  6. Cauliflower- Fry it, put it in a soup or eat it raw with your salad, this floret will provide 40 mg of Vitamin C along with fiber and vitamin k.
  7. Kale- Kale is a superb source of Vitamin C that goes with your salad or juice just fine.

Why adding a sufficient amount of foods that contain Vitamin C is vital for your well-being?

Ascorbic acid or Vitamin C forms an essential health supplement. Broadly known for its immunity-boosting properties, it comes with other various beneficial functions for the body.

 Five Healthy Foods That Are Rich in Vitamin D

Although C Vitamin is best known for distancing Scurvy away, let me summarize its other health benefits in detail.

  • Loaded with antioxidants- The antioxidant properties in Vitamin C are helpful in checking cell damages generated by free radicals. Our body tends to produce free radicals in its response to environmental and other pressures.
    These free radicals need to be flushed out from our body; otherwise, it results into stress. Further, it damages cells and body function. To this end, antioxidants come as a savior by neutralizing free radicals in our bodies.
  • Packed with antimicrobial properties- Widely known for curing infections resulting from bacteria, it inhibits pathogenic bacteria. As a result of its antibacterial properties, Vitamin C is inherently applicable. For instance, in topical antibacterial usages, curing urinary tract infections, etc.
  • Aids in collagen formation- Ever wondered why fruits and veggies with Vitamin C look so appetizing? Because they are absolutely perfect for beautiful and glowing skin. That is to say, Vitamin C helps in accumulating collagen protein synthesis that helps repair damaged skin.
  • Improves Cardiovascular Health- The appropriate amount of Vitamin C helps narrow the risk of heart disease. By all means, it reduces the risk of heart ailing factors. And that includes High Blood Levels of LDL (bad) cholesterol and triglycerides,
  • The perfect medicine for beautiful skin-  If you are browsing for the recipe for flawless skin, consider Vitamin C in your diet regimen. First, it helps to fight skin damages caused by UV rays exposure.

Also Read: Importance of Vitamin D

Next, it improves skin texture working against acne. Further, it also reduces melanin secretion, which causes skin darkening. Lastly, it aids in collagen production- the protein that influences healthy skin, bones & the body.


  • How can I increase my vitamin C?
    You can increase the vitamin C content in your daily diet by adding fruits and vegetables like tomatoes, broccoli, squashes, and mangoes to your meal regularly.
  • What are the best sources of Vitamin C?
    Some of the natural best sources of Vitamin C are kiwi, oranges, broccoli, lemon, etc.
  • Are bananas rich in vitamin C?
    Bananas can provide more than 30% of an adult’s daily recommended dose.
  • How can I get vitamin C naturally?
    Vitamin C can naturally be obtained from lemon, strawberry, oranges, broccoli, and more.

Hormonal Imbalance and It’s Natural Cure for Female and Male

Hormones are an important component of the human body. The body cannot function without it. Hormones are chemical messengers present in the body which are responsible for controlling many bodily processes like reproduction, metabolism, growth, weight, and mood, etc. Hormones are produced by the endocrine glands these glands work as a unit. When these glands produce hormones in excess or too little, it leads to a hormonal imbalance in the human body, owing to various kinds of ailments rising because of it.

Hormonal imbalance is a condition where one hormone is secreted less, or more and other glands have to pitch in balancing the bodily requirements in an individual. With the advent of time and lifestyle changes these days, hormonal imbalance is a common ailment that both men and women have fallen prey to. Sometimes, some hormones decline with age and some erode due to the fast-paced modern lifestyle we have. Therefore, it is important that hormonal imbalance is taken care of and it can be done by being mindful.

Causes and signs of hormonal imbalance in men

Multiple underlying reasons cause a Hormonal Imbalance in men. The following causes could be specific to males.

  • Prolonged stress
  • Type 1 & 2 diabetes
  • Lower or higher blood pressure
  • Obesity/Anorexia
  • Overuse of steroids
  • Deficiency of Iodine
  • Gland injuries
  • Poor diet
  • Hypogonadism
  • shrunken or under-developed testes
  • Hereditary Pancreatitis, etc.

Males do not have the same abrupt hormonal shift that of females. A few hormones in males tend to decline slowly, over the years due to aging, however, a few of these cases mentioned above could be why males even in their early 30’s suffer from hormonal imbalance.

Causes and signs of hormonal imbalance in women

Some hormonal changes in women can debilitate them, while a few hormonal shifts are normal. Even though the imbalance is common to both genders, what may differ are the causes and the signs since the body of a male and a female are different. A few causes for hormonal imbalance in women are –

  • Hormone drugs such as birth control pills
  • Cysts in the glands
  • Tumors (Breasts and other organs)
  • Poor diet and nutrition lead to irregular periods
  • Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
  • Premature menopause or Primary Ovarian Insufficiency
  • Turner Syndrome where the woman only comes with one functioning X chromosome
  • Consumption of soy products that contain Phytoestrogens (a naturally-occurring plant estrogen)
  • Hypogonadism – shrunken or under-developed ovaries

Also Read: Menopause Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Common symptoms of hormonal imbalance

Many signs and symptoms characterize hormonal imbalance. Many symptoms depend on which glands or hormones are not functioning correctly. A few common symptoms to both men and women are –

  • Experiencing constant fatigue
  • Sudden weight gain or loss without much effort
  • Higher sensitivity to cold or hot temperatures
  • Constant diarrhea
  • Sudden dry skin or puffy face
  • Weakened muscles as daily chores seem like a task
  • Pain and stiffness in the joints regularly
  • Thinning of hair
  • Decreased sexual drive
  • Constant mood changes
  • Skin Problems (Sudden breakage of acne)
  • A feeling of anxiety and depression
  • Blurry vision
  • Pink Stretch Marks
  • Increased thirst
  • Changes in Blood sugar and pressure
  • Disrupted sleep, etc.

Treating hormonal imbalance naturally by way of supplements

Listed, are a few natural ways to treat hormonal imbalance. However, it is advisable to seek medical advice before trying any of these remedies.

  1. Coconut Oil – One can include consumption of cold-pressed coconut oil as a part of their daily intake. Coconut Oil contains fatty acids that are very advantageous for overall health and provide hormones to build naturally. The acids present in the coconut oil help in reducing inflammation internally that may have been caused due to the imbalance. Consumption of coconut oil is also beneficial in weight loss as it boosts metabolism and aids in reducing anxiety and stress. One can consume 1-2 tbsps of 100Z% virgin Coconut oil or use it as dressings in salads and foods.
  2. Avocados – Avocados are rich in fatty acids which have inflammatory properties that aid in treating the hormonal imbalance. Consuming avocados also promote heart health and keep in check the required fibers and nutrients needed to maintain overall health. Consumption of avocados also helps in minimizing the weight gain that may have been caused by the hormonal imbalance. Consumption can be either in a raw form or blended into a smoothie.
  3. Ashwagandha – Also known as winter cherry, it is an evergreen shrub that is highly regarded as herbal medicine. Ashwagandha is an adaptogen (herbal pharmaceutical) that helps the body overcome stress by regulating the brain’s hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The HPA axis is responsible for producing many hormones, that initiate the body’s response to stress. Ashwagandha is also useful in treating thyroid hormone imbalance. Consumption can be in the form of Ashwagandha powder or tablets that are easily available in the market. About 300-500mg of the dosage daily, for about 8 weeks can prove beneficial in treating the hormonal imbalance.
  4. Omega -3 Fatty Acids – Omega 3 acids are inflammatory in nature and works like a charm to keep the hormones intact and balanced. They aid in the growth and building of hormones and help in alleviating stress and anxiety. One can consume these fatty acids in the form of supplements like tablets or consume foods that have Omega 3 Fatty Acids like Salmon, Sardines, Chia seeds, flax seeds, walnuts, kidney beans, soybean oil, etc.
  5. Vitamin D and C – Vitamins are important for the body to function at a normal pace. They provide nutrients to the cells to aid in bodily functioning. However, sometimes hormonal imbalance also can be due to the inadequate presence of vitamins in the body. Consuming either multivitamins supplements or Vitamin D and Vitamin C supplements separately can be beneficial in aiding the imbalance. One can also avail these vitamins through vitamin-rich foods like eggs, fish, mushrooms, citric foods. Sitting under the sun for 30 minutes every day can do wonders for one’s health.
  6. Protein Intake – Consuming proteins in daily foods is important. These proteins provide amino acids to the body that the body cannot produce on its own and hence, must be consumed to maintain health. Proteins reduce hunger pangs in humans that is a key to maintaining a diet that’s required to maintain hormonal imbalance. Eating protein-rich foods like cottage cheese, soy, eggs, meat can surely be a game-changer for those who are looking to cure hormonal imbalance.

Treating Hormonal Balance Naturally in Other Ways

  1. Engaging in regular exercise – Physical Activity is monumental for one’s good health. A major benefit of exercise is that it increases insulin levels. Insulin is a hormone that has many functions like using sugar and amino acids from the bloodstream for energy and maintaining muscle. However, the presence of insulin has to be of a nominal amount, and exercising regularly can help maintain it, and reduce the risk of heart diseases, diabetes, cancer.
  2. Avoiding Sugar and refined carbs – Sugar and refined carbs attract multiple health problems like obesity, diabetes and also contribute to hormonal imbalance as these foods release fructose that promotes insulin resistance. An attempt must be made to shift from refined sugar and carbs to more organic foods that aid insulin and not resist it.
  3. Maintaining a balanced diet – One should avoid overeating and undereating as both these leads to weight gains and loss that is not healthy for the body. One should focus on eating healthy food with adequate carbohydrates, vitamins, nutrients that the body needs to effectively function. Too much calorie intake can pressure hormones to secrete in excess or at minimal, thereby paving a way for hormonal imbalance.
  4. Sleeping – Poor sleep cycle is a primary reason why a few have imbalances of hormones like Insulin, Leptin, Growth Hormone, Ghrelin, Cortisol – all required for the body to function effectively. The human brain needs uninterrupted sleep for a couple of hours every day for the hormones to repair the wear and tear. The number of hours of sleep is immaterial, what matters is the quality of sleep and this can be improved by making lifestyle changes.

Our hormones are involved at every stage of our health. Ignoring the signs and not making lifestyle changes for curing hormonal imbalance is not acceptable for one’s well-being. While all the remedies stated here are natural, one should consult a medical professional before implementing natural remedies. They know better!

Disclaimer: The information included here is only for knowledge sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice, or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.

Uterine Prolapse – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Can the uterus shift out of its place? Can the uterus sag? The thought of it is surely daunting, however, it is true. With time, the uterus (the womb) in females can sag, or shift from its place due to overlying reasons. This condition is called Uterine Prolapse and is surprisingly a common condition in women who give birth. However, the magnitude of it might differ from woman to woman.

What is Uterine Prolapse? What causes it?  

When a woman has undergone multiple vaginal births in her lifetime, the ligaments and muscles around the uterus can weaken. The uterus, a pear-shaped organ is located in the pelvis area. This organ comes to use during pregnancy, where it holds the developing baby. The uterus then stretches itself to accommodate the growing baby and goes back to its original size (shrinks back) post delivering the baby. When the support structure starts to erode owing to the pressure it has every time the uterus has the baby, the uterus tends to sag out of position. This is Uterine Prolapse.

Prolapses depend on the gravity of weakness of the supporting structure for the Uterus There is an Incomplete prolapse where the uterus often slips to be in between the birth canal (the vagina). This ends up creating a lump or a bulge during or after delivery. In some cases, the uterus tends to slip very far from its position, a feeling that it has come out of the vagina. This is a case of Complete prolapse.

What are the stages of Uterine Prolapse?

There are four stages of prolapse. The condition is graded by how severe the prolapse could get in cases where the Uterus has descended from its place.

Prolapsed Uterus Stages

  • 1stgrade – Where the uterus has placed itself on the upper vagina.
  • 2ndgrade – Where the uterus places itself on the introitus. The introitus is an entrance of the vagina, that leads to the vaginal canal.
  • 3rdgrade – Cervix (the lower end of the uterus) comes outside of the introitus.
  • 4thgrade – The whole uterus including the cervix comes out of the vagina.

Who is prone to prolapse?

This condition happens in women to have had multiple deliveries via the vaginal route. While a few opt for the C section, women who opt for a more natural way of childbirth are more prone to a Uterine Prolapse as there’s enormous pressure that gets created on the Uterus while pushing the baby out during delivery.

Post-menopausal women also are prone to this condition. Menopause takes place after the ovaries stop producing hormones that are responsible for the menstrual cycle (periods), after a certain age. When a woman does not have periods for the past 12 months straight, in medical terms it is assumed that the woman has hit menopause. Estrogen is one of the hormones that stop getting produced due to menopause. It is because of the absence of this hormone that prolapse can take place as Estrogen keeps the pelvic muscles and floor strong. There’s a higher chance in menopausal women to have a prolapse as the pelvic muscles tend to weaken with time without Estrogen.

An elevated BMI (Body Mass Index) is another reason for Uterine Prolapse. People who are above the prescribed BMI are said to be obese and obesity is also a reason for women to get a uterine prolapse. In obese women, there is an increase in intra-abdominal pressure that causes the pelvic floor muscles to weaken.

Women who indulge in regular smoking are also at a higher risk of a Uterine Prolapse. Regular smoking can cause chronic coughing and coughing constantly can damage the muscles of the pelvic floor. When these muscles are damaged, the strength left in these muscles to hold the uterus also weakens. Research has also shown that a smoking-induced activation of vaginal macrophage elastase can also act as a contributor to Uterine Prolapse.

 What are the signs and symptoms of Uterine Prolapse?

When the uterine prolapse is mild, one might not experience any symptoms. However, when the uterus further slips out from its position and places itself at places that put pressure on other pelvic organs, is when it becomes a problem. A few symptoms to watch out for are –

  • A heavy feeling on the pelvis area
  • Lowe back, Pelvis, or abdomen pain
  • Painful Sex
  • Constant bladder infections
  • Excessive and unusual vaginal discharge
  • Constipation and painful bowels
  • Leaky urine (loss of bladder control), sudden urge to urinate
  • The feeling of sitting on something, like a ball
  • Visible tissue protruding out of the vagina, etc.

Does Uterine Prolapse cause bleed?

An important thing to know in case of Uterine Prolapse is that there could be abnormal or irregular vaginal bleeding. It happens so, because the uterus shifts from its place, thereby increasing the chances of wounding the insides of the pelvic area. As the uterus places itself somewhere else abnormally, the bulge that gets created could also cause bleeding in some cases. All in all, while it is not a common symptom, depending on how severe the prolapse is, bleeding could be there. One must seek immediate medical intervention in case of abnormal bleeding, along with other symptoms mentioned above.

Does Uterine Prolapse cause blood in urine?

Uterine Prolapse if left untreated can turn severe, where the uterus shifts far from its place and places itself near the vagina. It can also appear to be a protruding tissue from the vagina, and that can contribute to urine with blood. In case, the uterus places itself near our bladder, there could be painful urine with little or no blood, again, depending upon the gravity of the prolapse. An untreated prolapse can interfere with our bowel and bladder movements, hence diagnosis and treatment are a must to avoid leading a painful life.

How can one treat Uterine Prolapse naturally (or non surgically)?

It is essential to consult a medical professional even when there are minutest symptoms. Uterine prolapse is diagnosed by the healthcare provider by performing a pelvic examination to see if the uterus has indeed moved from its position or not. The diagnosis is done by inserting a speculum (an instrument that lets the doctor see the inside of a vagina) to examine the uterus by feeling if there are bulges caused when the uterus has been displaced and has dropped down into the vaginal canal.

Once the prolapse is confirmed, the health care provider may provide a list of remedies to cure the prolapse. There are surgical and non-surgical options for the same.

The health care provider will initially suggest natural treatments that one can do on their own with minimal medical supervision like –

  • Exercise– There are special Kegal Exercises that help prevention of weakening of the pelvic floor muscles. This treatment is useful in mild uterine prolapse where the uterus has displaced but not at a major magnitude. One can do these exercises by tightening the pelvic muscles in a way where one can pretend to hold back urine. Holding these muscles for a few seconds and releasing them is an ideal way to strengthen the pelvic floor. This although, needs to be done more than 10 times, multiple rounds a day to see a change. A physical therapist can delegate more exercises to the patient, for the uterus to be in its proper place again.
  • Eating right in case of obesity-related ailments – Obesity can be a reason for Uterine Prolapse and being mindful about weight and working out (including pelvic floor exercises) can go a long way in treating the prolapse.
  • Vaginal Pessary– A Pessary is a flexible device that fits into the vagina and acts as a support provider to the uterus. It comes in different shapes and sizes and can be fit by a trained professional, or women can be taught how to remove and re-insert the passery, more like a tampon itself. This treatment can be more effective when combined with exercises, however, in extreme cases, even this might not work and resortion to surgery would be the only option.

 Are there Surgeries for Uterine Prolapse?

Surgery is not recommended unless necessary. It is recommended to consult a doctor before trying any of these remedies, or by understanding the repercussions of surgery. Surgery is usually suggested in cases where the uterine prolapse is moderate to severe. There is Laparoscopic Surgery where instruments are inserted through the navel and the uterus is pulled back to its original position, reattached to its ligaments.

There is also a surgical procedure called the Hysterectomy where the Uterus is surgically removed. This is done by making an incision (cut) in the vagina or through the abdomen. This is major surgery and connotes pregnancy, no longer to be possible as the uterus wouldn’t be a part of the body to support the developing baby.

Also Read: Carpal Syndrome in Pregnancy

The surgery may or may not have a complication, depending on the degree of uterine prolapse and whether the stage it was at, was fatal. However, surgery could be riskier if one has heart disease, has breathing problems, is a smoker, is obese, or has diabetes. There are chances that the prolapse can happen again hence, surgeries usually are done after the women are done having children.


Not treating the prolapse or not having a timely detection of the prolapse can deter other bodily functions as well. It is absolutely important to prevent these prolapses if possible and they can be achieved by –

  • Maintaining a healthy body weight
  • Exercising
  • Healthy diet habits
  • Reduce or eliminate smoking
  • Not lifting heavy objects.

They say prevention is better than cure, hence in the case of Uterine Prolapse, one has to watch out for alarming symptoms. If one feels that they might have this condition owing to a recent pregnancy or an injury in the pelvis area, immediate medical attention is a must. Building good lifestyle habits can keep you away from this daunting condition and after-effects.

Disclaimer: The information included here is only for knowledge sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice, or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.

Neonatal Jaundice Symptoms, Causes and Risk Factors in Newborns

Jaundice – the disease we associate with the yellowing of the skin, doesn’t just affect adults. It is one of the many conditions a newborn can suffer from. Studies reveal that 6 out of every 10 babies are affected by jaundice, out of which 8 out of 10 are born prematurely.

The condition when a baby’s skin and eyes develop a yellowish color is called newborn jaundice. This is a very common occurrence in babies and is because of a high level of bilirubin present, which is a yellow pigment that is produced during a normal breakdown of red blood cells.
The liver processes bilirubin in older babies and adults, however, this is not the case in a newborn as the liver is not mature enough to filter out the bilirubin.

jaundice in newborns

The good side to it is, in most cases, jaundice fades away as the baby develops and starts to feed which is helpful for the bilirubin to pass through the body and hence can be a very mild event
Mostly the jaundice cures within 2 to 3 weeks. If jaundice persists any longer than 3 weeks, it most probably can be due to an underlying condition.
Some of the repercussions of high Bilirubin levels are deafness, cerebral palsy, and other forms of brain damage.

The four types of different neonatal jaundice are:

  1. Pathologic jaundice
  2. Physiologic jaundice
  3. Breastmilk jaundice
  4. Suboptimal intake jaundice

What reasons could there be, for jaundice in newborns?
Most healthy babies tend to be affected by normal jaundice. This is because newborns have more blood cells than an adult. Since these blood cells don’t live as long, more bilirubin is formed when these break down.

The risk for developing newborn jaundice is highest in: 

  • Babies that are born before the 37 weeks gestation period (premature babies)
  • Babies who aren’t getting enough breast milk or formula because either the mothers are not able to feed them or the mother’s milk is not produced yet. If a baby is diagnosed with this type of jaundice, also otherwise known as (breastfeeding jaundice) it’s recommended to feed more often. A lactation consultant can be consulted in these cases
  • In cases where there the mother and the child’s blood type do not match.

In cases where the blood group of the newborn and the mother isn’t compatible, antibodies can develop in the baby that can destroy their red blood cells and hence lead to a sudden rise in the bilirubin levels.

Some other causes of neonatal jaundice include:

  • A bruise at birth or internal bleeding.
  • Liver problems
  • A possible infection
  • An enzyme deficiency
  • An abnormality in the baby’s red blood cells (born with high red blood cells or a big bruise on the head.

What symptoms should be focussed on, in cases of newborn jaundice?

Look out for the whites of the eyes and the skin turning yellow. This usually appears between the second and the fourth-day post-birth. The yellowing begins to show up first on the face, followed by the chest and the legs. Babies with very high levels of bilirubin may be sleepy, fussy, and floppy. It is difficult to spot jaundice in darker complexioned babies, hence it is necessary to look out for other symptoms in this case.
To check if your baby has jaundice here is something you can try. Press lightly on your infant’s forehead or nose. If the skin looks yellowish on the area where you pressed, the baby likely has jaundice otherwise the skin color on that spot should look lighter than the normal color for a moment.
It is recommended to try doing this in good lighting conditions, during natural daylight.

 risk for developing newborn jaundice is highest


Contact your doctor if:

  • Your baby starts to look or act sick and develops a fever over 100°F.
  • Is not eating well.
  • Is sleepier than usual days
  • has jaundice that gets worse
  • makes high pitched cries
  • have dark yellow pee
  • have pale poo which is usually yellow or orange

What are the risk factors?

There are major risk factors for neonatal jaundice that can cause complications, they include but are not limited to.

  • Premature birth of the baby. A baby born before 38 weeks of gestation might not be in the position to process bilirubin when compared to normal-born babies. Premature babies may have a smaller appetite, thus leading to lesser bowel movements, which results in less bilirubin being flushed through stool.
  • Newborn bruise. A newborn who, during the time of being born gets bruised, may have higher levels of bilirubin due to the breakdown of more red blood cells.
  • Breast-feeding. Breast-fed babies, particularly those who have difficulty in getting nursed and are only getting nutrition from breastfeeding, are at higher risk of jaundice. Dehydration or a low caloric intake may be a reason for jaundice. However, breastfeeding has its benefits. Hence, it’s important to make sure your baby is fed enough is adequately hydrated.
  • Race. Studies have indicated how newborns of East Asian descent have a higher risk of developing jaundice due to their underlying genes.
  • Acute bilirubin encephalopathy. Bilirubin is a condition that is said to be toxic to the brain cells of the newborn. In cases of severe jaundice, there are chances of bilirubin passing into the brain, and this is known as acute bilirubin encephalopathy. Early treatment may prevent significant damage.
  • Kernicterus. It is a type of syndrome which arises when acute bilirubin encephalopathy causes permanent damage to the brain. It thus results in involuntary and uncontrolled movements, permanent upward gaze, hearing loss, and in some cases improper development of tooth enamel.

How is jaundice treated?

Do not wait to get in touch with the doctor. Call them right away, if jaundice doesn’t seem to subside. Babies who have had jaundice for beyond 2 weeks need to undergo more testing to rule out any underlying reasons causing jaundice. There could be any problems with the liver or their bile system, their metabolism, or even their genes. Certain treatments include –

  • Treatment of the cause which may be infection or hypothyroidism
  • Breastfeeding the baby between 8-12 times a day every day for at least a fortnight post-birth. Do not wait for your baby to cry for food, as this can interfere with effective bleeding
  • Phototherapy
  • Exchange transfusion
  • Additional supplementation should be given only post consultation with your doctor.

Newborns need constant care and support and in this case, do not hesitate to get medical intervention, as a stitch in time, saves nine. In this case, it can save a life.

Also Read: Stomach Worms in Children

Disclaimer: The information included here is only for knowledge sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice, or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.

Spotting a Black Line on Nails and What it Signifies

It is often emphasized how certain body parts reflect our health and fingernails are one such part, which depicts a lot about our health just by the looks of it.

Have you ever noticed how some nails have different colors and textures but do they have any relevance?

Well yes, one such relevance is that of a narrow black line or lines that form vertically beneath your nail. This condition is called a ‘Splinter hemorrhage’. This occurrence could be due to several reasons and may or may not be a serious health disorder.

So, what exactly is it?

The formation of black lines arises in the tissues of the nail bed and can also be due to an injury. ‘Subungual Melanoma’, a fatal form of skin cancer could also be one of the reasons for these occurrences, if the formation of these lines is thicker and cover a major portion of your nail. The word subungual comes from the Latin word “sub” meaning beneath and “unguis” meaning nail or claw. Melanoma is a form of cancer that builds in cells called melanocytes. These cells produce melanin, the pigment which gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes.

While in most cases subungual melanoma is found on the thumb or big toe, it can also be possible that these appear on any fingernail or toenail. Although they are often misdiagnosed and assumed to be a fungal infection and can sometimes be left ignored, they can, however, prove to be fatal for your health.


This condition is relatively uncommon and affects around 0.7% to 3.5% of the population with malignant melanoma worldwide. The condition is more common to be found among darker-complexioned individuals, including Asians, Hispanics, Africans, Americans. Subungual melanoma is also more popular among women and men in their 60s and 70s.

These are dark or faint black streaks that run parallel to the cuticle. Some of these streaks can be brown, black, or dark blue, and in some cases, these can be non-pigmented as well. With time, more streaks may appear and might often be of a different color and the portion nearest to the cuticle may become wider.

One of the most common findings in subungual melanoma cases is Hutchinson’s sign. This is when the line extends from the top of the nail to the nail bed and finally makes its way into the cuticle.

Some of the characteristics include:

  • Streaks that are reddish-brown or black.
  • Reflects on more than one place under the nail.
  • The thin black/brown lines expand in width but do not push upwards on the nail accompanied by pain and inflammation

What causes these black lines?

There could be multiple reasons for the appearance of these faint black lines.

  • Nail trauma: Any injury on the nail, for example getting the finger stuck between an object
  • Genetics, hereditary.
  • If the blood vessel under your nail has burst due to an injury
  • Multiple moles.
  • Increased melanin production by the melanocytes
  • Low levels of vitamin A, vitamin B, Vitamin B12, or keratin
  • During pregnancy in some cases, black lines are normal to appear due to hormonal changes
  • Endocarditis: It is a condition where an infection develops in the inner chambers or valves of the heart. According to research around 15% of people with endocarditis have vertical black lines on the nails.
  • A history of prolonged illness.
  • A fungal infection, which more often has darker non-vertical stripes with yellow or white lines.
  • Psoriasis
  • Weak immune- for example in organ recipients or someone with advanced HIV.

Also, Read More: Top 12 Super Immunity Booster Foods

  • Mostly prevalent in dark-skinned people
    Due to a wide array of reasons for the occurrence of the black lines, self-diagnosis is not recommended. However, it is advised to visit a dermatologist/cosmetologist before making any assumptions or starting self-medication, if you notice the black lines on your finger or toenails.

What treatments are available?

Poor diet and vitamin deficiencies are some of the most common reasons for any ailments and making healthy changes in your lifestyle with regards to your diet and hygiene can prove to be beneficial in the long run.

  • Consume highly nutritious foods like greens, eggs, and fish.
  • Foods heavily loaded with iron, zinc, and Vitamins are also required.

If the diagnosis relates to a fungal infection, there are home several remedies to try for the removal of black lines naturally. Alternatively, one can also choose to go as per the medication prescribed by your doctor.

Some of the good home remedies to try are:

1.) Baking Soda is used to cure fungal infections

  • ¼ cup of baking soda.
  • 1 cup – apple cider vinegar
  • Water

Mix the ingredients well in a bowl and dip your affected nails for about 15 minutes and pat dry with a clean dry towel.

2.) Apply coconut oil on the affected areas at least three times a day. Coconut oil has good antifungal properties.

3.) With the help of a cotton ball apply lemon juice to the affected part of the nail.

  • For black lines or splinter hemorrhage caused due to an injury or nail trauma, it may take up to days or months to heal. If this is accompanied by pain and inflammation, apply an ice pack or cold compress on the affected area and consult your doctor if this prolongs.
  • In the worst cases, doctors may surgically remove the affected toe or nail or can also extract only the abnormal tissue that is causing the vertical black lines.
  • The doctors can also go for radiotherapy which is a treatment through X-rays.
  • In cases of ‘metastatic melanoma’ that is when cancer spreads to the other parts of the body, doctors may go for immunotherapy.
  • Treatments vary from patient to patient as per the different stages of melanoma. For advanced subungual melanoma, other therapies may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy.

The appearance of a black streak on the nail can put you in agony but it does not imply that you have a disease or are at the risk of an ailment.

While at the same time this should not be ignored especially if the condition persists along with bleeding. It is advised to maintain nail hygiene and consult a dermatologist, if a problem is found early diagnosis and treatment helps.

In case you think you might have this, seek medical immediately.

The Knowledge included here is only for information sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice, or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.

Disclaimer: The information included here is only for knowledge sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.


What Causes Typhoid? Enteric Fever Symptoms, Treatment and Food Habits.

Typhoid fever is a condition occurring because of bacterial infection. The bacteria spread through contaminated food and water. Medical science has grown to be able to treat the disorder without complications.

What causes typhoid?

What causes typhoid

Salmonella Enterica serotype Typhi bacteria cause typhoid. We also know it as enteric fever after the bacteria. Salmonella Paratyphi bacteria, but the repercussions are comparatively less.
Typhoid causing bacteria survives in water or food. The primary means of transmission is through the consumption of contaminated food and water.

Other causes of typhoid are:

  • Coming in direct contact with the infected person
  • Coming in contact with “carriers”, carriers are people who have recovered from typhoid but still carry the Salmonella Typhi bacteria in them.

Signs and symptoms of typhoid

Signs and symptoms of typhoid From the time coming into contact with the bacteria, the typhoid fever symptoms might take one or two weeks to appear.

The symptoms of typhoid fever include:

  • High fever reading 104 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Weakness
  • Stomach pain
  • Mild or intense headaches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Blemish
  • exhaustion
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Generalized body aches
  • Lethargy

Chest congestion, abdominal discomfort, and vomiting are other indications of enteric fever. Patients with advanced stages of typhoid show intestinal bleeding and intestinal perforations.

Other traits of typhoid complications are:

  • Pneumonia
  • Kidney or bladder infection
  • Pancreatitis
  • Myocarditis
  • Endocarditis
  • Meningitis
  • Paranoid psychosis

Diagnosis of Enteric fever

Once the S Typhi bacteria enter the body, it enters the bloodstream via the intestine. The bacteria invade the liver, spleen, and bone marrow and multiply, causing weakness. The subject might also develop a high fever as the immune system fights back the infection.

The presence of the bacteria is confirmed by blood tests that look for S. Typhi bacteria. If the results are inconclusive, they do culture tests to assess the presence of the bacteria in the body.

For generating the cultures, stool, urine, or bone marrow sample are collected from the patient. The samples are then placed in a medium that encourages the growth of the bacteria. After this, the cultivation is then placed under the microscope to check the presence of the S. Typhi Bacteria to confirm Typhoid fever.

Enteric fever treatment

Typhoid can be treated if detected early. The chief cure for typhoid fever is antibiotics. Antibiotic therapy kills the Salmonella Typhi bacteria.
With typhoid fever treatment and proper food intake, most people show improvements in 2-3 days. One can expect full recovery with a continuation of the treatment.
The most commonly prescribed antibiotics are:

  • Azithromycin (Zithromax). One of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics is effective against Salmonella Typhi as well.
  • Ceftriaxone. Ceftriaxone is commonly prescribed to children suffering from typhoid.
  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro). For people showing mild symptoms and women who are not pregnant, doctors prescribe this antibiotic. This medicine is not adequate for bacteria strains found in South Africa.

Long-term use of these drugs is harmful to the body. It should be taken under the supervision of doctors. Unsupervised consumption might lead to making the bacteria resistant to antibiotics, causing severe implications. Not just this, one should not consume medication without a doctor’s advice.

Along with the antibiotics, other treatments include:

  • Having plenty of fluids prevents dehydration resulting from fever. If the patient is severely dehydrated, a doctor might prescribe taking IV fluids.
  • In extreme cases, if the intestine is damaged, it might need surgery.

Prevention of Typhoid

It is easy to prevent typhoid – watch what you eat and drink.

  • Don’t drink tap water or well-water directly.
  • Always drink pasteurized milk.
  • Avoid consuming ice cubes and popsicles made outside.
  • Do not consume raw meats and vegetables.
  • Avoid fresh produce salads if not cleaned well.
  • Avoid direct contact with infected people
  • Frequently wash your hands, especially before eating.

One way to boost up your immune system is through vaccination. Having vaccinations can avoid infection by 50%-80%. So make sure to take your vaccinations on time.

Typhoid is currently one of the treatable diseases. In case you suspect an infection, contact us immediately and get the best treatment at Vydehi. Do not self-medicate but reach out to professionals for a complete cure.

Disclaimer: The information included here is only for knowledge sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.

Corona Virus (Covid-19) Symptoms, Treatment & Precautions at Home

Corona Virus has caused a pandemic in the world. What started as a plain infection has turned out to be more than that by affecting health and the economy worldwide. The virus has morphed itself into many variants and is adapting itself to the climate and region. It poses an unprecedented challenge to the best of the human brain.
CoronaVirus leads to an acute respiratory syndrome, also threatening the lives of people with comorbid conditions. The virus is part of the group that causes SARS and MERS.

Corona Virus (Covid-19)

Corona Virus (Covid-19) Symptoms, Treatment & Precautions


China’s Wuhan province was the first region to report the outbreak of this virus. From there, this community-acquired disease has spread worldwide. Corona gets its name from the Latin word meaning hat since the virus exhibits a crown-like structure.

Coronaviruses Causes

COVID is a respiratory condition caused by a SARS-CoV-2 virus, or in simple terms, coronavirus. The conditions exhibit flu-like symptoms, but the impact is much harder on the human body.
The virus is present in large respiratory droplets to small aerosols.
There are two critical ways of how the virus spreads –
●The condition causing virus spreads from one person to another in small liquid particles when the infected person coughs, sneezes, breathes, sings, or speaks.
●Touching the infected surface and rubbing eyes or picking nose without washing your hands properly.

Coronaviruses Symptoms

Corona Virus does not affect everyone the same way. Some people who test positive for the virus are asymptomatic and act as carriers. For others, especially people with comorbid conditions like diabetes, the virus can wreak havoc with their health.
The symptoms of COVID-19 are across the spectrum. COVID symptoms range from loss of smell to more severe symptoms like swollen glands or chest pain.
The first sign of the infection can be a loss of smell, following which other symptoms may develop. A few of the common COVID-19 symptoms are:

  • Fever
  • Cold
  • Caugh
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Tiredness
  • Diarrhoea
  • Body pain
  • Sore throat
  • Frequent headaches
  • Congested or runny nose

Emergency symptoms include:

  • Rash
  • Blue lips
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Sudden confusion
  • Breathing problems
  • Constricted chest or chest pains

COVID Precaution Guidelines

There is no specific treatment plan for COVID. Doctors form a treatment plan according to the symptoms displayed by the individual since it may vary from person to person.
Antibiotics are not effective against the coronavirus. The WHO and the local medicine approval boards have suggested using the following medicines for the covid treatment.

  • Antiviral drug Remdesivir
  • Baricitinib to reduce inflammations and viral activity.
  • Monoclonal antibody medications like Casirivimab and Imdevimab is prescribed for people with mild to medium infection risk.
  • They gave people with severe COVID infection who are on ventilators or supplemental oxygen corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone, prednisone or methylprednisolone.
  • Convalescent Plasma Therapy: Medical practitioners suggest this method of COVID-19 treatment to people with a weak immune system or in the early stages of the infection. It is the process where plasma from people who have recovered from COVID is infused into patients who need it.
    Though there is no specific treatment, scientists have been able to develop Corona Vaccinations. The vaccines have been successful up to an extent to bring down the mortality rates and reduce the severity of the infection.                                                                                                              Also, refer to the precautions guide from Indian govt

Precautions for COVID-19 (1)

Precautions for COVID-19

One has to follow simple precautions to avoid getting infected. The most common pre and post covid precautions include:

  • Standing approximately six feet from others when in a queue, while using public transport, or in public spaces.
  • Wash your hand as frequently as you can for a minimum of 20 seconds. Only if you do not have access to the hand-wash, use personal hand sanitizers.
  • Avoid shaking hands as a measure of greeting.
  • Applying self-quarantine or isolation for individuals who feel sick.
  • Avoid mass gatherings during functions or events.
  • Avoid eating and drinking at bars, restaurants, and food courts.
  • Do not travel unless necessary.
  • Do not panic and take drastic measures as it can cause adverse health effects.

COVID Precautions and Treatment at Home

In the event of a person showing asymptomatic conditions for COVID, follow the below precautions at home.

  • Avoid eating together with the family. Adding to it, do not share plates and glasses to consume food and liquids, and wash utensils thoroughly after every use.
  • Wear a mask at home when using common spaces.
  • Isolate self for a minimum of 14 days to avoid passing the infection to the family members.
  • Consume easy-to-digest foods. Have food rich in Vitamin C like citrus fruits to decrease the rigour of the infection.
  • Wash hands frequently.
  • Regularly sanitise commonly used surfaces like doorknobs or handles.
  • Get a minimum sleep of 7 hours.
  • Perform 150 minutes of physical activity that will increase your heart rate per week.

Hospitals and healthcare facilities can also contribute to the spread of the virus. So, in case of COVID-19 infection, consult a family doctor online. Based on their suggestion, one can decide if one should go to the hospital or follow home quarantine. In case of doubt, get a video consultation with our specialists at Vydehi today and clarify your doubts and queries.


The Knowledge included here is only for information sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.

Health Benefits of Donating Blood and Eligibility Criteria for Donor

Blood, the sustainer of human life, is a tissue made of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, and other substances suspended in a heterogeneous mixture with straw-yellow fluid called plasma. Blood is the liquid of life and is equally precious.

On average blood constitutes approximately 7-8% of an adult human’s weight. About 5ltr-6 liters of blood circulates through the body of an adult person. This nectar of life carries a wide range of functions in the human body including but not limited to the transportation of nutrients, hormones, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and other waste products. It plays a vital role in the immunological function of the body along with the maintenance of homeostasis by regulating temperature, pH, etc.

According to a survey in India, every two seconds there is a requirement for blood transfusion. The nation faces an acute shortage of donated blood as only 2.5crore units of blood is available where the demand is that of a staggering 5 crore units of blood every year. Due to various medical conditions including road traffic accidents, medical procedures like surgery, diseases like thalassemia, labor (delivery), and other serious and life-threatening conditions, about 38,000 donations are required every day.

Benefits of blood donation

Benefits of blood donation

Blood donation not only helps the recipient but also has numerous advantages to the donor. The benefits of regular blood donation are multi-folded;

  • It improves the emotional and physical health of the donor.
  • Since every blood donated is screened, it acts as a major health screening and health checkup for the donor.
  • Donors can know the status of their HIV, Hepatitis B C, Malaria, syphilis along TTI pre-donation.
  • A Mini health check-up is known with the pulse, temperature, Haemoglobin, Blood pressure, etc
    Decrease the risk of cardiac diseases.
  • Improves liver health
  • Boosts immune system.
  • Decreases the risk of iron overload.
  • Lowered risk of cancer and replenishment of blood cells.

Eligibility criteria for blood donation

According to the guidelines by the National Blood transfusion council, National Aids control organization, and ministry of health and family welfare, the Govt of India released in October 2017, the following are the eligibility criteria for blood donation.

  1. Well-being – The donor has to be in good health, mentally alert, and physically fit.
  2. Age limit- Minimum age of 18 years to a maximum age of 65 years.
    For apheresis donation, it is 18-60 years. Apheresis donation- where only one of the blood components is donated through the process of cell separation for example plasma donation, platelet donation, etc.
  3. Volume of collected blood and weight of donor – 350mL for 45kg 450mL for more than 55kg. Apheresis donor – minimum 50kg
  4. Donation interval- Whole blood donation once in 3 months for males and once in 4 months for females.
    Apheresis: At least 48 hours after platelet/plasma -apheresis is to be kept. Maximum 24 donations can be accepted in one year with not more than 2 donations in a week.
  5. Blood pressure- 100-140mmhg systolic and 60-90mmhg diastolic with or without medications.
  6. Pulse – 60-100, Regular
  7. Temperature- Afebrile, 37° Celsius
  8.  Haemoglobin –  > or = 12.5g/dL
  9. Risk behavior- Donors must be free from any disease transmissible by blood.

Some other important points to be considered on blood donation.

  • The first-time donor cannot be over 60 years of age.
  • After whole blood donation, plateletpheresis donation cannot be accepted before 28 days.
  • An apheresis platelet donor cannot do whole blood donation before 28 days from past apheresis donation if reinfusion of RBCs was complete.
  • If RBC reinfusion was not complete, the donor cant be accepted within 90 days.
  • Donation is not accepted for 12 months after bone marrow harvest. In 6 months after a peripheral stem cell harvest, the donation is not accepted.
  • Findings suggestive of end-organ damage or secondary complication ( cardiac, renal, eye, or vascular) are to be excluded.
  • A person with a history of feeling giddiness, fainting during the examination, and history is not accepted for donation.
  • If the person is on medication for blood pressure the drug or dosage should not have been altered in the last 28 days.
  • The donor has to be free from acute respiratory disorders.
    Regular heavy alcohol intakers cannot be donors.
  • Aircrew members, long-distance vehicle drivers, workers above or below sea level, emergency service providers, strenuous workers can’t donate blood at least 24 hours prior to their next duty shift.
  • Night shift worker without adequate sleep cannot be a donor.
  • A person considered ‘at risk’ for HIV, hep B, or C infections is excluded determined by the medical officer
  • A person with a history of travel or residence from an endemic disease area that is transmittable by blood and for which screening is not mandated or there is no guidance in India can’t donate blood.
  • The donor has to be free from any skin diseases at the site of phlebotomy.
  • Blood donation is deferred till subsidization of all minor nonspecific symptoms like general malaise, pain, headache, etc.
  • Donors who have had an unexplained delayed faint or delayed faint with injury or two consecutive faints following blood donations cannot donate blood further.

The donation cannot be accepted from people with;

Asthmatic attacks, asthmatics on steroids, open heart surgery including bypass surgery, cancer surgery, active symptom of chest pain, shortness of breath, swelling of feet, myocardial infarction, on cardiac medications like digitalis/nitroglycerine, hypertensive heart disease, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, rheumatic heart disease with residual damage, epilepsy and convulsions, schizophrenia, insulin dependent diabetes, complications of diabetes with multi organ involvement, thyrotoxicosis due to graves disease, history of malignant thyroid tumors, hyper/hypo thyroid, other endocrine disorders, hepatitis B, C or unknown hepatitis, chronic liver disease or liver failure, known HIV positive person or partner/spouse of PLHA, lymphadenopathy, repeated/prolonged fever, repeated/prolonged diarrhoea, syphilis, gonorrhoea, leishmaniasis, leprosy, chronic infection of kidney/kidney disease/renal failure, stomach ulcer with symptoms or recurrent bleeding, SLE, scleroderma, dermatomyositis, ankylosing spondylitis or severe rheumatoid arthritis, polycythemia vera, unexplained bleeding tendency or bleeding disorders, malignancy, severe allergic disorders, haemoglobinopathies and red cell enzyme deficiencies with known history of haemolysis, patients on anti-arrhythmic, anticonvulsants, anti coagulant, anti thyroid, cytotoxic drugs, recipients of organ, stem cell and tissue transplants.

Blood donation is deferred for 12 months in case of; 

After recovery from major surgery, received a blood transfusion, known case of  Hepatitis A or E, close contact of individual suffering with hepatitis, at risk of hepatitis by tattoos, acupuncture, body piercing, scarification and any other invasive cosmetic procedure by self or spouse/partner, spouse/partner of individual receiving a blood transfusion, recovery from typhoid, GI endoscopy.

Blood donation is deferred for 6 months in case of;

Minor surgery, tooth extraction, dental surgery under anesthesia, dengue/chikungunya following recovery, pyelonephritis ( complete recovery and last dose of medication), dutasteride medication in BPH.

Blood donation is deferred for;

2 weeks following full recovery from measles, mumps, chickenpox.
3 months following full recovery from malaria.
4 weeks after return from a dengue-endemic area if no febrile illness.
4 months following recovery or history of travel to the Zika virus outbreak zone or West Nile virus endemic area.
2 years following confirmation of cure of TB.
2 years following cure and completion of treatment of osteomyelitis.
2 weeks after the last dose of medication for UTI/ acute cystitis.

For donors with anxiety and mood disorder, chronic sinusitis, migraine, conjunctivitis, diarrhea, or had vaccinations ( 28 days deferment), antirabies, hep B immunoglobulin, immunoglobulins (1-year deferment) only after medical considerations donation is accepted.

People on Medications like;

Aspirin, NSAIDs, ketoconazole, Anthelmintic drugs, antibiotics, ticlopidine, clopidogrel, piroxicam, dipyridamole, etretinate, acitretin, Isotretinoin, finasteride, radiocontrast material, oral anti-diabetic drugs can donate blood with a certain period of deferment.

Accepted medications for donors:

oral contraceptive, analgesics, vitamins, mild sedatives or tranquilizers, allopurinol, a cholesterol-lowering medication.

Special considerations for women donors.

Blood donation has to be deferred ;
12 months after delivery
6 months after abortion
During the total period of lactation
period of menstruation

With increased awareness in recent times about the need for blood donation, there is a lot of confusion and myths surrounding the topic. A lot of potential donors are unaware or misinformed. The correct information can make them a major reservoir of our healthcare system. So do your bit today and donate blood if you are a potential donor and save lives.


Can differently-abled donate blood?
Yes, provided that clear and confidential communication can be established where the donor fully understands the donation process and gives valid consent.

Can a person with the thalassemia trait donate blood?
Thalassemia trait may be accepted if hemoglobin is acceptable.

Can people with tattoos donate blood?
Yes, after 12 months of getting a tattoo the person can donate blood.

Can people with diabetes mellitus donate blood?
Yes, only if it’s under control by diet or oral hypoglycemic medication with no history of orthostatic hypotension, no evidence of infection, neuropathy, or vascular disease. the medication or dosage shouldn’t have been altered in the last 4 weeks.

Can a person with benign thyroid disorder donate blood?

I had jaundice, can I donate blood?
Yes, but with exceptions. One can donate blood only if jaundice was due to gallstones, Rh disease, mononucleosis, or neonatal period.

Who can or cannot donate blood?
Please refer to the eligibility criteria in the article.

What are Dos and Don’ts of blood donation?
The last meal should have been taken at least 4 hours before donation.
Take iron-rich and healthy food.
Take extra fluids and be well-rested with a good night’s sleep.
Wear comfortable clothes that can easily roll up above elbows.
Keep the bandage strip for the next several hours after donation.

Donors can’t be fasting before donation or observing fats during the period of blood donation.
The donor should not consume alcohol and have signs of intoxication before blood donation.
Avoid fatty food.
Don’t do any heavy lifting or vigorous exercise for the rest of the day.

Disclaimer: The information included here is only for knowledge sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.

Ruptured Spleen : Symptoms,Treatment and Recovery Time

The spleen is a fist-sized organ next to the stomach and is under the left ribcage. Though the average size of the spleen is 4 inches, it varies from person-person.

It performs vital functions in the body.

  • The spleen filters blood to remove damaged RBC or Red Blood Cells.
  • It helps fight infections since it carries white blood cells or WBC
  • Spleen stores and releases immune cells to reduce tissue inflammation.
  • Speen regulates the RBC, WBC, and platelets levels in the blood.

What is a Ruptured Spleen?

A ruptured spleen is a medical condition caused by the bursting of the surface of the spleen. Damaging the spleen is difficult since the rib cage plays a crucial role in protecting it.
Though the spleen plays a vital role in the body’s defense, a person can survive without it in case of extensive damages. A ruptured spleen can be life-threatening if left untreated.

ruptured spleen  treatment

Ruptured Spleen Symptoms, Treatment and Recovery Time

Causes of Ruptured Spleen

The two prominent causes for ruptured spleen are injuries and enlarged spleen.

  1. Injuries to the spleen by vehicular accidents, sports accidents, or assault are the leading cause of the ruptured spleen.
  2. Enlarged spleen: When the spleen is not functioning well, it will store blood, leading to an enlarged spleen. An enlarged spleen is more susceptible to damage. A slight injury might then cause a ruptured spleen.

Other causes leading to rupturing of the spleen are:

  • Infections
  • Cancer
  • Liver diseases
  • Metabolic disorders

And Also Read more about Liver diseases.

Ruptured Spleen Symptoms

The occurrence of signs of a ruptured spleen varies in duration depending on the intensity of the injury. The key symptoms are intense pain in the left abdomen region and the left shoulder.
Variations in blood pressure cause other symptoms of the spleen injury, including the delayed symptoms because of the rupturing.

  • Nausea
  • Blurred Vision
  • Confusion
  • Anxiety
  • Paleness
  • Fainting
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Tenderness in the area

Diagnosis of Ruptured Spleen

Various means to determine a ruptured spleen are:

  • Physical exam: The doctor performs a physical exam to determine the size of the spleen by gently pressing in the area. This method identifies an enlarged spleen almost immediately.
  • Blood tests: To measure the performance of the spleen, doctors advise blood tests. Platelet counts and the clotting factor evaluates how well the spleen is functioning
  • Abdominal Cavity Scan: A clear sign of the ruptured spleen is blood in the abdomen cavity. An ultrasound scan is a sure means of determining the same. In case of emergency, the doctor might insert a needle into the abdomen and draw fluid samples. The presence of blood in the fluid sample shows a ruptured spleen.

Ruptured Spleen Treatment

The treatment for the ruptured spleen varies according to the severity. The human body can heal itself from minor injuries given enough time. Even then, the patient is under constant monitoring since they might require blood transfusions until the organ heals completely.
If the injury is critical and the doctor feels the damage is irreversible, they perform emergency ruptured spleen surgery to either repair or remove the spleen.

Surgical options to treat the ruptured spleen include:

  • Repairing of Spleen: The procedure involves mending the tear by applying pressure on the spleen or blood vessels until blood clots. If doctors can identify the condition immediately when the rupture occurs, doctors perform arterial embolization to hasten the blood clotting process.
  • Removing a Part of Spleen: Doctors identify the damaged areas in the spleen and perform partial splenectomy. The laparoscopic procedure reduces the risks of infection.
  • Splenectomy: Removal of the entire spleen in a case of extensive damage is splenectomy. Since the spleen fights infections, removal of the organ will make the person susceptible to infections. Hence, doctors strongly advise the patients to take vaccines to help the body cope with this loss. Children are usually at higher risk of infection than adults because of obvious reasons.

Recovery time from Ruptured Spleen Treatment

The recovery time from the ruptured spleen depends on the intensity of the treatment. In case of no surgery, the patient is under constant monitoring and has to make lifestyle changes.
If an operation is performed, doctors prescribe pain relief medications and antibiotics to prevent pain and infections.

Complete recovery usually takes weeks, and often months, based on the age of the patient as well. If the condition is identified early, then the survival rate of patients with the ruptured spleen is high. In case of late diagnosis, there are complications associated with the treatment.

Take extra precautions and monitor your health closely in the recovery phase. Reach out to your doctor for more details on post-operative care and the necessary changes to alter your lifestyle to suit the current body conditions.

Disclaimer: The information included here is only for knowledge sharing purposes, and the blog is not intended to be a substitute for diagnosis, medical advice, or treatment by a healthcare professional. Because individual needs appropriate advice, the reader should consult their doctor to determine the appropriate disease depending on their situation.