Category Archives: Education

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A Startup Uses AI For Early Detection of Breast Cancer – Bengalure

A Startup in Bengaluru that uses artificial intelligence to detect breast cancer at an early stage has raised 6 million as funding. We all are aware that Breast Cancer is one of the most common cancers in India and thus does have a potential for huge business as well has social impact. The funds are needed for the organization to get the regulatory approvals, hire talent and expand in India primarily. The technology used by the startup is the key to early detection of the disease because there already is a shortage of skilled professionals and the breast ratio is too high too. The Japan based startup that has funded this Indian startup is also going to help the company expand internationally in Japan.

AI - Breast Cancer

Though the startup was launched in 2016, with an objective of using AI to replace the present methods of mammography, which is an expensive equipped and a must for radiographers. The solution they offer is known as thermal-tix which is not only non-touch, but radiation free and non-painful imaging method.

As per the representative of the company, Nirmai as of now is the only company in the world that uses AI based thermal image processing as well as machine learning algorithms for reliable and trust worthy breast cancer screening. It is in the process of deploying its solution across 21 hospitals in 9 different cities. The representative also mentioned that the solution is an innovation and hence the implementation of it does require time. The organization is looking to touch-base rural areas besides metros, I and II tier cities.

One of the recognitions that already is in the kitty of this Bengaluru based startup is that it is the only Indian startup to be showcased under the CB (global business data intelligence platform) Insights 3rd annual list of 100 most promising startups across the world.

VIMS is one of the best cancer hospital in india, with 300 beds exclusively for cancer patients.Oncology department in the hospital has got qialified and well experienced doctors

*Source From the Internet

Abhishek Bachchan and Dyslexia – The connection!

Recently, Abhishek Bachchan revealed that he was diagnosed with dyslexia at the age of 9 and sent to a European school. He did have difficulty reading and writing during his childhood. He also spoke at length about the indifference that is being shown in school for slow learners and harped that it should be stemmed.

Abhishek Bachchan and Dyslexia

What is Dyslexia exactly?
Dyslexia is a learning disability or reading disability amongst children. Children suffering from this condition often have issues with speech sound identification as well as learning how to relate between letters and words. This condition is known to affect the area around the brain that processes language.

Children who suffer from dyslexia have a normal sight as well as intelligence. Most children can easily succeed in school too with a little bit of help from special educators. There is no cure as such for this condition but early assessment, intervention as well as emotional support can go a long way in helping your live with it and provide a best outcome. Many a times it’s not recognized even until adulthood. The earlier the better, but you can work on it as an when it is diagnosed.

vims bangalore

Symptoms
The symptoms of dyslexia are not so easy to recognize, atleast until your child goes to school. Only the teacher is the one who is able to notice the symptoms primarily. The condition can be mild to severe from child to child and comes to light once the child begins to read.

Learning new words slowly, able to start talking late compared to peers, issues remembering numbers, colors and letters, nursery rhymes or more during the early years. In school these children could have issues with the following

  • Reading age appropriately in a proper way.
  • Difficulty with spellings
  • Issues with sequence remembering and memorizing stuff
  • Difficulty with solving math problems
  • Children with ADHD are known to be at a higher risk of dyslexia and vice versa. This can actually make dyslexia treatment tougher due to the hyperactivity as well as impulsivity issues.

If you have a child who does show similar symptoms, early intervention is a good idea. Better visit your doctor and get your child assessed. A stitch in time saves nine. Isn’t it?

*Sourced from Internet

The Weight Loss Plan That Has Taken Maharashtra by Storm

The Diet plan of Dr. Dixit, a professor at the preventive departments of social medicine at the Government medical college and hospital believes that accepting that you are overweight and that you need a diet correction which includes shunning away tempting food and controlling diet in order to keep your diabetes at bay.

Diabetes is very common in India today and more like an epidemic, hence people do need to take their diet seriously. Dr. Dixit has devised a diet plan for 18 years and above age group. His diet plan is quite unique in a way. He harps upon a meal that is high in proteins and low in carbohydrates.

As per Dr Dixit, the food that is high on carbohydrate is responsible for secretion of insulin in big quantities. The meal that is rich in protein will cause less secretion of insulin. Hence, eating anything in between two meals is not advisable. Better drink water, green tea, coconut water or buttermilk instead as they do not trigger the secretion of insulin.

Weight Loss

This theory of carboinsulin connection has been discussed by late Dr Shrikant Jichkar, who presented this idea of eating only two meals a day for diabetes prevention. He also organized a study of 446 participants out of which 428 did complete the study with the 6 monthly follow up. There was an average loss of 6.8 kg during the six months. The logic was that there was a rise in diabetes if the insulin levels increased.

He also added that the diet plan he has designed does not lead to loss of stamina. Instead poor diet can lead to health hazards like diabetes, hypertension and even cancer. As per Dr Dixit, eating two meals a day and restricting yourself from eating anything in between the two meals not only leads to weight loss but also controlling diabetes as well. Keto diet is another easy way of controlling your insulin.

Inspite of the fact that there is no definite proof of the same, this diet plan has worked for many people across Maharashtra and many people have tried this plan out.

Just Know more about Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre

*Sourced from the Internet

All You Need to Know About the Cancer Hrithik Roshan is Suffering From

Recently, the celebrated Film Director Rakesh Roshan was diagnosed with early stage throat cancer. The news was shared on the social media by his son, film star Hrithik Roshan. For the past two years many movie celebrities shared their experiences around having cancer and the how life changed for them after getting to know about the cancerous conditions they had. This included notable actors like Irfan Khan, Nafisa Ali, Sonali Bendre, to name a few. While for Rakesh Roshan it is good news in a way because his cancer got detected early on, helping him and the doctors to provide treatment and help get rid of eat at the initial stage.

rakesh-cancer-hrithik

Rakesh Roshan is suffering from early stage squamous cell carcinoma of the throat and had to undergo surgery as well. Throat cancer is not a new in India, and occurs due to growth of abnormal cells around the throat lining in an uncontrolled manner. The cancer is quite common in Indians and occurs mostly in age groups of 50 and above. It is a considered under the category of cancers for head and neck. In oncology throat and neck cancers come under one category because of they have similarities in their type, pathological features, predisposing factors, cancer types and more.

Throat cancer includes cancers around the vocal cord, tonsil, voice box and orpharynx. There are two categories of throat cancers namely pharyngeal and laryngeal cancer. The two primary types include the Squamous cell carcinoma and Adenocarcinoma.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma – Known to be one of the most common forms of throat cancer, this affects the throats flat cell lining.

Adenocarcinoma – This cancer is not as common as the first one and affects the glandular cells.

Symptoms
Early detection of cancer is not easy but if it is, consider it as a boon. It helps to give appropriate treatment and curb it and eliminate it as well. Symptoms include weight loss, trouble with swallowing, change in voice, swollen lymph nodes, ear pain, wheezing and persistent cough to name a few.

Risk Factors
Men are known to be at a higher risk than women when it comes to getting throat cancer. Even life style that includes addictions like excess alcohol, smoking, genetics, poor dental hygiene and nutrition as well as asbestos exposure increases the chances of getting throat cancer.

Treatment
The treatment depends on the diagnosis and could include surgery and or radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

  • Surgery – Depending on the size of the tumor, the surgery could be an endoscopic one or it could be cordectomy wherein a part or complete vocal chord is removed. When a part of your chord is removed it is known as laryngectomy, while when a part of your throat is removed it is known as Pharyngectomy. If the cancer is spread across the neck then it is known as dissection.
  • Radiation Therapy : There are two types of radiation therapies namely
  1. Intensity modulated radiotherapy / 3D conformal radiation therapy – These treatments customize the radiations as per the tumor shape and is a common technique used in cancers like the hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancer.
  2. Brachytherapy – This is not a common type of radiation therapy and includes placing a radioactive seeds within the tumor.
  • Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy is one of the common treatments given to cancer patients either with or without radiation therapy. This is given when the tumor has spread through the lymph nodes to other parts or tissues.

Treatment of this cancer can cause side effects like difficulty with breathing, swallowing food, disfigurement of face or neck, difficulty with speaking and hardening around the neck to name a few. With the help of occupational therapists you can learn to deal with such issues.

Early detection of throat cancer means high survival rate. While if detected later, the speed could be slowed down thus prolonging life span through treatment.

You just know about Vydehi Cancer Hospital in Bangalore

*Sourced from the Internet

Wireless Implants to Help Paralysed People Walk Again

Spinal cord injuries have been life-changing events of sorts because they tend to paralyze the body partially or completely depending upon the type of injury. Statistics show that every one or two minute a person suffers from a spinal injury. Now, there is a ray of hope with two research studies in recent times. The two research groups implanted electrical devices in the spinal cord directly thus allowing the paralyzed people to walk again and reverse some effects as well.

Wireless Implants to Help Paralysed People

Electrical Simulation
Over the past couple of months, researchers have been publishing studies that bring forth the fact around levels to which technology could be used in medicine. In the study, researchers made use of electrical stimulation in order to reverse the effects of spinal cord injuries. While the same is being done for over two decades now, the present study has proved to be kind of a milestone in the area. The researchers used the nerves that were not permanently damaged and activated the nerves with the help of artificial electrical simulation. These nerves are responsible for transmitting information between the brain and the limbs.

Study
The researchers named Kendal Lee and Kristin Zhao conducted the study on a patient that was suffering from complete paralysis in the lower body at the Mayo Clinic in the USA. They planted a device called the Epidural electrical simulator (EES) in the lower part of the body where there are healthy nerves. It works in real time and with accurate simulation to desired part of the spinal cord on time. The device is implanted under the skin and makes use of a pulse generator in order to send appropriate signals to the protective layer of the nerves viz. dura attached electrodes. Living with the implanted simulator is not really much different from that of living with pacemaker. Off-course, it is a minimally invasive procedure that does not require a hospital stay. The patient on whom the study was done managed to walk around 100 meters with the help of walking frame due to the spinal implant. EES has been used and tested on patients having paralysis before as well, but the results it has delivered this time are truly phenomenal. But, the catch is that this kind of implant is only possible if some of the nerves in the lower part of the spine are healthy and intact.

vims bangalore

The study only proves the level of breakthroughs advancement of technology can bring about as well as how our knowledge on –  how our brain communicates with our body is heading northwards. Now, that there already is proof of it, there is a need of taking the process to the next level viz. carry out larger clinical studies in order to measure the optimum benefits of the treatment and create benchmarks around the same for doctors to follow.

 

Department of Orthopaedics at Vydehi Hospital is full pledged and has all the facilities to treat the patients with Orthopaedic problems.

*Sourced from the Internet

Why does the onset of winter mean Depression to some people?

Many of us are not aware but in some places around the world, it gets dark as early at 4 pm and there are people who suffer from a condition called SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder). It is caused mainly due to the shorter days, the chilling weather and the onset of darkness as early as 4 pm in the evening. Statistics say that in UK over 29% of the population suffers from this condition and 10% with a condition known as reverse SAD or Summer SAD, because this occurs in Summer’s and not in winter.

Seasonal-Affective-Disorder-Infographic

Now, you might be wondering that winter and depression is understood but is it that people suffer from reverse SAD in the summer. Aren’t the long summer lazy days a lot of fun. But, depression could be caused due to the increased humidity and heat as well but as such no proof of the same is available as of now. Sometimes even looking at people enjoying summer can lead to FOMO and depression.

As per experts, people who have had episodes of depression earlier are more prone to the possibility of getting this condition than others. Further people who are at the vulnerable to allergies too have a high probability of getting this depression as allergan’s can cause inflammation of the airways thus triggering depression.

The symptoms of summer in the beginning are mild but as it nears the end of spring they start getting severe. These include loss in weight, insomnia, loss of appetite as well as anxiety or agitation. The treatment abroad available for SAD is already approved by NICE and is known as Transcranial Magnetic Simulation (TMS). This treatment does the role of modulating the brain activity affectively thus helping to reduce the symptoms of this condition in a safe and effective way.

Though this condition is not very common in India, it is very common in countries like UK and other parts of the world as well.

 

Know more about The Department of Psychiatry in Vydehi Hospital is committed to provide exemplary clinical care, consultation services and treatment, both to inpatients and outpatients

*Sourced From the Internet

All You Need to Know About Open Heart Surgery

Open heart surgery is performed when the coronary arteries supplying blood to the heart are blocked and is the gold standard treatment for the same. The condition arising due to blockage of coronary artery is known as coronary artery disease. Open heart surgery is done to regulate the flow of blood through the arteries and prevent damage to the heart. In the procedure, blood vessels from other parts of the body are used to create a bypass. Generally, two to four coronary arteries are grafted for regulating blood flow to the heart.

There are three types of bypass surgeries depending on the number of bypasses done, namely double bypass, triple bypass, and the quadruple bypass.

Open Heart Surgery – Open heart surgery is considered only if the blockage is such that placing the stent is not feasible. Also, if there is severe coronary disease in the left main artery or in multiple arteries and there is high risk of heart damage. To check the exact blockage scenario cardiac surgeons advice on having a complete testing done. An angiogram is used for checking the severity of coronary disease. The other tests done before and after the surgery include electrocardiogram (EKG), blood tests and specific dietary instructions.

Open Heart Surgery

Types of Open Heart Surgeries

  • On Pump Open heart surgery

During the on pump open heart surgery the surgery is performed under general anesthesia while keeping the patient on ventilator support. The primary step in the surgery is harvesting the blood vessels. Generally, the saphenous vein in the leg is used as it is long enough to create multiple grafts. Alternatively, if it cannot be used then vessels from the arm can be used. After the saphenous vein work is done, the chest is opened by making an incision along the breastbone. The surgeon cuts the sternum to gain access to the heart.

In traditional or off-pump CABG procedure, the heart needs to be stopped using potassium so that the surgeon does not have to perform the surgery on a beating heart. The blood circulation is kept on with the help of a heart-lung machine and the ventilator is switched off. The machine then does the work of the heart as well as the lungs. The surgeon either removes the existing blood vessel and replaces the same to remove the blockage or reroutes the blood around the blockage. There could be one or more grafts to be performed. Once the grafting is completed the heart is restarted. The sternum is placed in its original position and closed with the help of a surgical wire. The surgical wire helps in providing strength to the bone for healing. Lastly, the surgeon closes the incision.

On pump, surgery is recommended for unstable patients. The surgeon performs the surgery on a still heart so the process is quicker and even the bleeding is minimal. Alternatively, the cons include inflammation/ clotting after surgery, transfusion and fluid retention. Though after on-pump surgery the risk of stroke does increase.

  • Off Pump Open heart surgery

The off-pump surgery is very much similar to on-pump except that the blood flow through the body is maintained by the heart only and not the heart-lung machine as in on-pump surgery. The area to be grafted is held with the help of surgical instruments while the heart keeps pumping. This surgery is done on tentatively 20% of the CABG patients undergoing the surgery for the first time.

This surgery is less expensive surgery compared to on pump and it also reduces the risk of stroke. Also, blood loss and transfusions are less compared to on pump. The hospital stay required is also less. 70% of the patients are not recommended to do the surgery due to the condition. The surgery is not recommended for unstable patients.

Recovery
The recovery period includes staying in Intensive care unit for 24 hours. The chest tubes are removed post 48 hours and then the patient is shifted out of ICU. Once the patient is awake the breathing tubes are removed so that the patient can breathe on his/ her own. Though supplemental oxygen may be given through the nose to help with breathing. The patient will be monitored closely and if he/she is unable to breathe, the breathing tube might be inserted again. Once the patient starts breathing on his/her own, swift rehabilitation steps are put into place. This includes sitting up on the edge of the bed, walking while taking care of the wound and preventing pain, etc.

Life Expectancy
The life expectancy has greatly increased over the years up to 98% people undergoing the surgery can easily lead a normal life as that of the others who haven’t undergone any surgery.

” Vydehi Institute of Cardiac Sciences is a well equipped super speciality centre located in Vydehi Hospital designed to serve your hearts needs. It is equipped to treat all cardiac, cardiothoracic and vascular cases.  It uses all the latest equipment and technology coupled with the years of experience in its faculty.”

*Sourced from the Internet

Cocoa is Good for Health!

If you are the one who loves indulging in dark chocolates and coffee, there’s some good news right up for you. A study has revealed that cocoa is major source of Vitamin D. Hence, food rich in cocoa like cocoa powder, dark, chocolates, cocoa beans, cocoa butter and more can boost your Vitamin D intake. Vitamin D has two types – Vitamin D2 and Vitamin D3. Vitamin D2 is present in foods like eggs, fish, and chicken while D3 is produced by the human skin under sun exposure. The study was published in the journal Food Chemistry and mentioned that cocoa is an actually rich source of Vitamin D2, one of the two types of vitamin D. The richness but varies from food to food like white chocolate will have a lesser amount of Vitamin D2 compared to Dark Chocolates.

cocoa

The research team dried the cocoa beans after fermentation and placed them on mats. These were then exposed to the sun for a couple of weeks. The idea was to determine if cocoa was a vital source of Vitamin D. As per researchers cocoa butter, as well as dark chocolate, had the highest amount of Vitamin D2. They also pointed out that vitamin D deficiency could lead to brittle bones as well as respiratory disorders. Having said that, consuming cocoa-based products in high quantity is not advisable because it does contain high fat and sugar, which are known to be bad for health.

Do you want to know about foods that are a rich source of vitamin D and not harmful to health as much as eating too many dark chocolate cubes? Here are 5 foods veg and non-veg, rich in Vitamin D and good for health.

Soy milk – It’s extracted from plant and is rich source of vitamin D. It’s a good for health and vegans.

Mushroom – Again a rich source of Vitamin D and favourite food of many. Many delicious recipes are already available for you to experiment and relish.

Dairy Produce – If you are a cheese lover, be happy, cheese is one of the richest sources of Vitamin D. But, that does not mean to eat burgers and pizzas loaded with cheese. It means you may add a slice or two for your breakfast.

Egg – Egg is one product that many of us can eat day in and day out. It’s loaded with protein and super healthy. The yolk of the egg is rich in Vitamin D. So eat eggs with the yoke to draw in more Vitamin D.

Fish- All fish are known to be a rich source of vitamin D. But, oil and fatty fish have more Vitamin D content compared to others. These include Tuna, mackerel, Salmon and trout to name a few.

A world class integrated healthcare system, with a focus on compassionate supercare.
Leading the way in education, research and practice – Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre

*Sourced from the Internet

Cancer Vaccine that can Cure 97% of Tumor from Mice Approved for Human Trial

Yes, you read that right. As per researchers of Stanford University, a vaccine they tested on mice has worked well in curing around 97% of the tumors in mice and is ready for human trial. According to SFGate. the human trial is scheduled to be conducted on 35 people suffering from lymphoma before the year ends.

The study was earlier tested on mice with cancers ranging from colon, breast and lymphoma. The results were welcoming, because this treatment cured around 87 mice out of the 90. The best part is that tumors in some mice had spread through other parts of the body too and even then they could be cured.

Cancer Vaccine That can Cure 97% of Tumor from Mice Approved for Human trial

As per the regional director of breast surgery at North-well Health Cancer Institute in Westchester, New York, even if the news was exciting enough, the results on animals might not be the same as that on humans. So, there is still a long way to go before the treatment works for particularly cancers other than lymphoma, viz. breast and colon.

Though it is called a vaccine, technically it ain’t. It is more of an immunotherapy. It is still given the name of a vaccine for a reason that is does contain a vaccine like injection. Also, as per the American society of clinical oncology, cancer vaccines can be used for referring treatment of cancer and preventing it from coming back. This vaccine involves the injection of the vaccine into the existing tumor. It does the role of reactivating the T cells. These T cells are responsible for infiltrating and attacking the cancer cells. But, as the tumor increases, the cancer tells suppress these T cells.
Immunotherapy is not something new though. It has been in practice for quite some time. A treatment called CAR t-cell therapy has been already approved some time back for leukemia as well as lymphoma. This therapy is about removing certain immune cells from the body and genetically engineer these cells so that they become capable of fighting cancer.

But, the advantage of this therapy over CAR T-cell therapy is that nothing from the body is to be removed or customized. Here it’s just targeted therapy where the doctors will be concentrating and attacking specific targets.

Though this study is one step forward in the direction to treat cancer but still it’s a long way to go.

Vydehi Institute of Oncology & Research Centre is one of the first centers in India to commission IGRT (Image guided radiation therapy) with respiratory gating apart from having other radiation equipment like High Dose Rate Brachytherapy (HDR).

*Source from the Internet

How To Deal With Canker Sores

A type of ulcer, Canker sores in the mouth in white or grey color can be painful at times. They mostly occur on the softer parts of the mouth like the lips, cheeks and tongue. Scientifically termed as recurrent aphtous stomatitis or RAS, it has the tendency to reappear once subsided many times.
Canker sores generally do not require any treatment and can heal within a week or two. The severe form of Canker known as RAS can cause larger ulcers with scarring and can last upto a couple of weeks.

Canker Sores

Here are a few tips on dealing with Canker sores at home -
Mouth Rinse – Using a mouth wash with antiseptic properties can help numbing the mouth and prevent infection.

Brushing – Using a soft toothbrush can help dealing with canker sores. Brushing teeth on a daily basis and maintaining good oral hygiene

Vitamin B 12 – A study has found that Vitamin B12 supplements can help reduce canker sore pain as well as reduced the occurrence as well as reoccurence.

Chamomile tea – Chamomile tea together with honey can help reduce the inflammation and pain caused by canker sores, though it is not clinically proven. You can simply soak the chamomile tea bag in warm water and then apply it to the ulcer directly.

Aloe vera – Aloe vera gel helps in reducing inflammation and pain caused due to the condition though its not clinically proven but in general its deemed as safe by NCCIH.

Cloves – Placing a cotton wool ball soaked in clove oil after cleaning your mouth with a mouth was or sea salt can help in relieving you from the pain and inflammation caused by the condition

Numbing Mouth – Numbing your mouth ulcer with the help of ice cubes can help in relieving the pain and discomfort caused.

Avoiding Certain Foods – When suffering from the conditions intake for spicy, acidic or salty foods can aggravate the pain and stop healing so it is advisable to avoid these foods as far as possible.

OTC Relief products – A lot of gels and patches are already available over the counter to help deal with canker sores effectively.

Apparently, following good dental hygiene is a great way to avoid canker sores primarily, but if it still occurs you may try out the following home based remedies to get relief and faster healing.

Know More about Dental Colleges in Bangalore

*source from the internet