Category Archives: Education

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Risk of Breast Cancer in Trans Women Post Hormone Therapy Escalates To Over 45 Times

A Study has found that trans-women undergoing the gender change procedures increase their risk of getting breast cancer by over 46% as compared to men. The study was carried out on over 2000 trans-women and it was found that after undergoing the sex change procedures 1 in 200 came under the risk scanner of breast cancer as compared to less than 8000 in men.

Cancer hospital in Bangalore

The studies that were carried out earlier have shown that hormone replacement therapy (HRT) does increase the risk of breast cancer particularly in women post menopause. Suggestively, it would increase the risk in trans-women undergoing hormone treatment.

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As study involving 2260 women, 15 cases of invasive breast cancer came to light of that of women of over 50 years of age post 18 years on an average of hormone therapy. Dr. Martin Den Heijer from Amsterdam University Medical Centre says that the issues and side effects of hormone therapy are knowns are discussed also with the people who undergo treatment.

Though the risk for naturally born women is one third less, the experts from Netherlands said that not only the patients but even the doctors needed to be aware of the fact that injections of female hormones do have an increased threat.

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In Britain there has been a drastic rise in the number of operations and it’s around 250 per year presently as compared to 54 around 2000. The researchers were unclear though if some of the cases were genetic or due do lifestyle because one of their trans gender woman study did carry the BRCA gene mutation that lead to breast cancer. Besides, it also showed that trans- gender men were at a considerably lower risk as compared to female population. The study that determined the same involved 1229 trans men of which four had invasive breast cancer have diagnosed at 47 years post 15 years of hormone treatment.

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Heat Strokes – Warning Signs And How To Deal With It

Heat stroke is a condition that is caused when the body overheats due to physical exertion or staying in higher temperatures. Heat stroke can turn serious if the body temperature soars to 40 degree Celsius or higher. Heat stroke is a common particularly in Andhra Pradesh region of India. 1 out of every 5 person dead due to heat stroke in India is from Andhra Pradesh. Between 2010 and 2015 1825 people from Andhra Pradesh have been reported dead due to heat stroke, accounting to 24% of All India figures. A study also says that there could be a 200 fold rise in heat wave exposures by 2100.

heat strokes sympotms

Symptoms of Heat Stroke include confusion, disorientation, no sweating, breathing issues, hallucinations, agitation and coma. If you suspect of someone having a heat stroke, understand it is an emergency and opt for immediate medical help. If a heat stroke is not treated promptly and properly it can be life threatening. Do not compare heat stroke to stroke, a condition where the oxygen to the brain is decreased. The people who are known to be at a higher risk of heat stroke include Athletes, Infants, aged people and those who work in extreme heat conditions. Even children or pets if left in car for a long time unattended can be at the risk of getting a heat stroke.

First aid includes cooling the body temperatures primarily. Take the person indoor or in the shade. Remove excess clothing and use a tub of water or a cool shower to or a sponge soaked in ice water to bring the temperature down. You may also use ice packs around the head, armpits, groin and neck as well. If water is not available you may use the evaporation cooling technique in which misting cold water on the body while fanning warm air. If the patient tends to shiver then the doctor might give a muscle relaxant as well.

The best way to avoid is staying hydrated all the time, avoiding excess intake of alcohol or over clothing in summer.

VIMS is one of the leading medical colleges in Bangalore, Karnataka

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Fatty Liver Disease – An Insight

For those who haven’t heard of fatty liver, it means that liver has extra fat in it. The scientific name for the same is hepatic steatosis and is a resulting of addiction to alcohol. Due to high consumption of alcohol fat builds up inside the liver making it hard to work properly. It does not mean that if you do drink, you don’t get fatty liver. For those who don’t consume alcohol and still have fatty liver condition, it is a result of mainly a metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, high amount of belly fat and is known as Nonalcoholic Fatty liver Disease (NAFLD).

NAFLD

Simple Fatty Liver – This means there is only extra fat and no inflammation on the liver cells. Most people suffer from Simple fatty liver and it does not get worse.

Non Alcoholic Steathohepatitis (NASH) – This is known to be serious as compared to simple fatty liver. It occurs when the liver gets inflamed. Your liver cells get damaged due to NASH and can lead to further life threatening conditions like cirrhosis, liver cancer and fibrosis.

Alcohol related fatty liver disease – Also known as ALD, it might or might not exhibit any symptoms. If there are symptoms, they include discomfort or pain in the upper right side of belly. Though if drinking is not stopped, it can lead to complication like alcoholic cirrhosis and hepatitis.

Alcoholic Cirrhosis – The condition causes scar tissue buildup in liver. Symptoms that surface include fluid buildup in the belly, body bleeding, enlarged spleen, liver failure, dis-orientation and behavior changes as well.

Alcoholic Hepatitis – This kind of lever swelling can cause belly pain, jaundice, nausea and vomiting. Alcoholic fatty lever worsens to lead to alcoholic hepatitis and further more into Cirrhosis.

Symptoms – NAFLD as well as ALD as mentioned before may or may not give any symptoms other that fatigue or pain in the upper right side of the belly.
Though NASH as well as cirrhosis do exhibit symptoms like red palms, breast enlargement in men, swollen belly, enlarged blood vessels below skin.

Diagnosis – The diagnosis is based on physical exam, health history and based on tests like blood tests as well as imaging tests. If required a liver biopsy may also be advised.

Treatment – There is no treatment as such in terms of medications for NAFLD, but in case of NASH complications like liver failure or cirrhosis, you may have to go for a liver transplant.

Know about Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre

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Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder

People who have an OCPD personality disorder, tend to be perfect to the extreme, orderly and neat. They want their standards to be maintained by others and hence they try to do that in a very severe manner.

ocd

  • The characteristics that govern an OCPD personality include
  • They are obsession with being perfect, apparently leading to become even more inefficient
  • They are people who are often in aloofness
  • They are anxious and depressed simultaneously
  • They find it difficult to express their feelings

OCPD personality disorder people don’t have an idea if there’s anything wrong with their behavior. They think and feel that whatever and however they think is right and others are wrong. OCPD is often mistaken with OCD but the fact is that these two conditions are different and not the same.

OCPD Risk Factors
Usually more than women, it’s the men that are at the risk of having OCPD. It is one of the most common personality disorders as per a journal of personality assessment. Also, those who are having existing mental health condition have a probability of getting OCPD as well. Particularly people suffering from OCD of severe nature are at risk of getting diagnosed with OCPD.

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OCPD Causes
The causes of this condition are yet not known but factors like genetics and childhood experiences can be considered as some of the causes.

OCPD Symptoms

  • Always want to be on time and expect the same from others
  • Paying extreme attention to every detail
  • Engrossed in their work to an extent that they don’t ignore family and societal relationships
  • Their mannerisms are rigid and stiff
  • They keep on stocking items that are of no use
  • They are stingy with money

OCPD TREATMENT
One of the treatments for OCPD is Cognitive Behavioral therapy (CBT). You meet up with a counsellor and undergo a few sessions where you talk about your anxiety, depression or stress. The counsellor emphasizes on giving enough time to family as well as recreation rather than just work.

Relaxation Trianing
This process consists of breathing exercises to destress and decrease the sense of urgency and include yoga, pilates and tai chi.

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VIMS Graduation Day 2019

Graduation Day on 13th March 2019, 10.00 AM at “Sai Keshav Auditorium” For Medical, Dental, Nursing and Allied health Sciences Graduates, Postgraduates and Superspeciality graduates

A Startup Uses AI For Early Detection of Breast Cancer – Bengalure

A Startup in Bengaluru that uses artificial intelligence to detect breast cancer at an early stage has raised 6 million as funding. We all are aware that Breast Cancer is one of the most common cancers in India and thus does have a potential for huge business as well has social impact. The funds are needed for the organization to get the regulatory approvals, hire talent and expand in India primarily. The technology used by the startup is the key to early detection of the disease because there already is a shortage of skilled professionals and the breast ratio is too high too. The Japan based startup that has funded this Indian startup is also going to help the company expand internationally in Japan.

AI - Breast Cancer

Though the startup was launched in 2016, with an objective of using AI to replace the present methods of mammography, which is an expensive equipped and a must for radiographers. The solution they offer is known as thermal-tix which is not only non-touch, but radiation free and non-painful imaging method.

As per the representative of the company, Nirmai as of now is the only company in the world that uses AI based thermal image processing as well as machine learning algorithms for reliable and trust worthy breast cancer screening. It is in the process of deploying its solution across 21 hospitals in 9 different cities. The representative also mentioned that the solution is an innovation and hence the implementation of it does require time. The organization is looking to touch-base rural areas besides metros, I and II tier cities.

One of the recognitions that already is in the kitty of this Bengaluru based startup is that it is the only Indian startup to be showcased under the CB (global business data intelligence platform) Insights 3rd annual list of 100 most promising startups across the world.

VIMS is one of the best cancer hospital in india, with 300 beds exclusively for cancer patients.Oncology department in the hospital has got qialified and well experienced doctors

*Source From the Internet

Abhishek Bachchan and Dyslexia – The connection!

Recently, Abhishek Bachchan revealed that he was diagnosed with dyslexia at the age of 9 and sent to a European school. He did have difficulty reading and writing during his childhood. He also spoke at length about the indifference that is being shown in school for slow learners and harped that it should be stemmed.

Abhishek Bachchan and Dyslexia

What is Dyslexia exactly?
Dyslexia is a learning disability or reading disability amongst children. Children suffering from this condition often have issues with speech sound identification as well as learning how to relate between letters and words. This condition is known to affect the area around the brain that processes language.

Children who suffer from dyslexia have a normal sight as well as intelligence. Most children can easily succeed in school too with a little bit of help from special educators. There is no cure as such for this condition but early assessment, intervention as well as emotional support can go a long way in helping your live with it and provide a best outcome. Many a times it’s not recognized even until adulthood. The earlier the better, but you can work on it as an when it is diagnosed.

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Symptoms
The symptoms of dyslexia are not so easy to recognize, atleast until your child goes to school. Only the teacher is the one who is able to notice the symptoms primarily. The condition can be mild to severe from child to child and comes to light once the child begins to read.

Learning new words slowly, able to start talking late compared to peers, issues remembering numbers, colors and letters, nursery rhymes or more during the early years. In school these children could have issues with the following

  • Reading age appropriately in a proper way.
  • Difficulty with spellings
  • Issues with sequence remembering and memorizing stuff
  • Difficulty with solving math problems
  • Children with ADHD are known to be at a higher risk of dyslexia and vice versa. This can actually make dyslexia treatment tougher due to the hyperactivity as well as impulsivity issues.

If you have a child who does show similar symptoms, early intervention is a good idea. Better visit your doctor and get your child assessed. A stitch in time saves nine. Isn’t it?

*Sourced from Internet

The Weight Loss Plan That Has Taken Maharashtra by Storm

The Diet plan of Dr. Dixit, a professor at the preventive departments of social medicine at the Government medical college and hospital believes that accepting that you are overweight and that you need a diet correction which includes shunning away tempting food and controlling diet in order to keep your diabetes at bay.

Diabetes is very common in India today and more like an epidemic, hence people do need to take their diet seriously. Dr. Dixit has devised a diet plan for 18 years and above age group. His diet plan is quite unique in a way. He harps upon a meal that is high in proteins and low in carbohydrates.

As per Dr Dixit, the food that is high on carbohydrate is responsible for secretion of insulin in big quantities. The meal that is rich in protein will cause less secretion of insulin. Hence, eating anything in between two meals is not advisable. Better drink water, green tea, coconut water or buttermilk instead as they do not trigger the secretion of insulin.

Weight Loss

This theory of carboinsulin connection has been discussed by late Dr Shrikant Jichkar, who presented this idea of eating only two meals a day for diabetes prevention. He also organized a study of 446 participants out of which 428 did complete the study with the 6 monthly follow up. There was an average loss of 6.8 kg during the six months. The logic was that there was a rise in diabetes if the insulin levels increased.

He also added that the diet plan he has designed does not lead to loss of stamina. Instead poor diet can lead to health hazards like diabetes, hypertension and even cancer. As per Dr Dixit, eating two meals a day and restricting yourself from eating anything in between the two meals not only leads to weight loss but also controlling diabetes as well. Keto diet is another easy way of controlling your insulin.

Inspite of the fact that there is no definite proof of the same, this diet plan has worked for many people across Maharashtra and many people have tried this plan out.

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All You Need to Know About the Cancer Hrithik Roshan is Suffering From

Recently, the celebrated Film Director Rakesh Roshan was diagnosed with early stage throat cancer. The news was shared on the social media by his son, film star Hrithik Roshan. For the past two years many movie celebrities shared their experiences around having cancer and the how life changed for them after getting to know about the cancerous conditions they had. This included notable actors like Irfan Khan, Nafisa Ali, Sonali Bendre, to name a few. While for Rakesh Roshan it is good news in a way because his cancer got detected early on, helping him and the doctors to provide treatment and help get rid of eat at the initial stage.

rakesh-cancer-hrithik

Rakesh Roshan is suffering from early stage squamous cell carcinoma of the throat and had to undergo surgery as well. Throat cancer is not a new in India, and occurs due to growth of abnormal cells around the throat lining in an uncontrolled manner. The cancer is quite common in Indians and occurs mostly in age groups of 50 and above. It is a considered under the category of cancers for head and neck. In oncology throat and neck cancers come under one category because of they have similarities in their type, pathological features, predisposing factors, cancer types and more.

Throat cancer includes cancers around the vocal cord, tonsil, voice box and orpharynx. There are two categories of throat cancers namely pharyngeal and laryngeal cancer. The two primary types include the Squamous cell carcinoma and Adenocarcinoma.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma – Known to be one of the most common forms of throat cancer, this affects the throats flat cell lining.

Adenocarcinoma – This cancer is not as common as the first one and affects the glandular cells.

Symptoms
Early detection of cancer is not easy but if it is, consider it as a boon. It helps to give appropriate treatment and curb it and eliminate it as well. Symptoms include weight loss, trouble with swallowing, change in voice, swollen lymph nodes, ear pain, wheezing and persistent cough to name a few.

Risk Factors
Men are known to be at a higher risk than women when it comes to getting throat cancer. Even life style that includes addictions like excess alcohol, smoking, genetics, poor dental hygiene and nutrition as well as asbestos exposure increases the chances of getting throat cancer.

Treatment
The treatment depends on the diagnosis and could include surgery and or radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

  • Surgery – Depending on the size of the tumor, the surgery could be an endoscopic one or it could be cordectomy wherein a part or complete vocal chord is removed. When a part of your chord is removed it is known as laryngectomy, while when a part of your throat is removed it is known as Pharyngectomy. If the cancer is spread across the neck then it is known as dissection.
  • Radiation Therapy : There are two types of radiation therapies namely
  1. Intensity modulated radiotherapy / 3D conformal radiation therapy – These treatments customize the radiations as per the tumor shape and is a common technique used in cancers like the hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancer.
  2. Brachytherapy – This is not a common type of radiation therapy and includes placing a radioactive seeds within the tumor.
  • Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy is one of the common treatments given to cancer patients either with or without radiation therapy. This is given when the tumor has spread through the lymph nodes to other parts or tissues.

Treatment of this cancer can cause side effects like difficulty with breathing, swallowing food, disfigurement of face or neck, difficulty with speaking and hardening around the neck to name a few. With the help of occupational therapists you can learn to deal with such issues.

Early detection of throat cancer means high survival rate. While if detected later, the speed could be slowed down thus prolonging life span through treatment.

You just know about Vydehi Cancer Hospital in Bangalore

*Sourced from the Internet

Wireless Implants to Help Paralysed People Walk Again

Spinal cord injuries have been life-changing events of sorts because they tend to paralyze the body partially or completely depending upon the type of injury. Statistics show that every one or two minute a person suffers from a spinal injury. Now, there is a ray of hope with two research studies in recent times. The two research groups implanted electrical devices in the spinal cord directly thus allowing the paralyzed people to walk again and reverse some effects as well.

Wireless Implants to Help Paralysed People

Electrical Simulation
Over the past couple of months, researchers have been publishing studies that bring forth the fact around levels to which technology could be used in medicine. In the study, researchers made use of electrical stimulation in order to reverse the effects of spinal cord injuries. While the same is being done for over two decades now, the present study has proved to be kind of a milestone in the area. The researchers used the nerves that were not permanently damaged and activated the nerves with the help of artificial electrical simulation. These nerves are responsible for transmitting information between the brain and the limbs.

Study
The researchers named Kendal Lee and Kristin Zhao conducted the study on a patient that was suffering from complete paralysis in the lower body at the Mayo Clinic in the USA. They planted a device called the Epidural electrical simulator (EES) in the lower part of the body where there are healthy nerves. It works in real time and with accurate simulation to desired part of the spinal cord on time. The device is implanted under the skin and makes use of a pulse generator in order to send appropriate signals to the protective layer of the nerves viz. dura attached electrodes. Living with the implanted simulator is not really much different from that of living with pacemaker. Off-course, it is a minimally invasive procedure that does not require a hospital stay. The patient on whom the study was done managed to walk around 100 meters with the help of walking frame due to the spinal implant. EES has been used and tested on patients having paralysis before as well, but the results it has delivered this time are truly phenomenal. But, the catch is that this kind of implant is only possible if some of the nerves in the lower part of the spine are healthy and intact.

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The study only proves the level of breakthroughs advancement of technology can bring about as well as how our knowledge on –  how our brain communicates with our body is heading northwards. Now, that there already is proof of it, there is a need of taking the process to the next level viz. carry out larger clinical studies in order to measure the optimum benefits of the treatment and create benchmarks around the same for doctors to follow.

 

Department of Orthopaedics at Vydehi Hospital is full pledged and has all the facilities to treat the patients with Orthopaedic problems.

*Sourced from the Internet