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10 medical checkups to gift you father

Fathers are not given a lot of credit or say mileage in a family and most of the times it is the mother who is center of attention when it comes to the sacrifices and hard work she does. Off-course it does hold true, but a father’s hard work and sacrifice is also equally important and most of the time just like women of the family, even men tend to ignore their own health keeping forth the needs of their family members. So, here’s the time when you can give a gift to your father as a working son or daughter, a small memento that speaks for itself, that you care.

10 medical checkups

BLOOD PRESSURE – Blood Pressure or hypertension is also known as a silent killer and is a major cause of heart attacks or strokes for that matter. Hence regular blood pressure checkups is a good idea. Though, a yearly screening is what the doctors suggest, you might as well keep a blood pressure checkup device at home and check on weekly basis.

LIPID PROFILE – Cholesterol is also another major cause of heart attack or stroke. Hence screening is important to check if you cholesterol levels are under control. If they are not then you will need to make modifications with your diet besides taking up medications.

COLONSCOPY – Once you touch-base the mark of 50 in terms of age, colonoscopy is recommended every 10 years. It is recommended that if there are any polyps found, then it needs to be done more frequently particularly if there is family history of colorectal cancer.

VACCINATIONS – We as kids take vaccinations to protect ourselves against diseases and conditions but many of us are not aware of the fact that as we age the effect of these vaccinations perishes and after 65 years, you need get a pneumococcal vaccine because it can cause a lot many conditions. Even a tetanus booster is a must have post 10 years.

EYE CHECKUP – Eye checkup is an advisable screening post 40 years itself. But once you cross 60 make, every year screening is a good idea.

DIABETES CHECKUP – Diabetes a very common condition in India and post 45 it’s advisable to screen yourself for diabetes every year. To check if you have diabetes or not you need to do you blood sugar checkup every year.

PROSTATE SPECIFIC – It is a vital test for men after 50 more so if prostate cancer runs in the family. The test involves the screen of a rectal area and measurement of PSA levels (prostate specific antigen) in blood.

AUDIOGRAM – Hearing loss is common as we age. At times it could also be due to some medical condition. Hence, it’s advisable to do a hearing test once a year after 60 years of age.

PERIODONTAL EXAM – Oral health is one thing which many of us tend to ignore against other conditions. But, with age it becomes all the more important to take care of your dental health. Hence it is advisable to go for teeth checkup once a year and cleaning twice a year.

SKIN CHECK – There are millions of people with skin cancer across the globe and it is advisable to schedule a check-up if you find any suspicious moles particularly.

Medical Health Checkups at Vydehi Hospital in Bangalore

Menstrual Hygiene – The Present Scenario and Adverse Effects

The statistics in India about menstrual hygiene are alarming. Only 18% of the population has access to sanitary hygiene. Additionally, menstruation has been a taboo in India since the beginning of time. Many homes in India still follow the beliefs of the past that include not going to the temple or touching the pickle and some even don’t allow ladies to enter the kitchen when they are having their cycles. These beliefs are rampant in the urban areas as well and not just limited to villages.

Looking at the present state of sanitary hygiene amongst women in India and saddening stories about removal of uterus due to menstrual tract infection of a 12 year old, does make the picture of this state clear. Today, there are millions of women in India who have no access to sanitary napkins because they are expensive thus choosing low standards of hygiene. Over 88 percent women go for using cloth, ashes or even husk during menstrual periods.

Here’s a run through the adverse effects of poor sanitary hygiene.

Menstrual Hygiene

  • Using unclean pads or cheap alternatives can lead to urinary infections, urinary tract infections or fungal infections.
  • If you don’t change your pad for a long time it can cause vaginal yeast infections and rashes.
  • Using cloth and bigger size shapes can lead to rashes due to friction between the thighs.
  • Using the same pad for long can also lead to bad odor.
  • Many of us don’t know that in an effort to keep the vaginal area clean, you tend to wipe and rinse frequently. This can lead to the bacteria’s from the pot reaching your body and causing infections of the urinary tract.
  • Many women think that having an intercourse during a period is a good idea because there is no risk of getting pregnant. But, the fact is, it is risky because you are highly likely to contract sexually transmitted diseases like Herpes, Hepatitis B or STD.
  • Not washing hands properly after touching sanitary napkins also leads to infections like Hepatitis B and that of yeast as well.
  • Poor Menstrual hygiene can also cause cervical cancer. India produces over 70,000 victims every year and is one of the top ranking cancers in women in India.

Well, this is a problem that has a solution and as per the gynecologists in India awareness around menstruation through education is the key. There is a dire need to educate women on how using sanitary napkins can help prevent many infections and side effects besides maintaining body hygiene and shunning away the blind beliefs and taboos around it.

Women Health In India – Current Scenario and Challenges

Every year we celebrate mother’s day and women’s day. We show our love and respect to important women in our lives and celebrate them. Obviously, this is a good sign but that’s only one side of the story. Even today there is a major chunk of women in India who are deprived of their basic rights like education, are forced into marriage early on, are not allowed to work, but to name a few of the hardships they face for being a woman. The picture is same not only in India but many other developing countries.

Women Health In India

There are some startling facts about women health in India that can give you a clear idea of how women in India are deprived of their basic rights, needs, and their health scenario. India tops the list of countries that are said to have highest mortality rates during delivery and even the highest number of non-school going girls. 25% of total number of girls born in India don’t even live to see their 15th Birthday. 40% of the HIV cases in India in 2005 are said to be that of women. While there is much more to the story, looking at these statistics, you can easily derive that the state of women health in India is bad or rather worse.

While the primary answer to issues with women health is the gender inequality issue but then there are others which also include the poor healthcare system of the country. Factors are malnutrition, which not only affects the health of the women but also the infants they give birth too.

Having said that, the current situation can be certainly worked upon, improved and brought under control. But, it requires immense amount of dedication and reforms in the Indian Healthcare system that need to be implemented as well as monitored consistently. Simultaneously, there is also a need to work on bringing awareness amongst the society about the gender equality and equal opportunity in terms of education, health and work for women.

There’s this saying that aptly conveys a message that could help eradicate this issue by focusing on its root cause and it says – ‘When you educate a boy, you educate an individual. When you educate a girl, you educate a family’. It is like empowering women through education thus helping them empower themselves and in an indirect sense even the whole family.

All major surgeries relevant women like hysterectomy, Caesarean section are being done routinely in the gynecology department. Laproscopy, Colposcopy and Hysteroscopy are other facilities available at Vydehi Gynecology hospital.

Poor Oral Health can affect Performance of Elite Athletes

Dental hygiene does disrupt our daily life or the quality of life rather to some extent or the other. Sometimes, while we aren’t aware, it might just affect our level of concentrations and hence our performance as well. The pain or discomfort caused by any dental condition tends to distract us from our work. Recently a study has revealed that oral health affects the performance of elite athletes as well. This study is known to be one of the largest surveys about athlete oral health.

Poor Oral Health

A dental college in London carried out this comprehensive study that involved around 350 athletes, males as well as females from professional sports as well as Olympics to find out whether dental or oral health actually hindered the performance of these athletes. The studied participants were in the mean age group of 25 years and 67% of them were male.

The revelations were startling as around 49.5% of them were subject to tooth decay that was left untreated. 77% of them were found having swelled up gums. Around 32% of them did bring up that dental health issues impacted their performance. Having said that, the study also revealed that over 95% of these athletes brushed their teeth two times a day while around 40% flossed once during the day.

Taking into account their oral habits, their poor health scenario could be due to diet issues and activities they do. One of the major factors affecting the health of an athlete is stress. There have been incidences of players vomiting before a race due to competition anxiety. Another is training as well as performance.

We all are aware that simple interventions can help prevent oral diseases. This includes routine dental care and hygiene like brushing teeth, health nutrition, cleaning between teeth and checkups.

Vydehi dental care Centre has an experienced panel of dentists and consultants who treats with computer techniques and Video Imaging. Dental X-rays, Cosmetic dentistry, Implants, Smile designing, Orthodontics, Root canal treatment and full Mouth rehabilitation are some of the major services offered by Vydehi Dental care Centre.

Benefits of Panchakarma – Ayurvedagram Hospital in Bangalore

Originated in India and over 5000 years old, Ayurveda has been there for centuries and is a proven natural or alternative treatment procedure. Even Chine and Tibetan forms of alternative medicines have their roots in Ayurveda besides Greeks who are also known to have embraced Ayurveda. ‘Ayur’ is a Sanskrit word for life and ‘Veda’ means science, hence together it means the science of life. It is a more holistic approach towards the health of the mind, body, and soul in unison.

One of the very popular procedures in Ayurveda that have helped millions of people across the globe is the herbal healing therapy known as ‘Panchakarma’. It is apparently a five-stage detoxification and purification therapy that is a beautiful amalgamation of five amazing procedures.

Ayurvedagram

PANCHAKARMA PROCEDURE
As the name suggests, Panchakarma procedure consists of Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya, and Raktamokshana.

1. Vamana – This process is a therapeutic vomiting process done for clearing the respiratory and gastronomical tract toxins through the removal of excess mucus, responsible for ‘Kapha’. The domino effect of the procedure is that the person feels good.

2. Virechana – This is a therapeutic purgation inducing procedure for removing the pitta toxins from the body. It is known to produce amazing results for Headaches, Hyper Acidity, Digestive Disorders, Asthma and Gynecological disorders, etc. The purgatives include Laxatives, Drastic Purgatives and more.

3. Vasti – An integral part of Panchkarma, Vasti needs to be performed under the observation of an Ayurvedic expert and is specially used against Vata or rheumatic conditions. The dosha’s or toxins from the body are expelled through the anus or vaginal canals using ayurvedic oils and herbs. The oils used for the procedure include Calamus oil, Sesame oil and more. While there are many types of Vasti’s, Uttaravasti, Kashayavasti, Snehavasti, and Sirovasti are the main ones. This procedure of panchakarma is very effective in the treatment of Vata.

4. Nasya – This treatment as the name suggests is associated with the nasal tract and is carried out to get rid of toxins like congestion and sinus, from the neck and head region. The procedure performed is called nasyakarma and the formulations are called nasika kalpana.

5. Raktamokshana – Raktamokshana is a combination of two words, one is rakt which means blood and the other is mokshana which means leaving. There are two types in Raktamokshana, Shastra Visravana, and Anushsastra Visravana. The treatment is recommended for people with an imbalance in blood and ‘pitta doshas’ as well as skin disorders like eczema, dermatitis, and sciatica.

Well, if you are living with conditions mentioned above and want them to be treated, seek advice from Ayurveda experts on your health issues and take a step to good health through Ayurvedic healing.

Vydehi Ayurveda(Vayu) can be rightly called ‘the complete healing center’ where the ancient system of Ayurveda is practiced. This time-tested medical science addresses the preventive and curative aspects of diseases. Also, positive health and therapeutic measures relating to physical, mental, social and the spiritual are comprehensively attended here.

Non Specific Low Back Pain and Beyond

Around 3 in 5 people in India suffer from back pain on an average. While most of the time the back pain issue is not serious, the cause is not known many a times. When such pain occurs, it is known as non -specific pain and only painkillers are used to ease it while continuing routine activities as usual. This kind of pain generally disappears within 5-6 weeks but there is every possibility of it reoccurring. Sometimes the pain reoccurs on a regular basis. This is when further treatment is required.

low back pain

CAUSES
As mentioned before there is no particular cause due to which non-specific low back pain occurs. But, the possible cause could be a ligament or a muscle sprain. Other causes include minor issues with the small facet joint in between the two vertebrae or minor issues with the spinal disc. The problems could also be due to lower back tissues and structure related as well. Hence, even when you try to do a test to find out the cause, it is not detectable and hence even the doctor is not able to do the exact diagnosis.

Many of you might be worried when there is no definite diagnosis because you are not aware of the exact course of treatment as well, but some of the optimistic souls feel good because they know that it is not a major condition but a minor non-specific condition that is treatable.

SYMPTOMS
Low back pain of non-specific type could be a result of either lifting some heavy object or an irregular movement that causes a twist or sometimes nothing at all. The pain just starts one fine day or morning in the lower back area and might spread to the thighs and buttocks over a period of time. Lying down or resting for a while can help the back pain with ease. This pain can occur on and off for some time but if it occurs for many months then it needs further diagnosis and treatment because it is termed chronic pain. So, if you experience the symptoms like the ones given below then it’s better to consult your doctor for chronic pain.
• Pain starts with less pain but aggravates over a few days to weeks
• A pain that is constant and does not subside even after lying down or resting
• Leg or feet muscles feel weak
• Experience a numbness in the leg
Well, as far as non-specific pain is concerned it does keep coming and going but does not persist for a long duration hence, it’s your call to take action if the pain is long lasting and reach out to your doctor for chronic pain diagnosis and treatment.

Department of Orthopaedics at Vydehi Hospital is full fledged and has all the facilities to treat the patients with Orthopaedic problems.

Vitamin D Deficiency and Joint Pain

While the studies are inconclusive till now and still research is going on, most of them do state that Vitamin D deficiency is responsible for joint as well as muscle pain. The symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency and Joint Pain include Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) pain that occurs in the knees, hips, and legs as well as joints and muscles.

Vitamin D Deficiency and Joint Pain

Joint Pain
There is a belief that Vitamin D plays a significant role in relieving the joint pain condition, specifically if the pain is due to deficiency. Some studies that support the belief include the following:

  • A 2011 study of postmenopausal women, published in ‘Maturitas’ suggested that the women with severe joint pain did suffer from very low vitamin D levels.
  • Another study in 2011 published under ‘Clinical Rheumatology’ stated that 70 percent of the patients who experienced some kind of joint pain were also deficient in Vitamin D.
  • A research paper of the year 2012 states that Vitamin D could be one of the risk factors associated with the inflammatory diseases such as RA and could also lead to an increase in the severity of it.
  • Another research paper of the year 2016 has stated that people with RA conditions also showed low Vitamin D levels.
  • Studies have also stated that increased level of Vitamin D in the body can help prevent joint conditions like Osteoporosis. Even people suffering from RA are subject to osteoporotic fractures and even suffer from joint pain.

These studies have been inconclusive after a large study in 2015 concluded that the evidence available is not strong enough to prove that Vitamin D deficiency is solely responsible for joint pain. But the fact that most of the Indians and numerous over the world suffer from Vitamin D deficiency holds true. The percentage is over 70% across the world when it comes to Vitamin D deficiency.

Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble nutrient which is found in many foods. A natural source of Vitamin D is the Sun. The normal levels of Vitamin D are said to be 30-80 ng/ ml while below 20 is considered to be a severe deficiency.

Food and Supplements
Experts suggest a daily intake of 600 IUS for anyone under 70 years of age. While infants below 1 it’s around 400 and adults above 70 its 800 IUS. Some food sources of Vitamin D include beef, egg yolks, shitake mushrooms, canned fish, almond milk, salmon, orange juice, fortified tofu, breakfast cereals, but to name a few. A Vitamin D test can help you know if you are deficient or not and the doctor might prescribe you vitamin D supplements if you are to bring your Vitamin D levels as per the desired levels.

Department of Orthopaedics at Vydehi Hospital is full-fledged and has all the facilities to treat the patients with Orthopaedic problems.

Oral Cancer – Types – Risk Factors – Symptoms – Diagnosis – Stages – Treatment

The cancer that develops in the tissue of mouth or throat is known as oral cancer and belongs to head and neck cancer group. The cancer usually occurs in people over the age group of 40 and there are thousands of people suffering from oral cancer every year. The survival and treatment is based on the diagnosis and the stage of detection.

Oral Cancer types
1. Tongue Cancer
2. Lips Cancer
3. Gums Cancer
4. The floor of the mouth
5. The inner lining of the cheek
6. Hard and Soft palate

Risk Factors
Oral cancer is most common in people chewing tobacco in different forms like pipes, a cigar as well as in people who consume alcohol. Male are twice at risk of oral cancer compared to women. Besides, the following risk factors can cause cancers as well.
• The family history of oral or any other cancer
• Poor Nutrition
• Weak immune system
• Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
• Chronic facial sun exposure

Oral Cancer

Symptoms
• A lump growth anywhere inside the mouth
• Bleeding from the mouth
• Trouble swallowing or wearing dentures
• Loose teeth
• A lip or mouth sore that does not heal
• A sore throat
• Red or white patches on lips or inside the mouth
• Jaw or tongue pain or stiffness

Diagnosis
The diagnosis can be done using either X-ray, CT Scan or an MRI scan. MRI’s can show highly accurate results on cancer of neck and head with the stage of it while PET scan can be done in order to check whether the cancer is reached to the other organs or lymph nodes. X-ray can help determine whether cancer has spread to chest, lungs or jaw. CT scan is also used to diagnose cancers in organs like lungs, neck, mouth, and throat.

Stages
There are four stages through which cancer progresses and the survival rate also varies based on the stage of detection of the cancer
Stage 1 – The tumor at this stage is around 2 cm or even smaller and the cancer is not yet spread to the lymph nodes. Survival rate at this stage is quite high
Stage 2 – The tumor is over 2 cm but under 4 cm in size and cancer hasn’t spread to the nodes. The survival rate is good if the cancer is detected at this stage
Stage 3 – This is a bit advanced stage where the tumor is over 4 cm and it hasn’t spread to the lymph node or is of any size and has spread to one of the lymph nodes. The survival rate is reduced at this stage
Stage 4 – This is the final stage and cancer has a tumor of any size that has spread to other lymph nodes as well as other parts of the body.

The survival rate for over 60% of people with oral cancer is said to be up to five years or more. The earlier the diagnosis happens, the more is the rate of survival and hence it is the most for localized cancer (83%), 64% for cancer that has spread to lymph nodes and 38% for last stage cancer.

Treatment
The treatment of oral cancer depends on the diagnosis and the type, location, and stage of cancer.
The treatment includes –
Surgery – The initial treatment involves removal of the cancerous tumor and lymph nodes. If required some other tissues might be removed from the neck and mouth.
Chemotherapy – This therapy involves removal of the cancerous cells using drugs. The therapy is carried out on an outpatient basis, wherein the medicine is provided orally or via (IV).
Radiation Therapy – The therapy is a process of two to eight weeks wherein the doctor projects radiation beams at the tumor once or twice a day. For advanced stage cancers, a mix of chemotherapy and radiation therapy is carried out.
Targeted Therapy – Targeted therapy is another form of therapy which works well will containing the growth of cancer cells. The drug binds with specific proteins on cancer cells in order to interfere with their growth.

Cancer treatment can take a toll on your diet making it difficult to eat and swallow. Hence, it is important that you discuss your nutrition with the doctor which provides you with all the need nutrients and is even painless for you to an extent.

Vydehi is one of the best cancer hospital in Bangalore, recently vims started VOICE – Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence.

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy – Heart Attack at Young Age

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is condition that is caused due to abnormal thickening of the myocardium or heart muscle. As a result the heart struggles in pumping blood and ultimately leads to a heart attack. This is not a common heart condition and hence this condition many a times goes unnoticed. Furthermore, some people who suffer from it might or might not experience any symptoms and are able to live routine normal lives. Only a few might experience symptoms like chest pain, issues with the heart’s electrical system , shortness of breath leading to abnormal heart rhythms of dangerous nature.

Heart Attack at Young Age

CAUSES & RISK FACTORS
Thickening of the heart muscle is a condition which is genetic. It has been found that people with this condition do have their heart muscle cells abnormally arranged, thus causing arrhythmia in them.
Well, as the condition is a hereditary condition there is almost over 50% chance that a child may inherit it from the parent or first degree relative like siblings and hence a screening is advisable if anyone in the family is having the condition.

SYMPTOMS
Not everybody suffering from the condition experiences symptoms but the ones who do may experience the following –
1. Chest pain particularly while exercising
2. Palpitations of rapid pounding heart beats
3. Shortness of breath more during exercising
4. Fainting particularly after exertion or exercise
5. Heart murmur detectable by the doctor

COMPLICATIONS
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) can cause serious heart complications resulting in a life-threatening situation and hence it’s wise to act fast as far as treatment is concerned.
Resulting Conditions
Sudden Death – People suffering from the condition are at a high risk of suffering from a cardiac death due to Ventricular Fibrillation and Ventricular tachycardia, though the chances are extremely rare. It usually affects people at a younger age much below 30 but can occur in all ages.

Atrial Fibrillation – Due to the abnormal structure of the hear cells or thickened muscle it can affect the heart’s electrical system causing irregular heart-beats.

Mitral Valve Problems – Due to the thickened heart muscle, the space for blood flow is limited and hence it could cause the blood to rush or move forcefully into the heart. As a result, the hearts left and right ventricle will not close properly further causing the blood to flow in the reverse direction into the left atrium and worsening the symptoms.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy – This condition can occur in a chunk of people due to the weakening of the heart muscle after it thickens. It can further enlarge the ventricle and decrease the pumping ability.

Heart Failure – Thickening can sometimes lead to making the heart muscle stiff thus avoiding any sort of blood accumulation into it and further as the heart is not able to pump blood, it can cause heart failure.

Prevention
As the cause of the condition primarily is genetic, it can’t be prevented but taking care and carrying out procedures like cardioverter-defibrillator transplant can help you avoid risks like sudden death. Further, the symptoms clearly pinpoint to the fact that when doing strenuous exercise or exertions these symptoms pop up, hence it’s advisable to get your heart checked if someone in the family is having this condition and avoid participating in exercises and sports competitions which can cause exertion to the body.

Vydehi Institute of Cardiac Sciences is a well equipped super specialty center located in Vydehi Hospital designed to serve your hearts needs. It is equipped to treat all cardiac, cardiothoracic and vascular cases.  It uses all the latest equipment and technology coupled with the years of experience in its faculty.  All surgeries conducted at the department have been successful resulting in a 100% success rate.

All you Need to Know About Murmur

There are many of us who might not know about the condition called murmur while there is a possibility that many of us consider it a heart condition or a hole in the heart. In fact, murmur is not any hole in the heart or heart condition, it is just a sound of the heart that comes between the ‘lub and dub’ sound of it. The murmur has a sound which is why people feel that there could be some abnormality associated around it. Apparently, most murmurs are benign and can occur in many children. Many pediatric cardiologists have also observed the same in a major chunk of children and call it a pathologic or abnormal heart sound due to a hole or a heart valve narrowing or some other issues.

Murmur

The first time a murmur is heard is particularly when the infant becomes a toddler and can carry on till adult age. But, mostly as you grow older the sound becomes less and less noticeable and might disappear as well. But, even if it does not there is no cause of worry because it does not point towards any sort of abnormality.

Sometimes there may be a heart defect but no murmur while further-more there might be murmur which might just change to some new murmurs with age. Even the loud murmurs that we hear when a child is not well is very common and not life threatening or cause of worry.

General Symptoms
When the heart murmur is harmless or innocent, generally there are no visible symptoms for the same other than the sound of the murmur which is usual.

But if the murmur is accompanied with symptoms as follows, then definitely there is a cause to worry as it might as well be an indicator of an underlying heart problem.

• Unexplained weight gain or swelling
• Blue skin more importantly the lips and finger tips
• Chronic cough
• Enlarged Liver
• Lack of appetite and growth hindrance
• Dizziness and losing consciousness
• Chest Pain
• Sweating heavily even without exertion or very little exertion

Hence, if there you or your family member is facing such a condition it is advisable to consult your family physician for the same. The physician would further recommend you to consult a pediatric cardiologist if necessary. The process usually used by a cardiologist to determine the type or cause of murmur is known as echocardiography, if needed or an echocardiogram for heart evaluation. Further treatment would be based on the type of murmur normal or concerning.