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Obesity in Adults – Connect to Childhood

We all know that obesity is the result of high sugar intake as well and particularly artificially sweetened beverages as well as processed foods. Today millions of people across the world are suffering from obesity and its going only northwards. One of the reasons are the hectic and sedentary lifestyle of people.

A recent study based on the sugar consumption of adults in USA was carried out to look for answers around the growing cases of obesity there even when USA saw a decline in consumption of Sugar.

Obesity in Adults – Connect to Childhood

The research involved Alex Bentley, the head of Anthropology department at the Tennessee University of Knoxville and his colleagues. This study took a new approach and did not involve the current diet of the participants but their diet habits before 30-40 years back as in during childhood days. The reason behind doing the same as per the co-author of the study Damian Ruck, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Anthropology Department was that no other earlier research did particularly study around the temporal delay between high sugar consumption and increase in obesity rates.

So, Bentley and his team created a mathematical adult obesity model for obesity rise after 1990’s, a result of increase in consumption of sugar in 1970’s and 1980’s.

For the model testing they made use of data on sugar consumptions from the US Agriculture department and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) during the period of 1990-2004.

The model used the stochastic process for showing the rise in obesity rates due to high sugar consumptions legion. The model further goes on to explain the delay of so many years from consumption to obesity rise.

It also made important observations around high increase in fructose corn syrup and mainly the rise before 2000 was a result of use of artificial sweeteners in processed foods as well as soft drinks. The study also highlighted that poverty was one of the main reasons behind high sugar consumption as it is an inexpensive source of calories. Also, sweetened beverages are an integral part of low income households in US due to that reason.

The team finally concluded that after the Special Supplemental Nutrition program for Women, Infants and Children was introduced in 2009, there was a drop in the obesity rates and if the model is accurate, the effect will been seen through the adulthood of the children.

*Sourced from Internet

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Stress Eating – An Overview

It’s a known fact that many of you when stressed tend to eat a lot and the food that is usually consumed is fried sweet or buttery, viz. comfort food. So, why do people tend to eat comfort food when they are in their blues, like for example there is a breakup. The reason is there is a connection between emotions and eating rich food. Many of us would agree of having a whole bowl of ice-cream or a bar of chocolate after a bitter breakup just to soothe ourselves or calm ourselves down.

Stress Eating

When we are stressed, the release of hormones from the body does affect our behavior as well as food choices. The short period of stress like before an exam or a public performance the adrenaline levels go high because the adrenal glands release it thus killing our appetite. The adrenal gland is positioned just above the kidney and is responsible for stimulating hunger. Now when the stress levels are spread over a longer period of time like board examinations lasting for a month or so, the same gland releases cortisol, a hunger and craving stimulating hormone. That is why this hormone by itself is called the stress hormone.

Researchers also believe that Ghrelin, another stress hormone has role to play when it comes to stress eating. And when it comes to food, under stress rarely people want to have healthy food. It’s either high fat or high sugar or both together. Though even as the research is on to find out the reason behind the same, researchers believe that the sugar and fat rich foods send signals to the brain thus leading to a drop in emotional and stress burden. No wonder, these foods are called comfort foods.

Well, so if you are one those who fit under the category of binge eating when under stress a little control could help may be…

*Sourced from Internet

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Exercise Coupled With Less Calorie Intake Effects Bone Fragility

A recent research on mice has revealed that if exercise is coupled with reduction in calorie intake it tends to make the bones more small, weak and fragile. Researchers also that that if exercise was teamed with adequate calorie diet then it could help in improving bone health in contrast.

The study published in Journal of bone and Mineral research paper. As per Dr Maya Styner, Associate professor of University of north Caroline at Chapel Hill, it came as a surprise to them because the earlier studies carried out on mice revealed that exercise couple with normal or high calorie diet did help improve bone health. So, the report only helps them know that a low calorie diet is not good for bone health if couple with exercise.

Couple jogging outdoors in nature

Dr Styner also alerted that reduced calorie intake can increase the risk of fracture as well as it negatively affects the bone strength. The study was concentrated upon bone marrow fat. Though still the scientists are not been able to understand how fat works, but they do think that it does affect health in mammals and humans.

Earlier studies as per Dr Styner had revealed that bone marrow fat and bone health were related to each other in a way that when the high calorie intake lead to obesity and further increased the levels of bone marrow fat. Also, when obese as well as mice with normal weight exercised, it lead to a increase in bone density due to the decrease in bone marrow fat.

The objective of the study was to find out how a decrease in calorie intake can affect he bone marrow fat as well as bone health. The research involved two groups of mice. One of the group was fed 30% less calories as compared to the other group. The other group was offered regular calorie diet.

The mice that were on restricted calories also received mineral and vitamin supplements in order to keep the nutrient intake at par with the other normal calorie intake ones. The groups were further split in 6 groups, the sedentary ones and the exercising ones. The results showed that the mice that were kept on a calorie restricted diet seem to not only lost weight but also showed a reduction in bone density and increase in bone marrow fat as well.

The researchers were surprised to see that bones became fragile due to restriction of calories. Though the investigations are not complete yet and further research needs to be done in order to understand the bone marrow functioning, the team did find that reduction in calories lead decrease in bone marrow fat at the same time affecting the quantity and quality of bone.

*Sourced from Internet

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All You Need To Know About Hair Loss

Also known as Alopecia, hair loss obviously affects the scalp, is what we are already aware of. What many of us aren’t aware of is that it also affects the entire body. Let us find out how. We have hair across the body and this condition leads to excessive loss of hair not only from the scalp but also from the entire body.

It is known that around 5% people suffer from alopecia while the rest do get a new growth once their hair fall off. Hair loss is also a result of many other health conditions like for example cancer. Hair-loss is a daily process and a human loses 80-100 strands of the 10-15 lakh strands of hair on their head. Though it is a natural process if it’s excessive, you need to look into it.

Here’s a run-down the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment around hair loss condition

Know About Hair Loss

Causes – Though all of us experience hair loss and it’s an everyday affair and it is upto 100 strands of hair on a daily basis. There are a lot of factors that affect hair loss like genetic reasons, due to use of certain medications like blood pressure, depression and more. Besides, even hormonal changes like during child birth, menopause or thyroid can also cause hair loss, eating a diet that is deficient of proteins as well as Vitamin B and fungal or ringworm infection on Scalp can also cause Hair loss.

Symptoms – Symptoms of hair loss include lumps of hair falling suddenly during washing or combing. Swelling on the scalp, hair thinning and breakage and baldness in circular motion, itching and loss of hair from the eyebrows or beard.

Diagnosis – The diagnosis is based on physical examination and if required some tests would also be done. The additional tests include Scalp biopsy, light microcopy, blood test or pull test, in-case the doctor suspects some other condition or physical examination is not conclusive.

Treatment – There are a lot of treatments available for hair loss issues and depending upon the diagnosis the doctor suggests them. These include Immunotherapy, Steriod injections, lazer and UV light treatment or hair transplantation.

Well, hair-loss is a common condition and can be prevented also by taking care of your hair and providing them with the necessary nutrients on a regular basis.

*Sourced from Internet

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Mouthwash And Its Effects On Exercise

This is news. A recent research has proved that an antibacterial mouthwash can effect in reducing the effects of cardiovascular benefits in exercise. Now, exercise helps in managing the blood pressure of the body. But, mouthwash effects the bacteria present in the mouth in such a way that it interferes the blood pressure managing complex mechanism of the body in a negative way.

Many of us aren’t really aware about the role of mouth bacteria in our over-all health. There have been studies that have proved that there has been a connection between bacteria and risk of esophageal cancer or gum disease. Studies have even showed that mouth bacterium can be responsible for effecting respiratory health and colorectal tumors as well. Now, this recent research is about their role in getting cardiovascular benefits from exercise. The study is carried out by Raul Bescos, the lead author and lecturer at the University of Plymouth, United Kingdom.

Mouthwash And Its Effects On Exercise

As per the Raul Bescos, scientists know that when you exercise the blood vessels open up due to the increase in production levels of Nitric oxide resulting into vasodilation or diameter increase in blood vessels. Further, it also increases the blood flow circulation of active muscles.

As per Bescos the Nitric oxide breaks down into Nitrate and further initiates the circular molecular reaction that in turn results in managing the lowering effects of exercise on blood pressure. The research done in the past 10 years shows that the salivary glands absorb the nitrate and the saliva excretes it. There are certain bacteria in mouth have the ability to convert this important molecule – nitrate into nitrite thus leading to increased production of nitric oxide inside the body.

The study carried out by Bescos’s team included 23 healthy adults who exercised in two acute bouts. The participants ran on a treadmill for 30 minutes. The researching team monitored the blood pressure for 2 hours.

The participants also rinsed their mouth using a mint flavored anti-bacterial mouth wash after 1 sec, 30s minutes, 60 minutes and 90 minutes of the run. Even the saliva samples were collected from the participants before and after two hours of exercising.

The study found that there was an average reduction of 5.2 mg of mercury in systolic blood pressure after exercising for 1 hour. Contrasting to the same when the participants rinsed their mouth with antibacterial mouthwash.

The result show that the use of mouth wash lead to reduction in the blood pressure by 60% after exercise within the first hour and furthermore after 2 hours cancelled it entirely.

*Sourced from Internet

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How To Deal With Bad Breath On The Go

Bad breath is one of the common dental problems. Then again these days the work schedules of people be it men or women are hectic and many of them are travelling for work for days together. The most common dental problem that people face particularly when on the go. Bad breath can be embarrassing and makes them conscious too, that leads to distraction to some extent. So, here are a few tips to help you deal with bad breadth without much ado.

Bad Breath

Drink Water – This is the simplest solution to manage bad breadth. Try to drink atleast three liters of water throughout the day. Water flushes away the food particles that get stuck in the mouth which further leads to bacteria feeding on them and ultimately causing bad breadth. If you drink water at regular intervals, you will be able to keep bad breadth at bay. Additionally, drinking more water helps your body in many ways than one.

Handy Dental Kit – Keep a travel kit ready which includes a small tooth brush and tooth paste that you can carry along. So, after a meal if there’s a meeting you need to head for and want to feel fresh, you can quickly brush your teeth and avoid bacteria buildup. Do not forget to floss and clean your tongue daily even if you are travelling.

Mouth Fresheners – Always carry a mouth-freshener in your purse. But, this does not mean that you can do away with brushing your teeth. Brushing and flossing daily are important to keep your mouth free from bacteria as much as possible. Using sugar free chewing gums or mint sucking does help to keep mouth clean.

Avoid Certain Foods – Food that contain starch or refined carbohyrdates like potato chips, fried foods, sugary foods, to name a few. So, the best way to manage to either avoid these foods when on the go or ensure that you clean up your teeth so that as to keep bad breath away.

Floss It Away – In you dental kit, do keep a few floss sticks and atleast every night floss your teeth before going to bed. Cleaning your teeth with floss and your tongue to is a good daily ritual which you need to follow alongside brushing. Don’t ignore this ritual and see how it helps you deal with your bad breath problems.

*Sourced from Internet

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The More Happy You Be The More You Live – Read On For The Proof

A recent study has revealed that people who are highly optimistic tend to live long life of over 85 years and more. The PNAS paper has the details which includes how the researchers tried to find out the relation between higher positivity and longer life while focusing more on exceptional longevity.

Usually all the research around longevity is focused around the role of biomedical factors and hence the study was more about the psychological factors that help with longevity. As per Lewina O Lee, PhD, and associate professor of psychiatry at the school of medicine of Boston University and the corresponding author brought up that there was very less study around the psychosocial effects role in promoting healthy aging.

The More Happy You Be The More You Live

According to her and team, optimism was “general expectation that good things will happen or the belief that the future will be favorable because one can control important outcomes.”

The data used for the research included 69744 females from Nurses Health Study (NHS) and 1429 males from Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study (NAS) across the 30 years (1986-2016). The routine also included regular health survey about diet, smoking, alcohol and other health related behaviors and questions on optimism. While 71% of the males who participated died within the 30 years of their follow up, 13% percent of the female participants passed away within 10 years of follow up.

Here’s an example of one of the six questions that the NHS participants were asked –

Rate the statement on whether you agree or disagree “Overall, I expect more good things to happen to me than bad” on a five point scale.

The researchers then carried out an analysis of the data and discovered that the most optimistic males as well as females at the start of follow up lived 11-15% longer as compared to those who were least optimistic. The team also found that even after conforming to the health behavior results like educational achievement, depression, diet, doctor visits, smoking and alcohol, the associations still held true.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Nicotene Cigarettes And Its Affects On Blood Vessels

E-cigarettes are a common with people who are working towards quitting smoking. The latest report from the Centre of Disease Control and prevention (CDC), over 10% of US smokers have tried using e-cigarettes atleast once and around 4% already use it on a daily basis. The promoters of e-cigarettes claim it to be a healthy alternative to the more harmful tobacco cigarettes.

Though the long term effect of e-cigarettes can only be determined after research. There have been many studies already questioning the safety around using e-cigarettes and the effects of vaping nicotine free e-cigarettes.

A new research that investigates into this topic has been published in the Radiology Journal. The study was carried out at the Structural, Physiologic as well as Functional Laboratory imaging University of Pennsylvania of Philadelphia by a post-doctoral researcher called Alessandra Caporale.

Nicotene Cigarettes And Its Affects On Blood Vessels

THE STUDY

The study involved around 31 healthy non-smoking adults in the age group of 24 years. An MRI was undertaken before and after them using nicotine free e-cigarettes. The participants had to take 16 puffs in total with each lasting for 3 seconds.

The e-cigarette content was free from nicotine but included glycerol and propylene glycol with a tobacco flavor. The researchers measured ‘reactive hyperemia’ or a short rise in the arterial blood flow post occlusion, of their subjects after they constricted and released their blood vessels.

The MRI scans did show that there was a reduction in the femoral artery’s blood flow. Femoral is the main artery responsible for delivering blood to the thigh and leg area of the body. Another note that the team made was about reduction in reactive hyperemia as well.

Based on the study, the researchers concluded that smoking nicotine free e-cigarette aerosol does affect the endothelial function in healthy smokers transiently. Endothelial is the thin cell layer that lines the inner side of blood vessels. If the endothelium is damaged, it will lead to thickening of the arteries and thus poor blood circulation. This could further lead to life threatening conditions like stroke or heart attack.

FINDINGS

The final results showed that there was a decrease in dilation in the femoral artery by 34%. Post vaping while the venous oxygen levels dropped by 20%, the blood flow by 17.5% and the reactive hyperemia by almost 26%. The results as per the main investigator and professor of radiologic science as well as biophysics Dr Felix W Wehrli mean that the liquid of the e-cigarettes was to some extent harmless but the process of vaporization had the ability to transform the primary molecules namely glycerol and propylene glycol into toxic substances. The Vaping also has an instant and sudden effect on the vascular function of the body and could have harmful effects on a long run.

So, if you use e-cigarettes, be warned that they aren’t really a safe alternative as per the results of the study and that if you are planning to start, do not.

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*Sourced from the Internet

Mobile Technology And Healthcare – The Union

Technology could be a boon or a bane, but depends. With healthcare its boon in a way that it has been able to speed up all the time taken around documentation of patients and the daily routines around patient care. On the flip side mobile technology could be a pain in the neck with updates popping up on your device every now and then. As per a medical expert Dr Bryan Vartabedian, director of community medicine for Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition division of a children’s hospital in Houstan, technology does play a critical role in healthcare. An avid healthcare blogger and his observations around technology and healthcare, he talks about a survey around the mandatory introduction to technology in USA since 2014. The survey states that in one of the most developed countries of the world USA, only about 59 percent of the doctors make use of EMR( electronic medical records) while for 20 percent, it’s a challenge. But, the people who have been using it do know that it is of vital importance and has made their life quite easier than before. One of the major benefits include instant access to patient records in the examination room using internet and entering patient information. Another common use as per survey states that over 85 percent doctors use it for seeking information on drugs and over 75 percent for diagnosis as well as treatment of specific conditions.

Mobile Technology And Healthcare

On the flip side there have been complaints of patients that they see the doctor staring at the screen and not examining them most of the time. Now, the solution apparently lies in using technology mindfully. It’s better to do one task at a time rather than multitasking as per him. A good idea is to tell the patient to wait until the patient information/ history is retrieved on the computer EMR and then just concentrate on attending the patient.

Mobile technology is certainly a boon for many like Dr Vartabedian but like every coin has a flip side to it, even technology does. But, the technology is here to stay and certainly the pros outnumber the cons.

*Sourced from the Internet

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5 Best Mental Health Apps

With the growing number of mobile phones across the world and also in India and ever increasing use of applications, it’s no wonder if you find an app to resolve any of you problems related to house management, health management, diet management and more. Today with the hectic work schedules and high stress levels associated with work, mental health issues are also increasing day by day. In India, mental health still remains a stigma due to lack of awareness around the same. Even though people actually coming forward to take help around mental health is only over 10% as against more than 200 million suffering from depression and other mental health issues, today in urban areas people are opening up and seeking help.

So, if you are also an avid gadget freak and are looking towards getting an app that could help you reduce mental stress and feel better as far as mental health is concerned. Here’s run down some of the mental health apps that could help you with stress management.

5 Best Mental Health Apps

  1. Mood Path – A petite app, you can call it on the go mental health counsellor because the app is designed with the objective of the app is to provide support and guidance through your mental health conditions. The app works by asking you questions around your mental health on a daily basis to screen for symptoms of depression so that you are aware about it. It also provides you documented details around mental health which you could share with your mental health professional besides providing access to over 100 videos and psychological exercises to help deal with your mental health and strengthen it.

  1. Headspace – The objective of this app is to help you be happy and healthy. It helps you be at your best daily using meditation and mindfulness to achieve it. It comes loaded with hundreds of sessions to help you get rid of stress, keep yourself calm and your mind fit. Headspace also reports that meditation on a daily basis can help you decrease stress and help you with focusing and attention issues.

  1. Calm – This app is available for free with apple iphone and is also rewards as the app of the year for 2017. It focuses on four main areas namely relaxation, sleep, meditation and breathing and its objective is to bring peace, joy and clarity in thinking as far as daily life goes. It’s known to hit the bull’s eye for people who want to start meditation for the first time. It comes loaded with meditation session varying from as short as 3 minutes to 25 minutes duration so that you can pick whatever is convenient to you.

  1. Super Better – This app has a proven expertise of reduction in Stress levels. A study carried out by the university of Philadelphia has found that people who have played super-better for a month have been able to reduce their depression and anxiety levels, believe in themselves and better their mood as well. It seems to be very effective when it comes to cope with chronic conditions, deal with anxiety and depression, deal with relationships, adopt new habits and achieve the desirable goals. The best part, this app is absolutely free for android and iphone devices.

  1. Happify - Another free for apple and android users, this app has reviews from over 85% of its users feeling better after they used it for over 2 months. The objective of the application is to help one form healthy habits through positive psychology and mindfulness. The app helps break away with habits that are unhealthy for the mind using techniques and interventions that are based on evidence. It is loaded with games and activities that help fight negativity and improve your emotional well-being.

Well, there are many more that are your best on the go companions or mental health management assistants helping you help yourself with staying at peace with yourself.

*Sourced from the Internet

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