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Go Green Spaces And Live Longer – A Study

It’s not news that living green and going green definitely helps human kind with good health. Off course, there have been a lot of studies that reveal the role of greens in reducing stress and anxiety amongst people. A study around living in green spaces and how they help you live longer has been recently published in the lancet Planetary Health and the meta-analysis does show a reliable evidence on how green urban spaces can help people live longer.

Go Green Spaces And Live Longer

The study was organized by the Barcelona institute of Global Health (IS Global) based out of Spain and in association with Colorado State University in Fort Collins. As per the director of urban planning, Environment and Health initiative at IS Global, the study does show that green spaces are responsible for reduction in premature immortality.

He also added that green spaces can help climate mitigation by reducing health island as well as air pollution effects in cities. But there was a lack of green spaces in cities mostly. Dr. Mark added ‘ Green space is also good for carbon sequestration. So there are multiple beneficial effects. And increasing green space can, therefore, reduce a significant number of premature deaths in cities.

The study was required by WHO as they wanted to develop a health impact assessment tool for green interventions in and around urban places. Particularly, WHO wanted to find out the connection between green spaces and premature deaths so that they could design tools needed for green interventions.

Dr Nieuwenhuijsen further said “ We systematically serarched for and included all the cohort studies we could find on NDVI, an easily obtainable green space measure, and premature mortality and conducted a meta analysis.

The study involved 8 million people from countries like US China Spain Italy Australia, Switzerland and Canada. The study was startling and revealed that for increase in 0.1 vegetative score around 500 metres of a home, there was a decrease in mortality rate by 4%. These startling revelations are an eye opener about the importance of green spaces on earth.

*Sourced from Internet

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Rheumatoid Arthritis and exercise skeptics

Most of us who are aware of Rheumatoid arthritis, also know that People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis are skeptical around exercising and many try to avoid it due to the fear of aggravating join pain. This is nothing but ignorance around the subject. Ask experts and they’ll say that apparently exercise is the best way to curb joint pain or deal with arthritis.

Apparently, Rheumatoid arthritis does aggravate the muscle mass loss that occurs as you age. Well, exercise helps in rebuilding the mass and aerobics further could help in lung and heart strengthening. Rheumatoid arthritis also leads to bone density loss or osteoporosis and exercises like walking and weight lifting could actually help in preventing the same too.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Additionally, exercise helps in keep you fit and also decrease fatigue and depression. It also makes the muscles strong and increase flexibility levels thus aiding joint functioning. There have been various studies that do show that rheumatoid arthritis does not worsen with exercise. But, if you are suffering from severe rheumatoid arthritis then it is advisable to choose low impact exercises like walking, swimming, and bicycling or water aerobics. Here’s a run down some of the exercises that could help you manage your condition.

pathophysiology-rheumatoid-arthritis

  1. Cycling – With RA you need to understand that your heart needs to be kept healthy and cycling is the best option for the same. It helps build your muscles, decrease stiffness and increase leg strength.

  2. Hand exercises – People with RA many a times tend to make minimal use of their hands. But, hand exercises like moving wrists, stress ball exercises as well as spreading fingers can help improve flexibility levels.

  3. Pilates – New in the exercise and training circle pilates is becoming popular fast due to its amazing effects in muscles and joint strengthening.

  4. Walking – Walking is a sort of exercise that effects your overall wellness positively be it heart and joint health or mood. Only point to be kept in mind is to wear proper shoes and keep yourself hydrated.

  5. Water Exercises – Water exercises are a good choice because they ensure that your joints are not impacted. These include water aerobics, swimming as well as gentle flexing in water. It helps in decreasing stiffness of joints as well as joint stress.

 

*Sourced from Internet

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Exercise After 60 Years Could Help Longevity

Exercise has been always of use when it comes to physical health and fitness and there are umpteen studies to around importance of exercise and fitness as well as physical health. Here’s one more study but around exercise after 60 years of age and how it could help you reduce cardiovascular disease threat. As per the World health organization over 900 million people were above 60 years of age across the world by 2015. Well, age does affect the fitness levels of humans because the body deteriorates as it ages but maintaining activity or increasing activity level could help reducing the heart condition risks like strokes and heart attacks.

Exercise After 60 Years Could Help Longevity

Comparatively, people who did less exercise as they aged had over 25% more risk of getting heart conditions besides blood vessel issues. People who increased their activity levels reduced the risk of heart disease by around 11%.

The study was carried out by a team of researchers at the Department of bio-medical Sciences of South Korea’s Seoul National University. Lead by author Kyuwoong Kim, with team did an analysis of around 1, 119, 935 men and women of the age group 60 years and above. The data used for the study was taken from the National Health Insurance Service (NIHS). This organization possesses the healthcare data of over 97% Koreans. The data in use included participants of an average age group of 67 years including 47% of males across years 2009-2010 and 2011-2012 besides the data of the aforementioned participants uptil 2016.

The study involved asking questions to the participants about their lifestyle as well as physical activity levels. Most of them had a moderate activity level of half an hour per day that included activities like gardening, brisk- walking as well as dancing. Rigorous activity mean doing 20 minutes of fast cycling, running or aerobic exercise.

The second round of health checkup had the participants make variations in their activity levels. While only 22% of the participants did increase their activity levels, over 54% actually reduced them by the time of the second screening. The researchers also analyzed the data from hospital records claiming stroke and heart diseases for the period of January 2013 – December 2016.

The study revealed that the people who increased their activity levels from inactivity to moderate or high levels of activity atleast three to four times a week did reduce the risk of heart attack by 11%.

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There are few jobs that effect heart health of women ? Here’s and overview

Heart problems in men and women both is not a new in India and abroad as well. Heart issues as per Indian statistics are one of the most common cause of death in India especially in older populace. Furthermore, recent studies have shown that there is a link between cardiovascular problems. Obviously, there are many risk factors around cardiovascular problems including imbalanced diet, sedentary life style, addictions and more. But, one more risk factor which perhaps is not yet come into the scanner is occupation.

There are few jobs that effect heart health of women

A recent study has revealed that there is a connection between a persons occupation and heart disease. The study was conducted by researchers from Japan on a cohort and revealed that people at managerial positions irrespective of the industry they belong to are more at risk of having heart conditions. Though the question how is that so remains unanswered and requires further research.

The researchers also revealed that social workers could be at the highest risk of cardiovascular conditions. Their conclusions about the link between cardiovascular conditions and occupation based on their study around 65000 females of average 63 years of age post experiencing menopause. The data used belonged to the Women’s health initiative study.

The metrics looked into life style factors like physical activity, addiction status, weight, nutrition as well as fasting blood sugar and health risk factors including blood pressure and cholesterol. The research team also took in account 20 of the most common occupations.

The results showed around 13% of the females were suffering from poor cardiovascular health. The researchers found a link between few jobs and a rise in heart health problems as well in the aforementioned females.

To be specific, women doing social work are at the highest risk viz. 36% of experiencing heart problems followed by retail cashiers who are at a risk of 33%.

*Sourced from Internet

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Are You A New Dentist? Here’s What You Need To Know

In The olden days, the demand for dentists was high while the supply was less as a result, flourishing as a dentist was no big deal or say was rather a cake walk. Even though, there is still scarcity of dentists in rural areas more so, urban areas have dentists in abundance. So, being successful as a practicing dentist is now a challenge because one needs to rise above the clutter.

Are You A New Dentist

Do Ground Work – Before you set up your practice do your home-work. Check for the surrounding areas and the competition. Try to choose an area where there is less competition. Do your business analysis well by considering attrition rate as well as the present state as well as future trends.

Build Relationships – Do not see your patients as clients but try to focus on building relationship with them, making them comfortable so that you build a base of loyal clients. Even if they are to be told what they have missed on by not take treatment on time, or what needs to be done.

Save Early On – Start saving money for retirement early on even when your income is less. So, by the time you retire you have funds accumulated. The idea is to earn financial independence needed much earlier.

Think ahead – Always think what you want to achieve at the end of five years and plan according. Even if it is working somewhere as a dentist or opening up your own set up have a target and work around it. This needs to be taken into account at the very beginning of taking a career because it will help you carve your path to success.

Well, at the end of the day it’s your passion and attitude that works above all and affects your success.

*Sourced from Internet

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Obesity in Adults – Connect to Childhood

We all know that obesity is the result of high sugar intake as well and particularly artificially sweetened beverages as well as processed foods. Today millions of people across the world are suffering from obesity and its going only northwards. One of the reasons are the hectic and sedentary lifestyle of people.

A recent study based on the sugar consumption of adults in USA was carried out to look for answers around the growing cases of obesity there even when USA saw a decline in consumption of Sugar.

Obesity in Adults – Connect to Childhood

The research involved Alex Bentley, the head of Anthropology department at the Tennessee University of Knoxville and his colleagues. This study took a new approach and did not involve the current diet of the participants but their diet habits before 30-40 years back as in during childhood days. The reason behind doing the same as per the co-author of the study Damian Ruck, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Anthropology Department was that no other earlier research did particularly study around the temporal delay between high sugar consumption and increase in obesity rates.

So, Bentley and his team created a mathematical adult obesity model for obesity rise after 1990’s, a result of increase in consumption of sugar in 1970’s and 1980’s.

For the model testing they made use of data on sugar consumptions from the US Agriculture department and Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) during the period of 1990-2004.

The model used the stochastic process for showing the rise in obesity rates due to high sugar consumptions legion. The model further goes on to explain the delay of so many years from consumption to obesity rise.

It also made important observations around high increase in fructose corn syrup and mainly the rise before 2000 was a result of use of artificial sweeteners in processed foods as well as soft drinks. The study also highlighted that poverty was one of the main reasons behind high sugar consumption as it is an inexpensive source of calories. Also, sweetened beverages are an integral part of low income households in US due to that reason.

The team finally concluded that after the Special Supplemental Nutrition program for Women, Infants and Children was introduced in 2009, there was a drop in the obesity rates and if the model is accurate, the effect will been seen through the adulthood of the children.

*Sourced from Internet

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Stress Eating – An Overview

It’s a known fact that many of you when stressed tend to eat a lot and the food that is usually consumed is fried sweet or buttery, viz. comfort food. So, why do people tend to eat comfort food when they are in their blues, like for example there is a breakup. The reason is there is a connection between emotions and eating rich food. Many of us would agree of having a whole bowl of ice-cream or a bar of chocolate after a bitter breakup just to soothe ourselves or calm ourselves down.

Stress Eating

When we are stressed, the release of hormones from the body does affect our behavior as well as food choices. The short period of stress like before an exam or a public performance the adrenaline levels go high because the adrenal glands release it thus killing our appetite. The adrenal gland is positioned just above the kidney and is responsible for stimulating hunger. Now when the stress levels are spread over a longer period of time like board examinations lasting for a month or so, the same gland releases cortisol, a hunger and craving stimulating hormone. That is why this hormone by itself is called the stress hormone.

Researchers also believe that Ghrelin, another stress hormone has role to play when it comes to stress eating. And when it comes to food, under stress rarely people want to have healthy food. It’s either high fat or high sugar or both together. Though even as the research is on to find out the reason behind the same, researchers believe that the sugar and fat rich foods send signals to the brain thus leading to a drop in emotional and stress burden. No wonder, these foods are called comfort foods.

Well, so if you are one those who fit under the category of binge eating when under stress a little control could help may be…

*Sourced from Internet

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Exercise Coupled With Less Calorie Intake Effects Bone Fragility

A recent research on mice has revealed that if exercise is coupled with reduction in calorie intake it tends to make the bones more small, weak and fragile. Researchers also that that if exercise was teamed with adequate calorie diet then it could help in improving bone health in contrast.

The study published in Journal of bone and Mineral research paper. As per Dr Maya Styner, Associate professor of University of north Caroline at Chapel Hill, it came as a surprise to them because the earlier studies carried out on mice revealed that exercise couple with normal or high calorie diet did help improve bone health. So, the report only helps them know that a low calorie diet is not good for bone health if couple with exercise.

Couple jogging outdoors in nature

Dr Styner also alerted that reduced calorie intake can increase the risk of fracture as well as it negatively affects the bone strength. The study was concentrated upon bone marrow fat. Though still the scientists are not been able to understand how fat works, but they do think that it does affect health in mammals and humans.

Earlier studies as per Dr Styner had revealed that bone marrow fat and bone health were related to each other in a way that when the high calorie intake lead to obesity and further increased the levels of bone marrow fat. Also, when obese as well as mice with normal weight exercised, it lead to a increase in bone density due to the decrease in bone marrow fat.

The objective of the study was to find out how a decrease in calorie intake can affect he bone marrow fat as well as bone health. The research involved two groups of mice. One of the group was fed 30% less calories as compared to the other group. The other group was offered regular calorie diet.

The mice that were on restricted calories also received mineral and vitamin supplements in order to keep the nutrient intake at par with the other normal calorie intake ones. The groups were further split in 6 groups, the sedentary ones and the exercising ones. The results showed that the mice that were kept on a calorie restricted diet seem to not only lost weight but also showed a reduction in bone density and increase in bone marrow fat as well.

The researchers were surprised to see that bones became fragile due to restriction of calories. Though the investigations are not complete yet and further research needs to be done in order to understand the bone marrow functioning, the team did find that reduction in calories lead decrease in bone marrow fat at the same time affecting the quantity and quality of bone.

*Sourced from Internet

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All You Need To Know About Hair Loss

Also known as Alopecia, hair loss obviously affects the scalp, is what we are already aware of. What many of us aren’t aware of is that it also affects the entire body. Let us find out how. We have hair across the body and this condition leads to excessive loss of hair not only from the scalp but also from the entire body.

It is known that around 5% people suffer from alopecia while the rest do get a new growth once their hair fall off. Hair loss is also a result of many other health conditions like for example cancer. Hair-loss is a daily process and a human loses 80-100 strands of the 10-15 lakh strands of hair on their head. Though it is a natural process if it’s excessive, you need to look into it.

Here’s a run-down the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment around hair loss condition

Know About Hair Loss

Causes – Though all of us experience hair loss and it’s an everyday affair and it is upto 100 strands of hair on a daily basis. There are a lot of factors that affect hair loss like genetic reasons, due to use of certain medications like blood pressure, depression and more. Besides, even hormonal changes like during child birth, menopause or thyroid can also cause hair loss, eating a diet that is deficient of proteins as well as Vitamin B and fungal or ringworm infection on Scalp can also cause Hair loss.

Symptoms – Symptoms of hair loss include lumps of hair falling suddenly during washing or combing. Swelling on the scalp, hair thinning and breakage and baldness in circular motion, itching and loss of hair from the eyebrows or beard.

Diagnosis – The diagnosis is based on physical examination and if required some tests would also be done. The additional tests include Scalp biopsy, light microcopy, blood test or pull test, in-case the doctor suspects some other condition or physical examination is not conclusive.

Treatment – There are a lot of treatments available for hair loss issues and depending upon the diagnosis the doctor suggests them. These include Immunotherapy, Steriod injections, lazer and UV light treatment or hair transplantation.

Well, hair-loss is a common condition and can be prevented also by taking care of your hair and providing them with the necessary nutrients on a regular basis.

*Sourced from Internet

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Mouthwash And Its Effects On Exercise

This is news. A recent research has proved that an antibacterial mouthwash can effect in reducing the effects of cardiovascular benefits in exercise. Now, exercise helps in managing the blood pressure of the body. But, mouthwash effects the bacteria present in the mouth in such a way that it interferes the blood pressure managing complex mechanism of the body in a negative way.

Many of us aren’t really aware about the role of mouth bacteria in our over-all health. There have been studies that have proved that there has been a connection between bacteria and risk of esophageal cancer or gum disease. Studies have even showed that mouth bacterium can be responsible for effecting respiratory health and colorectal tumors as well. Now, this recent research is about their role in getting cardiovascular benefits from exercise. The study is carried out by Raul Bescos, the lead author and lecturer at the University of Plymouth, United Kingdom.

Mouthwash And Its Effects On Exercise

As per the Raul Bescos, scientists know that when you exercise the blood vessels open up due to the increase in production levels of Nitric oxide resulting into vasodilation or diameter increase in blood vessels. Further, it also increases the blood flow circulation of active muscles.

As per Bescos the Nitric oxide breaks down into Nitrate and further initiates the circular molecular reaction that in turn results in managing the lowering effects of exercise on blood pressure. The research done in the past 10 years shows that the salivary glands absorb the nitrate and the saliva excretes it. There are certain bacteria in mouth have the ability to convert this important molecule – nitrate into nitrite thus leading to increased production of nitric oxide inside the body.

The study carried out by Bescos’s team included 23 healthy adults who exercised in two acute bouts. The participants ran on a treadmill for 30 minutes. The researching team monitored the blood pressure for 2 hours.

The participants also rinsed their mouth using a mint flavored anti-bacterial mouth wash after 1 sec, 30s minutes, 60 minutes and 90 minutes of the run. Even the saliva samples were collected from the participants before and after two hours of exercising.

The study found that there was an average reduction of 5.2 mg of mercury in systolic blood pressure after exercising for 1 hour. Contrasting to the same when the participants rinsed their mouth with antibacterial mouthwash.

The result show that the use of mouth wash lead to reduction in the blood pressure by 60% after exercise within the first hour and furthermore after 2 hours cancelled it entirely.

*Sourced from Internet

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