Monthly Archives: July 2019

Stomach Cancer – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

Stomach cancer is one of the most common cancers in India particularly in north eastern parts of India. Hospital based data from Mizoram shows around 30 percent of the admitted cancer patients suffering from gastric cancers.

Alike other cancers symptoms of stomach cancer are not apparent in the beginning and are similar to symptoms like common health conditions like flu and more. The symptoms for stomach cancer include –

Stomach Cancer

  1. Unexplained Weight loss

  2. Abdominal Pain

  3. Nausea and vomiting

  4. Discomfort in the area above the belly button

  5. Bloating post small meals

  6. Indigestion and heartburn

  7. Anemia

  8. Blood in stool

As you can see, the aforementioned symptoms aren’t really a reliable indication for cancer. A stomach virus or ulcer could also have these symptoms. The indicative symptoms only occur once the cancer is at advanced stage.

Risk Factors

Risk factors for stomach cancer include genetic history of cancer and smoking as well. Helicabacter Pulori (H pylori) bacterium infection is also one of the major causes of stomach cancer. Having said that, though many people who do have the germ inside them do not get cancer.

Treatment

Treatment is based on the diagnosis and could involve surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Usually, the treatment involves either curing the condition if it is in the early stages or controlling or relieving the symptoms. If the objective is cure then the treatment also concentrates on relieving the side effects. If the objective is to keep the cancer under control, the treatment involves relieving symptoms that affect the quality of life like eating problems, pain and bleeding. A second opinion is always advisable when it is about cancer.

Prevention

Though cancer is not preventable as such but what you can do is only manage the risk factors through a balanced diet rich in fibres and cirtrus fruits, exercise and physical activity.

*Sourced from the Internet

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All You Need To Know About Asthma

Asthma is one of the common conditions and as per statistics it is ranked in the top 20 conditions causing disability across the world. The alarming part is that one in every 10 asthma patients in the world is from India. Bronchial asthma is one of the most chronic forms of asthma and the symptoms vary from person to person.

Asthma can go from being just a minor respiratory issue to a condition that could affect your quality of life depending upon its severity. If you see your symptoms worsen with time, that’s the sign.

asthma

Asthma Symptoms

  • Breathing issues and shortness of breath

  • A whistling sound while breathing out

  • Pain in the chest or tightness

  • Attacks of wheezing and cough during a viral respiratory infection like cold or flu

Asthma Triggers

There are certain infections and allergies that can trigger and aggravate asthma. They include the following

Allergies – A lot of allergies tend to trigger asthma including dried pet saliva, airborne substances like molds, spores and pollens, waste particles to name a few.

Occupational – It usually occurs at the workplace due to triggers like dust, gases and chemical fumes

Exercising – It usually occurs during exercising or rigorous physical activity and worsens as the air gets cold and dry

GERD – Asthma is also caused in people with Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Food Preservatives – Some preservatives and sulphites in foods as well as beverages can also trigger asthma

If proper treatment is provided then it works really well with asthma and prevent further aggravation of the same. Though prevention of asthma is not a possibility, you can definitely work towards avoiding asthma attacks through proper care of yourself. This includes

*Sourced from the Internet

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Biopsy – All You Need To Know About Biopsy

For a variety of cancers the only way to provide a definite diagnosis about a condition is to carry out biopsy. The procedure involves the removal of a sample of cells or a tissue from the body for a closer examination.

Biopsy - Types of Biopsy

Types of Biopsy

Needle Biopsy – This type of biopsy is used mostly for diagnosis of cancers that can be felt through the skin. These include enlarged lymph nodes as well as breast nodes

  • Fine needle aspiration A needle and a syringe is used to get a sample from either breast lump or thyroid.

  • Vacuum assisted biopsy – There’s a suction device is used to extract more amount of fluid at a time so that the needle does not have to be inserted many times.

  • Image guided biopsy - Image guided biopsy uses a combination of imaging procedures like computerized tomography (CT), X-ray, sonography or MRI.

  • Core needle biopsy – It uses a needle that is larger with a cutting tip to draw the sample column of tissue.

Endoscopic Biopsy- An endoscope is used for taking tissues from the stomach during endoscopy. An endoscope is a tube with a camera at its end.

Incisional Biopsy – It involves taking a small part of skin

Excisional Biopsy – It involves taking a big part of the tissue/ tumor and requires a

Skin Biopsy – The procedure is carried out in order to check for lesions, rashes, growth, moles and lesions. The doctor takes samples of your skin surface with the help of a razor.

Punch Biopsy – A small instrument is used to punch a hole in the skin in order to get a sample.

Bone Marrow Biopsy – This biopsy involves taking samples of the bone marrow to check for cancerous or non-cancerous cells causing blood problems. A sample of the bone marrow is taken for diagnosis around cancers like lymphoma, leukemia and more.

Yes, biopsy does sound freaky but with the advanced procedures in place, its mostly a low risk as well as pain free procedure. So, if you are to undergo a biopsy procedure soon, do not panic. Stay calm, there’s nothing to worry about it.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Tree Man Condition – A Rare Genetic Disorder That Urged A Man To Request Doctors To Amputate Hands.

Also Known as Tree man syndrome, epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) is a rare genetic disorder putting the patient to high risk of skin cancer. It is known as Tree Man because the when the condition occurs, the virus spreads around the body to create tree like growth. Our body has over 100 strains of HPV but if the human body has a genetic mutation that affects the ability to handle HPV negatively, it results in Tree man Disease.

epidermodysplasia verruciformis

Recently, the news about a man with epidermodysplasia verruciformis seeking help from doctors to amputate his affected hands went viral. He was undergoing extreme and unbearable pain and wasn’t able to afford better treatment. He was treated earlier but the condition returned bigger and faster. Now, inorder to seek treatment outside Bangladesh required enormous funds which he didn’t have. This is when the Prime minister of Bangladesh offered him free Treatment. Most of us till the video went viral, weren’t even aware of a condition like this one. The sad news is that it is a condition one needs to live with as it is for life. Even if treatment is provided by removal of the existing lesions, it returns again. Furthermore 50% of the people suffering from this condition can get skin cancer at the age of around 40-50 years.

As on day, there is not cure for the condition so immediate treatment becomes very important. The condition does involve a surgery called curettage. The term is derived from the device called curette used in the surgery. The device is spoon shaped and the lesion is scrapped off with the help of this device in-order to preserve the skin underneath. The EV warts are treated using traditional methods of treating warts like ointments, chemical treatments and cryotherapy.

The symptoms are generally visible around early years of 5 to 11. The symptoms include beginning on flat lesions on skin areas that are exposed to sunlight and even scab like lesions, papules, plaques or bumpy lesions. The lesions can occur across the body including hands, legs, armpits and more. The growth could be less limited to a small cluster of warts or aggravate to over 100 warts across the body too. The diagnosis is tricky as the doctor requires the medical history of the patient in order to understand the symptoms. The diagnosis involves physical examination of skin and biopsy procedure if the doctor suspects.

Living with Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis could affect the quality of life of a person suffering from the condition if it aggravates as it could get painful too. As a part of care with EV, limiting exposure to sun is very important as skin cancer risk is high. So, if you know someone in your relative or family with this disease, then it’s advisable that you visit your doctor for checkup.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Cerebral Palsy – Risk Factors And More

It is not one condition but a group of conditions that affects the balance, posture and movement of an individual. The cause of cerebral palsy is generally associated with brain damage during birth or in the early years. Apparently, doctors haven’t been able to figure out the exact cause of brain damage during CP, but few reasons and risk factors are listed below -

  1. Blood flow issues to important organs of the body

  2. Bleeding in the brain when baby is in the womb

  3. Genetic conditions

  4. Brain injury

  5. Seizures at birth or in the first month after birth

cerebral-palsy

Risk Factors at Pregnancy include

  1. Thyroid gland issues or health issues like seizures

  2. Consumption with toxic substances like mercury that is found in a few fishes

  3. Having RH diseases, meaning blood not compatible with that of the baby

  4. Multiple pregnancies, twins, triplets or more

  5. Infections like German measles, Rubella, Herpes or chicken pox during pregnancy

Risk Factors at child Birth include

  1. Head Position – If the child is not in the head first position but is in the feet first position, risk is involved.

  2. Premature Birth – If the baby is born any time before the completion of 37 weeks

  3. Delivery Complications – If there are complications during the labor and delivery concerning your baby’s circulatory system and breathing.

Risk factors due to Infections in Babies

  1. Severe Jaundice – It is caused due to excessive bilirubin accumulation in blood

  2. Bacterial Meningitis –It leads to swelling of tissues around spinal cord and brain swelling as well

  3. Viral Encephalitis – It also leads to swelling in brain and spinal cord tissues

 

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*Sourced from the Internet