Monthly Archives: January 2019

All You Need to Know About the Cancer Hrithik Roshan is Suffering From

Recently, the celebrated Film Director Rakesh Roshan was diagnosed with early stage throat cancer. The news was shared on the social media by his son, film star Hrithik Roshan. For the past two years many movie celebrities shared their experiences around having cancer and the how life changed for them after getting to know about the cancerous conditions they had. This included notable actors like Irfan Khan, Nafisa Ali, Sonali Bendre, to name a few. While for Rakesh Roshan it is good news in a way because his cancer got detected early on, helping him and the doctors to provide treatment and help get rid of eat at the initial stage.

rakesh-cancer-hrithik

Rakesh Roshan is suffering from early stage squamous cell carcinoma of the throat and had to undergo surgery as well. Throat cancer is not a new in India, and occurs due to growth of abnormal cells around the throat lining in an uncontrolled manner. The cancer is quite common in Indians and occurs mostly in age groups of 50 and above. It is a considered under the category of cancers for head and neck. In oncology throat and neck cancers come under one category because of they have similarities in their type, pathological features, predisposing factors, cancer types and more.

Throat cancer includes cancers around the vocal cord, tonsil, voice box and orpharynx. There are two categories of throat cancers namely pharyngeal and laryngeal cancer. The two primary types include the Squamous cell carcinoma and Adenocarcinoma.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma – Known to be one of the most common forms of throat cancer, this affects the throats flat cell lining.

Adenocarcinoma – This cancer is not as common as the first one and affects the glandular cells.

Symptoms
Early detection of cancer is not easy but if it is, consider it as a boon. It helps to give appropriate treatment and curb it and eliminate it as well. Symptoms include weight loss, trouble with swallowing, change in voice, swollen lymph nodes, ear pain, wheezing and persistent cough to name a few.

Risk Factors
Men are known to be at a higher risk than women when it comes to getting throat cancer. Even life style that includes addictions like excess alcohol, smoking, genetics, poor dental hygiene and nutrition as well as asbestos exposure increases the chances of getting throat cancer.

Treatment
The treatment depends on the diagnosis and could include surgery and or radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

  • Surgery – Depending on the size of the tumor, the surgery could be an endoscopic one or it could be cordectomy wherein a part or complete vocal chord is removed. When a part of your chord is removed it is known as laryngectomy, while when a part of your throat is removed it is known as Pharyngectomy. If the cancer is spread across the neck then it is known as dissection.
  • Radiation Therapy : There are two types of radiation therapies namely
  1. Intensity modulated radiotherapy / 3D conformal radiation therapy – These treatments customize the radiations as per the tumor shape and is a common technique used in cancers like the hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancer.
  2. Brachytherapy – This is not a common type of radiation therapy and includes placing a radioactive seeds within the tumor.
  • Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy is one of the common treatments given to cancer patients either with or without radiation therapy. This is given when the tumor has spread through the lymph nodes to other parts or tissues.

Treatment of this cancer can cause side effects like difficulty with breathing, swallowing food, disfigurement of face or neck, difficulty with speaking and hardening around the neck to name a few. With the help of occupational therapists you can learn to deal with such issues.

Early detection of throat cancer means high survival rate. While if detected later, the speed could be slowed down thus prolonging life span through treatment.

You just know about Vydehi Cancer Hospital in Bangalore

*Sourced from the Internet

Progressive Supranuclear Palsy – The condition that lead to Kadar Khan’s demise.

Recently, Veteran actor Kadar Khan passed away in Canada, due to a prolonged health condition. The condition apparently is known as progressive supra-nuclear palsy. Also known as Steele Richardson Olszewski syndrome is a rare disorder that could worsen over time to life threatening complications. There is not cure for this condition as of now and is caused due to deterioration of cells in the brain area. These cells are responsible for body movement and thinking. The life threatening complications that result due to the condition include pneumonia and swallowing issues. The treatment for the condition includes management of signs and symptoms of the condition.

Progressive Supra Nuclear Palsy

CAUSES
The cause of this condition is yet not known but as per researchers have found that people suffering from this condition tend to have an abnormal level of protein call tau in inside their brain. The clumps of these same cells are also responsible for other neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s disease.

RISK FACTORS
The risk factors for the condition is aging as this condition is known to be occurring generally in the age group of 60 plus and does not exist practically for under 40 ones.

SYMPTOMS
The symptoms of progressive supra-nuclear palsy include –

  • Balance loss while walking – This condition can show early signs like falling backward.
  • Eye aiming issues – The symptoms include issues related to looking downward or upward and at times even double vision or blurred vision. Poor eye contact could also lead to conversation disinterest and spilling of food and other stuff.
  • The other symptoms are similar to conditions like dementia and Parkinson’s disease and include light sensitivity, impulsive behavior like crying or laughing for no reason, memory loss, inability to solve problems or make decisions. Expressions of fright or surprise due to rigid facial muscles.

COMPLICATIONS
Complications of this condition could include the following –

  • Issues with focusing using eyes leading to injuries
  • Issues with looking into bright lights
  • Sleeping issues
  • Swallowing problems
  • Falling due impulsive behavior like standing up abruptly without help leading to accidents.

DIAGNOSIS
Signs and symptoms of Progressive supra-nuclear palsy are similar to Parkinson’s disease. Some of these include –

  • Less response to Parkinson’s drugs
  • Difficulty with looking downward
  • Lack of tremors or shaking of head

The doctor may ask you to do a MRI scan for determining shrinkage in areas of brain that lead to supra-nuclear palsy. MRI because it helps in eliminating other similar symptom conditions like stroke. The doctor could also ask a PET scan to find out details around brain abnormalities.

TREATMENT
Though this condition does not have a cure, treatment does help to ease of the symptoms and slow it down. Researchers are still working on developing a medication that could block the tau formations but still the work is under progress.

Just know about Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre

*Sourced from the Internet