Liver Cancer – Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

Liver cancer is one of the less common cancers in India and not as such reportable. It is mostly in urban areas of India and ranges upto 7.5 per 100,000 in men and over 2 per 10,000 in women in its common form called Hepatocellular Carcinome (HCC).

Liver cancer has mainly four types of which HCC is the most common. The others include Cholangiocarinoma, Liver Angiosarcoma, Hepoblastoma. Almost 75% of the people in India suffer from HCC.Liver Cancer - Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

CAUSES
The different causes of liver cancer include damaged liver at birth defects, chronic infection, alcohol abuse, cirhosis, aflatoxin and more

SYMPTOMS
The symptoms in liver cancer differ depending upon the type of the cancer. Though the most common indicators include Loss of apetite, sudden weight loss, liver swelling, jaundice, itching, vomiting, abdominal pain to name a few.

DIAGNOSIS
The tests that are used for diagnosis include angiography, laparoscopy, alpha fetoprotein blood test, biopsy test and imaging tests like ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging and more. Though, it is very difficult to diagnose liver cancer at an early stage.

RISK FACTORS
The most common risk factors associated with Liver cancer include Cirrhosis, Diabetes, Hereditary liver diseases, Obesity, Aflatoxins, Alcohol consumption., hereditary liver diseases to name a few.

PROGNOSIS
The cancer stages include localized, regional and distant. While localized means that the cancer cells are still inside the liver and haven’t spread across. At the regional stage, the cancer cells spread to nearby organs and in the distant stage which is considered as an advanced stage, the cancer cells have spread across tissues and organs distant from the liver. The survival rate for 5 years in patients with liver cancer is just about 2% or less for distant stage, around 7% for regional and over 25% for localized.

TREATMENT
The treatment depends on the diagnosis that includes the type of liver cancer, its stage and the patient as well. The various treatments generally include liver transplant, surgery, alcohol injection, targeted drug therapy, radiation therapy and more.

PREVENTION
Everything boils down to maintaining a healthy lifestyle when it comes to prevention of illnesses and conditions. Eating a balanced diet and regular exercise is the best way to prevent the occurrence besides regular health checkups after a certain age.

Though liver cancer is not so relevant in India, it is advisable to take care of your body so as to avoid the many man-made causes of the dreaded illness.

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Why is VIMS one of the Best Colleges for Medical Education

Medical education as we all know is one of the most sought after educational courses in India ever since its inception. Every year thousands for Medical Aspirants slog to the best of their abilities to crack the medical entrance test namely Common Entrance Test & more, for a chance to pursue one of the highest paying degree courses in India and around the world as well.

 Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences

Well, there are many different streams and courses to opt for in the education field in India already, but one field that is still the top scorer in the parents choice of educational courses is Medical Education. So, in case you are willing to join the MBBS or associated medical courses, take it for granted that your parents are definitely going to back you to the fullest. Most of them would be willing to fight all odds to make their child a doctor, even if they have to spend a fortune. So, you need not worry on that front at all. Your worry now remains, cracking the entrance tests and finding the right medical college, for a shining career in medicine.

Let us consider, you are a star scorer and have immense chance of cracking the entrance and getting a variety of college choices to opt from. Now, the second phase involves homework or groundwork for a medical college that offers you best infrastructure, quality education, practical experience and supports you with job opportunities as well.
Considering the location of the college and your education budget does matter, but budget issues could be sorted out if the college is worth, that’s what seems a good idea – ask career experts and they’ll say the same.

Apparently, there are umpteen medical colleges across India, but there are certain important points to consider before selecting a medical college to join in, as already mentioned before. Make a checklist of the points to help you shortlist them and finally narrow down to one of your choice.
Speaking of medical colleges, one college that needs to be checkout is Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore only because it offers medical education of high standards. Located in EPIP area of whitefield, this temple of medical education was established in the year 2000. It has 250 seats available for admission under MBBS undergraduate courses and 56 under post graduate category.

Recognized by the Medical council of India and affiliated to Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, VIMS also has tie ups with global universities like University of California and Georgia. It is nestled amidst a lush green and sprawling campus of 65 acres. Supported by a multi-specialty hospital with facilities of advanced healthcare systems, VIMS & RC focuses on delivering comprehensive, integrated medical education and innovative healthcare technology and research.

This state of the art infrastructure that includes numerous facilities like advanced education and recreation facilities, research and development offerings, library & hostel setup for in depth knowledge acquisition and professional training is just but a part of the comprehensive educational unit it is. Supported by scholars as faculty to for excellence in medicine, VIMS & RC is also equipped with a 1600 bedded multi-specialty hospital for hands on training.

VIMS & RC, thus is not just any medical college, it is actually a powerful platform for aspiring doctors to transform themselves from ordinary human beings to extra ordinary people with a purpose and ability to serve the society and its people as a medical professionals and saviors in a way.

No wonder, it is one of the most sought after institutions for excellence in medical education for all the aspiring students with a passion for healthcare education.

Cancer Treatment In India – The Current Scenario

Cancer is said to be one of the most common conditions amongst Indians and the sad part is India is listed as the third highest in cancer deaths in the world. The graph is pointing north and there is an estimated forecast of 25% increase by the year 2020. These are by far alarming figures. So, we need to be ready to fight the dreaded diseases and the first step to it is awareness about the conditions and its treatments.

Best Cancer Hospital in India

CANCER & ITS CAUSES
Every year over 6 lac people in India succumb to cancer in India. The most common cancers in India amongst men are oral, lung and throat cancers while the in women its breast cancer, cervix cancer and ovarian cancers. Even colon, prostate and kidney cancers are common types on cancers amongst the aged group. Apparently, causes of 25% of the cancers including bone, leukemia and more aren’t known yet. The majority cancer cases in India are that of oral cancers in men caused due to excessive intake of tobacco and its products. In women, cancer of the breast, uterus and kidney are caused due to obesity issues and genetic issues. Cervical cancer is a result of personal hygiene issues. The major causes of all remain tobacco use, obesity and cancer causing pathogens.

TREATMENT IN INDIA v/s ABROAD
Every other day, we wake up to the news of some celebrity catching cancer and also that most of them moving abroad for treatment. But, the words coming out of the horses mouth speaks a different story. Ask the leading oncologists and cancer specialists in India, and they say that India is one of the best destinations for cancer treatment. Primary reason is the cost factor. While comparing the treatment cost overseas in Dollars or Pounds, India almost 500% to 700% cheaper. Furthermore, due to globalization getting the latest medications in India is quick, at the most late by 3 months or so. India not only has expert oncologists, it is also equipped with the latest equipments and treatment facilities across cancer hospitals.

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CANCER TREATMENT TYPES
The course of treatment depends upon the diagnosis of the condition and its current stage. The commonly used cancer treatments in India include Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, Immuno therapy, Hormone Therapy, Stem cell transplant, targeted therapy and precision medicine. The treatment might include one or combination of two or more treatments from the above, the common ones are radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery.
The latest in cancer treatment in India is Cyber Knife Surgery, a non invasive, pain free robotic radiation therapy with no side effects as such.

COST OF CANCER TREATMENT IN INDIA
The cost varies depending upon the cancer type, stage of cancer, the treatment type and hospital as well. While chemotherapy treatment includes traditional, standard or cytotoxic chemotherapy and radiation therapy includes systematic radiation therapy (SRT), Radioimmuno therapy, Instaoperative radiation therapy (IORT), to name a few. The cost depends on the type of the therapy and the number of the cycles. Well, radio therapy is said to be the most expensive of all.

VOICE - Vydehi Oncology Institute and Center of Excellence

Well, Cancer does cost, but there’s always a way out. Some NGO’s in India work towards financing patients through this life threatening condition. Even some hospitals in India do offer Cancer treatment facilities at subsidized rates. One such hospital is Vydehi Insitute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore. The oncology centre VOICE at VIMS offers cancer treatments at almost 30% less cost compared to any other cancer treatment institute or hospital in Karnataka. While offering Financial assistance for advanced treatments like IGRT/ IMRT/ SBRT/SRS /HIPEC to all, it also provides free cancer treatment to BPL card holders of Karnataka. Besides housing highly qualified and experienced oncologists and cancer specialists, this centre is lately equipped with a hi-tech radiation zone that features Versa HD -Stereotactic Precision Radiotherapy unit (Triple F). Featuring high precision beam shaping and tumor targeting, Versa HD is designed with new capabilities to provide a faster and more accurate treatment for a wide range of cancer conditions.

Chikungunya in India – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

When it comes to life threatening diseases, the first few names that come to our minds as Indians are Cancer, Heart attack and aids, as these are the most common ones in India. But when it comes to non threatening diseases we tend to take things lightely. Sometimes, we might pay for such careless approach. Considering the weather conditions in India, hygiene issues and that it forms apt conditions for breading mosquitoes primarily in Tropical regions, making everyone highly vulnerable to get infected by Chikungunya.

chikungunya-in-india

Chikungunya is rampant in the whole of India and mosquitoes are the careers for it. Let us understand the causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention of both.

GENESIS
Cikungunya, a RNA virus is responsible for causing chikungunya and is spread through two species of Aedes type mosquito. The name of the condition finds its origin from a description in Makonde language and means ‘to be contorted”. Apparently, it is derived on the basis of the posture issues that develop amongst the victims on account of severe joint pain. It was first discovered in the year 1952 in Tanzania. Even though it is considered to be a tropical disease, the affected populace includes that of Africa and Asia, including India.

SYMPTOMS
The symptoms of Chikungunya surface within a few days after the mosquito bites the victim and includes high fever, joint and muscle pain, rash and swelling around joints. Rarely, the symptoms could include heat rash, measles, nausea, conjunctivitis and vomiting. Chikungunya is not a fatal condition but is accompanied by persistent joint pain that may last for upto a year or more post recovery.

DIAGNOSIS – Based on the symptoms the doctor may ask for a Blood Test to confirm the same.

TREATMENT
There is no prescribed medicine or treatment for Chikungunya though doctors recommend fluid intake as much as possible. Besides, OTC drugs like ibuprofen, acetaminophen and naproxen are taken to ease out fever and joint pain.

PREVENTION
Prevention is always the best idea and as mosquitos are the root cause of this problem, its advisable to stay away from them. Some basic and simple precautions include using mosquito nets, mosquito repellents, keeping the surroundings clean, wearing body covering clothes, avoiding travel to regions bearing the brunt of chikungunya outbreak, to name a few.

Chikungunya is fast taking India in its claws and its high time we fight back and put in individual efforts towards eradicating this condition from the country. Sp its advisable to take the afore-mentioned simple steps to stay away from it.

5 TIPS ON LIVING WITH ASTHMA

5 TIPS ON LIVING WITH ASTHMA IN INDIA

Lets begin with some good news for asthma patients. The life expectancy of asthma patients is no less than any other normal human being, upto 80 years on an average. So, if you are a child, a teen, youngster and you have to live with it, atleast be happy that its not cutting off your life span. Yes, there are a lot of issues like breathing difficulties and more that you come as package deal with the condition, but working around the same can be of great help, certainly.

STAY AWAY FROM TRIGGERS AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE

If you have been an asthamatic for a long while, you are sure to know the triggers that give you attacks. It could be dust mites, smoke, cockroaches, nitrogen oxide emissions, warm blooded pets, etc. If you’re not , you simply need to keep a check on your eating habits, exercise, weather conditions, surroundings and observe. You will soon figure out the triggers that are most likely give you attacks. Once you know them, try to stay away from them or avoid them as much as possible. Stay alert. Stay safe.

TIPS ON LIVING WITH ASTHMA

THE RIGHT DIAGNOSIS FOR THE RIGHT TREATMENT

When you have asthma, the diagnosis matters a lot. The right diagnosis can help you out with the correct therapies and regimen to avoid the occurrence of attacks. Improper diagnosis is just beating around the problems and not getting to the heart of it. So work closely with your doctor across seasons so as to help yourself the apt treatment.

TAKE YOUR MEDICATIONS REGULARLY AND CORRECTLY

Sometimes, we tend to pay less attention in the process of using inhalers which are an integral part of an asthamtic’s life. As stupid as it may sound, the truth is some of us don’t even know whether we are using the inhaler optimally. The medication from the inhalers has to reach the bronchial tubes to be effective enough and for that to happen, taking the medication properly is important.

TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF

As they say a stitch in time saves nine, once you have asthma, taking care of yourself is important and could help you keep away from asthma attacks to a great extent. Simple precautions like using a scarf and keep yourself warm during cold weather, staying away from highly polluted areas or traffic and taking medications on time and reaching out to the doctors sooner in case of problems would certainly ease your life.

Pollution in India is taking a toll, particularly metro cities that are densely populated, not to forget the recent smog issues faced by New Delhi, one of its kind to see. This is definitely going to up the asthma patient count drastically. In order to deal with pollution or with asthma life long,  following certain routines and taking needed precautions to avoid it, is a highly advisable.

For More info contact to Department of TB & Chest

Vydehi Hospital is one of the best hospitals in bangalore

Visit by Professor Sheldon M. Schuster

Prof. Sheldon M Schuster, President of Keck Graduate Institute, CA, USA paid an official visit to Vydehi Campus on March 17, 2017. His visit included the Medical College & Hospital, Vydehi School of Excellence and Vydehi Museum to name a few.

Why Drinking Ample Water Is A Good Idea During Summer?

Why Drinking Ample Water Is A Good Idea During Summer

Summer is just around the corner, and this is the time when health and fitness issues start coming into the picture. But, like they say, there’s always a way out, same is the case here too. To beat the scorching summer heat, one ultimate solution to numerous health and fitness problems definitely is – drinking ample of water. Well, we all know that 8 glasses of water a day is what the health specifics say, but the more, the better always.

Our body is made up of water mostly if not fully, 60% to be precise and makes use of water for every physiological process besides lubrication purpose. Considering the extensive usage of water by our body, it is apparently proven that water is an integral part of our system and its functioning. Let us run down some of the remarkable benefits that this natural resource called water offers to humankind.

CLEARS HARMFUL TOXINS - Starting the day with a warm glass of water coupled with honey or lemon is the best way to get rid of all the toxins out of your body. It is known to be one of the most effective ways to detox and is recommended by many fitness experts.

BOOSTS IMMUNE SYSTEM - Drinking water regularly helps the immune system of the body fight against conditions like kidney stones, heart attacks, digestive disorders, skin disorders, cancers, influenza and more. Consider water as booster dose to the body every single day.

HELPS IN WEIGHT LOSS - Weight gain or loss is much associated with metabolism of the body. Drinking ample water increases your metabolism to an extent and helps you lose weight. Studies have shown impressive figures with over weight and obese people consuming 1 -2 litres of water daily.

PROTECTS FROM DEHYDRATION - The scorching sun is all set to suck out the energy from your body resulting into fatigue, at times back pain and migranes too. So, regular intake in the body keeps you rehydrated, up and active.

AVOIDS CONSTIPATION – Water aids the digestion process just like a catalyst. It helps the body break down the complexities of the food and absorb the nutrients. It also avoids constipation issues by softening the stool.

RELIEVES AND AVOIDS PAIN – Water is the best preventive measure to avoid bodily issues like cramps, back aches as it keeps the whole body lubricated. It also is a great remedy on problems like headaches, migranes caused due to dehyrdation.

Above all, water keeps you fresh and activated throughout the day and has many more benefits associated with it other than the afore-mentioned few. So, if you want to stay fit and active try to sip in a lot of water throughout the day and stay away from health issues – that too at almost no cost.

What’s more, you can even Drink and Drive!….:)

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Autism in Women – The Difference

Autism in Women

Though Autism effects men and women both, international studies show that the number of women diagnosed with Autism is as many as 5 times less than that of men. Autism or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a disorder that hampers social behavior. People with ASD find significant difficulty in communication and interaction socially. Their interests are also limited in nature with keen interest in some particular subject/ subjects. They also display repetitive behavior and unusual responses to anger, affection or distress. These are simply a few of the symptoms that people with Autism show. On the flip-side, these people are more intelligent on an average and have the abilities to excel in subjects like mathematics, science, art or music.

Now there are questions raised on the fact whether Autism has anything to do with gender and the research in the direction is already on. Many theories have been presented in the matter which harp upon the fact that were ignored. Here is a run down some reasons for less diagnosis of Autism in Women –

MALE ORIENTED RESEARCH – Based on the fact that case of Autism have been high in boys, the study or research on it mainly revolved round male characteristics. There is almost no data on autism research dedicated to female gender.

OVERSIGHT OR NEGLIGENCE – Usually, males are the ones who receive more attention in childhood as compared to females, because of their disruptive nature. This on the other hand might cause oversight or negligence to the girl child with Autism symptoms.

LESS SEVERE SYMPTOMS COMPARED TO MALES – there are studies about girls having less severe symptoms compared to boys, because in general that are known to be introvert as compared to the boys and its socially acceptable as well.

SOCIAL INTERESTS IN GIRLS ARE AS USUAL – When compared with boys who develop keen or critical interests in unusual subjects like train time table for example while in girls is more or less about dolls, celebrities and more. So, girls with autistic symptoms cannot be easily pointed out.

FEMALES TEND TO MASK THE SYMPTOMS – The girls are usually more adjusting in nature and autistic girls might even repress their behavior even more, which would avoid making them the center of attraction.

Gender autism studies taken up in the recent past suggest that women exhibit different symptoms than males with autism.

Here is a run down these symptoms

  • Shy or Passive Behavior
  • Prefer Direct Interaction with others
  • Better imagination and linguistic ability
  • Interests around people and animals
  • More social imitation skills
  • Experience high anxiety and depression levels
  • Experience heavy stress in teenage and make few friends

Many of the symptoms are not really helpful and hence it results in under diagnosis in Women, Particularly. There have also been instances where women have been diagnosed with Autism post their 40’s due to the aforementioned factors. But, the coming times seem to shed more light on the topic so that the diagnosis could be done as early as possible so as the treatment.

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* Disclaimer – Sourced from the internet. Verification required

WORLD KIDNEY DAY AWARENESS 5K MARATHON RUN

WORLD KIDNEY DAY AWARENESS 5K MARATHON RUN
The Nephro-urology department of Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre organized a 5KM Marathon run to create awareness on Kidney Diseases and Obesity as a contribution towards their World Kidney Day activities. The 5KM run was flagged off by the popular Kannada Film Star Dr Shiva Rajkumar. Many enthusiastic runners including students, faculties and head honchos from the Institute participated in the Kidney awareness run. Merchandise like T-shirts were also distributed to all the participants for Kidney Awareness.  The 5KM marathon that started around 5.30 am on March 9, 2017 and concluded late in the morning, was a grand success.

5K MARATHON RUN